Omega Andromedae

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Omega Andromedae
Diagram showing star positions and boundaries of the Andromeda constellation and its surroundings
Cercle rouge 100%.svg
Location of ω Andromedae (circled)
Observation data
Epoch J2000      Equinox J2000
Constellation Andromeda
Right ascension 01h 27m 39.38177s[1]
Declination +45° 24′ 24.0727″[1]
Apparent magnitude (V) +4.83[2][3]
Characteristics
Spectral type F5 IVe[4] or F3 V + F5 V[5]
U−B color index +0.00[3]
B−V color index +0.42[3]
Astrometry
Radial velocity (Rv)+14.7[2] km/s
Proper motion (μ) RA: +356.99[1] mas/yr
Dec.: –109.40[1] mas/yr
Parallax (π)34.94 ± 0.31[1] mas
Distance93.3 ± 0.8 ly
(28.6 ± 0.3 pc)
Absolute magnitude (MV)+2.57[2]
Details
ω And A
Mass0.963±0.049[5] M
Radius2.2[6] R
Luminosity7.1[7] L
Temperature6,628[7] K
Metallicity [Fe/H]–0.16[2] dex
Rotational velocity (v sin i)57.1[8] km/s
Age2.1[2] Gyr
ω And B
Mass0.860±0.051[5] M
Other designations
48 Andromedae, BD+44°307, FK5 1040, HD 8799, HIP 6813, HR 417, SAO 37228.[4]
Database references
SIMBADdata

Omega Andromedae (ω And, ω Andromedae) is the Bayer designation for a binary star[9] system in the northern constellation of Andromeda. Based upon parallax measurements made during the Hipparcos mission, this system is located at a distance of approximately 93.3 light-years (28.6 parsecs) from Earth. The apparent visual magnitude of Omega Andromedae is +4.83,[2] which makes it bright enough to be seen with the naked eye.

The primary component of this system has a stellar classification of F5 IVe.[4] The IV luminosity class indicates that it is probably a subgiant star that is in the process of evolving away from the main sequence as the supply of hydrogen at its core becomes exhausted. However, Abt (1985) gives a classification of F3 V, suggesting it is an F-type main sequence star.[5] The measured angular diameter of the primary star is 0.70 ± 0.03 mas.[10] At the estimated distance of this system, this yields a physical size of about 2.2 times the radius of the Sun.[6] It is emitting about seven times the luminosity of the Sun from its outer atmosphere at an effective temperature of 6,628 K.[7] This heat gives it the yellow-white hued glow of an F-type star.[11]

In 2008, the companion star was resolved using adaptive optics at the Lick Observatory. Subsequent observations showed the magnitude difference between the two stars is 3.65 ± 0.03 and they are separated by 0.669 arcseconds.[9] Abt (1985) lists the class as F5 V.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e van Leeuwen, F. (November 2007), "Validation of the new Hipparcos reduction", Astronomy and Astrophysics, 474 (2): 653–664, arXiv:0708.1752, Bibcode:2007A&A...474..653V, doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20078357.
  2. ^ a b c d e f Nordström, B.; et al. (May 2004), "The Geneva-Copenhagen survey of the Solar neighbourhood. Ages, metallicities, and kinematic properties of ˜14 000 F and G dwarfs", Astronomy and Astrophysics, 418: 989–1019, arXiv:astro-ph/0405198, Bibcode:2004A&A...418..989N, doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20035959.
  3. ^ a b c Johnson, H. L.; et al. (1966), "UBVRIJKL photometry of the bright stars", Communications of the Lunar and Planetary Laboratory, 4 (99), Bibcode:1966CoLPL...4...99J.
  4. ^ a b c "ome And". SIMBAD. Centre de données astronomiques de Strasbourg. Retrieved 2012-06-26.
  5. ^ a b c d e Farrington, C. D.; et al. (September 2014), "Separated Fringe Packet Observations with the CHARA Array. II. ω Andromeda, HD 178911, and ξ Cephei", The Astronomical Journal, 148 (3): 8, arXiv:1407.0639, Bibcode:2014AJ....148...48F, doi:10.1088/0004-6256/148/3/48, 48.
  6. ^ a b Lang, Kenneth R. (2006), Astrophysical formulae, Astronomy and astrophysics library, 1 (3rd ed.), Birkhäuser, ISBN 3-540-29692-1. The radius (R*) is given by:
  7. ^ a b c do Nascimento, J. D., Jr.; et al. (July 2003), "On the link between rotation, chromospheric activity and Li abundance in subgiant stars", Astronomy and Astrophysics, 405: 723–731, arXiv:astro-ph/0307196, Bibcode:2003A&A...405..723D, doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20030633.
  8. ^ Schröder, C.; Reiners, A.; Schmitt, J. H. M. M. (January 2009), "Ca II HK emission in rapidly rotating stars. Evidence for an onset of the solar-type dynamo", Astronomy and Astrophysics, 493 (3): 1099–1107, Bibcode:2009A&A...493.1099S, doi:10.1051/0004-6361:200810377.
  9. ^ a b Gladysz, Szymon; Christou, Julian C. (June 2009), "Reference-Less Detection, Astrometry, and Photometry of Faint Companions with Adaptive Optics", The Astrophysical Journal, 698 (1): 28–42, arXiv:0805.1870, Bibcode:2009ApJ...698...28G, doi:10.1088/0004-637X/698/1/28.
  10. ^ Richichi, A.; Percheron, I.; Khristoforova, M. (February 2005), "CHARM2: An updated Catalog of High Angular Resolution Measurements", Astronomy and Astrophysics, 431: 773–777, Bibcode:2005A&A...431..773R, doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20042039
  11. ^ "The Colour of Stars", Australia Telescope, Outreach and Education, Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation, December 21, 2004, retrieved 2012-01-16.

External links[edit]