University of Galway

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

University of Galway
Ollscoil na Gaillimhe
University of Galway logo 2022.png
Latin: Universitas Galviam
Former names
Queen's College, Galway
University College, Galway
National University of Ireland, Galway
MottoDeo Favente
Motto in English
With the favour of God
Established1845; 178 years ago (1845)
PresidentCiarán Ó hÓgartaigh
Deputy-President & RegistrarPól Ó Dochartaigh
Academic staff
Administrative staff
Other students
University Road
Galway H91 TK33
, ,

53°16′44″N 9°03′36″W / 53.279°N 9.060°W / 53.279; -9.060Coordinates: 53°16′44″N 9°03′36″W / 53.279°N 9.060°W / 53.279; -9.060
ColoursScarf colours: two halves of black and white, the white half divided in two by a narrow red stripe
Coimbra Group
Crest of NUI, Galway.png

The University of Galway (Irish: Ollscoil na Gaillimhe) is a public research university located in the city of Galway, Ireland. A tertiary education and research institution, the university was awarded the full five QS stars for excellence in 2012,[2] and was ranked among the top 1 percent of universities in the 2018 QS World University Rankings.[3][4]

The university was founded in 1845 as "Queen's College, Galway". It was known as "University College, Galway" (UCG) (Irish: Coláiste na hOllscoile, Gaillimh), until 1997 and as "National University of Ireland, Galway" (NUI Galway) (Irish: Ollscoil na hÉireann, Gaillimh; OÉ Gaillimh), until 2022. In late April 2022, it was announced that NUI Galway would be renamed "Ollscoil na Gaillimhe – University of Galway" in summer 2022, amid confusion over its proper title.[5]

University of Galway is a member of the Coimbra Group, a network of 40 long-established European universities.


The university was established in 1845 as Queen's College, Galway, together with Queen's College, Cork, and Queen's College, Belfast. It opened for teaching on 30 October 1849 with 68 students.[6] In 1850, it became part of the Queen's University of Ireland, and its degrees were conferred in the name of that university.[7]

The Quadrangle Building

Located close to the city centre, the university campus stretches along the River Corrib. The oldest part of the university, the Quadrangle with its Aula Maxima, was designed by John Benjamin Keane in a Tudor Gothic architectural style and was constructed from local limestone; it is a replica of Christ Church, one of the colleges at the University of Oxford.[8]

After the passing of the University Education (Ireland) Act 1879, the Queen's University was dissolved on 3 February 1882, and was replaced by the Royal University of Ireland, which had been established on 27 April 1880.[9][10]

With the passing of the Irish Universities Act 1908, the Royal University of Ireland was dissolved and was replaced by the National University of Ireland and the Queen's University of Belfast. The name of Queen's College, Galway, was changed to University College, Galway, and it became a constituent college of the new National University of Ireland, together with University College, Dublin, and University College, Cork. Queen's College, Belfast, became an independent university, called the Queen's University of Belfast.[11][6] University College, Galway (UCG), was given special statutory responsibility under the University College Galway Act 1929 with respect of the use of the Irish language as a working language of the university.

Several new buildings were constructed on the university campus in the 1970s and were designed by architects Scott Tallon Walker. The 1990s also saw considerable development, including the conversion of an old munitions factory into a student centre. Under the early 21st-century Presidency of Iognáid G. Ó Muircheartaigh, the university announced details of plans to make the university a "campus of the future" at a cost of around €400 million.[12] Ó Muircheartaigh's successor James J. Browne continued and implemented that plan.[13]

With the passing of the Universities Act 1997, the name of University College Galway was changed to National University of Ireland, Galway and it became a university in its own right, as a constituent university of the National University of Ireland.[14][6] The university had hoped to change its name to University of Galway, but had received legal advice that this was not possible under the provisions of the Act.[15][16]

Visiting the university in 2003, on what was to be his last visit to Ireland, Nelson Mandela condemned U.S. foreign policy and received an honorary doctorate from NUI Chancellor Garret FitzGerald.[17][18]

In 2008, Minister for Community, Equality and Gaeltacht Affairs Éamon Ó Cuív and a student became involved in an altercation on the grounds of the university.[19] In 2009, former Taoiseach Bertie Ahern was forced to flee from a public discussion at the university after being jostled by students opposed to the planned reintroduction of college fees.[20]

