Owner of a Lonely Heart

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"Owner of a Lonely Heart"
Owner45.jpg
Single by Yes
from the album 90125
B-side"Our Song"
Released8 October 1983 (1983-10-08)
Format
Recorded1983
GenreDance-rock[1]
Length4:27 (Album version)
3:50 (Single version)
LabelAtco
Songwriter(s)
Producer(s)Trevor Horn
Yes singles chronology
"Into the Lens"
(1980)
"Owner of a Lonely Heart"
(1983)
"Leave It"
(1984)
Audio sample
"Owner of a Lonely Heart"
Music video
"Owner of a Lonely Heart" on YouTube

"Owner of a Lonely Heart" is a song by the English progressive rock band Yes. It is the first track and single from their eleventh studio album 90125, released in November 1983. Written primarily by guitarist and singer Trevor Rabin, contributions were made to the final version by singer Jon Anderson, bassist Chris Squire, and producer Trevor Horn.

"Owner of a Lonely Heart" was released in October 1983, as the album's first single. It was a commercial success in the United States, becoming the band's first and only single to reach No. 1 on the Billboard Hot 100 chart and its Hot Mainstream Rock Tracks chart.[2][3] In 1984, the song reached No. 8 in the year-end charts in the US.[4] The single was reissued various times throughout the 1980s and 1990s with different remix versions and B-sides.[5]

The song has been sampled by various artists including Michael Jackson (in his song "D.S."), German pop-group Tic Tac Toe (in their song "Schubidamdam"), Frank Zappa (in live versions of his song "Bamboozled by love") and Max Graham, whose 2005 single reached No. 9 in the UK.[6]

Development[edit]

Origins and demo version[edit]

The song was originally written by Trevor Rabin

The song originated from South African musician, singer-songwriter, and producer Trevor Rabin, in 1979 during his three years living in London. He recalled one morning when he was on toilet, and wrote "the whole thing, from beginning to end".[7][8] Rabin then put down his ideas onto tape using his home equipment which included a 4-track tape machine. One of the recordings consisted of the main verse and chorus riff played on an acoustic guitar with some vocals. A developed version with drums, keyboards, and a complete set of lyrics was completed in 1980. Both recordings were released on Rabin's demo compilation album 90124, in 2003.[9] For the full version, Rabin used the first and second tracks to record the instruments and vocals before mixing the song onto the third. He added: "You would be making decisions based on what was coming, and sometimes those decisions would be wrong – but you couldn't undo them. One of the things, a happy accident, was that all of the brass stabs and those weird things that happen on the record – they were just a product of what happened with the demo".[10]

After relocating to Los Angeles in 1981, Rabin added the song to his collection of demos that he wished to develop for a fourth solo album. Among the record labels that Rabin pitched his work to was Arista Records, but recalled owner Clive Davis rejecting them on the basis of the songs sounding "too strange, and would not be a hit", and suggested that Rabin "write stuff more like Foreigner and then come back. I never did".[11] Rabin then landed a development deal with Geffen Records who introduced Rabin to musicians with the intention of forming Asia, but Rabin declined due to the lack of chemistry and his preference in making a solo album.

Rabin's deal with Geffen ceased in 1982, but an offer from A&R man Ron Fair of RCA Records was the first time Rabin's songs were recognised as potential hits. Rabin said Fair called "Owner of a Lonely Heart" "a game changer" and offered him an album deal on the strength of it. However, Rabin turned it down when he agreed to form a new band with bassist Chris Squire and drummer Alan White of the progressive rock band Yes and make an album, initially under the name Cinema, for Atco Records.[11] Much of the new material derived from Rabin's demos, including "Hold On" and "Changes", and displayed a pop-oriented approach than what Yes had been known for. The group worked with former Yes singer Trevor Horn as their producer.

