Cabinet of Malaysia

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The Cabinet of Malaysia is the executive branch of Malaysia's government. Led by the Prime Minister, the cabinet is a council of ministers who are accountable collectively to the Parliament. According to the Article 43 of the Constitution, members of the Cabinet can only be selected from members of either houses of Parliament. Formally, the Yang di-Pertuan Agong appoints all Ministers on the advice of the Prime Minister.[1] The constitution is amended by repealing the Clause (8) of Article 43, enabling a person who is a member of State Legislative Assembly to continue to be one even when he or she is appointed as a minister or deputy minister in the cabinet. Ministers other than the Prime Minister shall hold office during the pleasure of the Yang di-Pertuan Agong, unless the appointment of any Minister shall have been revoked by the Yang di-Pertuan Agong on the advice of the Prime Minister but any Minister may resign his office. In practice, the Yang di-Pertuan Agong is obliged to follow the advice of the Prime Minister on the appointment and dismissal of ministers.

Cabinet appointments[edit]

Members of the Cabinet must be members of either house of Parliament. Most ministers are appointed from the lower house, the Dewan Rakyat, although a few are appointed from the upper house, the Dewan Negara. The Prime Minister must be a member of the Dewan Rakyat. Although Deputy Ministers and/or Parliamentary Secretaries may be appointed to each portfolio, they are not included in the Cabinet. The Cabinet meets weekly, every Wednesday.[2] After the position of Parliamentary Secretary was removed and partial live telecasts of Parliament proceedings began in 2008, Cabinet meetings were moved to Fridays whenever Parliament sat, so as to allow Ministers to personally answer questions during Question Time in Parliament.[3]

Cabinet composition[edit]

The composition of the Cabinet, and the number of portfolios depends mainly on the wishes of the Prime Minister at the time. However, the post of Finance Minister was considered so important as to be a necessity, and as a result was incorporated by the Minister of Finance (Incorporation) Act 1957 (Act 375).[4] The position of Deputy Prime Minister is one that exists by convention, and as a result a Prime Minister could theoretically form a Cabinet without a Deputy.[5]

Deputy ministers exist for each portfolio, although they are not considered members of the Cabinet. The position of Deputy Minister was created by constitutional amendment in 1960. The office of parliamentary secretary for each ministry exists but none were appointed after the 2008 Malaysian general election. Parliamentary secretaries were provided for by an amendment in 1963. Deputy ministers and parliamentary secretaries are also appointed from members of Parliament, and deputise for the ministers in government ministries and in Parliament respectively. An additional office, that of the Political Secretary, exists. Political Secretaries need not be members of Parliament. Before taking office, all members of the Cabinet, Deputy Ministers, Parliamentary Secretaries, and Political Secretaries take an oath of secrecy concerning the proceedings of the Cabinet. (See also Official Secrets Act (Malaysia).)[5]

Functions of cabinet[edit]

An outline of the functions of the Cabinet are as follow:[6]

  • To formulate national economic policies and development programs.
    • The Cabinet is responsible to formulate various development programs and projects for the development of the country. Examples are the New Economic Policy (NEP), the National Development Policy (NDP), and the National Vision Policy (NVP).
  • To set the budget and finance of the country.
    • The government is allowed to generate revenues from the people through the collection of taxes, fines, summons, custom duties, fees, etc.
    • The government is allowed to plan for the various development programs, and also to allocate the resources for these development plans and programs.
  • As an arena for suggestions, debates, and criticisms.
    • The Cabinet is allowed to discuss almost any issues of national interests, except those that touch on the special rights of the Malays, Bumiputeras and/or royal privileges. Article 153 (1): It shall be the responsibility of the Yang di-Pertuan Agong to safeguard the special position of the Malays and Natives of any of the States of Sabah and Sarawak, and the legitimate interests of other communities in accordance with the provisions of this Article.
  • To propose and amend the law.
    • Law is proposed by the Executive and introduce in Parliament with the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd readings for approval.
    • Most provisions for the amendments of the constitution requires a 2/3 majority of the total number of members from both the Houses or Dewans.
    • The bill must be presented to the YDPA for the final assent.

