List of water buffalo breeds

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This is a list of domestic water buffalo breeds and their uses.

Breeds[edit]

The domestic buffalo, Bubalus bubalis, is descended from the wild water buffalo (Bubalus arnee), now designated an endangered species. Buffalo have been bred, predominantly in Asia, for thousands of years for use by humans. Their main domestic uses are as draught animals and for the production of milk and meat. Two types are recognised, the river type and the swamp type. Note: except where otherwise indicated, the reference for all entries is DAD-IS.[1]

Name Picture Alternate name Origin Use Notes, references
Al-Ahwar see § Iranian and Iraqi[M 1] § Iraqi marsh buffalo[M 2]
Al Jamoose or Jimes
(= water buffalo)
see § Iraqi [M 2]
Anatolian buffalo Gamêş.jpg Turkish: Anadolu Mandasın,
regional: Camız,
Camış,
Kömüş,
Dombay
Turkey: Marmara and Black Sea region, and South Turkey dairy, draught of § Mediterranean type[M 1][2]
Assam A male buffalo before it's sacrifice which took place on the occassion of Durga Puja in Kalibari Temple, Silchar, Assam.JPG NE India Swamp-type[M 3][M 4]
Australian buffalo WildWaterBuffalo(Bubalus bubalis arnee).jpg Australian Swamp Buffalo,
Riverine Buffalo (river-type),
Australiano (in Venezuela)
Australia's Northern Territory feral Swamp buffalo imported from eastern Indonesian islands in the 1820s;
river-type buffalo were imported in the 1990s[M 3]
Azari Azeri,
Azerbaijan,
Iranian,
Caucasian
Azerbaijan, NW Iran § Caucasian buffalo; [M 3]
Iranian Azari (=ecotype of § Iranian) comprises 70% of the Iranian buffalo population[M 2]
Azi Kheli Buffalo-مج.jpg NW Pakistan: Swat valley dairy light brown or albinoid milking buffalo[M 4]
Badavan see § Bhadawari[M 3]
Baio Vermelho N Brazil: Marajó dual-purpose meat and milk Swamp type;
colour labels separate the type from typically black (preto) South American River breeds;
considered a naturalized type or genetic group rather than a breed,
categorization similar to § Brazilian Carabao[M 5][M 6]
Baladi
(= local or native)
Egypt dairy Delta's milking variety of the § Egyptian buffalo;[M 5]
has longer curved horns, is black or grey in colour;
varieties of the Baladi type are the § Beheri and the § Minufi buffalo[M 7]
Balkan see § European[M 5]
Bama kwye see § Burmese[M 5]
Bangladeshi Buffalo, Kaloipur, chapainababagonj, Bangladesh.jpg Bangladesh dairy, draught native buffalo of Bangladesh's flood plaines;
include both a black indigenous River type (western and central areas) and small grey indigenous Swamp buffalo (eastern areas);
see also § Mahish[M 5]
Bangladeshi, albinoid of the central part of the country Bangladesh dairy type of § Bangladeshi buffalo,
farmed semi-intensively for milk[M 5]
Bangladeshi, albinoid of the western part of the country Bangladesh draught smallest (average hights 126/121 cm) of the § Bangladeshi buffaloes [M 5]
Bangladeshi, native buffaloes in the central part Bangladesh black indigenous River type of § Bangladeshi[M 5]
Bangladeshi, native buffaloes in the eastem part Bangladesh smaller grey indigenous § Bangladeshi Swamp buffalo with white stockings and sometimes white spots on each side of the face; crescent horns[M 5]
Bangladeshi, native buffaloes in the southern part Bangladesh dairy larger than native buffaloes of that area.[M 5]
Bangladeshi, native buffaloes in the western part Bangladesh black indigenous River type of § Bangladeshi[M 5]
