NLRP12

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NLRP12
Available structures
PDBOrtholog search: PDBe RCSB
Identifiers
AliasesNLRP12, CLR19.3, FCAS2, NALP12, PAN6, PYPAF7, RNO, RNO2, NLR family, pyrin domain containing 12, NLR family pyrin domain containing 12
External IDsOMIM: 609648 MGI: 2676630 HomoloGene: 16972 GeneCards: NLRP12
Gene location (Human)
Chromosome 19 (human)
Chr.Chromosome 19 (human)[1]
Chromosome 19 (human)
Genomic location for NLRP12
Genomic location for NLRP12
Band19q13.42Start53,793,603 bp[1]
End53,824,394 bp[1]
Orthologs
SpeciesHumanMouse
Entrez
Ensembl
UniProt
RefSeq (mRNA)

NM_001277126
NM_001277129
NM_033297
NM_144687

NM_001033431

RefSeq (protein)

NP_001264055
NP_001264058
NP_653288

NP_001028603

Location (UCSC)Chr 19: 53.79 – 53.82 Mbn/a
PubMed search[2][3]
Wikidata
View/Edit HumanView/Edit Mouse

NACHT, LRR and PYD domains-containing protein 12 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the NLRP12 gene.[4][5][6]

NALPs are cytoplasmic proteins that form a subfamily within the larger CATERPILLER protein family. Most short NALPs, such as NALP12, have an N-terminal pyrin (MEFV; MIM 608107) domain (PYD), followed by a NACHT domain, a NACHT-associated domain (NAD), and a C-terminal leucine-rich repeat (LRR) region. The long NALP, NALP1 (MIM 606636), also has a C-terminal extension containing a function to find domain (FIIND) and a caspase recruitment domain (CARD). NALPs are implicated in the activation of proinflammatory caspases (e.g., CASP1; MIM 147678) via their involvement in multiprotein complexes called inflammasomes (Tschopp et al., 2003).[supplied by OMIM][6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c GRCh38: Ensembl release 89: ENSG00000142405 - Ensembl, May 2017
  2. ^ "Human PubMed Reference:". 
  3. ^ "Mouse PubMed Reference:". 
  4. ^ Tschopp J, Martinon F, Burns K (Feb 2003). "NALPs: a novel protein family involved in inflammation". Nat Rev Mol Cell Biol. 4 (2): 95–104. doi:10.1038/nrm1019. PMID 12563287. 
  5. ^ Wang L, Manji GA, Grenier JM, Al-Garawi A, Merriam S, Lora JM, Geddes BJ, Briskin M, DiStefano PS, Bertin J (Aug 2002). "PYPAF7, a novel PYRIN-containing Apaf1-like protein that regulates activation of NF-kappa B and caspase-1-dependent cytokine processing". J Biol Chem. 277 (33): 29874–80. doi:10.1074/jbc.M203915200. PMID 12019269. 
  6. ^ a b "Entrez Gene: NLRP12 NLR family, pyrin domain containing 12". 

Further reading[edit]