National Biodiversity Authority

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National Biodiversity Authority
Formation1 October 2003[1]
TypeGovernment agency
PurposeImplementation of Biological Diversity Act, 2002
Region served
Dr. V. B. Mathur, IFS
Parent organisation
Ministry of Environment , Forests, and climate change, Government of India

The National Biodiversity Authority (NBA) is a statutory autonomous body under the Ministry of Environment, Forests and climate change, Government of India established in 2003 to implement the provisions under the Biological Diversity Act, 2002, after India signed Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) in 1992.[1]


Headquartered in Chennai, India, it acts as a facilitating, regulating and advisory body to the Government of India "on issues of conservation, sustainable use of biological resources and fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising out of the use of biological resources."[2][3] Additionally, it advises State Governments in identifying the areas of biodiversity importance (biodiversity hotspots) as heritage sites.

In 2012, NBA organised the first ever National Biodiversity Congress (NBC), held at Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala. On this occasion, National Biodiversity Students' Congress was also held[4][5]

Since its establishment, NBA has supported creation of SBBs in 29 States and facilitated establishment of around 1,39,831 BMCs.[3]

The National Biodiversity Authority is mandated to regulate access to biological resources and / or associated knowledge for research, bio-survey and bio-utilization, commercial utilization, obtaining Intellectual Property Rights, transfer of results of research and transfer of accessed biological resources.

The details of application forms for Access and Benefit Sharing (ABS) of specific activities are given in the website of National Biodiversity Authority.


NGT in its judgement of Chandrabhal singh, has directed all the states to comply with provision of the act and create biodiversity management committee and people's biodiversity register in comprehensive manner.[6]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "Biological Diversity Act 2002 and establishment of National Biodiversity Authority ,Chennai". Ministry of Environment and Forests. Retrieved 7 February 2013.
  2. ^ "About us". NBA website.
  3. ^ a b . Ministry of Environment and Forests. Missing or empty |title= (help); Missing or empty |url= (help)
  4. ^ "Kerala to host India's first National Biodiversity Congress". NDTV. 10 October 2012. Retrieved 7 February 2013.
  5. ^ "National Biodiversity Authority to issue guidelines". The Hindu. 2 January 2013.
  6. ^

External links[edit]