Development[edit]

By January 1983, most of the backing tracks and vocals for the Cinema album had been recorded, but an additional song was needed. While Rabin was on a toilet break, Horn left his demo tape running and heard his version of "Owner of a Lonely Heart". He disliked Rabin's inclinations toward "American rock" in his songs and its verse lyrics, which he remembered going: "You don't wanna go dancing, you won't even answer the phone. You so scared of romancing, everything you do is alone".[12] However, he recognised the "powerful" introduction with its "snap jump cut" into the main riff, plus its strong chorus hook, as a hit single.[13] "The verses was so awful that I was convinced that if we didn't put loads of whizz, bangs and gags all over the verse that no one would ever listen to it".[14]

Horn recalled pleading to the band to record it on the grounds that they needed a hit single, despite the group's reluctance. Subsequent musical and lyrical changes were then made by Horn and Squire, and for several days the group attempted to perform it. Horn was dissatisfied with the addition of various drum fills and superfluous sections, and suggested they record it "straight and simple" without changing the original riff.[15] Rabin agreed to change his song this way, but wanted to keep the sound levels "very loud" which Horn "was totally into".[9] It took Horn approximately seven months to convince Rabin to rewrite the lyrics. Once Rabin agreed, several versions were produced which included Horn's contribution of the verses including: "Move yourself, you always live your life...", which earned him 15% of the song credit.[16] For the song's opening, Rabin used the same guitar tone that he'd employed on a session he did for Manfred Mann's Earth Band, which involved panning two guitar tracks left and right and aimed for a sound "as heavy as possible".[17]

After the band had produced a satisfactory arrangement, Horn wished to incorporate a drum programmer, which the band, particularly White, strongly objected to at first. Horn prevailed, resulting in Squire and himself programming a drum machine sequence for the song.[18] Rabin tried numerous times for Horn and engineer Gary Langan to retain the heavy drum sound that he had used on the song's demo, but they wanted it changed as it did not suit White's sound or drumming style. Horn wanted to use a drum sound similar to that of Stewart Copeland on Synchronicity (1983) by The Police, and tuned White's snare drum to the key of a high A.[19] Atlantic president Ahmet Ertegun liked a mix that Horn had made, and decreed that Rabin's idea for a big drum sound would not be used.[20] Horn also used a five-second sample of the drum breakdown in "Kool is Back" by jazz and soul group Funk, Inc., itself a cover of "Kool's Back Again" by Kool & the Gang.

The Synclavier synthesiser and sampler was used to replace Rabin's original keyboard parts. On the demo version, the breaks and flourishes were played on a Minimoog synthesiser. Horn wished to keep them in the final song and had them rerecorded on his Fairlight CMI sampler.[21] For the "whizz, bangs and gags" sound effects, he used the Fairlight CMI programmed by J. J. Jeczalik. According to musician Questlove, "Owner of a Lonely Heart" contained the first use of a sample as a breakbeat, as opposed to a sound effect.[22]

In April 1983, former Yes singer Jon Anderson joined the group which resulted in Cinema changing their name to Yes. Anderson recorded his vocals to the songs while changing some of the musical and lyrical content. Horn remembered Anderson disliking the song's new lyrics and his comment: "Well, it's not like 'Send in the Clowns' anyway".[23] He rewrote Horn's lyrics for the second verse which included the line "Watch it now, the eagle in the sky". As a cheeky riposte, Horn and Langan added a gunshot sound effect which immediately followed the verse, thereby "shooting down" the eagle.[24] Anderson's edits earned him a credit for the song. Rabin clarified his view on the breakdown of credit and royalties: "Jon did add to my lyrics in the verses and deserved what he got, as did Chris. One can hear my development of the song on 90124; sound doesn't lie. Trevor Horn being allotted a percentage was a thank you for introducing me to the Synclavier, which is one of the keyboards I used on the song and I had not used before. Also, for the fun we had making it".[11]

In a 1993 interview White confirmed that Horn, rather than Anderson, had sung the chorus vocals on the song.[25] Horn himself has rated "Owner of a Lonely Heart" as one of the best tracks of his career.[26]

Music video[edit]

The song's music video was shown in frequently on MTV,[27] introducing the revamped Yes lineup and sound to a new generation of fans largely unfamiliar with the band's very different earlier work, which had helped to define the genre of progressive rock. The music video was directed by graphic designer Storm Thorgerson[28] who, as part of Hipgnosis, had previously designed the covers for the band's albums Going for the One and Tormato. The video starred actor Danny Webb.

