Nodular fasciitis

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Nodular fasciitis
Nodular fasciitis - high mag.jpg
Micrograph of nodular fasciitis showing the haphazard arrangement of cells (tissue culture-like pattern). H&E stain.
Specialty Rheumatology Edit this on Wikidata

Nodular fasciitis, also known as nodular pseudosarcomatous fasciitis,[1] pseudosarcomatous fasciitis,[2] and subcutaneous pseudosarcomatous fibromatosis,[1]:992 is a benign[3] soft tissue lesion most commonly found in the superficial fascia. The lesion commonly occurs in the first three decades of life. Upper extremities and trunk are the most common affected anatomical areas. Previous history of trauma may be present. Clinically and histologically, nodular fasciitis may be mistaken for a sarcoma.[1]

Cause and clinical course[edit]

Until recently, nodular fasciitis have been considered a reactive process of uncertain cause.[4] However, recent findings indicate that nodular fasciitis is a self-limited clonal neoplastic process (see below). Clinically, nodular fasciitis presents as a subcutaneous "growth" over a period of 3–6 weeks that eventually regresses. The lesion usually reaches a size of 2–3 cm. Larger lesions are unusual. Local recurrence has been described after simple surgical excision but it is rare.

Histology[edit]

  • Histologically vast array of patterns.
  • Short S-shaped fascicles, inflammation, accelerated mitotic index with normal mitoses.
  • Essentially spindle cell proliferation.
  • Stroma is rich in collagen and/or myxoid ground substance.

Treatment[edit]

Surgical excision is usually curative. Intralesional application of steroids has been used to induce regression. Because recurrence is rare, even when there is incomplete excision, in case of recurrence initial diagnosis of nodular fasciitis should be revisited.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Freedberg IM, Eisen AZ, Wolff K, Austen KF, Goldsmith LA, Katz SI, eds. (2003). Fitzpatrick's Dermatology in General Medicine. 1–2. New York: McGraw-Hill. pp. 3328 pages. ISBN 978-0-07-138076-8. 
  2. ^ Rapini RP, Bolognia JL, Jorizzo JL (2007). Dermatology: 2-Volume Set. St. Louis: Mosby. ISBN 1-4160-2999-0. 
  3. ^ Sailon AM, Cappuccino G, Hameed M, Fleegler EJ (July 2008). "Nodular fasciitis of the hand over the metacarpophalangeal joint: a case report". Eplasty. 8: e38. PMC 2491338Freely accessible. PMID 18725954. 
  4. ^ Oliveira AM, Chou MM (January 2014). "USP6-induced neoplasms: the biologic spectrum of aneurysmal bone cyst and nodular fasciitis". Human Pathology. 45 (1): 1–11. doi:10.1016/j.humpath.2013.03.005. PMID 23769422. 
  5. ^ Horvai TE, Link TM (2012). Bone and soft tissue pathology (1st ed.). Philadelphia, Pa.: Elsevier/Saunders. ISBN 978-1-4377-2520-9. 

External links[edit]

Classification