Methylglyoxal reductase (NADPH-dependent)

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methylglyoxal reductase (NADPH-dependent)
Identifiers
EC number 1.1.1.283
Databases
IntEnz IntEnz view
BRENDA BRENDA entry
ExPASy NiceZyme view
KEGG KEGG entry
MetaCyc metabolic pathway
PRIAM profile
PDB structures RCSB PDB PDBe PDBsum
Gene Ontology AmiGO / EGO

In enzymology, a methylglyoxal reductase (NADPH-dependent) (EC 1.1.1.283) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction

lactaldehyde + NADP+ methylglyoxal + NADPH + H+

Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are lactaldehyde and NADP+, whereas its 3 products are methylglyoxal, NADPH, and H+.

This enzyme belongs to the family of oxidoreductases, specifically those acting on the CH-OH group of donor with NAD+ or NADP+ as acceptor. The systematic name of this enzyme class is lactaldehyde:NADP+ oxidoreductase. Other names in common use include lactaldehyde dehydrogenase (NADP+), and Gre2.

References[edit]

  • Murata K, Fukuda Y, Simosaka M, Watanabe K, Saikusa T, Kimura A (1985). "Metabolism of 2-oxoaldehyde in yeasts. Purification and characterization of NADPH-dependent methylglyoxal-reducing enzyme from Saccharomyces cerevisiae". Eur. J. Biochem. 151 (3): 631–636. PMID 3896793. doi:10.1111/j.1432-1033.1985.tb09151.x. 
  • Johnston M, Chitnis PR, Kohl DH (2003). "Associating protein activities with their genes: rapid identification of a gene encoding a methylglyoxal reductase in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae". Yeast. 20 (6): 545–554. PMID 12722185. doi:10.1002/yea.979.