Banni Water buffalo bull, near Mehsana, Gujarat, India, 3.jpg W India: Kachchh (Kutch) region of Gujarat diary developed by the semi-pastoralist Maldhari community[M 5]
Beheri Egypt: Beheira province dairy variety of the § Egyptian buffalo[M 5] of § Baladi type;
slate grey or black in colour[M 7]
Belang see § Tadong[M 5]
Bhadawari Water buffalo calf, India.jpg Badavan,
Etawah
India: Utter Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh dairy, draught selectively improved River type[M 5]
Bhainsi see § Nepalese[M 5]
Bhavanegri see § Jafarabadi[M 5]
Binhu China variety of the § Chinese buffalo[M 8]
Borneo buffalo see § Kalang and § Malaysian (kerbau § Sawah)[M 5]
Brazilian Kalabaw, Kalaban
Portuguese: bufalo de pantano (= Swamp buffalo)
Portuguese: preto (= typically black River breeds)
Brazil
  • Swamp buffalo types descended from stock originating from French Indochina including the black Philippine Carabao; initially imported in about 1890 to Marajó Island (most are still found today there); see §§ Brazilian Carabao, Rosilho, and Baio [M 5][M 6]
  • River types from India, Italy and Egypt were imported in the early to mid-20th century; there are three River breeds recognized:
Brazilian carabao Kalaban Brazil meat and draught Swamp buffalo own herdbook in Brazil, described as a naturalized genetic group rather than a breed;
there is a variety with the name § Rosilho [M 5]
Búfalo de Pantano Cuba
Búfalo de Rio 2012-02-Cayo Saetia Wasserbueffel 01 anagoria.JPG Cuba
Buffalypso Buffalypso.jpg Trinidadian buffalo (sometimes called bison or hog cattle) Trinidad and Tobago specialized meat and haulage buffalo derives from crosses between Swamp-type § Carabao and River breeds (as § Murrah, § Nili-Ravi, § Jafarabadi, § Surti, § Nagpuri, and § Bhadawari);

has a refined head, prominent eyes, small flat compact horns growing back, up and in, short in the leg, low compact body, meaty hindquarters, straight topline; typically Buffalypso are red or fawn, colors include black, brown, albinoid;
exported to 19 countries (the USA and several Latin American countries)[M 6]

Bulgarian buffalo Bulgaria work, meat, dairy regional variety of the typical European, i.e. the § Mediterranean;
traditionally of strong muscular working type, became triple-purpose animals;
the indigenous Bulgarian buffalo is now extinct[M 6]
Bulgarian Murrah B. Murrah.jpg Bulgarian: Българска мyрра, Bulgarska murra Bulgaria dairy derives from crosses of Mediterranean buffalo with Indian Murrah (and Surti) buffalo imported from 1962;

is black, black/brown or dark grey, has large black eyes, coiled horns, a wide rump, long tail, voluminous belly, dep broad chest, a short wide back often slightly dipped, well developed udder suited to machine milking;
is now rare in its homeland; exported to Romania and South America[M 6]

Burmese Laung Bwann Brauk pagoda and oxen (2).jpg Burma (Myanmar);
locally: Bama Kwye and Pa Sauk Kwye
(kwye or kywe = buffalo)
Myanmar Swamp buffalo;
vary locally in size, color and horn shape;[M 9]
  • the larger § Shan Kwye is classified as a destinct 'breed'
  • Burmese wild buffalo is a feral gayal (or mithun)
Burmese wild buffalo Burmese: pyaung, pyun
also referred to as:
Myanmar wild buffalo in Burma are a gaur subspecies (Bos gaurus readai or B. g. laosiensis) that were reputedly domesticated animals (gayal or mithun) and became feral in swampy bush areas;
hunted and recaptured and kept by some farmers in hilly northern jungles for producing meat and good leather[M 9]