21st-century developments include a state-of-the-art University Sports Centre (Ionad Spóirt), Áras Moyola, J.E. Cairnes School of Business & Economics, the Alice Perry Engineering Building, the BioSciences Research Building, the Life Course Institute, the Lambe Institute and the O'Donoghue Centre for Drama, Theatre and Performance, and the Human Biology Building.[21]

In 2014 the Equality Tribunal ruled in favor of Dr Micheline Sheehy Skeffington, granddaughter of the famous Irish feminist couple Hannah Sheehy Skeffington and Francis Sheehy Skeffington, who claimed she had been discriminated against on the grounds of gender during 2009. The university "unreservedly" accepted the decision that the "hiring process was flawed".[22][23] In 2015 with "widespread concern" among staff, mandatory unconscious bias training was introduced for senior staff, including heads of school and interview boards.[24] In 2017 Dr Elizabeth Tilley was deemed to have exceeded qualifications for senior lectureship following a Labour Court hearing and promoted.[25] In 2017, the gender ratio of senior lecturers in the university was 60:40 in favour of men. The ratio of professorships, the most senior academic grade, was 87:13 in favor of men.[26] In 2018 the university achieved bronze status[27] in the Athena SWAN[28] recognises a commitment to advancing gender equality in higher education and research careers. In 2018 a further four female lecturers who had also applied for promotion in 2009 were promoted having settled their cases "amicably".[29][30]

The university launched its Strategic Plan "Shared Vision, Shaped By Values" (for the period 2020–2025) in 2020. Also in 2020, the university was awarded €4 million from the EU's Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation programme to support its Solar2chem project.[31]

On 1 September 2022, the university changed its name to University of Galway.[32]

Colleges and schools[edit]

Up until 2007, the university was divided into seven faculties (Arts, Celtic Studies, Commerce, Law, Medicine and Health Sciences, and Science), which were further subdivided into some 69 departments.[33] In 2007-2008, the university transitioned from the faculties and departments structure to a structure of five colleges divided into various schools.[34]

Áras Moyola, which houses the School of Nursing and Midwifery
St Anthony's, which houses part of the JE Cairnes School of Business & Economics
Alice Perry Engineering Building, which houses the College of Science and Engineering

The following are the current colleges and schools of the university:[35]

  • College of Arts, Social Sciences and Celtic Studies
    • School of Political Science and Sociology
    • School of Psychology
    • School of Education
    • School of Geography, Archaeology and Irish Studies
    • School of English and Creative Arts
    • School of History and Philosophy
    • School of Languages, Literatures and Cultures
  • Acadamh na hOllscolaíochta Gaeilge
  • College of Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences
    • School of Health Sciences
    • School of Medicine
    • School of Nursing and Midwifery
  • Adult Learning and Professional Development
  • College of Business, Public Policy and Law
    • JE Cairnes School of Business and Economics
    • School of Law
    • Shannon College of Hotel Management
  • College of Science and Engineering
    • School of Biological and Chemical Sciences
    • School of Computer Science
    • School of Engineering
    • School of Mathematical and Statistical Sciences
    • School of Natural Sciences
    • School of Physics

Since January 2006, St. Angela's College, Sligo, has been a college of the University of Galway; St Angela's was previously a recognised college of the National University of Ireland. As a result, those admitted to St. Angela's College are registered as students of the University of Galway.[36][37]

Since 2015 the Shannon College of Hotel Management has been fully incorporated into the university — becoming part of the College of Business, Public Policy & Law at Galway — formally marked by the then Minister for Education and Skills Jan O'Sullivan at an event held in Shannon College on 9 November 2015. All staff of Shannon College of Hotel Management became staff of the university and all students of Shannon College of Hotel Management became students of the university.[38][39]


Ryan Institute

There are five designated Research Institutes and a number of Research Centres and Units at the University of Galway. Designated Research Institutes at the university are characterised by significant interdisciplinary (generally cross-College) and high-quality research activity, including extensive collaboration nationally and internationally.[40] Examples of mould-breaking research include sugar coating devices[41] and how spider bites can lead to hospitalisation.[42]


Galway University Foundation (GUF) was established in 1998 with the intention of generating financial support for the university from private individuals and institutions. It nurtures relationships with donors for whom the university's approach to education appeals. The Foundation has many 'Priority Projects' in development.[43]

University of Galway Library

The main library building of the University of Galway is named the James Hardiman Library after the library's first librarian, James Hardiman.[44][45]

Student life[edit]


