Lorna Dee Cervantes
Lorna Dee Cervantes
|Born||August 6, 1954|
San Francisco, California, United States
|Occupation||Poet, Philosopher, Publisher, Editor, Professor|
|Notable works||From the Cables of Genocide: Poems on Love and Hunger; Emplumada|
|Notable awards||American Book Award, NEA Fellowship, Pushcart Prize|
Lorna Dee Cervantes (born August 6, 1954) is a Chicana poet and activist, who is considered one of the greatest figures in Chicano poetry. She has been described by Alurista, as "probably the best Chicana poet active today."
Cervantes was born in 1954 in the Mission District of San Francisco, to parents of Mexican and Native American (Chumash) ancestry. After her parents divorced when she was five, she grew up in San Jose with her mother, grandmother and brother. She grew up speaking English exclusively. This was strictly enforced by her parents, who allowed only English to be spoken at home by her and her brother. This was to avoid the racism that was occurring in her community at that time. This loss of language and a struggle to find her true identity inspired her poetry later on in life. She attended Abraham Lincoln High School. She received an Associate Arts degree from San Jose Community College in 1976, and a BA in Creative Arts from San Jose State University in 1984. She attended UC Santa Cruz for a PhD History of Consciousness (all but dissertation), 1984-88.
Her brother, Stephen Cervantes had a job at a local library and she became familiar with Shakespeare, Keats, Shelly and Byron who would have the most influence on her self-conception as a poet. By the age of fifteen she had compiled her first collection of poetry. In 1974 she traveled with her brother to Mexico City, Mexico, who played with the Theater of the People of San Jose at the Quinto Festival de los Teatros Chicanos. At the last moment, Cervantes was asked to participate by reading some of her poetry. She chose to read a portion of "Refugee Ship," a poem that enacts the major dilemma of being Chicanx; feeling adrift between two cultures. This reading received much attention and appeared in a Mexican newspaper, as well as other journals and reviews. The poem was later included in her award-winning debut, Emplumada (1981).
Cervantes considers herself "a Chicana writer, a feminist writer, a political writer" (Cervantes). Her collections of poetry include Emplumada, From the Cables of Genocide, Drive: The First Quartet and Ciento: 100 100-Word Love Poems, and Sueño: New Poems, are held in high esteem and have attracted numerous nominations and awards.
In an interview conducted by Sonia V. Gonzalez, the poet states that through writing and publishing, “I was trying to give back that gift that had saved me when I discovered, again, African-American women’s poetry. I was having this vision of some little Chicana in San Antonio [Texas] going, scanning the shelves, like I used to do, scanning the shelves for women’s names, or Spanish surnames, hoping she’ll pull it out, relate to it. So it was intentionally accessible poetry, intended to bridge that gap, that literacy gap.” Cervantes was actively involved in the publication of numerous Chicana/o writers from the 1970s onwards when she produced her own Chicana/o literary journal, MANGO "which was the first to publish Sandra Cisneros, Jimmy Santiago Baca, Alberto Rios, Ray Gonzalez, Ronnie Burk, and Orlando Ramírez [co-editor]. Cervantes and MANGO also championed the early work of writers Gary Soto, José Montoya, José Montalvo, José Antonio Burciaga, and her personal favourite, Luís Omar Salinas"
Cervantes has delivered poetry readings, workshops and guest lectures across the US. She was part of the Librotraficante Movement. The 2012 Librotraficante Caravan to Tucson was intended to smuggle books back into the hands of students, after they were boxed up and carted out of class rooms during class time, in order to comply with Arizona House Bill 2281. Cervantes delivered a moving speech to the Movement's supporters outside of the Alamo in March 2012.
The poet was one of seven featured writers to give a reading at the American Literature Association Conference held in San Francisco in May 2012. Ciento: 100 100 Word Love Poems was nominated for a Northern California Book Award in 2012 under the poetry category.
Her fifth collection, Sueño, published in 2013 was shortlisted for the Latin American Book Award in poetry in 2014. A European launch of the collection was hosted by University College Cork, Ireland in June 2014 as part of a symposium on Pathways, Explorations, Approaches in Mexican and Mexican American Studies.
- Instructor: UC Santa Cruz, August 1985 - May 1986
- Associate Professor of English: University of Colorado at Boulder, August 1988 - August 2007
- Visiting Scholar: University of Houston, 1994 - 1995
- Ethnic Studies Lecturer: San Francisco State University, 2006 - 2007
- Independent Scholar: Poet, Philosopher, San Francisco Bay Area, 2007–Present
- UC Regents Lecturer: UC Berkeley (English Department) August 2011 – 2012
- Cervantes has presented over 500 poetry readings, lectures and performances (Yale, Stanford, Harvard, Vassar, Mt. Holyoke, Princeton, Brown, Cornell.
- Sueño: New Poems SA, TX: Wings Press, 2013.
- Ciento: 100 100-Word Love Poems SA, TX: Wings Press, 2011; Wings Press
- DRIVE: The First Quartet. SA, TX: Wings Press, 2006.
