A. Scott Frank
March 10, 1960
|Education||University of California, Santa Barbara (BA)|
American Film Institute (MFA)
|Occupation||Screenwriter, film director, author|
A. Scott Frank (born March 10, 1960) is an American screenwriter, film director, and author. Known as "one of the most reliable and highly-paid screenwriters in the business", Frank received two Academy Award nominations for Best Adapted Screenplay for Out of Sight (1998) and Logan (2017). His film work, credited and uncredited, extends to dozens of films. In recent years he has worked for Netflix on television miniseries, most prominently co-creating The Queen's Gambit with Allan Scott.
Early life and education
Frank was born to a Jewish family in Fort Walton Beach, Florida, on March 10, 1960. His family moved to Los Gatos, California where he went to high school. He attended the University of California, Santa Barbara, graduating in 1982 with a Bachelor of Arts in film studies. Frank earned a Master of Fine Arts in Screenwriting from the AFI Conservatory in 1984.
While a student at the University of California, Frank first had the idea for what would become the script for Little Man Tate in 1981, thinking that, in the aftermath of the Iran hostage crisis that there was "a slight petulance to world events at the time" and envisioning "an eight year old who was making more sense of the world than Ted Koppel." After graduation he worked as a bartender while attempting to sell the script, which eventually led to him getting an agent, and subsequently being hired by Paramount Pictures in 1984. It would take several years before the script was made, with Frank's first produced screenwriting work in the meantime being the 1987 film Plain Clothes, which he would later describe as "terrible." Little Man Tate was ultimately made in 1991 as the directorial debut of actress Jodie Foster.
In the years to follow, Frank's filmography included scripts for Dead Again, Malice, Heaven's Prisoners, and Get Shorty. The latter earned him his first award nominations with both the Writers Guild and the Golden Globes. He credited the success of Get Shorty with reviving his interest in the job after a bad experience on Malice, and was particularly pleased as a longtime fan of Elmore Leonard's novels that he felt had not received satisfactory film adaptations previously. This success led to his being asked to work on another Elmore Leonard adaptation, Steven Soderbergh's 1998 film Out of Sight starring George Clooney and Jennifer Lopez. The film was not a commercial success, but earned enormous critical plaudits. Frank won both the Writers Guild of America Award for Best Adapted Screenplay and the Edgar Award from the Mystery Writers of America, and was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Adapted Screenplay.
Frank was recruited by Steven Spielberg to work on the script for Minority Report, a Philip K. Dick adaptation, which he would later say was "a very difficult screenplay to write because it was loaded with so much technical detail." He performed second unit directing duties for one segment of the film, an area of filmmaking he had contemplated moving into for some time. Minority Report earned him the Saturn Award for Best Writing and several other nominations, including for Hugo and Nebula awards. Other credits from this period included The Interpreter and Marley & Me, the latter described as a film he would not have imagined himself working on but which he developed "a big soft spot for." By 2012, Frank had worked on at least 40 films, including uncredited rewrites on films such as Saving Private Ryan, Entrapment and Dawn of the Dead.
In 2007, Frank made his directorial debut on The Lookout, a script he had started work on in 1998 and which was originally meant to be directed by Sam Mendes, who eventually departed the project to make Road to Perdition while encouraging Frank to take on the task himself. He had also attempted to recruit Sydney Pollack, the director of The Interpreter who he considered a mentor, to direct the project. He won the Independent Spirit Award for Best First Feature for his work on the film. His second film as a director, 2014's A Walk Among the Tombstones, had a more mixed reception. In January of 2016, Frank published his first novel, Shaker, a crime mystery published by Penguin Random House. He also worked in the burgeoning superhero genre for the first time, making two films with director James Mangold, The Wolverine (2013) and Logan (2017). For the latter, he received his second Academy Award nomination.
Having had some previous experience working for network television, in Frank had begun to develop Godless, previously intended as a film, into a miniseries for HBO. However, Netflix outbid HBO for the project, which Frank both wrote and directed. The miniseries earned Frank numerous award nominations, including from the Directors Guild and three Primetime Emmy Awards. The success of Godless led Frank to pitch further projects to Netflix, several of which were rejected, until they expressed interest in The Queen's Gambit, an adaptation of a Walter Tevis novel that Frank had previously attempted to make as a film. Frank said that he viewed the novel as exploring "the cost of genius", a theme that he had first intended to explore in Little Man Tate but "didn't quite get there with it."
