Deputy Prime Minister of Malaysia

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Deputy Prime Minister of Malaysia
Timbalan Perdana Menteri Malaysia
Coat of arms of Malaysia.svg
Wan Azizah.jpg
Incumbent
Wan Azizah Wan Ismail

since 21 May 2018
Deputy Prime Minister's Office
StyleYang Amat Berhormat (The Most Honourable)
Member ofCabinet
Reports toParliament
ResidenceSeri Satria
SeatPerdana Putra, Putrajaya
NominatorPrime Minister
AppointerYang di-Pertuan Agong
Term length5 years, renewable. Depended on the Prime Minister
Inaugural holderTun Abdul Razak
Formation31 August 1957; 61 years ago (1957-08-31)
SalaryMYR18,168.15 monthly[1]
Websitewww.pmo.gov.my/tpm
Coat of arms of Malaysia.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Malaysia

The Deputy Prime Minister of Malaysia (Malay: Timbalan Perdana Menteri Malaysia) is the second highest political office in Malaysia. There have been twelve deputy prime ministers since the office was created in 1957. The first Prime Minister of Malaysia, Tunku Abdul Rahman, started the convention of appointing a Deputy Prime Minister.

The current Deputy Prime Minister is Wan Azizah Wan Ismail, who took office on 10 May 2018, she is the first female to hold office.

Deputy Prime Minister appointment[edit]

Although Malaysia has always had a Deputy Prime Minister since independence, a Prime Minister may choose not to appoint a Deputy Prime Minister. The office of Deputy Prime Minister is not provided for in the Constitution of Malaysia. At the same time, a Prime Minister could appoint more than one Deputy Prime Minister, as has occurred before in Singapore.

By the practice of the past ruling coalition Barisan Nasional, where the United Malays National Organisation (UMNO) was the unofficial leader, the UMNO Deputy President was usually appointed the Deputy Prime Minister by the Prime Minister (who was the UMNO President). In the organisational structure of Barisan Nasional, the President and Deputy President of UMNO were automatically made the Chairman and Deputy Chairman of Barisan Nasional.

In the current ruling coalition - Pakatan Harapan, a coalition of four equal partner parties, the holder of the position of Deputy Prime Minister is decided upon by the coalition's Presidential Council. The current postholder is Datuk Seri Dr Wan Azizah binti Wan Ismail, who is the first female holder of post.

Deaths, resignations and removals from office[edit]

Of the eleven previous officeholders, five have gone on to become prime minister. Of the remaining, one died in office, two resigned, two were removed from office by the sitting prime minister, and one disqualified from office due to lost in 14th General Election.

Ismail Abdul Rahman died in office due to massive heart attack in 1973. Musa Hitam resigned from second Mahathir cabinet over differences with Prime Minister over government policy in 1986. Ghafar Baba resigned from his portfolio following UMNO grassroots lost confidence in his leadership and his position as Deputy President of UMNO was challenged by Anwar Ibrahim in the UMNO's top leadership election. Anwar Ibrahim was the first deputy prime minister to be sacked after being accused and subsequently charged with corruption and sodomy in 1998. Muhyiddin Yassin was the second DPM to be removed from office after being dropped from the Cabinet by Prime Minister Najib Razak in a reshuffle in 2015.[2] He later was sacked from his party.[3]

List of Deputy Prime Ministers of Malaysia[edit]

Colour key (for political parties):
  Alliance   Barisan Nasional   Pakatan Harapan

Portrait Name

(Birth–Death)

Term of office Political Party
1 Tun Abdul Razak (MY 2nd PM).jpg Abdul Razak Hussein
(1922–1976)
31 August 1957 22 September 1970 13 years, 22 days Alliance (UMNO)
2 Ismail Abdul Rahman.jpeg Ismail Abdul Rahman
(1915–1973)
22 September 1970 2 August 1973 2 years, 314 days
3 Tun Hussein Onn (MY 3rd PM).jpg Hussein Onn
(1922–1990)
13 August 1973 15 January 1976 2 years, 155 days
Barisan Nasional (UMNO)
4 Mahathir 2007.jpg Mahathir Mohamad
(b. 1925)
5 March 1976 16 July 1981 5 years, 133 days
5 Musa Hitam
(b. 1934)
18 July 1981 16 March 1986 4 years, 241 days
6 Ghafar Baba.jpg Abdul Ghafar Baba
(1925–2006)
10 May 1986 15 October 1993 7 years, 158 days
7 Anwar 980416.jpg Anwar Ibrahim
(b. 1947)
1 December 1993 2 September 1998 4 years, 275 days
8 AB April 2008.jpg Abdullah Ahmad Badawi
(b. 1939)
8 January 1999 31 October 2003 4 years, 296 days
9 Najib Razak 2008-08-21.jpg Najib Razak
(b. 1953)
7 January 2004 3 April 2009 5 years, 86 days
10 MuhyiddinUS.jpg Muhyiddin Yassin
(b. 1947)
10 April 2009 29 July 2015 6 years, 110 days
11 AZHThai.jpg Ahmad Zahid Hamidi
(b. 1953)
29 July 2015 10 May 2018 2 years, 285 days
12 Wan Azizah.jpg Wan Azizah Wan Ismail
(b. 1952)
21 May 2018 Incumbent 182 days Pakatan Harapan (PKR)

Timeline[edit]

Wan Azizah Wan IsmailAhmad Zahid HamidiMuhyiddin YassinNajib RazakAbdullah Ahmad BadawiAnwar IbrahimAbdul Ghafar BabaMusa HitamMahathir MohamadHussein OnnIsmail Abdul RahmanAbdul Razak Hussein

Living former Deputy Prime Ministers[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "CPPS Policy Factsheet: Remuneration of Elected Officials in Malaysia" (PDF). Centre for Public Policy Studies. Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 May 2016. Retrieved 11 May 2016.
  2. ^ "Muhyiddin terima penggugurannya dengan hati terbuka" (in Malay). Utusan Malaysia. 28 July 2015. Retrieved 11 May 2016.
  3. ^ "UMNO sacks former Malaysian DPM Muhyiddin Yassin and Mukhriz Mahathir". Channel NewsAsia. 24 June 2018. Retrieved 12 July 2018.