University of Galway has about 150 active student societies, ranging from the academic to artistic and performing, lifestyle and wellbeing, religious and political, social action and volunteering, social and cultural, and special interest.[46]

The oldest society on the campus is the Literary and Debating Society, founded in 1846.[47] Dramsoc (the university's drama society) was founded in 1914.[48] Cumann Staire is one of Europe's oldest history societies, and is a member of Comhaltas na gCumann Staire and the International Students of History Association.[49] The university's Fianna Fáil branch, Cumann de Barra, was founded in 1954, making it the oldest university political party branch in Ireland.[50] Fine Gael's youth wing was founded in the university in 1973 during the Liam Cosgrave-led Fine Gael/Labour Coalition government, with Enda Kenny and Madeleine Taylor-Quinn among those behind its establishment there.[51] Official Sinn Féin were also influential in campus politics in the 1970s, and Students Union Presidents Eamon Gilmore and Johnny Curran were party members.[52][53] CompSoc (the university's computer society) is the oldest of its kind in the country, established in 1977.[54][55][56]

Most of Ireland's main political parties have active societies at the university, including Fianna Fáil, Fine Gael, Green, Labour, People Before Profit, Sinn Féin and the Social Democrats.[57]

Flirt FM is a community radio station located on campus, spearheaded by the Radio Society.

GUMS, the university musical society, hosts annual musicals in the Dubhlann/Black Box Theatre.[58]

In 2014, the Christian and LGBT societies were involved in a showdown over same-sex marriage.[59] The incident was provoked by the auditor of the Christian Society, running for the position of Equality Officer in that year's student union election.[60] Earlier, in the late part of 2013, the university suspended the Legion of Mary Society after it failed to satisfactorily explain its connection to posters containing information on a Christian support group for homosexual persons.[61]

An Cumann Gaelach and An Cumann Drámaíochta are the university's main Irish language societies, following the demise of the Cumann Craic. One of the main events of the Cumann Gaelach is the yearly celebration of Seachtain na Gaeilge. The society was awarded the Best New Entry Award at the Glór na nGael awards in 2011.[citation needed]


University of Galway has more than 40 sports clubs based on campus, ranging from indoor sports (such as archery, badminton, fencing, weightlifting, table tennis, and squash), to water sports (such as rowing, kayaking, sailing, windsurfing, and scuba diving), as well as martial arts (such as judo, karate, aikido, Muay Thai, kendo, and taekwondo), plus equestrian, triathlon, athletics, and snow sports.[62]

The university also competes in the most popular Irish field sports of association football, Gaelic football, hurling, and rugby union, as well as cricket, hockey, and lacrosse.[62]

NUI Galway GAA compete in the Sigerson Cup (Gaelic football) and the Fitzgibbon Cup (hurling). They are the second most prolific winners of the Sigerson Cup.[63]

NUI Galway RFC compete in the Connacht Senior Cup, and are the competition's most successful side with 34 wins.

University of Galway FC compete in the Galway & District League, the CUFL (Colleges and Universities Football League), Collingwood Cup and Harding Cup (Freshers).

The campus is home to a wide range of sport facilities. Facilities include Dangan Sportsground, where the university's GAA teams compete, and the Kingfisher, where Moycullen Basketball Club play their games.

Connacht Rugby[edit]

In 2013, the university announced it would sponsor Connacht Rugby, the nearby professional Pro12 (now URC) rugby union team, for the following three years and would put in place a "High Performance Education Partnership" that would give players from the Connacht Rugby Academy and age-grade teams the chance to educated there. At the time of the announcement 17 members of Connacht's squad were either attending the university as students or were graduates.[64]

Within a few years of the start of the university's sponsorship of the Connacht Rugby Academy, the team had won, what was then the 2015–16 Pro12 title, for the first time by defeating Leinster in the 2016 Pro12 Grand Final. Seven players from the Connacht Rugby Academy played 55 times for their team during that campaign, with others in that squad also graduates of the Connacht Rugby Academy.[65]

The deal was renewed in 2017, covering the period until 2019.[66]

Students' Union[edit]

The Students' Union's primary role is to provide a recognised representative channel between undergraduates and the university and college authorities. The president-elect for the 2022–2023 academic year is Sai Gujulla.

