List of terrorist incidents in 1989

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This is a timeline of incidents in 1989 that have been labelled as "terrorism" and are not believed to have been carried out by a government or its forces (see state terrorism and state-sponsored terrorism).

Guidelines[edit]

  • To be included, entries must be notable (have a stand-alone article) and described by a consensus of reliable sources as "terrorism".
  • List entries must comply with the guidelines outlined in the manual of style under MOS:TERRORIST.
  • Casualty figures in this list are the total casualties of the incident including immediate casualties and later casualties (such as people who succumbed to their wounds long after the attacks occurred).
  • Casualties listed are the victims. Perpetrator casualties are listed separately (e.g. x (+y) indicate that x victims and y perpetrators were killed/injured).
  • Casualty totals may be underestimated or unavailable due to a lack of information. A figure with a plus (+) sign indicates that at least that many people have died (e.g. 10+ indicates that at least 10 people have died) – the actual toll could be considerably higher. A figure with a plus (+) sign may also indicate that over that number of people are victims.
  • If casualty figures are 20 or more, they will be shown in bold. In addition, figures for casualties more than 50 will also be underlined.
  • Incidents are limited to one per location per day. If multiple attacks occur in the same place on the same day, they will be merged into a single incident.
  • In addition to the guidelines above, the table also includes the following categories:
  0 people were killed/injured by the incident.
  1–19 people were killed/injured by the incident.
  20–49 people were killed/injured by the incident.
  50–99 people were killed/injured by the incident.
  100+ people were killed/injured by the incident.

List[edit]