|1988||Plain Clothes||Martha Coolidge|
|1991||Dead Again||Kenneth Branagh|
|Little Man Tate||Jodie Foster|
|The Walter Ego||John Putch||Short film|
|1995||Get Shorty||Barry Sonnenfeld|
|1996||Heaven's Prisoners||Phil Joanou|
|1998||Out of Sight||Steven Soderbergh|
|2002||Minority Report||Steven Spielberg|
|2004||Flight of the Phoenix||John Moore|
|2005||The Interpreter||Sydney Pollack|
|2007||The Lookout||Himself||Feature directorial debut|
|2008||Marley & Me||David Frankel|
|2013||The Wolverine||James Mangold|
|2014||A Walk Among the Tombstones||Himself|
|1988||The Wonder Years||No||Yes||No||No||Episode "The Phone Call"|
|1993||Fallen Angels||No||Yes||No||No||Episode "Dead End for Delia"|
|1994||Birdland||No||Yes||Yes||Yes||Episodes "Pilot" and "Plan B"|
|2004||Karen Sisco||No||Yes||No||No||Episode "He Was a Friend of Mine"|
|2011||Shameless||Yes||No||No||No||Episode "It's Time to Kill the Turtle"|
|2020||The Queen's Gambit||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes|
Awards and nominations
- "Scott Frank". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved 2021-04-09.
- "Scott Frank: Screenwriters' Lecture". guru.bafta.org. 2017-03-03. Retrieved 2012-10-01.
- "For Queen's Gambit Creator, the Vineyard Is a Creative Force". The Vineyard Gazette - Martha's Vineyard News. Retrieved 2020-12-21.
- Bloom, Nate (March 6, 2018). "Anton Yelchin's final role lands in 'Thoroughbreds'; Appatow's 'Love' returns". The Jewish News of Northern California.
- "Scott Frank biography". Movies & TV Dept. The New York Times. New York City, New York: Baseline & All Movie Guide. 2014. Archived from the original on October 6, 2014. Retrieved March 13, 2015.
- "Scott Frank bio". Penguin Random House. University of California, Santa Barbara. Retrieved March 13, 2015.
- Bazer, Mark (March 25, 2007). "Screenwriter Frank takes action After years spent creating scripts, he's directing". The Boston Globe. Boston, Massachusetts. Archived from the original on April 2, 2015. Retrieved March 16, 2015 – via HighBeam Research.
- "Miller & Son — AFI". Miller & Son. Retrieved 2020-01-12.
- "Screenwriting Chat: Scott Frank". Screenplay.com. 2002. Retrieved 2021-04-09.
- "Full transcript: Screenwriter, novelist and director Scott Frank on Recode Media". Vox. 2017-03-03. Retrieved 2021-04-10.
- "Scott Frank". www.goldenglobes.com. Retrieved 2020-11-30.
- "Shaker". Penguin Random House. Retrieved February 18, 2016.
- "Shaker". www.publishersweekly.com. Retrieved 2020-01-12.
- "Interview: Scott Frank on Finishing His Debut Novel 'Shaker' Fifteen Years After He Began". /Film. 2017-03-14. Retrieved 2020-01-12.
- "An interview with Scott Frank: THE QUEEN'S GAMBIT". Writers Guild of America, East. Retrieved 2020-12-21.
- "The Queen's Gambit creator on 'bringing sexy back to chess' and the series' long journey to TV". Entertainment Weekly. 2020-10-25. Retrieved 2021-04-09.
- "Scott Frank". IMDb. Retrieved 12 March 2021.
- "Winners & Nominees 2018". Primetime Emmy Awards. September 17, 2018. Retrieved April 11, 2021.
- "Here Are the 44th Annual Saturn Awards Nominations". Bleeding Cool. 15 March 2018.
- "Winners & Nominees 2021". Golden Globe Awards. February 28, 2021. Retrieved April 11, 2021.
- "'The Great,' 'Queen's Gambit,' 'Mrs. America' Take Early Wins at Writers Guild Awards 2021 (Updating Live)". Variety. 21 March 2021.
- "Producers Guild Awards Winners (Updating Live)". Variety. 24 March 2021.
- "DGA Awards: Chloe Zhao and 'Nomadland' Take Top Honor". The Hollywood Reporter. April 10, 2021. Retrieved April 10, 2021.
- Feinberg, Scott (14 March 2021). "USC Scripter Awards: 'Nomadland' and 'Queen's Gambit' Named Best Adaptations". The Hollywood Reporter.
- Hipes, Patrick (July 13, 2021). "Emmy Nominations: 'The Crown', 'The Mandalorian' Top List; HBO/HBO Max Edges Netflix For Top Spot – Full List Of Nominees". Deadline. Retrieved July 13, 2021.