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State stone: Indiana Limestone
Indiana is the 19th U.S. state and is located in the Midwest region of the United States of America. With over six million residents, it is ranked 15th in population and 17th in population density. It is 38th in land area. Indiana is bounded on the north by Lake Michigan and the state of Michigan; on the east by Ohio; on the south by Kentucky, with which it shares the Ohio River as a border; and on the west by Illinois. Indiana is one of the Great Lakes states. As of 2006, Indiana has an estimated population of 6,313,520, which is an increase of 47,501, or 0.8%, from the prior year and an increase of 233,003, or 3.8%, since the year 2000. The total gross state product in 2005 was US$214 billion in 2000 chained dollars. Indiana's per capita income, as of 2005, was US$31,150. The Calumet region of northwest Indiana is the largest steel producing area in the U.S.

Indiana is a diverse state with a few large urban areas and a number of smaller industrial cities. It is best known for the Indianapolis 500 American automobile race, held annually over the Memorial Day weekend, and a strong basketball tradition, often called Hoosier Hysteria. Residents of Indiana are called Hoosiers. The state's name means "Land of the Indians" and Angel Mounds State Historic Site, one of the best preserved prehistoric Native American sites in the United States, can be found in southern Indiana.

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Indiana University Student Building (right)
Indiana University is the flagship campus of the Indiana University system. It is also known as "Indiana University Bloomington," "Indiana," or simply IU, and is located in Bloomington, Indiana.

IU has 110 academic programs ranked in the nation's top 20. Twenty-nine graduate programs and four colleges at Indiana University are ranked among the top 25 in the country in the US News & World Report's Best Graduate Schools 2001-2002. Time magazine named Indiana University its "2001 College of the Year" among major research universities. Newsweek named Indiana University "the hottest big state school in the nation" in 2005. Indiana is one of 60 members of the Association of American Universities, the leading American research universities. According to The Public Ivies: America's Flagship Public Universities (2001) by Howard and Matthew Greene, Indiana University is one of America's "Public Ivy" institutions of higher education, defined by the authors as a public institution that "provides an Ivy League collegiate experience at a public school price." The university's intercollegiate athletic program boasts 25 national championship teams (including seven in soccer, six in swimming and five in basketball) and 133 individual national championships (including 79 in swimming and 31 in track and field).

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Leatherwood Station Covered Bridge


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Sherman Minton's official United States Supreme Court photograph.jpg
Sherman Minton (October 20, 1890 – April 9, 1965) was a Democratic United States Senator from Indiana and an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States. Born in rural southern Indiana, he was impoverished during his youth after his father was disabled and his mother died of breast cancer. He worked to pay his way through high school and went on to attend Indiana University, Yale and the Sorbonne, served as a Captain in World War I, and then launched his legal and political career. After two failed attempts to be elected to the United States House of Representatives, Minton became involved in the administration of Governor of Indiana Paul V. McNutt where he earned a reputation for saving the government and the public money through his oversight of utility regulations. He won election to the United States Senate in 1934. As part of the New Deal Coalition, he was fiercely partisan and championed President Franklin D. Roosevelt's unsuccessful court packing plans in the Senate. After failing to be reelected to the Senate in 1940 and briefly serving as an administrative aid at the White House, he was appointed by Roosevelt to a federal judgeship on the United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit, where he served for eight years and authored over 250 opinions. Minton was nominated by President Harry Truman and confirmed to replace a deceased Justice in 1949, becoming the last member of Congress to be appointed to the Supreme Court. He served on the Supreme Court for seven years where he advocated judicial restraint and opposed judicial activism. Initially a regular supporter of the majority opinions, he became a regular dissenter after the makeup of the court was altered due to the deaths and replacements of three of his fellow jurists. He retired from the court in 1956 due his worsening anemia. Minton was memorialized in southern Indiana when the Sherman Minton Bridge was named in his honor in 1962.

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Downtown Indianapolis
Indianapolis is the capital city of the State of Indiana, and the county seat of Marion County, Indiana. According to the 2000 Census, its population is listed as 791,926, making it Indiana's most populous city, the 13th largest city in the U.S. and the third largest city in the Midwest. A city that has managed to escape a Rust Belt reputation, Indianapolis is well known as a city with a strong sports reputation, having hosted major events such as the 1987 Pan American Games, the NCAA Basketball Tournament and is perhaps most famous for annually hosting the Indianapolis 500. Common nicknames for Indianapolis include the Circle City, Indy, and the Crossroads of America.

State facts

The Hoosier State
The Crossroads of America
Map of the United States with Indiana highlighted
Map of the United States with Indiana highlighted
CountryUnited States
Admitted to the UnionDecember 11, 1816 (19th)
Largest cityIndianapolis
Largest metroIndianapolis-Carmel MSA
 • GovernorEric Holcomb (R) (2017)
 • Lieutenant GovernorSuzanne Crouch (R) (2017)
 • Total36,418 sq mi (94,321 km2)
 • Land35,868 sq mi (92,897 km2)
 • Water550 sq mi (1,424 km2)  1.5%
Area rank38th
 • Length270 mi (435 km)
 • Width140 mi (225 km)
689 ft (210 m)
Highest elevation1,257 ft (383 m)
Lowest elevation320 ft (98 m)
 • Total6,080,485
 • Rank15th
 • Density169.5/sq mi (65.46/km2)
 • Density rank16th
 • Official languageEnglish
USPS abbreviation
ISO 3166 codeUS-IN
LegislatureIndiana General Assembly
 • Upper houseSenate
 • Lower houseHouse of Representatives
U.S. SenatorsTodd Young (R)
Mike Braun (R)
U.S. House delegationList
Latitude37° 46′ N to 41° 46′ N
Longitude84° 47′ W to 88° 6′ W


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"Cupid and Psyche as Children" by William-Adolphe Bouguereau
The only unnatural sex act is that which you cannot perform.


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Coordinates: 40°N 86°W / 40°N 86°W / 40; -86

  1. ^ a b "Elevations and Distances in the United States". U.S Geological Survey. 29 April 2005. Retrieved 2006-11-06.