Ossian, Indiana

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Town of Ossian, Indiana
Town
Motto: "Handed Down From Generation To Generation"
Location of Ossian in the state of Indiana
Location of Ossian in the state of Indiana
Coordinates: 40°52′50″N 85°10′6″W / 40.88056°N 85.16833°W / 40.88056; -85.16833Coordinates: 40°52′50″N 85°10′6″W / 40.88056°N 85.16833°W / 40.88056; -85.16833
Country United States
State Indiana
County Wells
Township Jefferson
Area[1]
 • Total 1.44 sq mi (3.73 km2)
 • Land 1.43 sq mi (3.70 km2)
 • Water 0.01 sq mi (0.03 km2)
Elevation[2] 797 ft (256 m)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 3,289
 • Estimate (2012[4]) 3,296
 • Density 2,300.0/sq mi (888.0/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 46777
Area code(s) 260
FIPS code 18-57168[5]
GNIS feature ID 440726
Website http://www.ossianin.com/

Ossian is a town in Jefferson Township, Wells County, Indiana, United States.[6] The town was named after Ossian, the narrator of a cycle of epic poems by the Scottish poet James Macpherson.[7] The population was 3,289 at the 2010 census.

Geography[edit]

Ossian is located at 40°52′50″N 85°10′6″W / 40.88056°N 85.16833°W / 40.88056; -85.16833 (40.880447, -85.168369).[8]

According to the 2010 census, Ossian has a total area of 1.44 square miles (3.73 km2), of which 1.43 square miles (3.70 km2) (or 99.31%) is land and 0.01 square miles (0.03 km2) (or 0.69%) is water.[1]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 522
1900 529
1910 661 25.0%
1920 724 9.5%
1930 788 8.8%
1940 784 −0.5%
1950 761 −2.9%
1960 1,108 45.6%
1970 1,538 38.8%
1980 1,945 26.5%
1990 2,428 24.8%
2000 2,943 21.2%
2010 3,289 11.8%
Est. 2015 3,341 [9] 1.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[10]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 3,289 people, 1,287 households, and 909 families residing in the town. The population density was 2,300.0 inhabitants per square mile (888.0/km2). There were 1,385 housing units at an average density of 968.5 per square mile (373.9/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 97.4% White, 0.2% African American, 0.1% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 0.8% from other races, and 1.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.4% of the population.

There were 1,287 households of which 37.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.1% were married couples living together, 11.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.9% had a male householder with no wife present, and 29.4% were non-families. 25.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 2.98.

The median age in the town was 37.4 years. 26% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 25.7% were from 25 to 44; 25.2% were from 45 to 64; and 15.2% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 47.6% male and 52.4% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 2,943 people, 1,130 households, and 807 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,972.0 people per square mile (762.6/km²). There were 1,168 housing units at an average density of 782.6 per square mile (302.7/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.44% White, 0.14% African American, 0.10% Native American, 0.14% Asian, 0.44% from other races, and 0.75% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.16% of the population.

There were 1,130 households out of which 38.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.9% were married couples living together, 10.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.5% were non-families. 25.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 3.04.

In the town the population was spread out with 28.4% under the age of 18, 7.9% from 18 to 24, 29.8% from 25 to 44, 18.9% from 45 to 64, and 14.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 91.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.4 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $45,449, and the median income for a family was $54,188. Males had a median income of $36,875 versus $25,682 for females. The per capita income for the town was $18,925. About 3.0% of families and 4.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.2% of those under age 18 and 11.0% of those age 65 or over.

History[edit]

The Ossian post office has been in operation since 1850.[11] In 1843, Indiana State Road 1 was made serviceable from Fort Wayne to Bluffton. On January 25, 1850, the Fort Wayne and Bluffton Plank Road Company was then organized. The plank road was a toll road; any horse or horse-drawn vehicle had to pay a toll. The Fort Wayne, Cincinnati, & Louisville Railroad was built through Ossian in 1869, though it was not in complete operation until the following year. Today, the railroad is a significant north-south route for the Norfolk Southern Corporation. Ossian is still served by Indiana State Road 1, while four miles north is Interstate 469, the beltway around Fort Wayne, and also just seven miles south of Fort Wayne International Airport.

A 25-foot tall grain silo was painted to look like a minion from the Despicable Me movie on a nearby rural farm in 2016. A Vietnam War veteran mentioned the idea to his family and when he died at 73, family and friends painted it as a way to honor his memory. The grain silo soon became popular with people stopping by to view it from the road and was picked up by national news.[12][13]

Economy[edit]

Ossian has always been an industrial town. The businesses of yesterday have given way to modern establishments in recent decades. The town industrial park is home to engineering and manufacturing companies producing materials such as tool and die, plastic gas tanks and import of bath fixtures. Ossian is also surrounded by agriculture, the most important piece of Indiana's economy.

Education[edit]

Northern Wells Community Schools serves northern Wells County, including the town of Ossian. The district operates four schools; Ossian Elementary, Lancaster Elementary, Norwell Middle School, and Norwell High School. A private school called Bethlehem Lutheran School can be found a few miles Southeast of town.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "G001 - Geographic Identifiers - 2010 Census Summary File 1". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-17. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved 2016-07-06. 
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-11. 
  4. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-25. 
  5. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "Ossian, Indiana". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2016-07-06. 
  7. ^ "History". About Ossian. Town of Ossian. 
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  9. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016. 
  10. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  11. ^ "Wells County". Jim Forte Postal History. Retrieved July 6, 2016. 
  12. ^ Mettler, Katie (June 10, 2016). "The heartbreaking reason a giant Minion stands watch in rural Indiana". Washington Post. Retrieved 12 June 2016. 
  13. ^ "Family Transforms 25-Foot Silo Into Enormous Minion". ABC News. June 10, 2016. Retrieved 12 June 2016. 

External links[edit]