Navarre (Spanish Congress electoral district)

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Navarre
Congress of Deputies
Electoral Constituency
SpanishCongressDistricts(Navarre).png
Location of Navarre within Spain
Province Navarre
Autonomous community Navarre
Population 640,476 (2016)
Electorate 502,530 (2016)
Major settlements Pamplona
Current constituency
Created 1977
Seats 5

Navarre (Spanish: Navarra, Basque: Nafarroa) is one of the 52 constituencies (Spanish: circunscripciones) represented in the Congress of Deputies—the lower chamber of the Spanish parliament, the Cortes Generales—. The constituency elects five deputies. The electoral system uses the D'Hondt method and a closed-list proportional representation, with a minimum threshold of 3%.

Overview[edit]

The constituency was created as per the Political Reform Act 1977 and was first contested in the 1977 general election. The Act provided for the provinces of Spain to be established as multi-member districts for the Congress of Deputies,[1] with this regulation being maintained under Article 68.2 of the Spanish Constitution of 1978. Additionally, Article 141.1 of the Constitution would require for any modification of the provincial limits to be approved under an organic law, needing an absolute majority in the Cortes Generales.[2]

The Spanish electoral system is regulated under the General Electoral System Organic Law 5/1985. Voting is on the basis of universal suffrage, with all nationals over eighteen and in the full enjoyment of all political rights entitled to vote—the only exception being in 1977, when this was limited to nationals over twenty-one and in the full enjoyment of all political and civil rights—. A 2011 amendment to the electoral law required for Spaniards abroad to apply for voting before being permitted to vote, a system known as "requested" or expat vote (Spanish: Voto rogado). Provinces are entitled to an initial minimum of two seats, with additional seats awarded in proportion to population. The number of seats allocated to Navarre is currently set at five. Deputies are elected using the D'Hondt method and a closed list proportional representation, with a threshold of 3% of valid votes—which includes blank ballots—being applied. Parties not reaching the threshold are not taken into consideration for seat distribution.[2][3][4]

Registered parties and federations of parties are allowed to field candidates, as well as party alliances formed within 10 days from the Cortes' dissolution. Additionally, groups of electors—a legal figure in Spain referring to temporary associations of citizens grouped for the sole purpose of contesting a particular election—are required to obtain the signatures of at least 1% of registered voters in the district in order to be able to field candidates. Since 2011, parties, federations of parties and coalitions left out from the Congress in the previous election are also required to obtain the signatures of at least 0.1% of registered voters in the districts they intend to contest. No party, federation, coalition or group of electors may field more than one list of candidates per district for the same election, and member parties of a contesting federation or alliance are barred from fielding their own lists. From 2002—and in compliance with the Political Parties Organic Law 6/2002—fielded candidates are also forbidden from continuing or succeeding the activities of judicially illegalized, dissolved, or suspended political parties.[3]

Deputies[edit]

Deputies for Navarre 1977–
Legislature Election Distribution
Constituent 1977
2 3
1st 1979
1 3 1
2nd 1982
3 2
3rd 1986
1 2 2
4th 1989
2 3
5th 1993
2 3
6th 1996
1 2 2
7th 2000
2 3
8th 2004
1 2 2
9th 2008
1 2 2
10th 2011
1 1 1 2
11th 2015
2 1 2
12th 2016
2 1 2

Elections[edit]

2016 general election[edit]

NavarreMunicipalMapCongress2016.png
Summary of the 26 June 2016 Congress of Deputies election results in Navarre
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Navarrese People's UnionPeople's Party (UPN–PP) 106,976 31.90 +2.96 2 ±0
United We Can (PodemosIUeQuoBatzarre)1 94,972 28.32 +1.23 2 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 58,173 17.35 +1.83 1 ±0
Basque Country Unite (EH Bildu) 31,374 9.36 –0.53 0 ±0
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (C's) 20,505 6.11 –0.96 0 ±0
Yes to the Future (GBai) 14,343 4.28 –4.39 0 ±0
Blank ballots 3,468 1.03 –0.02
Total 335,335 100.00 5 ±0
Valid votes 335,335 99.00 –0.13
Invalid votes 3,385 1.00 +0.13
Votes cast / turnout 338,720 67.40 –3.53
Abstentions 163,810 32.60 +3.53
Registered voters 502,530
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2015 general election[edit]