In February 2009, the university announced the Students' Union-run RAG week would "no longer form part of the university calendar". The President of the Students' Union expressed the belief that the decision was unjustified, citing the more than €20,000 raised for charities that year.[67]


International students make up over 12 percent of the student population at the University of Galway.[68]



Name of President Years
Joseph W. Kirwan 1845 - 1849
Edward Berwick 1849 - 1877
Thomas William Moffett 1877 - 1897
W. J. M. Starkie 1897 - 1899
Alexander Anderson 1899 - 1934
John Hynes 1934 - 1945
Pádraig de Brún 1945 - 1959
Martin J. Newell 1960 - 1975
Colm Ó hEocha 1975 - 1996
Patrick F. Fottrell 1996 - 2000
Iognáid G. Ó Muircheartaigh 2000 - 2008
James J. Browne 2008 - 2018
Ciarán Ó hÓgartaigh 2018 – present

Notable alumni[edit]

Notable faculty[edit]

In literature and other media[edit]

University of Galway is the setting for, and is referred to in, numerous works of fiction.

Breandán Ó hEithir's novel Lig Sinn i gCathú, set in a thinly disguised Galway and telling the story of student life over four days in April 1949, has featured on the secondary school Leaving Certificate syllabus.

Tom Curtin's novel Melting Pot: An Irish Odyssey tells the story of three lads from University College Galway who leave Ireland for New York in 1969.[73]

The university has also faced the legal consequences of gender inequality after a number of female lecturers starting proceedings against the university as gender as a grounds of discrimination is prohibited by Irish law.[74][75]

Rankings and reputation[edit]

University rankings
Global – Overall
ARWU World[76]301-400 (2016)
QS World[77]243 (2017)
THE World[78]201-250 (2017)

University of Galway has been awarded the full five QS stars for excellence,[2] and is ranked among the top 1 per cent of universities according to the 2018 QS World University Rankings.[3][4] These rankings marked the sixth consecutive year that the university's ranking improved by these standards.[3]

In 2016 and 2017, the university was ranked ahead of University College Dublin (UCD) and Queen's University Belfast (QUB) in the Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU), placing it second among Irish universities — behind only Trinity College Dublin (TCD).[79][76] Likewise, in the Times Higher Education World University Rankings, Galway was ranked ahead of UCD and behind only TCD.[80]

