List of water buffalo breeds
This is a list of domestic water buffalo breeds and their uses.
The domestic buffalo, Bubalus bubalis, is descended from the wild water buffalo (Bubalus arnee), now designated an endangered species. Buffalo have been bred, predominantly in Asia, for thousands of years for use by humans. Their main domestic uses are as draught animals and for the production of milk and meat. Two types are recognised, the river type and the swamp type. Note: except where otherwise indicated, the reference for all entries is DAD-IS.
|Name||Picture||Alternate name||Origin||Use||Notes, references|
|Al-Ahwar||see § Iranian and Iraqi[M 1]||§ Iraqi marsh buffalo[M 2]|
|Al Jamoose or Jimes
(= water buffalo)
|see § Iraqi [M 2]|
|Anatolian buffalo||Turkish: Anadolu Mandasın,
|Turkey: Marmara and Black Sea region, and South Turkey||dairy, draught||of § Mediterranean type[M 1]|
|Assam||NE India||Swamp-type[M 3][M 4]|
|Australian buffalo||Australian Swamp Buffalo,
Riverine Buffalo (river-type),
Australiano (in Venezuela)
|Australia's Northern Territory||feral Swamp buffalo imported from eastern Indonesian islands in the 1820s;|
river-type buffalo were imported in the 1990s[M 3]
|Azerbaijan, NW Iran||§ Caucasian buffalo; [M 3]|
Iranian Azari (=ecotype of § Iranian) comprises 70% of the Iranian buffalo population[M 2]
|Azi Kheli||NW Pakistan: Swat valley||dairy||light brown or albinoid milking buffalo[M 4]|
|Badavan||see § Bhadawari[M 3]|
|Baio||Vermelho||N Brazil: Marajó||dual-purpose meat and milk||Swamp type;|
colour labels separate the type from typically black (preto) South American River breeds;
considered a naturalized type or genetic group rather than a breed,
categorization similar to § Brazilian Carabao[M 5][M 6]
(= local or native)
|Egypt||dairy||Delta's milking variety of the § Egyptian buffalo;[M 5] |
has longer curved horns, is black or grey in colour;
varieties of the Baladi type are the § Beheri and the § Minufi buffalo[M 7]
|Balkan||see § European[M 5]|
|Bama kwye||see § Burmese[M 5]|
|Bangladeshi||Bangladesh||dairy, draught||native buffalo of Bangladesh's flood plaines;|
include both a black indigenous River type (western and central areas) and small grey indigenous Swamp buffalo (eastern areas);
see also § Mahish[M 5]
|Bangladeshi, albinoid of the central part of the country||Bangladesh||dairy||type of § Bangladeshi buffalo, |
farmed semi-intensively for milk[M 5]
|Bangladeshi, albinoid of the western part of the country||Bangladesh||draught||smallest (average height 126/121 cm) of the § Bangladeshi buffaloes [M 5]|
|Bangladeshi, native buffaloes in the central part||Bangladesh||black indigenous River type of § Bangladeshi[M 5]|
|Bangladeshi, native buffaloes in the eastern part||Bangladesh||smaller grey indigenous § Bangladeshi Swamp buffalo with white stockings and sometimes white spots on each side of the face; crescent horns[M 5]|
|Bangladeshi, native buffaloes in the southern part||Bangladesh||dairy||larger than native buffaloes of that area.[M 5]|
|Bangladeshi, native buffaloes in the western part||Bangladesh||black indigenous River type of § Bangladeshi[M 5]|
|Banni||W India: Kachchh (Kutch) region of Gujarat||diary||developed by the semi-pastoralist Maldhari community[M 5]|
|Beheri||Egypt: Beheira province||dairy||variety of the § Egyptian buffalo[M 5] of § Baladi type;|
