National Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party – Yemen Region

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National Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party – Yemen Region
حزب البعث العربي الاشتراكي القومي - قطر اليمن
Leader Dr. Qassam Salam Said
Founded 1955 (1955)
Headquarters Street 8A, off Zubairy Street, Sana'a[1]
Newspaper al-Ehyaa al-Arabi
Ideology Ba'athism
Arab nationalism
International affiliation Ba'ath Party (Iraqi-dominated faction)
Colors Black, Red, White and Green (Pan-Arab colors)
House of Representatives
0 / 301
Party flag
Flag of the Ba'ath Party.svg

The National Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party – Yemen Region (Arabic: حزب البعث العربي الاشتراكي القومي - قطر اليمنHizb Al-Ba'ath Al-Arabi Al-Ishtiraki Al-Qawmi - Qutr Al-Yaman) is a political party in Yemen. The party is the Yemeni regional organisation of the Iraq-led Ba'ath Party. The secretary of the party in Yemen is Dr. Qassem Salam Said.[2] Abdulwahid Hawash serves as the deputy secretary. The party publishes the newspaper Al-Ehyaa Al-'Arabi (لإحياء العربي, 'Arabic Renaissance').[1]

Ba'athism in Yemen originates back to the 1950s. The party carried out clandestine political activity until 1990. It obtained official registration as the 'National Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party' on 10 February 1997. The party had initially sought to register itself as the 'Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party' in 1995, but that name was accorded by the authorities to the Yemeni regional branch of the Syria-led Ba'ath Party.[2]

The party contested the 1993 parliamentary election in alliance with the pro-Syria Ba'ath Party, winning seven seats. After the election the relations between the two Ba'athist groups soured, though, and they went on to contest further elections separately. The party contested the 1997 parliamentary election, but failed to win any seats. The party called for a boycott of the 1999 presidential election. In the 2003 parliamentary elections, the party obtained 23,745 votes (0.4% of the national vote) and again failed to re-enter parliament.[2] The party won two district council seats in the 2006 local council elections.[3] In February 2000, Said, the branch's leader, was sued by the Ministry of Information because of an article critical of Saudi Arabia.[4]

Politically, the party is aligned with the ruling General People's Congress. During the Arab Spring, this posture caused an internal split in the party.[5] In March 2011, there were reports that the Al Hudaydah branch of the party had sided with the uprising, following violent attacks on protestors in that city.[6]

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References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Staff writer (23 October 2009). "الأحزاب السياسية العربية: اليمن: حزب البعث العربي الاشتراكي القومي" [Arab political parties: Yemen: the Arab Socialist Baath Party, the National] (in Arabic). United Nations Development Programme. Arab Parliament. Retrieved 18 February 2012. 
  2. ^ a b c Staff writer. "الأحزاب السياسية في الجمهورية اليمنية" [Political parties in the Republic of Yemen] (in Arabic). National Information Center. Government of Yemen. Retrieved 18 February 2012. 
  3. ^ Staff writer (18 October 2006). "President Saleh calls on local councils to hold a meeting on 1 November". Almotamar.net. Retrieved 18 February 2012. 
  4. ^ United States Government (23 February 2001). "Yemen: Country Reports on Human Rights Practices". Department of State. Retrieved 30 November 2011. 
  5. ^ Staff writer (9 May 2011). "قيادة مؤقتة لحزب البعث العربي الاشتراكي القومي تجمد سلام وتتهمه بتفتيت الحزب" [Temporary leadership of the Baath Arab Socialist National freeze peace and fragmentation of the party accused] (in Arabic). Assafir Press. Retrieved 18 February 2012. 
  6. ^ Staff writer (30 March 2011). "حزب البعث العربي الاشتراكي القومي بالحديدة يفك الارتباط بالحزب الحاكم بعد مجزرة صنعاء بحق المعتصمين سلمياً" [Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party cell Hodeidah breaks its relationship with the ruling party after the massacre of peaceful protestors in Sanaa] (in Arabic). Felix News. Retrieved 18 February 2012. 

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