NavarreMunicipalMapCongress2015.png
Summary of the 20 December 2015 Congress of Deputies election results in Navarre
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Navarrese People's UnionPeople's Party (UPN–PP) 102,244 28.94 –9.27 2 ±0
We Can (Podemos) 81,216 22.98 New 2 +2
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 54,856 15.52 –6.50 1 ±0
Basque Country Unite (EH Bildu) 34,939 9.89 –4.97 0 –1
Yes to the Future (GBai) 30,642 8.67 –4.14 0 –1
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (C's) 24,969 7.07 New 0 ±0
United LeftAssemblyPopular Unity in Common (IU–B–UPeC) 14,528 4.11 –1.40 0 ±0
Blank ballots 3,714 1.05 –0.98
Total 353,348 100.00 5 ±0
Valid votes 353,348 99.13 +0.72
Invalid votes 3,114 0.87 –0.72
Votes cast / turnout 356,462 70.93 +2.02
Abstentions 146,058 29.07 –2.02
Registered voters 502,520
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2011 general election[edit]

NavarreMunicipalMapCongress2011.png
Summary of the 20 November 2011 Congress of Deputies election results in Navarre
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Navarrese People's UnionPeople's Party (UPN–PP) 126,516 38.21 –1.01 2 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 72,892 22.02 –12.74 1 –1
Amaiur (Amaiur) 49,208 14.86 New 1 +1
Yes to the Future (GBai)1 42,415 12.81 –5.58 1 ±0
Left: Plural Left (I–E) 18,251 5.51 +2.24 0 ±0
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 6,829 2.06 +1.29 0 ±0
Equo (eQuo) 3,656 1.10 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 6,707 2.03 +0.56
Total 331,085 100.00 5 ±0
Valid votes 331,085 98.41 –0.90
Invalid votes 5,355 1.59 +0.90
Votes cast / turnout 336,440 68.91 –3.15
Abstentions 151,771 31.09 +3.15
Registered voters 488,211
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2008 general election[edit]

NavarreMunicipalMapCongress2008.png
Summary of the 9 March 2008 Congress of Deputies election results in Navarre
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Navarrese People's UnionPeople's Party (UPN–PP) 133,059 39.22 +1.62 2 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 117,920 34.76 +1.21 2 ±0
Navarre Yes (NaBai) 62,398 18.39 +0.41 1 ±0
United Left of Navarre–Alternative (IUN/NEB) 11,098 3.27 –2.59 0 ±0
Blank ballots 5,001 1.47 –0.51
Total 339,230 100.00 5 ±0
Valid votes 339,230 99.31 +3.77
Invalid votes 2,360 0.69 –3.77
Votes cast / turnout 341,590 72.06 –4.16
Abstentions 132,468 27.94 +4.16
Registered voters 474,058
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2004 general election[edit]

NavarreMunicipalMapCongress2004.png
Summary of the 14 March 2004 Congress of Deputies election results in Navarre
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Navarrese People's UnionPeople's Party (UPN–PP) 127,653 37.60 –12.29 2 –1
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 113,906 33.55 +6.23 2 ±0
Navarre Yes (NaBai) 61,045 17.98 New 1 +1
United Left of Navarre (IUN/NEB) 19,899 5.86 –1.75 0 ±0
Democrats' Convergence of Navarre (CDN) 5,573 1.64 –1.22 0 ±0
Blank ballots 6,739 1.98 –1.97
Total 339,508 100.00 5 ±0
Valid votes 339,508 95.54 –3.22
Invalid votes 15,831 4.46 +3.22
Votes cast / turnout 355,339 76.22 +10.15
Abstentions 110,842 23.78 –10.15
Registered voters 466,181
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2000 general election[edit]