Date Type Dead Injured Location Details Perpetrator Part of
January 18 Massacre 12-15 0 Simacota, Colombia The so-called Masacre of La Rochela refers to the massacre that took place on January 18, 1989, near the town of La Rochela, in the Colombian municipality of Simacota, Santander. The massacre was perpetrated by a paramilitary group that killed 12 of 15 judicial officials investigating various crimes in the area. The crime was the result of an alliance between paramilitaries, drug traffickers and members of the army.[1] Medellín cartel Colombian conflict
January 23 Assassination 1 0 Athens, Greece The Supreme Court Assistant Prosecutor Anastasios Vernardos, 61, was shot dead by a gunmen in motorcycle Athens,later an underground group calling itself 'May 1' claimed responsibility in leaflets found at the scene.[2][3] First of May Group Terrorism in Greece
January 26 Shooting 2 0 Tegucigalpa, Honduras General Gustavo Álvarez Martínez, former head of the Honduran armed forces, and his chauffeur were assassinated by the Popular Movement for National Liberation, Chinchoneros, who attributed the attack and called on the Honduran people to start the "revolutionary people's war.[4] Popular Movement for National Liberation-Chinchoneros Terrorism in Honduras
February 20 Bombings 0 0 Tern Hill, United Kingdom Two IRA bombs go off at an army barracks at Tern Hill in Shropshire. No-one was hurt.[5] PIRA The Troubles
February 23–24 Shooting, Clash 13 (28+) and a horse 53 (4 missing) Buenos Aires, Argentina The 1989 attack on La Tablada barracks it was the attempt to occupy the barracks of the Mechanized Infantry Regiment 3 General Belgrano of the Argentine Army in La Tablada, province of Buenos Aires, on 23 and 24 January 1989 by members of the All Movement for the Patria (MTP). 32 guerrillas, 9 soldiers and 2 policemen were killed.[6] MTP
February 28 Firebombing 0 0 New York City, United States The offices of the newspaper The Riverdale Press are firebombed in the Bronx. The attack came shortly after the paper published an article defending Salman Rushdie over his book the Satanic Verses. Unknown Islamist(s) The Satanic Verses controversy
March 3 Assassination 1 1 Bogotá, Colombia Is assassinated the lawyer and politician of the UP, Jose Antequera in El Dorado International Airport. In this attack was the seriously wounded presidential candidate Ernesto Samper Pizano. Sicarios under the orders of "El Mexicano", are responsible.[7] Medellín Cartel Colombian conflict
March 10 Assassination 1 0 Athens, Greece The owner of a cafetiria Panayiotis Vasiliou was shot dead by militants belonging to First May Group.[8] First of May Group Terrorism in Greece
March 21 Stabbing 2 1 Tel Aviv, Israel Two Israeli civilians are killed and a third seriously wounded during a stabbing attack on Purim committed by an Arab lone wolf Muhammad Zakut Israeli–Palestinian conflict
April 3 Shooting 27 Unknown Córdoba Department, Colombia The Massacre of La Mejor Esquina was a massacre on April 3, 1988 in La Mejor Esquina, a village in Córdoba, Colombia, where 27 peasants, including several children, were killed during an attack by Los Magníficos, a paramilitary group called As well as the famous homonymous series of the 80's. The reason for the attack was never clarified, although the hypothesis more sounded was the one of reprisal to offer supposed aid to guerrillas of the EPL.[9][circular reference] Los Magnificos Colombian conflict
January 23 Bombing 0 0 Athens, Greece A Bomb attack on the president of the Association of Judges Samouil were reported, no leaving casualties.[10][11] First of May Group Terrorism in Greece
April 30 Attempted bombing 0 0 Oslo, Norway A bomb were about to explode in an immigrant shop in Oslo, consisting of 1.5 kg dynamite, but Police cut the cord just before it went off. Right-wing extremists were suspected. Right-wing extremists (suspected)
May 24 Assassination 2 0 La Paz, Bolivia Assassinations of Elders Jeffrey Brent Ball and Todd Ray Wilson: Assassinations of LDS Missionaries serving in La Paz, Bolivia Zarate Willka Armed Forces of Liberation
May 30 Bombing, attempted assassination 4 37 Colombia A bomb kills four and injures 37 on an assassination attempt against Miguel Maza Márquez head of the Colombian Secret Service.[12] Unknown Colombian conflict
July 5 Bombing, assassination 6 Medellín, Colombia A car bomb kills six, including the governor of Antioquia, Antonio Roldan Betancur. No claim is made for the attack.[13] Medellín cartel (suspected) July 31
July–December Bioattack 0 0 Southern California, United States During the summer and fall of 1989, several outbreaks of medflies occurred throughout Southern California, particularly in the Los Angeles metropolitan area. The outbreaks devastated crops. On December 8, a group calling themselves "The Breeders" claimed responsibility for the outbreaks and stated it was retaliation for California's malathion aerial spraying program. However, no one from "The Breeders" was ever arrested and they were never heard from again after the attacks ceased. California stopped its malathion program shortly after The Breeders claimed responsibility. The Breeders/Unknown July 31 Ms shooting killing 500 injuring over 1,000
July 6 Hijacking 16 27 Kiryat Ye'arim, Israel An Egged bus is hijacked and driven off a cliff while en route to Jerusalem from Tel Aviv. The hijacker, Abd al-Hadi Rafa Ghanim of the Palestinian Islamic Jihad, miraculously survives. Palestinian Islamic Jihad Israeli–Palestinian conflict
August 16 Assassination 1 0 Bogotá, Colombia Gunmen assassinate in Bogotá the magistrate Carlos Ernesto Valencia, that had ratified appeal to court against Escobar by the crime of Guillermo Cano. The police syndicate Pablo Escobar.[14] Medellín cartel Colombian conflict
August 18 Bombings, arson 0 0 Medellín, Colombia The Medellín Cartel declares "total and absolute war" against the Colombian government. The offices of the two main political parties were bombed and the homes of two local politicians were burned.[15] Medellín cartel Colombian conflict
August 20 Bombing,Shooting 1 0 Santiago, Chile A bomb exploted in an Air Force base in Santiago. Then one commando of the FPMR enter the base iniciating a shooting with the guards. In the shooting LT. Roberto Zegers Reed is killed.[16] Manuel Rodriguez Patriotic Front Armed resistance in Chile (1973-90)
August 31 Bombing 0 13 Medellín, Colombia A bomb in a bicycle cart injures 13 in Medellín.[17] Medellín cartel Colombian conflict
September 4 Shooting 1 (+1 attacker) 14 Medellín, Colombia An unidentified man opens fire at the Medellín airport, killing one and wounding 14, before being gunned down by the police.[18] Medellín cartel Colombian conflict
September 18 Bombings 1 Cali, Colombia Three bombs explode in Cali killing one person.[19] Cali cartel
September 19 Bombing 170 0 Ténéré, Niger French airliner UTA Flight 772 is bombed en route from Brazzaville to Paris, and comes down in the Ténéré desert in Niger. All 170 people on board were killed. The attack is believed to have been carried out by Libyan agents in retaliation for France's support of Chad during the Chadian–Libyan conflict. Libya (suspected)
September 25 Bombing 2 1 Cartagena, Colombia A bomb kills two and injures one at the Hilton hotel in Cartagena.[20] Unknown
September 28 Bombing 2 (believed to be terrorists) 0 Bogotá, Colombia A bomb kills two at a suburban gas station in Bogotá. The dead are believed to be terrorists.[21] Medellín cartel (suspected) Colombian conflict
September 29 Bombing 0 1 Bogotá, Colombia A bomb injures one at the parking garage of the Intercontinental Hotel in Bogotá. The attack was blamed on the Medellín Cartel.[22] Medellín Cartel
October 8 Firebombing 5 7 Bogotá, Colombia A fire bomb kills seven and injures seven in a bus in Bogotá. The action is blamed on the Medellín Cartel.[23] Medellín Cartel
October 16 Car bombing 4 0 Bucaramanga, Colombia A car bomb against the Vanguardia Liberal newspaper kills four in Bucaramanga.[24] Unknown Colombian conflict
October 18 Bombing 0 1 Bogotá, Colombia A bomb explodes prematurely outside the Colombian Congress, injuring one.[25] Medellín cartel Colombian conflict
October 21 Bombing 0 6 Barranquilla, Colombia A car bomb in front of a hotel in Barranquilla leaves six injured.[26] Unknown Colombian conflict
November 10 Attempted Bombing 0 0 Athens, Greece two failed bomb attacks on the police general Antonopoulos[27][28] First of May Group Terrorism in Greece
November 13 Shoot down 0 0 Córdoba Department, Colombia An Army UH-60 Black Hawk helicopter is impacted by EPL guerrillas in Puerto Libertadores (Córdoba). The appliance must land in an emergency.[29] Popular Liberation Army Colombian conflict
November 27 Bombing 110 0 Soacha, Colombia Avianca Flight 203 is bombed en route from Bogotá to Cali. Medellín cartel hitman Dandeny Muñoz Mosquera is convicted for the bombing. Medellín cartel
November 30 Bombing, assassination 1 0 Bad Homburg vor der Höhe, Germany The bomb assassination and murder of banker Alfred Herrhausen in Bad Homburg vor der Höhe. The Red Army Fraction was behind the attack. Red Army Fraction
December 6 Truck bombing 70 600+ Bogotá, Colombia A truck bomb at the DAS headquarters kills 52 people and injures over a thousand. The Medellín Cartel was responsible. Medellín Cartel Colombian conflict
December 8 Kidnapping 0 1 (kidnapped) Nowgam, India Rubaiya Sayeed, the daughter of Mufti Mohammad Sayeed, the than home minister of India, is kidnapped by terrorists from the Jammu Kashmir Liberation Front. She is released five days later after five imprisoned JKLF terrorists were released. JKLF Insurgency in Jammu and Kashmir