Cambodian buffalo Tier Wasserbüffel den es juckt Kambodscha.JPG Cambodia varieties:
Carabao Carabao.jpg Philippines dairy, meat, draught Swamp
Caucasian Georgia, Russian Federation dairy, meat
Chilika A close-up of Buffalo1.JPG India River type;
saline-tolerant, well adapted to Orissa's vast brackish lagoon at the mouth of the Daya River[M 4]
Chinese buffalo Water buffaloes in Wuyishan Wufu 2012.08.24 15-46-30.jpg China varieties:
§§ Haizi​ and Mountainous buffalo, § Shanghai (incl. the Jiangsu Round-Barrel), §§ Dongliu, Wenzhou, Fu'an, Xiajiang, Xinfeng Mountainous, Xinlong, Fuzhong, Binhu, Enshi Mountainous, Jianghan, Xingyang, Shannan, Fuling, Yanjin, Dehong, South-east Yunnan, Guizhou, and Guizhou White buffalo[M 10]
De Vietnam
Dechang China
Dehong China variety of the § Chinese buffalo
Domaci bivo Serbia
Dongliu China variety of the § Chinese buffalo
Egyptian Water buffalo and cow in Egypt.jpg Masri Egypt dairy, draught River type;
can be loosely divided both geographically and ba type into two groups:
  • longer-horned local types of the Delta: milking § Baladi, incl. the § Beheri (slate grey to black in colour) and the § Minufi (dark grey)
  • buffalo of Upper (southern) Egypt: § Saidi with short curved horns, which is primarily a draught animal[3][M 11][M 7]
Enshi Mountainous China variety of the § Chinese buffalo[M 12]
Fu'an China variety of the § Chinese buffalo
Fuling China variety of the § Chinese buffalo
Fuzhong China variety of the § Chinese buffalo
Gaddi Nepal
Georgian buffalo Georgia
Ghab Syria
Gilani Mazandarani,
Shomali
Iran minor northern ecotype of § Iranian, see § Caucasian [M 2]
Godavari Water buffalos, Rajasthan, India.jpg India
Greek buffalo Confrontation or Face2Face.jpg Greece
Guizhou China
Guizhou White White buffaloes in Dongguan Xiangshi Zoo.jpg China
Haizi China
Iranian and Iraqi Iran and Iraq dairy mainly River types[M 2]
Iranian see § Iranian and Iraqi Iranian buffalo by ecotype:
Indonesian Wild buffalo Water buffalo at Rinca.jpg Indonesian Water buffalo,
Indonesian Swamp buffalo
Indonesia Semi wild buffalo breed, introduced to Komodo (island) and Flores
Iranian Azari Ecotype see § Azari ecotype of § Iranian[M 2]
Iraqi Al Jamoose, Jimes = water buffalo
other: Dwab (Dauab),
Granish
Iraq dairy, meat, ridden work animal Iraqi buffalo are divided by habitat into "marsh" and "city", or into § Al Ahwar marsh buffalo and the larger and milkier River type of urban areas with considerable diversity in colour[M 2]
Italian Bufala Agro Pontino.JPG Italian: Bufala Mediterranea Italiana,
Italian Mediterranean,
Mediterranean Italian,
Italiano (in Venezuela)
Italy dairy of § Mediterranean type (riverine);
Mediterranean Italian dairy buffalo have been exported to Brazil and other parts of Latin America[M 13]
Jafarabadi Jafarabadi buffalo.jpg India dairy
Jerangi India
Jianghan China variety of the § Chinese buffalo
Kalaban Brazil
Kalahandi Bhains (buffalo).jpg India
Kalang Water buffalo suckling calf, Bario, Sarawak 1.jpg Borneo buffalo (in English),
kerbau-Rawa (in Indonesian),
kerbau Sawah (in Malaysia)
Indonesia: Kalimantan Swamp buffalo;
in the Malaysian part of the island (i.e. Sarawak and Sabah) the buffalo is known as kerbau Sawah (see § Malaysian)[M 14]
Kebo Indonesia
Kerbau-Gunung Indonesia
Kerbau-Indonesia Indonesia
Kerbau Moa Indonesia
Kerbau-Murrah Indonesia
Kerbau-Sumatra-Barat Indonesia
Kerbau-Sumatra-Utara Indonesia
Kerbau-Sumbawa Indonesia
Khoozestani Khuzestani Iran § Iranian ecotype of the southern marshes[M 2]