NavarreMunicipalMapCongress2000.png
Summary of the 12 March 2000 Congress of Deputies election results in Navarre
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Navarrese People's UnionPeople's Party (UPN–PP) 150,995 49.89 +12.77 3 +1
Spanish Socialist Workers' PartyProgressives (PSOE–p) 82,688 27.32 –2.94 2 ±0
United Left of Navarre (IUN/NEB) 23,038 7.61 –4.84 0 –1
Basque Solidarity (EA) 14,185 4.69 +0.92 0 ±0
Democrats' Convergence of Navarre (CDN) 8,646 2.86 –2.39 0 ±0
Basque Nationalist Party (EAJ/PNV) 6,536 2.16 +1.19 0 ±0
Blank ballots 11,945 3.95 +2.26
Total 302,686 100.00 5 ±0
Valid votes 302,686 98.76 –0.62
Invalid votes 3,808 1.24 +0.62
Votes cast / turnout 306,494 66.07 –7.38
Abstentions 157,398 33.93 +7.38
Registered voters 463,892
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1996 general election[edit]

NavarreMunicipalMapCongress1996.png
Summary of the 3 March 1996 Congress of Deputies election results in Navarre
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Navarrese People's UnionPeople's Party (UPN–PP) 120,335 37.12 +0.99 2 –1
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 98,102 30.26 –4.61 2 ±0
United Left of Navarre (IU/EB) 40,354 12.45 +3.74 1 +1
Popular Unity (HB) 26,451 8.16 –2.21 0 ±0
Democrats' Convergence of Navarre (CDN) 17,020 5.25 New 0 ±0
Basque Solidarity (EA) 12,233 3.77 +0.09 0 ±0
Blank ballots 5,480 1.69 +0.24
Total 324,186 100.00 5 ±0
Valid votes 324,186 99.38 +0.14
Invalid votes 2,015 0.62 –0.14
Votes cast / turnout 326,201 73.45 –0.13
Abstentions 117,893 26.55 +0.13
Registered voters 444,094
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1993 general election[edit]

NavarreMunicipalMapCongress1993.png
Summary of the 6 June 1993 Congress of Deputies election results in Navarre
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Navarrese People's UnionPeople's Party (UPN–PP) 112,228 36.13 +2.95 3 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)1 108,305 34.87 +0.82 2 ±0
Popular Unity (HB) 32,221 10.37 –0.65 0 ±0
United Left (IU/EB) 27,043 8.71 +2.96 0 ±0
Basque Solidarity–Basque Left (EA–EUE) 11,437 3.68 –1.12 0 ±0
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 5,241 1.69 –5.34 0 ±0
The Greens (B/LV) 4,263 1.37 New 0 ±0
Basque Nationalist Party (EAJ/PNV) 3,540 1.14 +0.22 0 ±0
Blank ballots 4,495 1.45 +0.39
Total 310,625 100.00 5 ±0
Valid votes 310,625 99.24 +0.03
Invalid votes 2,374 0.76 –0.03
Votes cast / turnout 312,999 73.58 +5.04
Abstentions 112,388 26.42 –5.04
Registered voters 425,387
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1989 general election[edit]

Summary of the 29 October 1989 Congress of Deputies election results in Navarre
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Navarrese People's UnionPeople's Party (UPN–PP)1 92,216 33.18 +3.55 3 +1
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 86,677 31.19 –4.33 2 ±0
Popular Unity (HB) 30,632 11.02 –2.89 0 –1
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 19,538 7.03 –2.53 0 ±0
United Left (IU) 15,979 5.75 +4.20 0 ±0
Basque Solidarity (EA) 13,342 4.80 New 0 ±0
Basque Country Left (EE) 7,949 2.86 +0.06 0 ±0
Blank ballots 2,960 1.06 +0.07
Total 277,937 100.00 5 ±0
Valid votes 277,937 99.21 +1.19
Invalid votes 2,213 0.79 –1.19
Votes cast / turnout 280,150 68.54 –1.26
Abstentions 128,568 31.46 +1.26
Registered voters 408,718
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1986 general election[edit]

Summary of the 22 June 1986 Congress of Deputies election results in Navarre
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 97,010 35.52 –2.12 2 –1
People's Coalition (APPLUPN)1 80,922 29.63 +4.04 2 ±0
Popular Unity (HB) 37,998 13.91 +2.25 1 +1
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 26,106 9.56 +5.44 0 ±0
Basque Country Left (EE) 7,645 2.80 –0.02 0 ±0
Democratic Reformist Party (PRD) 5,481 2.01 New 0 ±0
Basque Nationalist Party (EAJ/PNV) 4,935 1.81 –3.68 0 ±0
United Left (IU)2 4,244 1.55 +0.83 0 ±0
Blank ballots 2,712 0.99 +0.36
Total 273,152 100.00 5 ±0
Valid votes 273,152 98.02 +0.53
Invalid votes 5,529 1.98 –0.53
Votes cast / turnout 278,681 69.80 –11.53
Abstentions 120,597 30.20 +11.53
Registered voters 399,278
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1982 general election[edit]

