Cabinet of Malaysia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Coat of arms of Malaysia.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Malaysia

The Cabinet of Malaysia is the executive branch of Malaysia's government. Led by the Prime Minister, the cabinet is a council of ministers who are accountable collectively to the Parliament. According to the Article 43 of the Constitution, members of the Cabinet can only be selected from members of either houses of Parliament. Formally, the Yang di-Pertuan Agong appoints all Ministers on the advice of the Prime Minister.[1] The constitution is amended by repealing the Clause (8) of Article 43, enabling a person who is a member of State Legislative Assembly to continue to be one even when he or she is appointed as a minister or deputy minister in the cabinet. Ministers other than the Prime Minister shall hold office during the pleasure of the Yang di-Pertuan Agong, unless the appointment of any Minister shall have been revoked by the Yang di-Pertuan Agong on the advice of the Prime Minister but any Minister may resign his office. In practice, the Yang di-Pertuan Agong is obliged to follow the advice of the Prime Minister on the appointment and dismissal of ministers.

Cabinet appointments[edit]

Members of the Cabinet must be members of either house of Parliament. Most ministers are appointed from the lower house, the Dewan Rakyat, although a few are appointed from the upper house, the Dewan Negara. The Prime Minister must be a member of the Dewan Rakyat. Although Deputy Ministers and/or Parliamentary Secretaries may be appointed to each portfolio, they are not included in the Cabinet. The Cabinet meets weekly, every Wednesday.[2] After the position of Parliamentary Secretary was removed and partial live telecasts of Parliament proceedings began in 2008, Cabinet meetings were moved to Fridays whenever Parliament sat, so as to allow Ministers to personally answer questions during Question Time in Parliament.[3]

Cabinet composition[edit]

The composition of the Cabinet, and the number of portfolios depends mainly on the wishes of the Prime Minister at the time. However, the post of Finance Minister was considered so important as to be a necessity, and as a result was incorporated by the Minister of Finance (Incorporation) Act 1957 (Act 375).[4] The position of Deputy Prime Minister is one that exists by convention, and as a result a Prime Minister could theoretically form a Cabinet without a Deputy.[5]

Deputy ministers exist for each portfolio, although they are not considered members of the Cabinet. The position of Deputy Minister was created by constitutional amendment in 1960. The office of parliamentary secretary for each ministry exists but none were appointed after the 2008 Malaysian general election. Parliamentary secretaries were provided for by an amendment in 1963. Deputy ministers and parliamentary secretaries are also appointed from members of Parliament, and deputise for the ministers in government ministries and in Parliament respectively. An additional office, that of the Political Secretary, exists. Political Secretaries need not be members of Parliament. Before taking office, all members of the Cabinet, Deputy Ministers, Parliamentary Secretaries, and Political Secretaries take an oath of secrecy concerning the proceedings of the Cabinet. (See also Official Secrets Act (Malaysia).)[5]

Functions of cabinet[edit]

An outline of the functions of the Cabinet are as follow:[6]

  • To formulate national economic policies and development programs.
    • The Cabinet is responsible to formulate various development programs and projects for the development of the country. Examples are the New Economic Policy (NEP), the National Development Policy (NDP), and the National Vision Policy (NVP).
  • To set the budget and finance of the country.
    • The government is allowed to generate revenues from the people through the collection of taxes, fines, summons, custom duties, fees, etc.
    • The government is allowed to plan for the various development programs, and also to allocate the resources for these development plans and programs.
  • As an arena for suggestions, debates, and criticisms.
    • The Cabinet is allowed to discuss almost any issues of national interests, except those that touch on the special rights of the Malays, Bumiputeras and/or royal privileges. Article 153 (1): It shall be the responsibility of the Yang di-Pertuan Agong to safeguard the special position of the Malays and Natives of any of the States of Sabah and Sarawak, and the legitimate interests of other communities in accordance with the provisions of this Article.
  • To propose and amend the law.
    • Law is proposed by the Executive and introduce in Parliament with the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd readings for approval.
    • Most provisions for the amendments of the constitution requires a 2/3 majority of the total number of members from both the Houses or Dewans.
    • The bill must be presented to the YDPA for the final assent.