Current cabinet[edit]

Full members[edit]

Portfolio Office Bearer Party Constituency Term Started Term Ended
Prime Minister Mohd. Najib Abdul Razak UMNO Pekan 16 May 2013 Incumbent
Deputy Prime Minister Muhyiddin Mohd. Yassin UMNO Pagoh 16 May 2013 29 July 2015[N 1]
Dr. Ahmad Zahid Hamidi Bagan Datok 29 July 2015 Incumbent
Minister in the Prime Minister's Department Dr. Shahidan Kassim UMNO Arau 16 May 2013 Incumbent
Maj. Gen. (Rtd.) Jamil Khir Baharom Jerai
Idris Jala Independent Senator 2 September 2015[N 2]
Abdul Wahid Omar 4 June 2016[N 2]
Paul Low Seng Kwan Incumbent
Nancy Shukri PBB Batang Sadong
Joseph Kurup PBRS Pensiangan
Joseph Entulu Belaun PRS Selangau
Wee Ka Siong MCA Ayer Hitam 27 June 2014
Mah Siew Keong Gerakan Telok Intan 27 June 2016[N 3]
Azalina Othman Said UMNO Pengerang 29 July 2015 Incumbent
Abdul Rahman Dahlan Kota Belud 27 June 2016
Minister of Finance Mohd. Najib Abdul Razak UMNO Pekan 16 May 2013 Incumbent
Ahmad Husni Hanadzlah Tambun 27 June 2016[N 4]
Johari Abdul Ghani Titiwangsa 27 June 2016 Incumbent
Minister of Defence Hishammuddin Hussein UMNO Sembrong 16 May 2013 Incumbent
Minister of Home Affairs Ahmad Zahid Hamidi UMNO Bagan Datok 16 May 2013 Incumbent
Minister of International Trade and Industry Mustapa Mohamed UMNO Jeli 16 May 2013 Incumbent
Ong Ka Chuan MCA Tanjong Malim 29 July 2015
Minister of Education Muhyiddin Mohd. Yassin UMNO Pagoh 16 May 2013 29 July 2015
Idris Jusoh Besut
Mahdzir Khalid Padang Terap 29 July 2015 Incumbent
Minister of Natural Resources and Environment Palanivel Govindasamy MIC Cameron Highlands 16 May 2013 29 July 2015[N 1]
Dr. Wan Junaidi Tuanku Jaafar PBB Santubong 29 July 2015 Incumbent
Minister of Federal Territories Tengku Adnan Tengku Mansor UMNO Putrajaya 16 May 2013 Incumbent
Minister of Transport Hishammuddin Hussein (Acting Minister)[N 5] UMNO Sembrong 16 May 2013 27 June 2014
Liow Tiong Lai MCA Bentong 27 June 2014 Incumbent
Minister of Agriculture and Agro-based Industry Ismail Sabri Yaakob UMNO Bera 16 May 2013 29 July 2015[N 3]
Ahmad Shabery Cheek Kemaman 29 July 2015 Incumbent
Minister of Health Subramaniam Sathasivam MIC Segamat 16 May 2013 Incumbent
Minister of Tourism and Culture Mohamed Nazri Abdul Aziz UMNO Padang Rengas 16 May 2013 Incumbent
Minister of Urban Wellbeing, Housing and Local Government Abdul Rahman Dahlan UMNO Kota Belud 16 May 2013 27 June 2016[N 3]
Noh Omar Tanjong Karang 27 June 2016 Incumbent
Minister of Foreign Affairs Anifah Aman UMNO Kimanis 16 May 2013 Incumbent
Minister of Higher Education Idris Jusoh UMNO Besut 29 July 2015 Incumbent
Minister of Human Resources Richard Riot Jaem SUPP Serian 16 May 2013 Incumbent
Minister of Domestic Trade, Co-operatives and Consumerism Hasan Malek UMNO Kuala Pilah 16 May 2013 29 July 2015[N 1]
Hamzah Zainudin Larut 29 July 2015 Incumbent
Minister of Rural and Regional Development Shafie Apdal UMNO Semporna 16 May 2013 29 July 2015[N 1]
Ismail Sabri Yaakob Bera 29 July 2015 Incumbent
Minister of Works Fadillah Yusof PBB Petra Jaya 16 May 2013 Incumbent
Minister of Science, Technology and Innovation Dr. Ewon Ebin UPKO Ranau 16 May 2013 29 July 2015[N 1]
Wilfred Madius Tangau Tuaran 29 July 2015 Incumbent
Minister of Energy, Green Technology and Water Maximus Johnity Ongkili PBS Kota Marudu 16 May 2013 Incumbent
Minister for Plantation Industries and Commodities Douglas Uggah Embas PBB Betong 16 May 2013 12 May 2016[N 6]
Nancy Shukri (Acting Minister)[N 7] Batang Sadong 12 May 2016 27 June 2016
Mah Siew Kiong Gerakan Telok Intan 27 June 2016 Incumbent
Minister of Women, Family and Community Development Rohani Abdul Karim PBB Batang Lupar 16 May 2013 Incumbent
Minister of Youth and Sports Khairy Jamaluddin Abu Bakar UMNO Rembau 16 May 2013 Incumbent
Minister of Communication and Multimedia Ahmad Shabery Cheek UMNO Kemaman 16 May 2013 29 July 2015[N 3]
Dr. Mohd. Salleh Said Senator 29 July 2015 Incumbent