Summary of the 28 October 1982 Congress of Deputies election results in Navarre
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 112,186 37.64 +15.74 3 +2
Navarrese People's Union–Alliance–People's Democratic (UPNAPPDP)1 76,255 25.59 +14.42 2 +1
Popular Unity (HB) 34,744 11.66 +2.80 0 ±0
Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD) 31,245 10.48 –22.45 0 –3
Basque Nationalist Party (EAJ/PNV) 16,363 5.49 –2.93 0 ±0
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 12,278 4.12 New 0 ±0
Basque Country Left–Left for Socialism (EE) 8,399 2.82 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 1,885 0.63 +0.31
Total 298,011 100.00 5 ±0
Valid votes 298,011 97.49 –0.95
Invalid votes 7,682 2.51 +0.95
Votes cast / turnout 305,693 81.33 +10.67
Abstentions 70,153 18.67 –10.67
Registered voters 375,846
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1979 general election[edit]

Summary of the 1 March 1979 Congress of Deputies election results in Navarre
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD) 83,302 32.93 +3.90 3 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)1 55,399 21.90 –1.83 1 –1
Navarrese People's Union (UPN) 28,248 11.17 New 1 +1
Popular Unity (HB) 22,425 8.86 New 0 ±0
Basque Nationalist Party (EAJ/PNV)2 21,305 8.42 +1.43 0 ±0
Carlist Party (PC) 19,522 7.72 +4.45 0 ±0
Navarrese Left Union (UNAI)3 10,970 4.34 –10.24 0 ±0
Communist Party of the Basque Country (PCE/EPK) 5,619 2.22 –0.22 0 ±0
Communist MovementOrganization of Communist Left (MC–OIC) 2,962 1.17 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 821 0.32 +0.09
Total 252,992 100.00 5 ±0
Valid votes 252,992 98.44 –0.01
Invalid votes 4,013 1.56 +0.01
Votes cast / turnout 257,005 70.66 –11.58
Abstentions 106,708 29.34 +11.58
Registered voters 363,713
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1977 general election[edit]

Summary of the 15 June 1977 Congress of Deputies election results in Navarre
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD) 75,036 29.03 3
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 54,720 21.17 2
Navarrese Left Union (UNAI) 24,489 9.47 0
Navarrese Foral Alliance (AFN) 21,900 8.47 0
Navarrese Autonomist Union (PNVANVESB) 18,079 6.99 0
Workers' Electoral Group (AET) 13,195 5.11 0
Independent Navarrese Front (FNI) 10,606 4.10 0
Christian Democracy FederationChristian Democracy Team (FDC–EDC) 10,450 4.04 0
Montejurra–Federalism–Self-Management (MFA) 8,451 3.27 0
Democratic Left Front (FDI) 6,631 2.57 0
People's Socialist PartySocialist Unity (PSP–US) 6,629 2.56 0
Communist Party of Spain (PCE) 6,319 2.44 0
Front for Workers' Unity (FUT) 1,361 0.53 0
Blank ballots 598 0.23
Total 258,464 100.00 5
Valid votes 258,464 98.45
Invalid votes 4,058 1.55
Votes cast / turnout 262,522 82.24
Abstentions 56,700 17.76
Registered voters 319,222
Source: Ministry of the Interior

References[edit]

  1. ^ Political Reform Act of 1977, Law No. 1 of January 4, 1977 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 27 December 2016.
  2. ^ a b Spanish Constitution of 1978, December 29, 1978 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 27 December 2016.
  3. ^ a b General Electoral System Organic Law of 1985, Organic Law No. 5 of June 19, 1985 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 28 December 2016.
  4. ^ "Congress Functions". congreso.es. Retrieved 23 March 2017. 

Coordinates: 42°49′N 1°39′W / 42.817°N 1.650°W / 42.817; -1.650