Khouay buffalo Buffle laotien.jpg Laos
Kundi Kundhi,
Sindhi Murrah
E Pakistan: N Sindh dairy River type;
some would designate it as regional variety of the § Murrah[M 15][4]
Lanka Water buffalo.jpg Sri Lanka
Lime Nepal
Mahish Bangladesh variety of § Bangladeshi, crossed with indigenous Swamp buffalo, river type dominant[M 5]
Malaysian Kudat Sabah Kg-Loro-Kecil-03.jpg kerbau Malaysia varieties:
Manda India
Mannar Sri Lanka
Marathwada India
Masri see § Egyptian
Mediterranean Mediterranean
Mehsana Bubalus bubalis 3.jpg India dairy
Mestizo Philippines
Minufi Minufi, Menoufi or Monoufi Egypt: southern and central parts of the Delta dairy variety of the § Egyptian buffalo[M 5] of § Baladi type;
dark grey in colour[M 7]
Monouli Egypt
Mountain buffalo moi Cambodia variety of the krabei beng § Cambodian buffalo[M 17]
Mountainous China variety of the § Chinese buffalo[M 18]
Munding Indonesia
Murrah Murrah buffalo.JPG India, Pakistan dairy also Azerbaijan, Brazil, China, Ecuador, Guatemala, Laos, Malaysia, Nepal, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Viet Nam
Myanmar Swamp buffalo see § Burmese[M 9][M 19]
Nagpuri Berar, Durna-Thalia, Ellichpuri, Gaulani, Gauli, Marathwada, Varadi W India: Maharashtra draught, dairy varieties:
Nelore Argentina
Nepalese Hill Buffallow rearing in nepal.JPG Nepal
Nepalese Mountain Nepal
Ngo Vietnam
Nili E Pakistan, N India see § NiliRavi
NiliRavi Panch Kalyani E Pakistan, N India dairy combination of two fairly similar Pakistan buffalo Nili and Ravi; formerly described as geographically isolated varieties of the § Murrah
exported to Bangladesh, China, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Brazil[M 20][6]
Pa Sauk see § Burmese[M 20]
Pahadi see § Nepalese[M 20]
Palitana see § Jafarabadi[M 20]
Pampangan see § Indonesian[M 20]
Panch Kalyani see § Nili-Ravi[M 20]
Pandharpuri Dharwari (in Mysore) India dairy see § Nagpuri[M 20]
Papua New Guinea buffalo Papua New Guinea
Parkote see § Nepalese[M 20]
Parlakimedi see § Manda[M 20]
Peddakimedi see § Kalahandi[M 20]
Philippine see § Carabao[M 20]
Plain buffalo Cambodia
Purnathadi see § Nagpuri[M 20]
Purvi see § Nepalese[M 20]
Ravi Sandal Bar E Pakistan, N India see § Nili-Ravi[M 20]
Rawa see § Kalang[M 20]
Romanian buffalo Aruncuta,Cluj-DSCF2327.JPG Romania dairy, meat, draught
Rosilho Brazil variety of the § Brazilian Carabao [M 6]
Siamese buffalo Tiger Temple Water Buffalo.jpg Thai Water buffalo,
Thai Swamp buffalo (in English),
Kwai Thai,
Karbue (in Thailand),
Thailand dairy, meat, Swamp type
Siamese Albino buffalo Albino-Water-Buffalo-Rantepao.jpg Thai Albino buffalo Thailand dairy, meat, Swamp type
Siamese Wild buffalo Water buffalo at Rinca.jpg Siamese Wild Water buffalo,
Thai wild buffalo (in English),
Kwai Pha,
Mhingsa (in Thailand),
Thailand fierce Thai wild buffalo , introduced to Huai Kha Khaeng Wildlife Sanctuary
Saidi Egypt
Sambalpur India
Sapi Tenusu kerbau Sapi Tenusu Malaysia dairy variety of § Malaysian;
River-type[M 15]
Sawah kerbau Sawah;
Borneo buffalo
Malaysia variety of § Malaysian;
Swamp buffalo[M 16]
Selembu Malaysia variety of § Malaysian;
very rare interspecies hybrid by crossing single gaur with local Sahiwal x Friesian cows; resembles the wild gaur[M 21]
Shanghai China variety of the § Chinese buffalo
Shan Kywe Swamp buffalo of the elevated Shan Plateau in eastern central Burma Myanmar larger and heavier and darker in colour than other § Bumese buffalo; classified as a distinct 'breed'[M 9]
