NLRP4

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NLRP4
Available structures
PDB Ortholog search: PDBe RCSB
Identifiers
Aliases NLRP4, CLR19.5, CT58, NALP4, PAN2, PYPAF4, RNH2, NLR family, pyrin domain containing 4, NLR family pyrin domain containing 4
External IDs MGI: 3056600 HomoloGene: 75315 GeneCards: NLRP4
Orthologs
Species Human Mouse
Entrez
Ensembl
UniProt
RefSeq (mRNA)

NM_134444

NM_001004194

RefSeq (protein)

NP_604393

NP_001004194.2
NP_001004194

Location (UCSC) Chr 19: 55.84 – 55.88 Mb Chr 7: 23.3 – 23.36 Mb
PubMed search [1] [2]
Wikidata
View/Edit Human View/Edit Mouse

NACHT, LRR and PYD domains-containing protein 4 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the NLRP4 gene.[3][4][5]

NALPs are cytoplasmic proteins that form a subfamily within the larger CATERPILLER protein family. Most short NALPs, such as NALP4, have an N-terminal pyrin (MEFV; MIM 608107) domain (PYD), followed by a NACHT domain, a NACHT-associated domain (NAD), and a C-terminal leucine-rich repeat (LRR) region. The long NALP, NALP1 (MIM 606636), also has a C-terminal extension containing a function to find domain (FIIND) and a caspase recruitment domain (CARD). NALPs are implicated in the activation of proinflammatory caspases (e.g., CASP1; MIM 147678) via their involvement in multiprotein complexes called inflammasomes (Tschopp et al., 2003).[supplied by OMIM][5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Human PubMed Reference:". 
  2. ^ "Mouse PubMed Reference:". 
  3. ^ Tschopp J, Martinon F, Burns K (Feb 2003). "NALPs: a novel protein family involved in inflammation". Nat Rev Mol Cell Biol. 4 (2): 95–104. doi:10.1038/nrm1019. PMID 12563287. 
  4. ^ Wang L, Manji GA, Grenier JM, Al-Garawi A, Merriam S, Lora JM, Geddes BJ, Briskin M, DiStefano PS, Bertin J (Aug 2002). "PYPAF7, a novel PYRIN-containing Apaf1-like protein that regulates activation of NF-kappa B and caspase-1-dependent cytokine processing". J Biol Chem. 277 (33): 29874–80. doi:10.1074/jbc.M203915200. PMID 12019269. 
  5. ^ a b "Entrez Gene: NLRP4 NLR family, pyrin domain containing 4". 

Further reading[edit]