slate grey or black in colour[M 7]
|Belang||see § Tadong[M 5]|
|India: Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh||dairy, draught||selectively improved River type[M 5]|
|Bhainsi||see § Nepalese[M 5]|
|Bhavanegri||see § Jafarabadi[M 5]|
|Binhu||China||variety of the § Chinese buffalo[M 8]|
|Borneo buffalo||see § Kalang and § Malaysian (kerbau § Sawah)[M 5]|
Portuguese: bufalo de pantano (= Swamp buffalo)
Portuguese: preto (= typically black River breeds)
|Brazilian carabao||Kalaban||Brazil||meat and draught Swamp buffalo||own herdbook in Brazil, described as a naturalized genetic group rather than a breed; |
there is a variety with the name § Rosilho [M 5]
|Búfalo de Pantano||Cuba|
|Búfalo de Rio||Cuba|
|Buffalypso||Trinidadian buffalo (sometimes called bison or hog cattle)||Trinidad and Tobago||specialized meat and haulage buffalo||derives from crosses between Swamp-type § Carabao and River breeds (as § Murrah, § Nili-Ravi, § Jafarabadi, § Surti, § Nagpuri, and § Bhadawari);|
has a refined head, prominent eyes, small flat compact horns growing back, up and in, short in the leg, low compact body, meaty hindquarters, straight topline; typically Buffalypso are red or fawn, colors include black, brown, albinoid;
|Bulgarian buffalo||Bulgaria||work, meat, dairy||regional variety of the typical European, i.e. the § Mediterranean;|
traditionally of strong muscular working type, became triple-purpose animals;
the indigenous Bulgarian buffalo is now extinct[M 6]
|Bulgarian Murrah||Bulgarian: Българска мyрра, Bulgarska murra||Bulgaria||dairy||derives from crosses of Mediterranean buffalo with Indian Murrah (and Surti) buffalo imported from 1962;|
is black, black/brown or dark grey, has large black eyes, coiled horns, a wide rump, long tail, voluminous belly, dep broad chest, a short wide back often slightly dipped, well developed udder suited to machine milking;
locally: Bama Kwye and Pa Sauk Kwye
(kwye or kywe = buffalo)
vary locally in size, color and horn shape;[M 9]
|Burmese wild buffalo||Burmese: pyaung, pyun
also referred to as:
|Myanmar||wild buffalo in Burma are a gaur subspecies (Bos gaurus readai or B. g. laosiensis) that were reputedly domesticated animals (gayal or mithun) and became feral in swampy bush areas; |
hunted and recaptured and kept by some farmers in hilly northern jungles for producing meat and good leather[M 9]
|Carabao||Philippines||dairy, meat, draught||Swamp|
|Caucasian||Georgia, Russian Federation||dairy, meat|
saline-tolerant, well adapted to Orissa's vast brackish lagoon at the mouth of the Daya River[M 4]
|Chinese buffalo||China||varieties: |
§§ Haizi and Mountainous buffalo, § Shanghai (incl. the Jiangsu Round-Barrel), §§ Dongliu, Wenzhou, Fu'an, Xiajiang, Xinfeng Mountainous, Xinlong, Fuzhong, Binhu, Enshi Mountainous, Jianghan, Xingyang, Shannan, Fuling, Yanjin, Dehong, South-east Yunnan, Guizhou, and Guizhou White buffalo[M 10]
|Dehong||China||variety of the § Chinese buffalo|
|Dongliu||China||variety of the § Chinese buffalo|
|Egyptian||Masri||Egypt||dairy, draught||River type;|
can be loosely divided both geographically and ba type into two groups:
|Enshi Mountainous||China||variety of the § Chinese buffalo[M 12]|
|Fu'an||China||variety of the § Chinese buffalo|
|Fuling||China||variety of the § Chinese buffalo|
|Fuzhong||China||variety of the § Chinese buffalo|
