Cabinet of Malaysia

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The Cabinet of Malaysia is the executive branch of Malaysia's government. Led by the Prime Minister, the cabinet is a council of ministers who are accountable collectively to the Parliament. According to the Article 43 of the Constitution, members of the Cabinet can only be selected from members of either houses of Parliament. Formally, the Yang di-Pertuan Agong appoints all Ministers on the advice of the Prime Minister.[1] The constitution is amended by repealing the Clause (8) of Article 43, enabling a person who is a member of State Legislative Assembly to continue to be one even when he or she is appointed as a minister or deputy minister in the cabinet. Ministers other than the Prime Minister shall hold office during the pleasure of the Yang di-Pertuan Agong, unless the appointment of any Minister shall have been revoked by the Yang di-Pertuan Agong on the advice of the Prime Minister but any Minister may resign his office. In practice, the Yang di-Pertuan Agong is obliged to follow the advice of the Prime Minister on the appointment and dismissal of ministers.

Cabinet appointments[edit]

Members of the Cabinet must be members of either house of Parliament. Most ministers are appointed from the lower house, the Dewan Rakyat, although a few are appointed from the upper house, the Dewan Negara. The Prime Minister must be a member of the Dewan Rakyat. Although Deputy Ministers and/or Parliamentary Secretaries may be appointed to each portfolio, they are not included in the Cabinet. The Cabinet meets weekly, every Wednesday.[2] After the position of Parliamentary Secretary was removed and partial live telecasts of Parliament proceedings began in 2008, Cabinet meetings were moved to Fridays whenever Parliament sat, so as to allow Ministers to personally answer questions during Question Time in Parliament.[3]

Cabinet composition[edit]

The composition of the Cabinet, and the number of portfolios depends mainly on the wishes of the Prime Minister at the time. However, the post of Finance Minister was considered so important as to be a necessity, and as a result was incorporated by the Minister of Finance (Incorporation) Act 1957 (Act 375).[4] The position of Deputy Prime Minister is one that exists by convention, and as a result a Prime Minister could theoretically form a Cabinet without a Deputy.[5]

Deputy ministers exist for each portfolio, although they are not considered members of the Cabinet. The position of Deputy Minister was created by constitutional amendment in 1960. The office of parliamentary secretary for each ministry exists but none were appointed after the 2008 Malaysian general election. Parliamentary secretaries were provided for by an amendment in 1963. Deputy ministers and parliamentary secretaries are also appointed from members of Parliament, and deputise for the ministers in government ministries and in Parliament respectively. An additional office, that of the Political Secretary, exists. Political Secretaries need not be members of Parliament. Before taking office, all members of the Cabinet, Deputy Ministers, Parliamentary Secretaries, and Political Secretaries take an oath of secrecy concerning the proceedings of the Cabinet. (See also Official Secrets Act (Malaysia).)[5]

Current cabinet[edit]

The Barisan Nasional party won the general election to the 13th Malaysian Parliament on 5 May 2013, and formed the government. A new Cabinet was announced by Prime Minister Mohd. Najib Abdul Razak on 15 May 2013.[6] The ministers and deputy ministers were then sworn in before King Abdul Halim on the following day.[7] Notably, the two main ethnic Chinese-majority parties in Barisan Nasional, the Malaysian Chinese Association (MCA) and Gerakan declined to join the cabinet due to their dismal performance in the election.[8]

On 25 June 2014, Prime Minister Najib Razak announced a cabinet reshuffle, which saw the return of the MCA and Gerakan to the cabinet.[9]

Full members[edit]

As of 29 July 2015.[10][11]

