List of mammals of India

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This is a list of mammals found in India. The taxonomic order is based on Wilson and Reeder (1993) and this list is largely based on Nameer (2000)

The mammals of India ranges in size from the Eurasian pygmy shrew (Sorex minutus) to the Asian elephant (Elephas maximus). Many of the carnivores and larger mammals are restricted in their distribution to forests in protected areas, while others live within the cities in the close proximity of humans.

Some species are common to the point of being considered vermin while others are exceedingly rare. Many species are known from just a few specimens in museums collected in the 19th and 20th centuries. These enigmatic species include nocturnal small mammals such as the Malabar civet (Viverra megaspila). While the status of many of these species is unknown, some are definitely extinct. Populations of many carnivores are threatened. The tiger (Panthera tigris), dhole (Cuon alpinus), fishing cat (Prionailurus viverrinus), Malabar large-spotted civet (Viverra civettina) and Himalayan wolf (Canis himalayensis) are some of the most endangered species of carnivore. Two species of rhinoceros are extinct within the Indian region but the remaining species has its last stronghold within India. The Asiatic cheetah has officially gone extinct in India in the 1950s.

Contents

Order: Insectivora[edit]

Family Erinaceidae: hedgehogs[edit]

Family Talpidae: moles[edit]

Family Soricidae: shrews[edit]

Soricinae[edit]

Crocidurinae[edit]

Order: Scandentia[edit]

Family Tupaiidae: treeshrews[edit]

Indian tree-shrew (Anathana ellioti) in Yercaud, India

Tupaiinae[edit]

Order: Chiroptera: bats[edit]

Family Pteropodidae: fruit bats[edit]

Family Rhinopomatidae: mouse-tailed bats[edit]

Family Emballonuridae: sheath-tailed bats[edit]

Family Megadermatidae: false vampire bats[edit]

Family Rhinolophidae: horseshoe bats[edit]

Family Hipposideridae: leaf-nosed bats[edit]

Family Vespertilionidae: evening bats[edit]

Family Molossidae: free-tailed bats[edit]

Order: Primates[edit]

Slender loris in Tamil Nadu

Family Lorisidae: lorises[edit]

Bonnet macaque in southern India
Tufted gray langur in BR Hills

Family Cercopithecidae: Old World monkeys[edit]

Family Hylobatidae: lesser apes (gibbons)[edit]

Earlier classified as a single species, the hoolock gibbon (Hylobates hoolock) has been reclassified as follows:[3]

Order: Carnivora: Carnivorans[edit]

Indian jackal in Central India

Family Canidae: canines/dogs[edit]

Sloth bear

Family Ursidae: bears[edit]

Family Ailuropodidae: pandas[edit]

Family Mustelidae: Mustelids[edit]

Yellow-throated marten
Oriental small-clawed otter in the Western Ghats
Small Indian civet

Family Viverridae: civets[edit]

Family Prionodontidae: Asiatic linsangs[edit]

Ruddy mongoose

Family Herpestidae: mongooses[edit]

Striped hyena in Gujarat, India

Family Hyaenidae: hyenas[edit]

Fishing cat
Leopard

Family Felidae: felines/cats[edit]

Order: Cetacea: whales, dolphins, and porpoises[edit]

Spinner dolphin in Bay of Bengal

Family Delphinidae[edit]

Gangetic dolphin

Family Platanistidae: river dolphins[edit]

Family Balaenoptridae[edit]

Family Balaenidae[edit]

Family Ziphiidae[edit]

Family Phocoenidae[edit]

Order: Sirenia[edit]

Family Dugongidae[edit]

Order: Proboscidea[edit]

Family Elephantidae: elephants[edit]

Order: Perissodactyla: odd-toed ungulates[edit]

Family Equidae: horses[edit]

Family Rhinocerotidae: rhinoceroses[edit]

Order: Artiodactyla: even-toed ungulates[edit]

Pygmy hog in Assam breeding centre
Indian boar in Anamalai hills

Family Suidae: pigs[edit]

  • Pygmy hog (Porcula salvania) (Hodgson, 1847) Earlier Sus salvanius (Hodgson, 1847)[7]
  • Indian boar (Sus scrofa cristatus) Wagner, 1839
Indian spotted chevrotain in Anamalai hills

Family Tragulidae: chevrotains[edit]

Family Moschidae[edit]

Family Cervidae: deer[edit]

Family Bovidae: bovids[edit]

Order: Pholidota: pangolins[edit]

Indian pangolin in Kalakad-Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve

Family Manidae: pangolins[edit]

Order: Rodentia[edit]

Family Sciuridae: squirrels[edit]

(Included but taxonomy dependent - Layard's palm squirrel (Funambulus layardi) (Blyth, 1849))

Family Pteromyidae: flying squirrels[edit]

Family Muridae: Old World rats, mice[edit]