|Iran||minor northern ecotype of § Iranian, see § Caucasian [M 2]|
|Iranian and Iraqi||Iran and Iraq||dairy||mainly River types[M 2]|
|Iranian||see § Iranian and Iraqi||Iranian buffalo by ecotype:|
|Indonesian Wild buffalo||Indonesian Water buffalo,
Indonesian Swamp buffalo, Indonesian buffalo
|Indonesia||Semi feral buffalo breed, introduced to Komodo and Flores|
|Iranian Azari Ecotype||see § Azari||ecotype of § Iranian[M 2]|
|Iraqi||Al Jamoose, Jimes = water buffalo
other: Dwab (Dauab),
|Iraq||dairy, meat, ridden work animal||Iraqi buffalo are divided by habitat into "marsh" and "city", or into § Al Ahwar marsh buffalo and the larger and milkier River type of urban areas with considerable diversity in colour[M 2]|
|Italian||Italian: Bufala Mediterranea Italiana,
Italiano (in Venezuela)
|Italy||dairy||of § Mediterranean type (riverine); |
Mediterranean Italian dairy buffalo have been exported to Brazil and other parts of Latin America[M 13]
|Jianghan||China||variety of the § Chinese buffalo|
|Kalang||Borneo buffalo (in English),
kerbau-Rawa (in Indonesian),
kerbau Sawah (in Malaysia)
|Indonesia: Kalimantan||Swamp buffalo;|
in the Malaysian part of the island (i.e. Sarawak and Sabah) the buffalo is known as kerbau Sawah (see § Malaysian)[M 14]
|Khoozestani||Khuzestani||Iran||§ Iranian ecotype of the southern marshes[M 2]|
|E Pakistan: N Sindh||dairy||River type;|
some would designate it as regional variety of the § Murrah[M 15]
|Mahish||Bangladesh||variety of § Bangladeshi, crossed with indigenous Swamp buffalo, river type dominant[M 5]|
|Masri||see § Egyptian|
|Minufi||Minufi, Menoufi or Monoufi||Egypt: southern and central parts of the Delta||dairy||variety of the § Egyptian buffalo[M 5] of § Baladi type;|
dark grey in colour[M 7]
|Mountain buffalo||moi||Cambodia||variety of the krabei beng § Cambodian buffalo[M 17]|
|Mountainous||China||variety of the § Chinese buffalo[M 18]|
|Murrah||India, Pakistan||dairy||also Azerbaijan, Brazil, China, Ecuador, Guatemala, Laos, Malaysia, Nepal, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Viet Nam|
|Myanmar Swamp buffalo||see § Burmese[M 9][M 19]|
|Nagpuri||Berar, Durna-Thalia, Ellichpuri, Gaulani, Gauli, Marathwada, Varadi||W India: Maharashtra||draught, dairy||varieties:
|Nili||E Pakistan, N India||see § NiliRavi|
|NiliRavi||Panch Kalyani||E Pakistan, N India||dairy||combination of two fairly similar Pakistan buffalo Nili and Ravi; formerly described as geographically isolated varieties of the § Murrah|
exported to Bangladesh, China, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Brazil[M 20]
|Pa Sauk||see § Burmese[M 20]|
|Pahadi||see § Nepalese[M 20]|
|Palitana||see § Jafarabadi[M 20]|
|Pampangan||see § Indonesian[M 20]|
|Panch Kalyani||see § Nili-Ravi[M 20]|
|Pandharpuri||Dharwari (in Mysore)||India||dairy||see § Nagpuri[M 20]|
|Papua New Guinea buffalo||Papua New Guinea|
|Parkote||see § Nepalese[M 20]|
|Parlakimedi||see § Manda[M 20]|
|Peddakimedi||see § Kalahandi[M 20]|
|Philippine||see § Carabao[M 20]|
|Purnathadi||see § Nagpuri[M 20]|
|Purvi||see § Nepalese[M 20]|
|Ravi||Sandal Bar||E Pakistan, N India||see § Nili-Ravi[M 20]|
|Rawa||see § Kalang[M 20]|
|Romanian buffalo||Romania||dairy, meat, draught|
|Rosilho||Brazil||variety of the § Brazilian Carabao [M 6]|
|Siamese buffalo||Thai Water buffalo,
Thai Swamp buffalo (in English),
Karbue (in Thailand),
|Thailand||dairy, meat, draught||Swamp type|
