Milorad Ulemek

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Milorad Ulemek
Legija milorad ulemek.jpg
Native name Милорад Улемек
Nickname(s) Legija, Cema, Šareni, Ćoro
Born (1968-03-15) 15 March 1968 (age 48)
Belgrade, SR Serbia, SFR Yugoslavia
Service/branch

French Foreign Legion
Serb Volunteer Guard

JSO (Special Operations Unit)
Years of service 1984–2002
Rank Colonel
Commands held Head of the Special Operations Unit
Battles/wars
Milorad Ulemek
Organization JSO
Criminal charge Organizer of the assassination of Zoran Đinđić, killing of Ivan Stambolić, Ibar Highway assassination attempt executor
Criminal penalty 137-year imprisonment
Criminal status In prison

Milorad "Legija" Ulemek (Serbian: Милорад "Легија" Улемек; born 15 March 1968[1]), also known as Milorad Luković (Милорад Луковић) is a former commander of the Serbian secret police special unit, the Special Operations Unit (JSO) and a former paramilitary commander, who was convicted of the assassinations of Serbian Prime Minister Zoran Đinđić and former Serbian President Ivan Stambolić. He was also convicted of conspiracy in the attempted murder of Serbian opposition leader Vuk Drašković.[2]

Early life[edit]

Ulemek was born on 15 March 1968, in Belgrade, to a family of Croatian Serb origin. His father Milan was a sub-Officer in the Yugoslav Army, while his mother Natalija was a housewife. Ulemek grew up in New Belgrade, near the Hotel Jugoslavija.[3]

Although he was problematic in his early teens, he finished an auto mechanic program and medicine school in Belgrade. In 1984, he became friends with Kristijan Golubović and together the two committed their first "big" robbery. Ulemek was given the nickname "Cema" from "cement".[3] After a botched robbery in 1985, Ulemek fled to France.

Military career[edit]

French Foreign Legion[edit]

On 10 April 1986 he joined the French Foreign Legion where he stayed for 6 years in the 2 REP, serving in Chad, French Guyana and Yugoslavia. He was given the nom de guerre "Legion" (Legija) because of his military career in the Legion.

During his service and as sergeant, he did a tour in Yugoslavia as translator for the French Army. On his return, he did not come back from his leave and was considered as a deserter from the French Foreign Legion and went back into Yugoslavia when the Wars erupted in 1992.

Serb Volunteer Guard[edit]

He joined the Serb Volunteer Guard in 1992 under the control of Serbian warlord Arkan. Ulemek became one of Arkan's closest friends and a commander of the unit. He commanded the "Super Tigrovi" (Super Tigers) special unit which operated in eastern Slavonia. The unit was disbanded in April 1996, and all of its members were ordered to join the Yugoslav Army.[citation needed]

Red Berets[edit]

In 1996, following the dissolution of the Serb Volunteer Guard, on the request by head of the State Security Service Jovica Stanišić, Ulemek joined the re-structured JSO.[3] The unit was famously known as the "Red Berets" for their apparel. In 1999, Ulemek became the leader of the "Red Berets",[4] and became the official commander of "JSO SDB Serbia" in April 2001.

The Red Berets were used during Milošević's rule for special operations in Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Kosovo, as well as for the elimination of Milošević's political opponents.[2] In April 2001, he resigned after the pressure from the political leadership.

On 25 March 2003, twelve days after the assassination of Zoran Đinđić, the unit was disbanded.

Zemun Clan connection and Đinđić assassination[edit]

On 12 March 2003, some members of JSO who were connected to the notorious Zemun Clan, organized the assassination of Zoran Đinđić, with Ulemek being named the main organizer. Following the assassination, Ulemek was named the prime suspect and after 14 months of hiding, he surrendered in May 2004. Ulemek claimed that he had been hiding in his house the entire time which made lot of controversy in public.[2] The Đinđić murder trial was the first organised crime trial in Serbia. The trial saw widespread threats to the trial chamber, as well as witness intimidation and the murder of a witness. The first trial chamber president, Marko Kljajević, left the proceedings in August 2005. In verdict by Special Court for Organized Crime in Belgrade Presiding Judge Nata Mesarović, Đinđić's assassination was described as "a political murder, a criminal act aimed against the state", in which police officers and the mafia had joined hands to kill Đinđić and gain political power. Ulemek's deputy in the "Red Berets", Zvezdan Jovanović, was convicted of shooting Đinđić.[2] Ulemek was sentenced to 40 years in prison for the organization of Đinđić assassination. After several trials, Ulemek was sentenced to total of 137 years in prison for his crimes.[5]

Personal life[edit]

Ulemek has married Maja Luković in 1994 in Belgrade, with whom he has three children.[6] In prison, he wrote several novels: The Iron Trench, The Legionnaire, The Boys from Brazil, The Judas: A Novel about Friendship, Pack of Wolves, The End, The Magician and The Secret of my Heart.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ His birthyear in some sources are 1968.Gvozdeni rov
  2. ^ a b c d "Djindjic's killers convicted, sentenced after 3½-year trial" by Igor Jovanovic, Southeast European Times, 24 May 2007, accessed 21 January 2011
  3. ^ a b c "Legija: Od najtraženijeg begunca do najčuvanijeg". Blic.rs. 2015-12-19. Retrieved 2016-02-22. 
  4. ^ Encyclopedia of war crimes and genocide, page 470: Milorad Ulemek
  5. ^ "INTERVJU, MILORAD ULEMEK LEGIJA: Niko u državi nema muda da obnovi suđenje". ekspres.net (in Serbian). EKSPRES. 1 June 2016. Retrieved 9 December 2016. 
  6. ^ "Biografija Milorada Lukovića (Ulemeka) - Legije". b92.net (in Serbian). 2 May 2004. Retrieved 12 February 2017. 

External links[edit]