The Sunday Times University Guide has named the university as its "University of the Year" on three occasions. It won the Times's inaugural title in 2002–2003. A second title followed in 2009–2010.[81] Galway won its third title in 2018.[82]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c "Report of the President 2011–2012" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 10 August 2014.
  2. ^ a b "More than 100 Universities Rated by QS Stars". QS World University Rankings. 12 March 2012. Archived from the original on 4 November 2015. Other recent additions include ... NUI Galway ... awarded five stars overall ... received maximum five-star ratings in several key areas, including graduate employability, teaching, facilities and innovation.
  3. ^ a b c "University news". Cois Coiribe. Autumn 2017. p. 8. ... with an estimated 26,000 universities worldwide, this positions our University in the top 1% globally, according to QS.
  4. ^ a b "About NUI Galway". Archived from the original on 28 June 2017.
  5. ^ O'Brien, Carl (27 April 2022). "NUI Galway to change its name amid confusion over its proper title". The Irish Times. Retrieved 27 April 2022.
  6. ^ a b c Hermans, Jos M. M.; Nelissen, Marc (2005). Charters of Foundation and Early Documents of the Universities of the Coimbra Group. Leuven University Press. p. 44. ISBN 978-90-5867-474-6.
  7. ^ Jos. M. M. Hermans, Marc Nelissen (2005) 'Charters of Foundation and Early Documents of the Universities of the Coimbra Group': Leuven University Press
  8. ^ "Quadrangle - National University of Ireland Galway - NUIG | Galway".
  9. ^ University Education (Ireland) Act, 1979
  10. ^ "History of the NUI | National University of Ireland".
  11. ^ Irish Universities Act, 1908
  12. ^ "Campus of the future" (PDF).
  13. ^ "Campus of the future" (PDF).
  14. ^ Universities Act, 1997
  15. ^ "Say goodbye to UCG and UG - it's now NUI Galway and that's official". The Irish Times.
  16. ^ "NUI Galway may rebrand amid confusion over its title". The Irish Times.
  17. ^ "Mandela's attack on US over Iraq invasion recalled at NUI Galway". The Irish Times. 7 December 2013. Archived from the original on 19 May 2015.
  18. ^ Freeman, Michael (6 December 2013). "When Nelson Mandela danced to The Corrs in Galway (video): He got up and held the floor on a visit in 2003". Archived from the original on 30 March 2018. Retrieved 6 December 2013.
  19. ^ McDonald, Brian; Brennan, Michael (11 December 2008). "O Cuiv defends use of force on protester". Irish Independent. Retrieved 11 December 2008.
  20. ^ "Anti-fees demonstration forces Ahern to abandon public interview". The Irish Times. 3 February 2009. Archived from the original on 19 May 2015.
  21. ^ "New engineering building at NUI Galway displays green ethos". 15 July 2011. Archived from the original on 19 May 2015.
  22. ^ Brophy, Daragh. "University ordered to pay €70k to lecturer passed over for promotion". Retrieved 10 February 2020.
  23. ^ Bol, Rosita. "Micheline Sheehy Skeffington: 'I'm from a family of feminists. I took this case to honour them'". The Irish Times. Retrieved 10 February 2020.
  24. ^ Healy, Catherine. "NUIG wants to rid itself of sexism by training staff to recognise 'unconscious gender bias'". Retrieved 10 February 2020.
  25. ^ Davis, Seana (23 October 2017). "Academic wins gender discrimination dispute against NUIG". Trinity News. Retrieved 10 February 2020.
  26. ^ Fitzgerald, Cormac. "After years of high-profile gender issues at NUI Galway, 40% of senior lecturers are female". Retrieved 10 February 2020.
  27. ^ O'Brien, Carl. "NUI Galway wins recognition for gender equality". The Irish Times. Retrieved 10 February 2020.
  28. ^ "Athena SWAN in Ireland". Equality Challenge Unit. Retrieved 10 February 2020.
  29. ^ "Hospitals expected to close 'significant' number of beds". The Irish Times. Retrieved 10 February 2020.
  30. ^ "Female lecturers settle discrimination action with NUI Galway". RTE. 25 July 2018.
  31. ^ "NUI Galway wins €4m EU fund to produce sustainable chemicals". 5 March 2020. Retrieved 11 March 2020.
  32. ^ McGrath, Pat (September 2022). "Galway university embraces name change". RTÉ.ie.
  33. ^ "Faculties & Departments, NUI Galway". Archived from the original on 20 August 2007. Retrieved 1 September 2022.
  34. ^ "Colleges & Schools, NUI Galway". Archived from the original on 13 December 2009. Retrieved 1 September 2022.
  35. ^ "Colleges & Schools - University of Galway".
  36. ^ "Education history in the making as local college joins NUIG". The Sligo Champion. 29 March 2006. Retrieved 13 May 2016.
  37. ^ "Strategic Partnership - NUI Galway". St Angela's College website. Retrieved 13 May 2016.
  38. ^ "Minister for Education marks first merger in Ireland as Shannon College of Hotel Management becomes part of NUI Galway". 10 November 2015. Retrieved 10 November 2015.
  39. ^ "Shannon College Integration".
  40. ^ "Research centres, institutes, and units - University of Galway".
  41. ^ "Researchers aim to give new layer of protection to medical devices".
  42. ^ "New Study Confirms Noble False Widow Spiders Bites Can Result in Hospitalisation".
  43. ^ "Galway University Foundation".
  44. ^ "James-Hardiman-Library".
  45. ^ "About - NUI Galway".
  46. ^ "NUI Galway - Societies -".