Portfolio Office Bearer Party Constituency
Prime Minister
Minister of Finance
Mohd. Najib Abdul Razak MP UMNO Pekan
Deputy Prime Minister
Minister of Home Affairs
Dr. Ahmad Zahid Hamidi MP UMNO Bagan Datoh
Ministers in the Prime Minister's Department Mah Siew Keong MP[12] Gerakan Teluk Intan
Maj. Gen. (Rtd.) Jamil Khir Baharom MP UMNO Jerai
Senator Idris Jala Independent
Joseph Kurup MP PBRS Pensiangan
Joseph Entulu Belaun MP PRS Selangau
Dr. Shahidan Kassim MP UMNO Arau
Senator Paul Low Seng Kuan Independent
Nancy Shukri MP PBB Batang Sadong
Senator Abdul Wahid Omar[13] Independent
Wee Ka Siong MP[12] MCA Ayer Hitam
Azalina Othman Said MP UMNO Pengerang
Second Minister of Finance Ahmad Husni Hanadzlah MP UMNO Tambun
Minister of Transport Liow Tiong Lai MP[12] MCA Bentong
Minister of Health Subramaniam Sathasivam MP MIC Segamat
Minister of Tourism and Culture Mohamed Nazri Abdul Aziz MP UMNO Padang Rengas
Minister of Defence Hishammuddin Hussein MP UMNO Sembrong
Minister of International Trade and Industry Mustapa Mohamed MP UMNO Jeli
Second Minister of International Trade and Industry Ong Ka Chuan MP MCA Tanjung Malim
Minister of Energy, Green Technology and Water Maximus Johnity Ongkili MP PBS Kota Marudu
Minister of Plantation Industries and Commodities Douglas Uggah Embas MP PBB Betong
Minister of Agriculture and Agro-based Industry Ahmad Shabery Cheek MP UMNO Kemaman
Minister of Rural and Regional Development Ismail Sabri Yaakob MP UMNO Bera
Minister of Foreign Affairs Anifah Aman MP UMNO Kimanis
Minister of Science, Technology and Innovation Wilfred Madius Tangau MP UPKO Tuaran
Minister of Women, Family and Community Development Rohani Abdul Karim MP PBB Batang Lupar
Minister of Works Fadillah Yusof MP PBB Petra Jaya
Minister of Human Resources Richard Riot Jaem MP SUPP Serian
Minister of the Federal Territories Tengku Adnan Tengku Mansor MP UMNO Putrajaya
Minister of Higher Education Idris Jusoh MP UMNO Besut
Minister of Youth and Sports Khairy Jamaluddin Abu Bakar MP UMNO Rembau
Ministry of Urban Wellbeing, Housing and Local Government Abdul Rahman Dahlan MP UMNO Kota Belud
Minister of Domestic Trade, Co-operatives and Consumerism Hamzah Zainuddin MP UMNO Larut
Minister of Natural Resources and Environment Dr. Wan Junaidi Tuanku Jaafar MP PBB Santubong
Minister of Education Mahdzir Khalid MP UMNO Padang Terap
Ministry of Communication and Multimedia Senator Dr. Mohd. Salleh Said MLA Sabah UMNO

Also attending[edit]

Portfolio Office Bearer Party
Chief Secretary to the Government
Cabinet Secretary
Dr. Ali Hamsa Independent
Assistant Cabinet Secretary Mazidah Abdul Majid Independent

Deputy ministers[edit]