|Sapi Tenusu||kerbau Sapi Tenusu||Malaysia||dairy||variety of § Malaysian;|
|Malaysia||variety of § Malaysian;|
Swamp buffalo[M 16]
|Selembu||Malaysia||variety of § Malaysian;|
very rare interspecies hybrid by crossing single gaur with local Sahiwal x Friesian cows; resembles the wild gaur[M 21]
|Shanghai||China||variety of the § Chinese buffalo|
|Shan Kywe||Swamp buffalo of the elevated Shan Plateau in eastern central Burma||Myanmar||larger and heavier and darker in colour than other § Bumese buffalo; classified as a distinct 'breed'[M 9]|
|Shannan||China||variety of the § Chinese buffalo|
|South-east Yunan||China||variety of the § Chinese buffalo|
|Surti||India, Sri Lanka||dairy, draught|
|Tarai buffalo||India, Nepal|
|Toraya||Indonesia||dairy, meat, draught|
|Wenzhou||China||variety of the § Chinese buffalo[M 22]|
|Xiajiang||China||variety of the § Chinese buffalo[M 22]|
|Xilin||China||variety of the § Chinese buffalo of Guangxi Zhuang AR[M 22]|
|Xinfeng Mountainous||China||variety of the § Chinese buffalo[M 22]|
|Xinglong||China||variety of the § Chinese buffalo[M 23]|
|Xingyang||China||variety of the § Chinese buffalo[M 23]|
|Yanjin||China||variety of the § Chinese buffalo[M 23]|
|Yibin||China||variety of the § Chinese buffalo[M 23]|
- Breeds from species:Buffalo. Domestic Animal Diversity Information System of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Accessed June 2015.
- Anatolian Buffalo, Breeds of Livestock, Oklahoma State University Board of Regents. Last retrieved 2017 January 11
- Egyptian buffalo, Breeds of Livestock, Oklahoma State University Board of Regents. Last retrieved 2017 January 11
- Patbandha, Tapas; Pathak, Rupal; Marandi, S; Swain, Dilip; Ahlawat, AR (1 October 2015). Milking management practices in Gir cows and Jaffrabadi buffaloes. 9.
- Kundi buffalo, Breeds of Livestock, Oklahoma State University Board of Regents. Last retrieved 2017 January 11
- Malaysian buffalo, Breeds of Livestock, Oklahoma State University Board of Regents. Last retrieved 2017 January 11
- NiliRavi, Breeds of Livestock, Oklahoma State University Board of Regents. Last retrieved 2017 January 11
- Valerie Porter, Lawrence Alderson, Stephen J.G. Hall and D. Phillip Sponenberg: Mason's World Encyclopedia of Livestock Breeds and Breeding. Volume 2. 6th edition. Wallingford: CAB International 2016. ISBN 978-1-78064-797-5
- Valerie Porter: Water Buffalo. p. 960.
- Valerie Porter: Water Buffalo. p. 970.
- Valerie Porter: Water Buffalo. p. 961.
- Valerie Porter: Water Buffalo. p. 969.
- Valerie Porter: Water Buffalo. p. 962.
- Valerie Porter: Water Buffalo. p. 963.
- Valerie Porter: Water Buffalo. p. 967.
- Valerie Porter: Water Buffalo. p. 962, 966.
- Valerie Porter: Water Buffalo. p. 964.
- Valerie Porter: Water Buffalo. p. 965–966
- Valerie Porter: Water Buffalo. p. 966.
- Valerie Porter: Water Buffalo. p. 966, 967.
- Valerie Porter: Water Buffalo. p. 970, 970.
- Valerie Porter: Water Buffalo. p. 971, 972.
- Valerie Porter: Water Buffalo. p. 972.
- Valerie Porter: Water Buffalo. p. 972–973
- Valerie Porter: Water Buffalo. p. 964, 973.
- Valerie Porter: Water Buffalo. p. 965, 973.
- Valerie Porter: Water Buffalo. p. 974.
- Valerie Porter: Water Buffalo. p. 975.
- Valerie Porter: Water Buffalo. p. 973.
- Valerie Porter: Water Buffalo. p. 965, 978.
- Valerie Porter: Water Buffalo. p. 966, 978.