Logres

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Logres
Matter of Britain location
Genre Arthurian legend
Notable locations Great Britain
Notable characters King Arthur

Logres (also Logris or Loegria) is the name of King Arthur's realm in the Matter of Britain. It derives from the medieval Welsh word Lloegyr, a name of uncertain origin referring to England (Lloegr in modern Welsh).

In Arthurian contexts, "Logres" is often used to describe the Brittonic territory roughly corresponding to the borders of England before the area was taken by the Anglo-Saxons. According to Geoffrey of Monmouth's influential pseudohistory Historia Regum Britanniae, the realm was named after the legendary king Locrinus, the oldest son of Brutus of Troy. In his Historia, Geoffrey uses the word "Loegria" to describe a province containing most of England excluding Cornwall and possibly Northumberland, as in this example from section iv.20 (from the Puffin Classics translation by Lewis Thorpe):

Parishes were apportioned off, Deira being placed under the Metropolitan of York, along with Albany, for the great River Humber divides these two from Loegria. Loegria itself was placed under the Metropolitan of London, along with Cornwall. The Severn divides these last two provinces from Kambria or Wales, which last was placed under the City of Legions.[1]

The name "Logres" is used in many works of modern fantasy set in Britain, for example, C. S. Lewis's That Hideous Strength and Susan Cooper's Over Sea, Under Stone.

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Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Geoffrey of Monmouth (1966). The History of the Kings of Britain. Translated by Lewis G. M. Thorpe. Harmondsworth, UK: Penguin. p. 125. ISBN 9780140441703. OCLC 3370598. Retrieved 11 September 2013.