North Carolina Polytechnic Academy

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Commandant's House
COMMANDANT'S HOUSE, HILLSBOROUGH, ORANGE COUNTY.jpg
Commandant's House, March 2007
North Carolina Polytechnic Academy is located in North Carolina
North Carolina Polytechnic Academy
North Carolina Polytechnic Academy is located in the US
North Carolina Polytechnic Academy
Location Barracks Rd., Hillsborough, North Carolina
Coordinates 36°4′19″N 79°7′22″W / 36.07194°N 79.12278°W / 36.07194; -79.12278Coordinates: 36°4′19″N 79°7′22″W / 36.07194°N 79.12278°W / 36.07194; -79.12278
Area 2 acres (0.81 ha)
Built c. 1860 (1860)
Architectural style Gothic Revival, Gothic Revival Castellated
NRHP Reference # 72000981[1]
Added to NRHP November 9, 1972

North Carolina Polytechnic Academy, founded as Hillsborough Military Academy and also known as North Carolina Military Academy, was a school in Hillsborough, North Carolina. Col. Charles C. Tew CSA founded Hillsborough Military Academy. He was later killed in action at Battle of Antietam in 1862 on the eve of his promotion to brigadier general.[2] Architect John A. Kay designed the Hillsborough Military Academy barracks building and commandant's house. Edmund Strudwick was the doctor for the Hillsborough Military Academy in the 1860s and cared for soldiers wounded in the Civil War at his home nearby.[3]

The commandant's house is a two-story, roughly square, castellated brick building in the Gothic Revival style. It is three bays wide and three bays deep and has rectangular turrets at each corner.[4]

After the war the school was run by Colonel White and then General Raleigh E. Colston. The curriculum was revised in 1867 to include civil courses. The North Carolina state legislature changed the name to the North Carolina Military and Polytechnic Academy and established a program in which eight students could attend the school free of charge in return for two years of teaching in the state. This last reincarnation of the Military Academy was a failure and General Colston relocated to Wilmington, North Carolina in 1868.[5]

In 1872 Paul C. Cameron purchased the Academy buildings and in 1874 convinced James H. Horner of the Horner School and Ralph H. Graves of the Graves School in Oxford, North Carolina to "remove to the Military Academy buildings".[5] The new school also failed two years later due to the illness of Horner and the death of Graves.[5]

The Cameron family sold the property to the Farmers’ Alliance in 1895 and it was sold to a developer in 1919. The barracks and outbuildings were dismantled and the bricks used the construction of other buildings. The headquarters building became part of the National Register of Historic Places in 1972 and became a private residence known as the "Commandant’s House" while the academy's chapel remains in use as a parish of The United Episcopal Church of North America.[1][5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  2. ^ Col. Charles Courtenay Tew, Second Regiment, North Carolina State troops COURTENAY FAMILY LOSSES IN THE WAR BETWEEN THE STATES
  3. ^ The Hillsborough Military Academy
  4. ^ Survey and Planning Unit Staff (March 1972). "Commandant's House" (pdf). National Register of Historic Places - Nomination and Inventory. North Carolina State Historic Preservation Office. Retrieved 2015-02-01. 
  5. ^ a b c d North Carolina Polytechnic Academy Gone But Not Forgotten; North Carolina's Educational Past University of North Carolina Libraries

Further reading[edit]

  • Image of the school in "North Carolina Military and Polytechnic Academy," in the North Carolina Military and Polytechnic Academy Ephemera Collection, North Carolina Collection, Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. VC378.9 M67 Military.
  • Jean B. Anderson North Carolina Military Academy In Encyclopedia of North Carolina, ed. by William S. Powell. Chapel Hill, N.C.: University of North Carolina Press, 2006. 820-821 pp.
  • Charles Lee. Smith The History of Education in North Carolina Washington: Government Printing Office, 1888. 138 p.
  • Photographs of Hillsborough Military Academy in the North Carolina State Archives, Office of Archives and History Photograph Collection Series. Box: Photographs Received 1958. Folder: Photographs Received in September, 1958. Call number: N.58.9.6.
  • View of Hillsborough Military Academy, Hillsborough, ca. 1860 in the North Carolina State Archives, Office of Archives and History Photograph Collection Series. Box: Photographs Received 1992. Folder: Photographs Received in September, 1992. Call number: N.92.9.17.
  • Copy of the letterhead of Hillsborough Military Academy from a letter dated August 8, 1865 to Vance from William M. Gordon in the North Carolina State Archives, Office of Archives and History Photograph Collection Series. Box: Photographs Received 1986. Folder: Photographs Received in June, 1986. Call number: N.86.6.49.