Family Hystricidae: Old World porcupines[edit]

Order: Lagomorpha: hares, rabbits, pikas[edit]

Family Leporidae: hares and rabbits[edit]

Family Ochotonidae: pikas[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Khajuria, H., Extension of distributional ranges of some rare South Indian Bats. (1977) Cheetal, 19(2&3): 16-20.[1]
  2. ^ Sinha, A. , A. Datta, M. D. Madhusudan, and C. Mishra (2005). The Arunachal macaque Macaca munzala: a new species from western Arunachal Pradesh, northeastern India. International Journal of Primatology. 2005, 26(4):977-989
  3. ^ Mootnick, A.; Groves, C. P. (2005). "A new generic name for the hoolock gibbon (Hylobatidae)". International Journal of Primatology. 26 (26): 971–976. doi:10.1007/s10764-005-5332-4. 
  4. ^ Tsewang Namgail, Sumanta Bagchi, Yash V. Bhatnagar and Rinchen Wangchuk (2005) Occurrence of the Tibetan Sand Fox Vulpes ferrilata Hodgson in Ladakh: A new record for the Indian subcontinent. JBNHS 102(2):217
  5. ^ Luo, S.-J.; Kim, J.-H.; Johnson, W. E.; van der Walt, J.; Martenson, J.; Yuhki, N.; Miquelle, D. G.; Uphyrkina, O.; Goodrich, J. M.; Quigley, H. B.; Tilson, R.; Brady, G.; Martelli, P.; Subramaniam, V.; McDougal, C.; Hean, S.; Huang, S.-Q.; Pan, W.; Karanth, U. K.; Sunquist, M.; Smith, J. L. D., O'Brien, S. J. (2004). "Phylogeography and genetic ancestry of tigers (Panthera tigris)". PLoS Biology. 2 (12): e442. PMC 534810Freely accessible. PMID 15583716. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0020442. 
  6. ^ Jhala, Y. V., Qureshi, Q., Sinha, P. R. (Eds.) (2011). Status of tigers, co-predators and prey in India, 2010. National Tiger Conservation Authority, Govt. of India, New Delhi, and Wildlife Institute of India, Dehradun. TR 2011/003 pp-302
  7. ^ Funk, Stephan M., Sunil Kumar Verma, Greger Larson, Kasturi Prasad, Lalji Singh, Goutam Narayan and John E. Fa (2007). "The pygmy hog is a unique genus: 19th century taxonomists got it right first time round". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 45 (2): 427–436. PMID 17905601. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2007.08.007. 
  8. ^ Groves, C. & Meijaard, E. (2005) Intraspecific variation in Moschiola, the Indian Chevrotain. The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology. Supplement 12:413-421 pdf Archived 2008-07-27 at the Wayback Machine.
  9. ^ Datta, A., Pansa, J., Madhusudan, M. D., and Mishra, C. (2003). Discovery of the leaf deer Muntiacus putaoensis in Arunachal Pradesh: an addition to the large mammals of India. Current Science 84: 454-458. PDF
  10. ^ Ropiquet A, Hassanin A (2005). "Molecular evidence for the polyphyly of the genus Hemitragus (Mammalia, Bovidae)". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 36 (1): 154–168. PMID 15904863. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2005.01.002. 
  11. ^ Charudutt Mishra, Aparajita Datta and M.D. Madhusudan (2005) Record of the Chinese Goral Naemorhedus caudatus in Arunachal Pradesh. JBNHS Vol. 102(2)
  12. ^ Choudhury, A.U. (2007). A new flying squirrel of the genus Petaurista Link from Arunachal Pradesh in north-east India. The NL & Journal of the Rhino Foundation for nat. in NE India 7: 26–34, plates.
  13. ^ Choudhury, A.U. (2009). One more new flying squirrel of the genus Petaurista Link, 1795 from Arunachal Pradesh in north-east India. The NL & Journal of the Rhino Foundation for nat. in NE India 8: 26–34, plates.

Other references[edit]

  • Corbet G B, Hill J E. 1992. The mammals of the Indomalayan region: a systematic review. Oxford University Press.
  • Ellerman JR & T.C.S. Morrison-Scott. C. S. Morrison-Scott. 1951. Checklist of Palaearctic and Indian mammals 1758 to 1946. Trustees of the British Museum (Natural History), London
  • Prater, S.H. (1971) The Book of Indian Animals. Oxford University Press. (Third edition 1997)
  • Talmale, S.S. & Pradhan, M.S. (2009). A Checklist of Valid Indian Bat Species (Chiroptera: Mammalia) (PDF). Zoological Survey of India, Western Regional Centre, Pune, Maharashtra, PIN 411044. Retrieved 6 March 2015. 
  • Nameer, P.O. (2000) Checklist of Indian Mammals. Kerala Forest Department and Kerala Agricultural University. 90+xxv pp.[2]

External links[edit]