Current cabinet[edit]

Full members[edit]

Since 17 July 2018, the Cabinet consisted of the following ministers:
  PKR (7)   DAP (6)   BERSATU (6)   AMANAH (5)   WARISAN (3)   HINDRAF (1)

Portfolio Office Bearer Party Constituency Term Start Term End
Prime Minister Dr. Mahathir Mohamad BERSATU Langkawi 10 May 2018 Incumbent
Deputy Prime Minister Dr. Wan Azizah Wan Ismail PKR Pandan 21 May 2018 Incumbent
Minister of Women, Family and Community Development
Ministers in the Prime Minister's Department Dr. Mujahid Yusof Rawa
(Religious Affairs)
AMANAH Parit Buntar 2 July 2018 Incumbent
Liew Vui Keong
(Law)
WARISAN Batu Sapi Incumbent
Waytha Moorthy Ponnusamy
(National Unity and Social Well-being)
HINDRAF Senator 17 July 2018 Incumbent
Minister of Finance Lim Guan Eng DAP Bagan 21 May 2018 Incumbent
Minister of Economic Affairs Mohamed Azmin Ali PKR Gombak Incumbent
Minister of Defence Mohamad Sabu AMANAH Kota Raja Incumbent
Minister of Home Affairs Muhyiddin Mohd. Yassin BERSATU Pagoh Incumbent
Minister of International Trade and Industry Ignatius Darell Leiking WARISAN Penampang 2 July 2018 Incumbent
Minister of Education Dr. Maszlee Malik BERSATU Simpang Renggam 21 May 2018 Incumbent
Minister of Water, Land and Natural Resources Dr. Xavier Jayakumar Arulanandam PKR Kuala Langat 2 July 2018 Incumbent
Minister of Territories Khalid Abdul Samad AMANAH Shah Alam Incumbent
Minister of Transport Anthony Loke Siew Fook DAP Seremban 21 May 2018 Incumbent
Minister of Agriculture and Agro-based Industry Salahuddin Ayub AMANAH Pulai Incumbent
Minister of Health Dr. Dzulkefly Ahmad Kuala Selangor Incumbent
Minister of Tourism, Arts and Culture Mohammadin Ketapi WARISAN Silam 2 July 2018 Incumbent
Minister of Housing and Local Government Zuraida Kamaruddin PKR Ampang 21 May 2018 Incumbent
Minister of Foreign Affairs Saifuddin Abdullah Indera Mahkota 2 July 2018 Incumbent
Minister of Human Resources Kula Segaran Murugeson DAP Ipoh Barat 21 May 2018 Incumbent
Minister of Domestic Trade and Consumers Affairs Saifuddin Nasution Ismail PKR Kulim-Bandar Baharu 2 July 2018 Incumbent
Minister of Entrepreneurship Development Mohd. Redzuan Md. Yusof BERSATU Alor Gajah Incumbent
Minister of Rural Development Rina Mohd. Harun Titiwangsa 21 May 2018 Incumbent
Minister of Works Baru Bian PKR Selangau 2 July 2018 Incumbent
Minister of Energy, Technology, Science, Climate Change and Environment Yeo Bee Yin DAP Bakri Incumbent
Minister of Primary Industries Teresa Kok Suh Sim Seputeh Incumbent
Minister of Youth and Sports Syed Saddiq Syed Abdul Rahman BERSATU Muar Incumbent
Minister of Communication and Multimedia Gobind Singh Deo DAP Puchong 21 May 2018 Incumbent

Deputy ministers[edit]

Since 17 July 2018, deputy ministers are:
  PKR (7)   DAP (7)   BERSATU (6)   AMANAH (5)   WARISAN (2)