Shannan China variety of the § Chinese buffalo
South-east Yunan China variety of the § Chinese buffalo
South Kanara India
Sri Lankan Wild buffalo Flickr - Rainbirder - Water Buffalo.jpg Sri Lanka Semi domestic water buffalo breed, introduced to Yala National Park and Udawalawa National Park
Surti India, Sri Lanka dairy, draught
Taiwan buffalo Water buffalo bathing.jpg Taiwan
Tamankaduwa Sri Lanka
Tamarao Philippines
Tarai buffalo India, Nepal
Tedong Albino-Water-Buffalo-Rantepao.jpg Indonesia
Tipo Baio Brazil
Toda Herd of feral buffaloes.jpg India
Toraya Indonesia dairy, meat, draught
Trau Noi Xe trâu.jpg Vietnam
Trinitario Venezuela
Wenzhou China variety of the § Chinese buffalo[M 22]
Xiajiang China variety of the § Chinese buffalo[M 22]
Xilin China variety of the § Chinese buffalo of Guangxi Zhuang AR[M 22]
Xinfeng Mountainous China variety of the § Chinese buffalo[M 22]
Xinglong China variety of the § Chinese buffalo[M 23]
Xingyang China variety of the § Chinese buffalo[M 23]
Yanjin China variety of the § Chinese buffalo[M 23]
Yibin China variety of the § Chinese buffalo[M 23]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Breeds from species:Buffalo. Domestic Animal Diversity Information System of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Accessed June 2015.
  2. ^ Anatolian Buffalo, Breeds of Livestock, Oklahoma State University Board of Regents. Last retrieved 2017 January 11
  3. ^ Egyptian buffalo, Breeds of Livestock, Oklahoma State University Board of Regents. Last retrieved 2017 January 11
  4. ^ Kundi buffalo, Breeds of Livestock, Oklahoma State University Board of Regents. Last retrieved 2017 January 11
  5. ^ Malaysian buffalo, Breeds of Livestock, Oklahoma State University Board of Regents. Last retrieved 2017 January 11
  6. ^ NiliRavi, Breeds of Livestock, Oklahoma State University Board of Regents. Last retrieved 2017 January 11
  • Valerie Porter, Lawrence Alderson, Stephen J.G. Hall and D. Phillip Sponenberg: Mason's World Encyclopedia of Livestock Breeds and Breeding. Volume 2. 6th edition. Wallingford: CAB International 2016. ISBN 978-1-78064-797-5
  1. ^ a b Valerie Porter: Water Buffalo. p. 960.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i Valerie Porter: Water Buffalo. p. 970.
  3. ^ a b c d Valerie Porter: Water Buffalo. p. 961.
  4. ^ a b c Valerie Porter: Water Buffalo. p. 969.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v Valerie Porter: Water Buffalo. p. 962.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g Valerie Porter: Water Buffalo. p. 963.
  7. ^ a b c d Valerie Porter: Water Buffalo. p. 967.
  8. ^ Valerie Porter: Water Buffalo. p. 962, 966.
  9. ^ a b c d e Valerie Porter: Water Buffalo. p. 964.
  10. ^ Valerie Porter: Water Buffalo. p. 965–966
  11. ^ Valerie Porter: Water Buffalo. p. 966.
  12. ^ Valerie Porter: Water Buffalo. p. 966, 967.
  13. ^ Valerie Porter: Water Buffalo. p. 970, 970.
  14. ^ Valerie Porter: Water Buffalo. p. 971, 972.
  15. ^ a b Valerie Porter: Water Buffalo. p. 972.
  16. ^ a b Valerie Porter: Water Buffalo. p. 972–973
  17. ^ Valerie Porter: Water Buffalo. p. 964, 973.
  18. ^ Valerie Porter: Water Buffalo. p. 965, 973.
  19. ^ Valerie Porter: Water Buffalo. p. 974.
  20. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o Valerie Porter: Water Buffalo. p. 975.
  21. ^ Valerie Porter: Water Buffalo. p. 973.
  22. ^ a b c d Valerie Porter: Water Buffalo. p. 965, 978.
  23. ^ a b c d Valerie Porter: Water Buffalo. p. 966, 978.