|Born||February 16, 1922
|Died||June 26, 2007
|Occupation||novelist, essayist, academic|
|Subject||recent Italian history, the Italian Resistance, teaching|
Luigi Meneghello (February 16, 1922 – June 26, 2007) was an Italian contemporary writer and scholar.
Luigi Meneghello was born in Malo, a small town in the countryside near Vicenza, on February 16, 1922. His father was a craftsman and his mother was a teacher. Meneghello entered in 1939 the University of Padua to study philosophy. From 1940 to 1942 worked for Paduan newspaper Il Veneto. In the early Forties, he had his first contacts with anti-fascism and, after a short time in the Army, entered the Partito d'azione and became active in the resistance movement in 1943. Of his early life, he said:
My studies, at Vicenza and Padua, were absurdly 'brilliant', but useless and partly damaging. I was exposed, as a youth, to the effects of a fascist education, and then somehow was re-educated during the war and the civil war, under the protective wings of the Partito d'Azione (Party of Action). I expatriated in 1947-48 and settled in England with my wife Katia. We have no children. My encounter with the culture of the English, and the shock of their language, were for me a determining factor.— Luigi Meneghello, The Guardian, 17/08/07
In 1945 Meneghello graduated cum laude with a thesis on the philosophy of Benedetto Croce. In 1947 he moved to the University of Reading (England) with a one-year British Council scholarship and afterward he began teaching aspects of the Italian Renaissance in the English Department. In 1948 he married Katia Bleier, a survivor of Auschwitz. In 1955 a separate Italian section was formed followed by the founding of a Department of Italian Studies in 1961, headed by himself until his retirement in 1980. He was offered, and accepted, a chair as Professor in Italian Literature. After an intense academic activity and as translator (often with the pseudonym Ugo Varnai), in 1963 he published his first book, part novel part autobiography, Libera nos a Malo (English translation titled Deliver Us) about the narrow-minded but vital milieu of his home town, Malo. The title is a pun on the Latin words for deliver us from evil and the name of the town. One year later he published I piccoli maestri (in English, The Outlaws; literally, "The little teachers"), "one of the few non-rhetorical, and therefore all the more effective, memoirs of the Italian resistance, which is true in every detail" (L. and G. Lepschy, in the "Guardian obituary"). A film version with the same title was directed in 1998 by Daniele Luchetti.
In 1980 Meneghello retired from the University of Reading, to devote his time to writing. He lived in London and later in Thiene (near Vicenza), where he moved permanently after his wife's death in 2004. He died there in June 2007.
- Libera nos a Malo (1963, translated in English as Deliver Us by Frederika Randall, Northwestern University Press, 2011)
- I piccoli maestri (1964, translated into English in 1967 as The Outlaws by Raleigh Trevelyan)
- Pomo Pero (1974)
- Fiori italiani (1976)
- L’acqua di Malo (1986)
- Il Tremaio. Note sull’interazione tra lingua e dialetto nelle scritture letterarie (1986)
- Jura (1987)
- Bau-Sète! (1988)
- Leda e la schioppa (1989)
- Rivarotta (1989)
- Che fate quel giovane? (1990)
- Maredè, Maredè (1991)
- Il dispatrio (1993)
- Promemoria (1994)
- Il Turbo e il Chiaro (1996)
- La materia di Reading (1997)
- Le Carte. Volume I: Anni sessanta (1999)
- Le Carte. Volume II: Anni settanta (2000)
- Le Carte. Volume III: Anni ottanta (2001)
- Trapianti. Dall'inglese al vicentino (2002)
- Quaggiù nella biosfera. Tre saggi sul lievito poetico delle scritture (2004)
- La materia di Reading e altri reperti (2005)
- Giulio and Laura Lepschy, ‘Luigi Meneghello’ (obituary), The Guardian, 17 August 2007.
- cronologia, Comune di Malo.
- ‘Professor Luigi Meneghello’ (obituary), The Times, 1 August 2007
- Past winners of the John Florio Prize at the Society of Authors website
- it:Luigi Meneghello
- Foreword from Meneghello, Luigi (2006). Tullio De Mauro, ed. Fiori italiani--con un mazzo di nuovi Fiori (in Italian). Milan: Rizzoli. ISBN 88-17-01252-1.
- Obituary, The Guardian, 17 August 2007 (see External links)
- Obituary, The Times, 1 August 2007
- Obituary, The Guardian, 17 August 2007 (originary, slightly different version at the University of Reading website)
- Villa Clementi: istituzione culturale del Comune di Malo, webpage about Meneghello by Malo town council (in Italian)
- Luigi Meneghello - an introduction, article at Citizendium