Portfolio Office Bearer Party Constituency Term Start Term End
Deputy Ministers in the Prime Minister's Department Fuziah Salleh
(Religious Affairs)
PKR Kuantan 2 July 2018 Incumbent
Mohamed Hanipa Maidin
(Law)
AMANAH Sepang Incumbent
Dr. Mohamed Farid Md. Rafik
(National Unity and Social Wellbeing)
BERSATU Tanjung Piai Incumbent
Deputy Minister of Finance Amiruddin Hamzah Kubang Pasu Incumbent
Deputy Minister of Economic Affairs Dr. Mohd. Radzi Md. Jidin Senator 17 July 2018 Incumbent
Deputy Minister of Defence Liew Chin Tong DAP Incumbent
Deputy Minister of Home Affairs Mohd. Azis Jamman WARISAN Sepanggar 2 July 2018 Incumbent
Deputy Minister of International Trade and Industry Dr. Ong Kian Ming DAP Bangi Incumbent
Deputy Minister of Education Teo Nie Ching Kulai Incumbent
Deputy Minister of Water, Land and Natural Resources Tengku Zulpuri Shah Raja Puji Raub Incumbent
Deputy Minister of Federal Territories Dr. Shahruddin Md. Salleh BERSATU Sri Gading Incumbent
Deputy Minister of Transport Kamarudin Jaffar PKR Bandar Tun Razak Incumbent
Deputy Minister of Agriculture and Agro-based Industry Sim Tze Tzin Bayan Baru Incumbent
Deputy Minister of Health Dr. Lee Boon Chye Gopeng Incumbent
Deputy Minister of Tourism, Arts and Culture Muhammad Bakhtiar Wan Chik Balik Pulau Incumbent
Deputy Minister of Housing and Local Government Raja Kamarul Bahrin Shah Raja Ahmad AMANAH Senator 17 July 2018 Incumbent
Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs Marzuki Yahya BERSATU Incumbent
Deputy Minister of Human Resources Mahfuz Omar AMANAH Pokok Sena 2 July 2018 Incumbent
Deputy Minister of Domestic Trade and Consumer Affairs Chong Chieng Jen DAP Stampin Incumbent
Deputy Minister of Entrepreneurship Development Dr. Mohd. Hatta Md. Ramli AMANAH Lumut Incumbent
Deputy Minister of Rural Development Sivarasa Rasiah PKR Sungai Buloh Incumbent
Deputy Minister of Works Mohd. Anuar Mohd. Tahir AMANAH Temerloh Incumbent
Deputy Minister of Energy, Technology, Science, Climate Change and Environment Isnaraissah Munirah Majilis WARISAN Kota Belud Incumbent
Deputy Minister of Primary Industries Shamsul Iskandar Md. Akin PKR Hang Tuah Jaya Incumbent
Deputy Minister of Women, Family and Community Development Hannah Yeoh Tseow Suan DAP Segambut Incumbent
Deputy Minister of Youth and Sports Steven Sim Chee Keong Bukit Mertajam Incumbent
Deputy Minister of Communication and Multimedia Eddin Syazlee Shith BERSATU Kuala Pilah Incumbent

Inactive portfolio[edit]

Ministry of Agriculture and Agro-based Industry

Ministry of Communications and Multimedia

Ministry of Domestic Trade, Co-operatives and Consumerism

Ministry of Energy, Green Technology and Water

Ministry of Federal Territories

Ministry of Foreign Affairs

Ministry of Home Affairs

Ministry of Human Resources

Ministry of Internal Security

Ministry of International Trade and Industry

Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment

Ministry of Plantation Industries and Commodities

Ministry of Rural and Regional Development

Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation

Ministry of Tourism and Culture

Ministry of Urban Wellbeing, Housing and Local Government

Ministry of Women, Family and Community Development

Ministry of Works

Ministry of Youth and Sports

Ministry of Health

Minister in the Prime Minister's Department

Others

Living former Members of the Cabinet[edit]

(sorted alphabetically)

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hj. Mohd Jali, Nazaruddin, Redzuan, Ma'arof, Abu Samah, Asnarulkhadi & Hj. Mohd Rashid, Ismail (2003). Malaysian Studies: Nationhood and Citizenship, p. 73. Pearson Malaysia. ISBN 983-2473-91-8.
  2. ^ Funston, John (2001). "Malaysia: Developmental State Challenged". In John Funston (Ed.), Government and Politics in Southeast Asia, pp. 173–175. Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies.
  3. ^ "Cabinet now to meet Fridays for ministers to attend parliament". The Malaysian Insider. 9 April 2008. Retrieved 9 April 2008. 
  4. ^ Wu, Min Aun & Hickling, R. H. (2003). Hickling's Malaysian Public Law, pp. 84–85. Petaling Jaya: Pearson Malaysia. ISBN 983-74-2518-0.
  5. ^ a b Wu & Hickling, p. 86.
  6. ^ Jeong Chun Hai @ Ibrahim, & Nor Fadzlina Nawi. (2012). Principles of Public Administration: Malaysian Perspectives. Kuala Lumpur: Pearson Publishers. ISBN 978-967-349-233-6

External links[edit]