- From the Cables of Genocide: Poems on Love and Hunger (Arte Público Press, 1991)
- Emplumada (1981; American Book Award).
- Red Dirt (co-editor), a cross-cultural poetry journal
- Mango (founder), a literary review
- Unsettling America: An Anthology of Contemporary Multicultural Poetry (eds. Maria Mazziotti Gillan and Jennifer Gillan, 1994)
- No More Masks! An Anthology of Twentieth-Century Women Poets (ed. Florence Howe, 1993)
- After Aztlan: Latino Poets of the Nineties (ed. Ray González, 1992).
- Patterson Prize For Poetry
- Battrick Award For Poetry
- Latino Book Award
- Latin American Book Award (Second Place)
- Denver Book Award (Finalist)
- Pushcart Prize (x2)
- California Arts Council Grant for Poetry (x2)
- Hudson D. Walker Fellowship Award at The Fine Arts Work Center
- Colorado Poet Laureate (Finalist)
- Vassar Visiting Writers Award
- Mexican-American Studies Center Visiting Scholar Award
- The National Association for Chicana and Chicano Studies Scholar Award
- San Jose State University Outstanding Alumnus
- San Jose Community College Outstanding Alumnus
- The White House Third Millennium Evening with Poets Laureate Attendee (invited by President and Hillary Clinton as one of the best 100 poets in The United States)
- Library of Congress Reading (x2)
- American Book Award (1982)
- National Endowment for the Arts Fellowship Grants for Poetry (1979 and 1989)
- Lila-Wallace Reader’s Digest Foundation Writer’s Award (1995)
- Stunned Into Being: Essays on the Poetry of Lorna Dee Cervantes Edited by Rodriguez y Gibson, Eliza. San Antonio, Tx: Wings Press. 2012.
- "Anti-Capitalist Critique and Travelling poetry in the Works of Lorna Dee Cervantes and Rage Against the Machine." By: Alexander, Donna Maria. Forum for Inter-American Research. 2012 April; 5.1.
- "The Geography Closest In": The Space of the Chicana in the Writings of Gloria Anzaldúa and Lorna Dee Cervantes. By: Alexander, Donna Maria. Boole Library Masters Theses Collections, University College Cork. October 2010. Print.
- “‘Tat Your Black Holes into Paradise’: Lorna Dee Cervantes and a Poetics of Loss.” MELUS: Multiethnic Literatures of the United States. 33.1 (2008): 139-155.
- Poetry Saved My Life: An Interview with Lorna Dee Cervantes By: González, Sonia V.; MELUS: The Journal of the Society for the Study of the Multi-Ethnic Literature of the United States, 2007 Spring; 32 (1): 163-80.
- Poetry as Mother Tongue? Lorna Dee Cervantes's Emplumada By: Scheidegger, Erika. IN: Rehder and Vincent, American Poetry: Whitman to Present. Tübingen, Germany: Narr Franke Attempto; 2006. pp. 193–208
- The Shape and Range of Latina/o Poetry: Lorna Dee Cervantes and William Carlos Williams By: Morris-Vásquez, Edith; Dissertation, U of California, Riverside, 2004.
- Loss and Recovery of Memory in the Poetry of Lorna D. Cervantes By: González, Sonia V.; Dissertation, Stanford U, 2004.
- Lorna Dee Cervantes (1954-) By: Harris-Fonseca, Amanda Nolacea. IN: West-Durán, Herrera-Sobek, and Salgado, Latino and Latina Writers, I: Introductory Essays, Chicano and Chicana Authors; II: Cuban and Cuban American Authors, Dominican and Other Authors, Puerto Rican Authors. New York, NY: Scribner's; 2004. pp. 195–207
- “Imagining a Poetics of Loss: Toward a Comparative Methodology.” By: Rodriguez y Gibson, Eliza. Studies in American Indian Literatures. 2nd ser. 15.3/4 (2003/2004): 23-51.
- Memphis Minnie, Genocide, and Identity Politics: A Conversation with Alex Stein By: Stein, Alex; Michigan Quarterly Review, 2003 Fall; 42 (4): 631-47.
- “Love, Hunger, and Grace: Loss and Belonging in the Poetry of Lorna Dee Cervantes and Joy Harjo.” By: Rodriguez y Gibson, Eliza. Legacy 19.1 (2002):106-114.
- "Remembering We Were Never Meant to Survive": Loss in Contemporary Chicana and Native American Feminist Poetics By: Rodríguez y Gibson, Eliza; Dissertation, Cornell U, 2002.
- Love, Hunger, and Grace: Loss and Belonging in the Poetry of Lorna Dee Cervantes and Joy Harjo. By: Rodriguez y Gibson, Eliza; Legacy: A Journal of American Women Writers, 2002; 19 (1): 106-14.
- Chicana Ways: Conversations with Ten Chicana Writers By: Ikas, Karin Rosa (ed.), Reno, NV: U of Nevada P; 2002.