Deputy ministers[edit]

Portfolio Office Bearer Party Constituency Term Started Term Ended
Deputy Minister in the Prime Minister's Department Razali Ibrahim UMNO Muar 16 May 2013 Incumbent
Waytha Moorthy Ponnusamy HINDRAF Senator 5 February 2014[N 4]
Dr. Asyraf Wajdi Dusuki UMNO 29 July 2015 Incumbent
Devamany S. Krishnasamy MIC 27 June 2016
Deputy Minister of Finance Ahmad Maslan UMNO Pontian 16 May 2013 29 July 2015[N 3]
Chua Tee Yong MCA Labis 27 June 2014 27 June 2016[N 3]
Johari Abdul Ghani UMNO Titiwangsa 29 July 2015
Othman Aziz Jerlun 27 June 2016 Incumbent
Lee Chee Leong MCA Senator
Deputy Minister of Defence Abdul Rahim Bakri UMNO Kudat 16 May 2013 29 July 2015[N 1]
Mohd. Johari Baharum Kubang Pasu 29 July 2015 Incumbent
Deputy Minister of Home Affairs Dr. Wan Junaidi Tuanku Jaafar PBB Santubong 16 May 2013 29 July 2015[N 8]
Nur Jazlan Mohamed UMNO Pulai 29 July 2015 Incumbent
Masir Kujat PRS Sri Aman
Deputy Minister of International Trade and Industry Hamim Samuri UMNO Ledang 16 May 2013 29 July 2015[N 3]
Lee Chee Leong MCA Senator 27 June 2014 27 June 2016
Ahmad Maslan UMNO Pontian 29 July 2015 Incumbent
Chua Tee Yong MCA Labis 27 June 2016
Deputy Minister of Education Kamalanathan Panchananthan MIC Hulu Selangor 16 May 2013 Incumbent
Mary Yap Kain Ching PBS Tawau 29 July 2015[N 3]
Chong Sin Woon MCA Senator 29 July 2015 Incumbent
Deputy Minister of Natural Resources and Environment Dr. James Dawos Mamit PBB Mambong 16 May 2013 29 July 2015[N 3]
Hamim Samuri UMNO Ledang 29 July 2015 Incumbent
Deputy Minister of Federal Territories Loga Bala Mohan Jaganathan MyPPP Senator 16 May 2013 Incumbent
Deputy Minister of Transport Abdul Aziz Kaprawi UMNO Sri Gading 16 May 2013 Incumbent
Deputy Minister of Agriculture and Agro-based Industry Tajuddin Abdul Rahman UMNO Pasir Salak 16 May 2013 Incumbent
Nogeh Gumbek SPDP Mas Gading 29 July 2015
Deputy Minister of Health Dr. Hilmi Yahya UMNO Balik Pulau 16 May 2013 Incumbent
Deputy Minister of Tourism and Culture Mas Ermieyati Samsudin UMNO Masjid Tanah 29 July 2015 Incumbent
Deputy Minister of Urban Wellbeing, Housing, and Local Government Halimah Mohamed Sadique UMNO Tenggara 16 May 2013 Incumbent
Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs Hamzah Zainudin UMNO Larut 16 May 2013 29 July 2015[N 8]
Reezal Merican Naina Merican Kepala Batas 29 July 2015 Incumbent
Deputy Minister of Higher Education Mary Yap Kain Ching PBS Tawau 29 July 2015 Incumbent
Deputy Minister of Human Resources Ismail Abdul Muttalib UMNO Maran 16 May 2013 Incumbent
Deputy Minister of Domestic Trade, Co-operatives and Consumerism Ahmad Bashah Md. Hanipah UMNO Senator 16 May 2013 3 February 2016[N 9]
Henry Sum Agong PBB Lawas 27 June 2016 Incumbent
Deputy Minister of Rural and Regional Development Alexander Nanta Linggi PBB Kapit 16 May 2013 Incumbent
Ahmad Jazlan Yaakub UMNO Machang 29 July 2015
Deputy Minister of Works Rosnah Abdul Rashid Shirlin UMNO Papar 16 May 2013 Incumbent
Deputy Minister of Science, Technology and Innovation Dr. Abu Bakar Mohamad Diah UMNO Tangga Batu 16 May 2013 Incumbent
Deputy Minister of Energy, Green Technology and Water Mahdzir Khalid UMNO Padang Terap 16 May 2013 29 July 2015[N 8]
James Dawos Mamit PBB Mambong 29 July 2015 Incumbent
Deputy Minister of Plantation Industries and Commodities Noriah Kasnon UMNO Sungai Besar 16 May 2013 5 May 2016[N 10]
Datu Nasrun Datu Mansur Silam 27 June 2016 Incumbent
Deputy Minister of Women, Family and Community Development Azizah Mohd. Dun UMNO Beaufort 16 May 2013 Incumbent
Chew Mei Fun MCA Senator 27 June 2014
Deputy Minister of Youth and Sports Saravanan Murugan MIC Tapah 16 May 2013 Incumbent
Deputy Minister of Communication and Multimedia Jailani Johari UMNO Hulu Terengganu 16 May 2013 Incumbent


