Phi Andromedae

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Phi Andromedae
Andromeda stars.png
Location of φ Andromedae (upper left).
Observation data
Epoch J2000      Equinox J2000
Constellation Andromeda
Right ascension 01h 09m 30.12562s[1]
Declination +47° 14′ 30.4594″[1]
Apparent magnitude (V) 4.25[2] (4.46/6.06)[3]
Spectral type B7 Ve[4] + B9 V[3]
U−B color index –0.34[2]
B−V color index –0.07[2]
R−I color index –0.05
Radial velocity (Rv) –0.1[5] km/s
Proper motion (μ) RA: +4.05[1] mas/yr
Dec.: –12.43[1] mas/yr
Parallax (π) 4.55 ± 0.60[1] mas
Distance approx. 720 ly
(approx. 220 pc)
Companion φ And B
Period (P) 554.3 ± 67.1y yr
Semi-major axis (a) 0.573 ± 0.051"
Eccentricity (e) 0.385 ± 0.043
Inclination (i) 142.2 ± 2.8°
Longitude of the node (Ω) 337.2 ± 3.2°
Periastron epoch (T) 17,740 ± 1,837 HMJD
Argument of periastron (ω)
112.6 ± 9.1°
φ And A
Rotational velocity (v sin i) 75[7] km/s
Age 63.1 ± 13.7[8] Myr
Other designations
42 Andromedae, ADS 940, BD+46 275, HD 6811, HIP 5434, HR 335, SAO 36972.[9]
Database references
Database references

Phi Andromedae (φ Andromedae, φ And) is the Bayer designation for a binary star[3] system near the border of the northern constellation of Andromeda. This system has a combined apparent visual magnitude of 4.25[2] and is visible to the naked eye. Based upon parallax measurements made during the Hipparcos mission, this star system is located at a distance of about 720 light-years (220 parsecs) from Earth.[1] With χ And it forms the Chinese asterism 軍南門 (Keun Nan Mun, Mandarin jūnnánmén), "the South Gate of the Camp".[10][11]


The 4.46[3] magnitude primary component is a Be star with a stellar classification of B7 Ve, indicating that it is a B-type main sequence star that shows prominent emission lines of hydrogen in its spectrum. These emission lines come from a flattened disk of hot, decreated gas that is orbiting the host star.[4] The star is rotating rapidly with a projected rotational velocity of 75 km/s.[7] The pole of the star is inclined around 20° to the line of sight from the Earth.[4]

The 6.06 magnitude companion star is a B-type main sequence star with a classification of B9 V. On average the two stars are separated by about 0.6 arcseconds and have an orbital period of roughly 554 years. Based upon their orbital elements, the system has a combined mass of around 6.5 ± 2.8[6] times the mass of the Sun.


  1. ^ a b c d e f van Leeuwen, F. (November 2007), "Validation of the new Hipparcos reduction", Astronomy and Astrophysics, 474 (2): 653–664, arXiv:0708.1752free to read, Bibcode:2007A&A...474..653V, doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20078357. 
  2. ^ a b c d Johnson, H. L.; et al. (1966), "UBVRIJKL photometry of the bright stars", Communications of the Lunar and Planetary Laboratory, 4 (99), Bibcode:1966CoLPL...4...99J. 
  3. ^ a b c d Eggleton, P. P.; Tokovinin, A. A. (September 2008), "A catalogue of multiplicity among bright stellar systems", Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 389 (2): 869–879, arXiv:0806.2878free to read, Bibcode:2008MNRAS.389..869E, doi:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2008.13596.x. 
  4. ^ a b c Silaj, J.; et al. (March 2010), "A Systematic Study of Hα Profiles of Be Stars", The Astrophysical Journal Supplement, 187 (1): 228–250, Bibcode:2010ApJS..187..228S, doi:10.1088/0067-0049/187/1/228. 
  5. ^ Wilson, Ralph Elmer (1953), General catalogue of stellar radial velocities, Carnegie Institution of Washington, Bibcode:1953GCRV..C......0W . Accessed 2007-05-14.
  6. ^ a b Muterspaugh, Matthew W.; et al. (December 2010), "The Phases Differential Astrometry Data Archive. II. Updated Binary Star Orbits and a Long Period Eclipsing Binary", The Astronomical Journal, 140 (6): 1623–1630, arXiv:1010.4043free to read, Bibcode:2010AJ....140.1623M, doi:10.1088/0004-6256/140/6/1623. 
  7. ^ a b Abt, Helmut A.; Levato, Hugo; Grosso, Monica (July 2002), "Rotational Velocities of B Stars", The Astrophysical Journal, 573 (1): 359–365, Bibcode:2002ApJ...573..359A, doi:10.1086/340590. 
  8. ^ Tetzlaff, N.; Neuhäuser, R.; Hohle, M. M. (January 2011), "A catalogue of young runaway Hipparcos stars within 3 kpc from the Sun", Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 410 (1): 190–200, arXiv:1007.4883free to read, Bibcode:2011MNRAS.410..190T, doi:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2010.17434.x. 
  9. ^ "phi And -- Star", SIMBAD Astronomical Object Database, Centre de Données astronomiques de Strasbourg, retrieved 2012-06-25. 
  10. ^ Allen, R. H. (1899), Star-names and Their Meanings, New York: G. E. Stechart, p. 39. 
  11. ^ In Chinese literature, φ Andromedae is stand alone in the asterism and χ Andromeda is member of Tien Ta Tseang (Heaven's Great General) asterism, see (Chinese) AEEA (Activities of Exhibition and Education in Astronomy) 天文教育資訊網 2006 年 7 月 9 日 and (Chinese) AEEA (Activities of Exhibition and Education in Astronomy) 天文教育資訊網 2006 年 7 月 10 日

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