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-02-02. Retrieved 2010-10-23.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  2. ^ "Third Greek prosecutor attacked this month". UPI. Retrieved 2019-09-16.
  3. ^ "Gunman Kills Supreme Court Prosecutor, Third Official Shot In Two Weeks". AP News. Retrieved =2019-09-16. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  4. ^ http://elpais.com/diario/1989/01/26/internacional/601772414_850215.html
  5. ^ 1989: IRA bombs Tern Hill barracks
  6. ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=a5zFQhJLMPI
  7. ^ http://colombia.indymedia.org/news/2010/03/112137.php
  8. ^ "1 May group". Global Terrorism Database. Retrieved 2019-09-16.
  9. ^ es:Masacre de La Mejor Esquina
  10. ^ "Chronology of Armed Struggle in Greece 1975-2005". Athens Indymedia. Retrieved 2019-09-16.
  11. ^ "1 May group". Global Terrorism Database. Retrieved 2019-09-16.
  12. ^ The Washington Post, May 31, 1989
  13. ^ NYT: Bomb kills 6 in Colombia, July 5, 1989
  14. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20161118041049/http://www.eltiempo.com/archivo/documento/MAM-270722
  15. ^ The Philadelphia Inquirer, August 25, 1989, Page A01
  16. ^ https://interactivos.museodelamemoria.cl/victimas/?p=1551
  17. ^ The Charlotte Observer, September 1, 1989, Page3A
  18. ^ The Dallas Morning News, September 5, 1989
  19. ^ St. Louis Post Dispatch, September 18, 1989, Page 8A
  20. ^ Chicago Sun-Times, September 26, 1989, Page 2A
  21. ^ San Jose Mercury News, September 28, 1989, Page 15A
  22. ^ The Charlotte Observer, September 30, 1989, Page 7A
  23. ^ Lexington Herald-Reader, October 9, 1989, Page A22
  24. ^ Dallas Morning News, October 17, 1989
  25. ^ Washington Post, October 19, 1989, A Section
  26. ^ St Louis Post Dispatch, October 21, 1989, Page 10A
  27. ^ "Chronology of Armed Struggle in Greece 1975-2005". Athens Indymedia. Retrieved 2019-09-16.
  28. ^ "1 May group". Global Terrorism Database. Retrieved 2019-09-16.
  29. ^ https://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=1706&dat=19891115&id=i_EbAAAAIBAJ&sjid=VVMEAAAAIBAJ&pg=6626,5233437&hl=es