- I Trust Only What I Have Built with My Own Hands: An Interview with Lorna Dee Cervantes By: González, Ray; Bloomsbury Review, 1997 Sept-Oct; 17 (5): 3, 8.
- Bilingualism and Dialogism: Another Reading of Lorna Dee Cervantes's Poetry By: Savin, Ada. IN: Arteaga, An Other Tongue: Nation and Ethnicity in the Linguistic Borderlands. Durham, NC: Duke UP; 1994. pp. 215–23
- "An Utterance More Pure Than Word": Gender and the Corrido Tradition in Two Contemporary Chicano Poems. By: McKenna, Teresa. IN: Keller and Miller, Feminist Measures: Soundings in Poetry and Theory. Ann Arbor, MI: U of Michigan P; 1994. pp. 184–207
- Divided Loyalties: Literal and Literary in the Poetry of Lorna Dee Cervantes, Cathy Song and Rita Dove By: Wallace, Patricia; MELUS, 1993 Fall; 18 (3): 3-19.
- Lorna Dee Cervantes's Dialogic Imagination By: Savin, Ada; Annales du Centre de Recherches sur l'Amérique Anglophone, 1993; 18: 269-77.
- Tres momentos del proceso de reconocimiento en la voz poética de Lorna D. Cervantes By: Alarcón, Justo S.. IN: López González, Malagamba, and Urrutia, Mujer y literatura mexicana y chicana: Culturas en contacto, II. Mexico City; Tijuana: Colegio de México; Colegio de la Frontera Norte; 1990. pp. 281–285
- Lorna Dee Cervantes (6 August 1954 - ) By: Fernández, Roberta. IN: Lomelí and Shirley, Chicano Writers: First Series. Detroit, MI: Gale; 1989. pp. 74–78
- Chicana Literature from a Chicana Feminist Perspective By: Yarbro-Bejarano, Yvonne. IN: Herrera-Sobek and Viramontes, Chicana Creativity and Criticism: Charting New Frontiers in American Literature. Houston: Arte Publico; 1988. pp. 139–145
- La búsqueda de la identidad en la literatura chicana/tres textos By: Alarcón, Justo S.; Confluencia: Revista Hispanica de Cultura y Literatura, 1987 Fall; 3 (1): 137-143.
- Chicana Literature from a Chicana Feminist Perspective By: Yarbro-Bejarano, Yvonne; The Americas Review: A Review of Hispanic Literature and Art of the USA, 1987 Fall-Winter; 15 (3-4): 139-145.
- Notes toward a New Multicultural Criticism: Three Works by Women of Color By: Crawford, John F.. IN: Harris and Aguero, A Gift of Tongues: Critical Challenges in Contemporary American Poetry. Athens: U of Georgia P; 1987. pp. 155–195
- Bernice Zamora y Lorna Dee Cervantes: Una estética feminista By: Bruce-Novoa; Revista Iberoamericana, 1985 July-Dec.; 51 (132-133): 565-573.
- Emplumada: Chicana Rites-of-Passage By: Seator, Lynette; MELUS, 1984 Summer; 11 (2): 23-38.
- Soothing Restless Serpents: The Dreaded Creation and Other Inspirations in Chicana Poetry By: Rebolledo, Tey Diana; Third Woman, 1984; 2 (1): 83-102.
- Interview with Lorna Dee Cervantes By: Monda, Bernadette; Third Woman, 1984; 2 (1): 103-107.
- List of Mexican American writers
- List of writers from peoples indigenous to the Americas
- Latino poetry
- Latino Literature
- ENotes.com bio (accessed March 2008)
- Ikas, Karin Rosa (2002). "Lorna Dee Cervantes". Chicana Ways: Conversations With Ten Chicana Writers. Las Vegas: University of Nevada Press. pp. 27–28. ISBN 9780874174922.
- "A Spotlight on Lorna Dee Cervantes: Biography". A Spotlight on Lorna Dee Cervantes. Retrieved 2017-03-09.
- "Lorna Dee Cervantes". Poetry Foundation. 2017-03-09. Retrieved 2017-03-09.
- “Poetry Saved My Life: An Interview With Lorna Dee Cervantes.” By Sonia V. González. MELUS 32.1 (2007): 163-180. JSTOR. Web. 25 Jan. 2010.
- “Lorna Dee Cervantes.” Wings Press. Wings Press, 2009. Web. 1 Jun. 2010.
- Librotraficante Manifesto. Source: "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-06-10. Retrieved 2012-06-06.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) Access Date: 06 June 2012
- Eliza Rodriguez y Gibson (2012). Stunned Into Being: Essays on the Poetry of Lorna Dee Cervantes. Wings Press. ISBN 9780916727888.
- "Nominees announced for Northern California Book Awards". May 9, 2012. Retrieved Dec 19, 2019.
- "Waxwing Literary Journal: American writers & international voices". waxwingmag.org. Retrieved Dec 19, 2019.
- "Pathways, Explorations, Approaches Symposium Schedule" (PDF). Retrieved Dec 19, 2019.
- Quotations related to Lorna Dee Cervantes at Wikiquote