Portfolio Office Bearer Party Constituency
Deputy Minister in the Prime Minister's Department Razali Ibrahim MP UMNO Muar
Senator Dr. Asyraf Wajdi Dusuki UMNO
Deputy Minister of Finance Chua Tee Yong MP MCA Labis
Johari Abdul Ghani MP UMNO Titiwangsa
Deputy Minister of Home Affairs Nur Jazlan Mohamed MP UMNO Pulai
Masir Kujat MP PRS Sri Aman
Deputy Minister of Transport Abdul Aziz Kaprawi MP UMNO Sri Gading
Deputy Minister of Health Dr. Hilmi Yahaya MP UMNO Balik Pulau
Deputy Minister of Tourism and Culture Mas Ermieyati Samsudin MP UMNO Masjid Tanah
Deputy Minister of Defence Mohd. Johari Baharum MP UMNO Kubang Pasu
Deputy Minister of International Trade and Industry Ahmad Maslan MP UMNO Pontian
Senator Lee Chee Leong MCA
Deputy Minister of Energy, Green Technology and Water Dr. James Dawos Mamit MP PBB Mambong
Deputy Minister of Plantation Industries and Commodities Noriah Kasnon MP UMNO Sungai Besar
Deputy Minister of Agriculture and Agro-based Industry Tajuddin Abdul Rahman MP UMNO Pasir Salak
Deputy Minister of Rural and Regional Development Alexander Nanta Linggi MP PBB Kapit
Ahmad Jazlan Yaakub MP UMNO Machang
Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs Reezal Merican Naina Merican MP UMNO Kepala Batas
Deputy Minister of Science, Technology and Innovation Dr. Abu Bakar Mohamad Diah MP UMNO Tangga Batu
Deputy Minister of Women, Family and Community Development Azizah Mohd. Dun MP UMNO Beaufort
Senator Chew Mei Fun MCA
Deputy Minister of Works Rosnah Abdul Rashid Shirlin MP UMNO Papar
Deputy Minister of Human Resources Ismail Abdul Muttalib MP UMNO Maran
Deputy Minister of the Federal Territories Senator Loga Bala Mohan Jaganathan PPP
Deputy Minister of Higher Education Mary Yap Kain Ching MP PBS Tawau
Deputy Minister of Youth and Sports Saravanan Murugan MP MIC Tapah
Deputy Minister of Urban Wellbeing, Housing and Local Government Halimah Mohamed Sadique MP UMNO Tenggara
Deputy Minister of Domestic Trade, Co-operatives and Consumerism Senator Ahmad Bashah Md. Hanipah MLA Kedah UMNO
Deputy Minister of Natural Resources and Environment Hamim Samuri MP UMNO Ledang
Deputy Minister of Education Kamalanathan Panchananthan MP MIC Hulu Selangor
Senator Chong Sin Woon MCA
Deputy Minister of Communication and Multimedia Jailani Johari MP UMNO Hulu Terengganu

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Hj. Mohd Jali, Nazaruddin, Redzuan, Ma'arof, Abu Samah, Asnarulkhadi & Hj. Mohd Rashid, Ismail (2003). Malaysian Studies: Nationhood and Citizenship, p. 73. Pearson Malaysia. ISBN 983-2473-91-8.
  2. ^ Funston, John (2001). "Malaysia: Developmental State Challenged". In John Funston (Ed.), Government and Politics in Southeast Asia, pp. 173–175. Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies.
  3. ^ "Cabinet now to meet Fridays for ministers to attend parliament". The Malaysian Insider. 9 April 2008. Retrieved 9 April 2008. 
  4. ^ Wu, Min Aun & Hickling, R. H. (2003). Hickling's Malaysian Public Law, pp. 84–85. Petaling Jaya: Pearson Malaysia. ISBN 983-74-2518-0.
  5. ^ a b Wu & Hickling, p. 86.
  6. ^ "Barisan Kabinet Kerajaan Malaysia 2013". Official Website of Prime Minister's Office of Malaysia (in Malay). Prime Minister's Department, Malaysia. Retrieved 15 May 2013. 
  7. ^ New Cabinet today, oath tomorrow
  8. ^ "Reconsider decision on refusal to join cabinet, MCA, Gerakan told". New Strait Times (Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia). 2013-05-11. Retrieved 2014-10-01. 
  9. ^ [1]
  10. ^
  11. ^
  12. ^ a b c "Tiong Lai, Siew Kiong dan Ka Siong dilantik menteri penuh - Najib". Berita Harian. 25 June 2014. Retrieved 25 June 2014. 
  13. ^ His appointment as the Minister is valid upon his admission to the Senate on 5 June 2013.

External links[edit]