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This is a timeline of incidents in 1989 that have been labelled as "
terrorism" and are not believed to have been carried out by a government or its forces (see state terrorism and state-sponsored terrorism).
February 11: A bomb explode on a regular route bus in Bongaigaon, Assam, India, which responsible for Bodo tribe extremists, kills 20 and injures at least 20. [ ] citation needed
February 18: A passenger train from South Africa, where attacked by Mozambique National Resistance guerrillas in Movene, Mozambique, killing eight and injuring fifty.
February 28: 1989 firebombing of the Riverdale Press Muslim terrorists angered by Salman Rushdie's Satanic Verses firebomb newspaper in New York City.
May 30: A bomb kills four and injures 37 on an assassination attempt against Miguel Maza Márquez head of the Colombian Secret Service. [1 ]
July 5: A car bomb kills six, including the governor of Antioquia, Antonio Roldan Betancur. No claim is made for the attack. [2 ]
July 9: Two bombs explode in Mecca, killing one pilgrim and wounding 16 others.
August 18: The Medellín Cartel declares "total and absolute war" against the Colombian government. The offices of the two main political parties were bombed and the homes of two local politicians were burned. [3 ]
August 31: A bomb in a bicycle cart injures 13 in Medellín. [4 ]
September 2: A bomb partially destroys the headquarters of El Espectador, a Colombian newspaper, leaving 84 wounded. Bomb is blamed on Pablo Escobar
September 4: A bomb detonates in front of the Intercontinental Hotel in Medellín. [5 ]
September 4: An unidentified man opens fire at the Medellín airport, killing one and wounding 14, before being gunned down by the police. [6 ]
September 16: A bomb explodes on a bus bound from Tbilisi to Baku, USSR when it passes near Yevlakh, Azerbaijan, killing five people and wounding 27.
September 18: Five bombs kill twelve people in Medellín during the ongoing war the Medellín Cartel declared on the Colombia government. On the same day, the Pablo Escobar has liberal leader Pablo Pelaez Gonzalez assassinated. [7 ]
September 18: Three bombs explode in Cali killing one person. [8 ]
September 19: Suitcase-bomb destroys UTA Flight UT-772 en route to Paris, killing all 171 passengers and crew. Libyan intelligence involved.
September 21: The Medellín Cartel claims responsibility for the car bomb attack to the Colombian Liberal Party's offices in downtown Bogotá
September 25: A bomb kills two and injures one at the Hilton hotel in Cartagena. [9 ]
September 26: Liberal Greek politician Pavlos Bakoyannis who was well known for his broadcasts against the Greek military junta of 1967-1974 on Deutsche Welle radio, was shot and killed in the front entrance of his office in by members of the Marxist terrorist group Revolutionary Organization 17 November.
September 28: A bomb kills two at a suburban gas station in Bogotá. The dead are believed to be terrorists. [10 ]
September 29: A bomb injures one at the parking garage of the Intercontinental Hotel in Bogotá. The attack was blamed on the Medellín Cartel. [11 ]
October 8: A fire bomb kills seven and injures seven in a bus in Bogotá. The action is blamed on the Medellín Cartel. [12 ]
October 9: Ten bombs go off in two Colombian cities, injuring 32. The bombs coincide with the visit of a senior US Army officer on talks about drug control. [13 ]
October 16: A car bomb against the Vanguardia Liberal newspaper kills four in Bucaramanga. [14 ]
October 18: A bomb explodes prematurely outside the Colombian Congress, injuring one. [15 ]
October 21: A car bomb in front of a hotel in Barranquilla leaves six injured. [16 ]
October 30: A bomb hidden beneath a bus kills five police officer and injures 15 more in Medellín. The drug lords are believed responsible. [17 ]
November 19: An IRA bomb planted in the car of staff sergeant Andy Mudd of the Royal Military Police exploded in Colchester, Great Britain, taking with it both of his legs and two fingers on his right hand. [18 ]
November 27: Avianca Flight 203 bombed over Colombia; 110 victims. Medellín drug cartel claimed responsibility.
December 6: Truck bomb kills 52 and injures 1,000 outside the Departamento Administrativo de Seguridad (DAS) building near downtown Bogotá, Colombia; blast is blamed on drug lord Pablo Escobar and it's widely believed to be an assassination attempt on the director of DAS, Miguel Maza Márquez.
December 6: Anti-feminist Marc Lépine shoots 26 people, killing 14 women, at the École Polytechnique de Montréal - the event is dubbed the Montreal massacre.
See also [ edit ]
References [ edit ]
^ The Washington Post, May 31, 1989
^ NYT: Bomb kills 6 in Colombia, July 5, 1989
^ The Philadelphia Inquirer, August 25, 1989, Page A01
^ The Charlotte Observer, September 1, 1989, Page3A
^ AP: Untitled, September 4, 1989
^ The Dallas Morning News, September 5, 1989
^ AP: Colombia: Drug War Deaths, September 18, 1989
^ St. Louis Post Dispatch, September 18, 1989, Page 8A
^ Chicago Sun-Times, September 26, 1989, Page 2A
^ San Jose Mercury News, September 28, 1989, Page 15A
^ The Charlotte Observer, September 30, 1989, Page 7A
^ Lexington Herald-Reader, October 9, 1989, Page A22
^ AP: Colombia's murderous drug barons bid to silence press, October 16, 1989
^ Dallas Morning News, October 17, 1989
^ Washington Post, October 19, 1989, A Section
^ St Louis Post Dispatch, October 21, 1989, Page 10A
^ AP: Untitled, October 10, 1989
^ Clacton & Frinton Gazette