  47. ^ "Lit & Deb". Retrieved 10 November 2018.
  48. ^ "1921-1943". Nuigdramsoc. Retrieved 25 August 2022.
  49. ^ "Cumann Staire (History)". Retrieved 10 November 2018.
  50. ^ "Ahern celebrates his tenth anniversary". The Irish Times. Retrieved 18 March 2021.
  51. ^ "Young Fine Gael". Archived from the original on 3 June 2015.
  52. ^ Cunningham, John (March 2013). "'Spreading VD all over Connacht': reproductive rights and wrongs in 1970s Galway". History Ireland. Retrieved 3 February 2021.
  53. ^ O'Toole, Jason. "Take me to your leader". Hot Press. Retrieved 3 February 2021.
  54. ^ "CompSoc (Computer Society)". Retrieved 11 March 2020.
  55. ^ "NUIG's Societies Office". Retrieved 11 March 2020.
  56. ^ "NUIG CompSoc Wiki". Retrieved 13 April 2021.
  57. ^ "NUIG Societies". Retrieved 10 November 2018."University Societies Coordination Group (USCG)". Archived from the original on 7 January 2013.
  58. ^ "Musical Society (GUMS)". Retrieved 10 November 2018.
  59. ^ "Rival protests over gay marriage at NUI Galway". RTÉ News. 12 March 2014.
  60. ^ "Gardaí called to NUI Galway as students confront Christian activists". 12 March 2014.
  61. ^ "NUIG suspends Legion of Mary college society over leaflets". RTÉ News. 5 December 2013.
  62. ^ a b "NUI Galway Clubs". Retrieved 12 October 2018.
  63. ^ "NUI Galway see off DIT to advance to first Sigerson Cup final since 2003". Irish Independent. 14 February 2018. Retrieved 14 February 2018. NUIG, the second most prolific winners of the Sigerson Cup, advanced to their first final since 2003 when they held off a DIT comeback in heavy rain at St Loman's GAA grounds in Mullingar.
  64. ^ MacKenzie, Linley (4 September 2013). "Connacht Rugby and NUI Galway combine in pursuit of excellence: Players to avail of education at college in addition to mentoring and development". The Irish Times. Retrieved 4 September 2013.
  65. ^ Fallon, John (Autumn 2016). "Sport: A new direction". Cois Coiribe. pp. 16–19. Developing partnerships with sports organisations, particularly at elite level, will be a key component of the strategy, with the success of Connacht Rugby in winning the Guinness Pro12 title in May - the province's first trophy in its 131 year history - a good example of what can be achieved. NUI Galway is the main sponsor of the Connacht Rugby Academy, which has helped develop players for the professional game over the last few years. Seven players from the academy last season - Sean O'Brien, Peter Robb, Conor McKeon, Conan O'Donnell, James Connolly, Shane Delahunt and Rory Parata - played 55 times for Connacht during that historic Pro12 campaign, while several other members of the squad were academy graduates. Many of the academy players also study at NUI Galway, while there are a number of areas where the University and Connacht Rugby exchange expertise.
  66. ^ Rooney, Declan (27 October 2017). "NUI Galway renew deal with province". Irish Independent. Retrieved 27 October 2017. NUI Galway became Connacht's Academy and University partner in 2013, and since then 19 Connacht players have graduated, or are about to graduate, from NUI Galway including current senior squad members Denis Buckley, Eoin Griffin, Eoin McKeon, Andrew Browne, Dave Heffernan, Jack Carty, Darragh Leader, Eoghan Masterson, Seán O'Brien and Conor McKeon.
  67. ^ Siggins, Lorna (26 February 2009). "NUIG withdraws its support for rag week because of 'unruly behaviour'". The Irish Times. Retrieved 26 February 2009.
  68. ^ "International students". Archived from the original on 30 June 2011.
  69. ^ "Ceremony to Mark Naming of Emily Anderson Concert Hall at NUI Galway". NUI Galway News. 14 February 2017. Retrieved 22 March 2017.
  70. ^ "William King". History of NUI Galway, the Science Faculty and associated scientists. Archived from the original on 16 July 2012.
  71. ^ "Prof. Gerard Quinn". Department of the Taoiseach. 3 March 2015.
  72. ^ Mulvihill, Mary (15 February 2011). "The man who 'invented' the electron". Archived from the original on 4 June 2015.
  73. ^ "Melting Pot: An Irish Odyssey". Archived from the original on 24 October 2017.
  74. ^ "Discrimination action involving female NUIG lecturers resolved". The Irish Times. Retrieved 10 February 2020.
  75. ^ Employment Equality Act, 1998, section 6
  76. ^ a b "Academic Ranking of World Universities 2017". Academic Ranking of World Universities. 2017.
  77. ^ "National University of Ireland Galway". QS World University Rankings. 2018.
  78. ^ "World University Rankings 2018". Times Higher Education World University Rankings. 2018.
  79. ^ "Academic Ranking of World Universities 2016". Academic Ranking of World Universities. 2016.
  80. ^ "World University Rankings 2018: Ireland". Times Higher Education World University Rankings. 2018.
  81. ^ "NUI Galway is Sunday Times University of the Year for second time".
  82. ^ "NUI Galway secures Sunday Times University of the Year". Cois Coiribe. Autumn 2017. p. 8. NUI Galway has been named 'University of the Year 2018' in the Sunday Times University Guide, securing the prestigious accolade for a third time, having won the inaugural title in 2002 and again in 2009... having the best job prospects of any other Irish university were among the reasons for the award.

External links[edit]