Inactive portfolio[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f His service was discontinued by the Prime Minister. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name ":0" defined multiple times with different content (see the help page).
  2. ^ a b His term as a Senator came to the end on this date.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i He was reassigned to a new portfolio.
  4. ^ a b He discontinued his service to the Cabinet on his will.
  5. ^ The post was reserved to MCA. He became an Acting Minister throughout the vacancy.
  6. ^ He stopped serving the Cabinet following his appointment as the Deputy Chief Minister of Sarawak.
  7. ^ She became the Acting Minister following the vacancy of the Minister's seat.
  8. ^ a b c He received promotion as a Minister.
  9. ^ He stopped being a Deputy Minister following his appointment as the Menteri Besar of Kedah.
  10. ^ The post was vacant following her death from a helicopter crash in Sarawak.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hj. Mohd Jali, Nazaruddin, Redzuan, Ma'arof, Abu Samah, Asnarulkhadi & Hj. Mohd Rashid, Ismail (2003). Malaysian Studies: Nationhood and Citizenship, p. 73. Pearson Malaysia. ISBN 983-2473-91-8.
  2. ^ Funston, John (2001). "Malaysia: Developmental State Challenged". In John Funston (Ed.), Government and Politics in Southeast Asia, pp. 173–175. Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies.
  3. ^ "Cabinet now to meet Fridays for ministers to attend parliament". The Malaysian Insider. 9 April 2008. Retrieved 9 April 2008. 
  4. ^ Wu, Min Aun & Hickling, R. H. (2003). Hickling's Malaysian Public Law, pp. 84–85. Petaling Jaya: Pearson Malaysia. ISBN 983-74-2518-0.
  5. ^ a b Wu & Hickling, p. 86.
  6. ^ Jeong Chun Hai @ Ibrahim, & Nor Fadzlina Nawi. (2012). Principles of Public Administration: Malaysian Perspectives. Kuala Lumpur: Pearson Publishers. ISBN 978-967-349-233-6

External links[edit]