|Member of Parliament, Lok Sabha|
2004 - 2014
|Preceded by||Tilakdhari Singh|
|Succeeded by||Ravindra Kumar Ray|
|1st Chief Minister of Jharkhand|
15 November 2000 – 17 March 2003
|Preceded by||Office Created|
|Succeeded by||Arjun Munda|
|President of Jharkhand Vikas Morcha (Prajatantrik)|
|Assumed office |
|Preceded by||office established|
|Member of the Jharkhand Legislative Assembly|
|Succeeded by||Chandra Prakash Choudhary|
|Union State Minister for Environment and Forests|
1998 - 1999
|Prime Minister||Atal Bihari Vajpayee|
1999 - 2000
|Prime Minister||Atal Bihari vajpayee|
|Member of Parliament, Lok Sabha|
1998 - 2002
|Preceded by||Shibu Soren|
|Succeeded by||Shibu Soren|
|Born||11 January 1958|
Giridih, Bihar, India
(now in Jharkhand, India)
|Political party||Jharkhand Vikas Morcha (Prajatantrik)|
|Bharatiya Janata Party (till 2006)|
|Alma mater||University of Ranchi|
Babulal Marandi (born 11 January 1958) is an Indian Politician. He was the first Chief Minister of Jharkhand. He is the founder and national President of Jharkhand Vikas Morcha (Prajatantrik). He was the Member of Parliament in 12th, 13th 14th and 15th Lokasabha from Jharkhand . He was the Union State Minister (MoS) for Forests & Environment of India in the BJP - led National Democratic Alliance Government in 1998 to 2000.
After passing high school, he moved to Giridih College from where he did his intermediate and graduation. He was primary school teacher for one year. It was there that he came in contact with the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh.
He worked as a teacher in a village primary school for a year before giving up the job to work for the Sangh Parivar. He served as the organising secretary of the Jharkhand region of Vishwa Hindu Parishad.
In 1983, he moved to Dumka and worked in the Santhal Pargana division, which he toured extensively. Where he come close to Bishnu Prasad Bhaiya, his the then companion and there he used to spent some time at his Jamtara's Residence but mainly he used to live in the RSS office in Dumka. And after that his journey to Ranchi and then Delhi begins.
In 1991, the Bharatiya Janata Party gave him the ticket to contest from the Dumka (Lok Sabha constituency), but he lost. In 1996, he lost to Shibu Soren by just 5,000 odd votes. The BJP, in the meantime, made him president of the party's Jharkhand unit.
It was under Marandi's leadership that the party won 12 out of 14 Lok Sabha seats in Jharkhand region in the 1998 election. Marandi, a Santal, led the tally by defeating Jharkhand Mukti Morcha supremo Shibu Soren, another Santhal.
First NDA rule of Jharkhand
After bifurcation of Bihar in 2000 in states of Bihar and Jharkhand, NDA came to power in Jharkhand with Marandi as the 1st Chief Minister of Jharkhand. Political analysts believe that this government initiated many developmental schemes in the state, the most visible being, improvement of the road network in the state.
He also put forward the idea to develop Greater Ranchi to reduce the crowding in the city. However, Marandi's tenure proved rather short-lived, as he had to resign and make way for Arjun Munda for the post in 2003 following pressure exerted by coalition allies primarily Janta Dal United.
Thereafter, he increasing moved away from political mainstage of Jharkhand irrespective of NDA being in power in Ranchi. In the 2004 Lok Sabha Elections, he contested from Kodarma (Lok Sabha constituency) as a BJP candidate. He won the seat while all the other sitting MPs of NDA from Jharkhand including union ministers Yashwant Sinha and Reeta Verma lost their respective seats. His differences with the state leadership continued to increase and he even started criticising the state government in public.
Jharkhand Vikas Morcha (JVM)
Marandi resigned from both Kodarma (Lok Sabha constituency) seat and the primary membership of Bharatiya Janata Party in 2006 and floated a new political outfit named Jharkhand Vikas Morcha. He was followed by 5 MLAs of Bharatiya Janata Party. In the subsequent by-elections for the Kodarma (Lok Sabha constituency) seat, he contested as an independent candidate and emerged victorious.
Marandi, who was the incumbent MP from Kodarma (Lok Sabha constituency), contested the elections on Jharkhand Vikas Morcha ticket in 2009 general election, and retained the seat. But in the Narendra Modi wave of 2014, Marandi's party failed to win any seat in the state as BJP won 12 out of 14 seats; from Koderma, BJP's Ravindra Kumar Ray was elected to Lok Sabha.
Babulal Marandi is married to Shanti Devi. His residential house in Giridih is situated at Power House near Barganda. Along with Marandi his younger brother is also an active member in JVM. During his Giridih visit marandi used to go for early morning walk and sits and spent some time with his old companions, close friends which include some buerocrats, educationists, social workers etc. His younger son Anup Marandi was killed in a Naxal attack at Chilkhadia village in Jharkhand's Giridih district on 27 October 2007.
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|Party political offices|
|| Leader of the Jharkhand Vikas Morcha (Prajatantrik) Party in the 15th Lok Sabha