Keyboardist Tony Kaye does not appear in the video as at the time of the video shoot, Eddie Jobson was standing in as the band's keyboardist. Jobson can be seen briefly in a few quick shots, but he was not part of the video's "animal transformation" scene in which the other four band members take part. Ultimately Kaye returned to the lineup, and Jobson never recorded any material with the band.[29]

The video was filmed in London on top of various buildings.

Max Graham also made a remix of this in the mid 2000s.

Personnel[edit]

Chart performance[edit]

Weekly charts (Max Graham vs. Yes remix)[edit]

Chart (2005) Peak
position
Australia (ARIA)[59] 25
Austria (Ö3 Austria Top 40)[60] 56
Belgium (Ultratop 50 Flanders)[61] 33
Denmark (Tracklisten)[62] 12
Finland (Suomen virallinen lista)[63] 10
Germany (Official German Charts)[64] 36
Hungary (Rádiós Top 40)[65] 13
Ireland (IRMA)[66] 17
Netherlands (Single Top 100)[67] 25
Netherlands (Dutch Top 40)[68] 18
Sweden (Sverigetopplistan)[69] 60
Switzerland (Schweizer Hitparade)[70] 49
UK Singles (Official Charts Company)[6] 9

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Yes > Biography". Allmusic. Retrieved 31 August 2012. 'Owner of a Lonely Heart', displaying a stripped-down modern dance-rock sound
  2. ^ a b "Yes Chart History (Hot 100)". Billboard. Retrieved 11 September 2016.
  3. ^ a b "Yes Chart History (Mainstream Rock)". Billboard. Retrieved 11 September 2016.
  4. ^ a b "Volume 96 No. 51, DECEMBER 22. 1984" (PDF). Billboard. New York, NY, USA. 22 December 1984. p. TA-19. Retrieved 11 September 2016.
  5. ^ "Owner of a Lonely Heart". Yes official site. Archived from the original on 4 February 2008. Retrieved 25 December 2006.
  6. ^ a b "Official Singles Chart Top 100". Official Charts Company. Retrieved 11 September 2016.
  7. ^ http://www.muzines.co.uk/articles/the-yes-generation/2222
  8. ^ Weiderhorn, Jon (6 April 2017). "Rock and Roll Hall of Famers Jon Anderson and Trevor Rabin on the Many Faces of Yes". Yahoo!. Retrieved 30 May 2018.
  9. ^ a b Deriso, Nick (15 October 2014). "Exploring the curious legacy of Yes' "Owner of a Lonely Heart"". Something Else! Reviews. Retrieved 2 April 2018.
  10. ^ "Gimme Five: Trevor Rabin on 'Owner of a Lonely Heart', 'Anerley Road', 'Changes'" - article in SomeThing Else by Nick DeRiso, 28 June 2012
  11. ^ a b c "I've bitten my lip for a long time": Trevor Rabin clears the air on Yes' 'Owner of a Lonely Heart' - article in Something Else!, 25 September 2014
  12. ^ Red Bull Music Academy 2011, 1:07:29–1:07:55.
  13. ^ Red Bull Music Academy 2011, 1:06:29–1:07:25.
  14. ^ Red Bull Music Academy 2011, 1:04:44–1:04:54.
  15. ^ Red Bull Music Academy 2011, 1:08:06–1:09:03.
  16. ^ Red Bull Music Academy 2011, 1:11:47–1:12:20.
  17. ^ Molenda, Michael (6 June 2017). "Trevor Rabin: Checking in with the Yes man". Guitar Player. Retrieved 1 April 2018.
  18. ^ Red Bull Music Academy 2011, 1:09:06–1:09:26.
  19. ^ Red Bull Music Academy 2011, 1:09:59–1:10:40.
  20. ^ Red Bull Music Academy 2011, 1:12:50–1:13:00.
  21. ^ Red Bull Music Academy 2011, 1:11:23–1:11:47.
  22. ^ Rhodes, C., & Westwood, R. I. (2008). Critical representations of work and organization in popular culture. London: Routledge. p. 177.
  23. ^ Red Bull Music Academy 2011, 1:12:21–1:12:32.
  24. ^ Red Bull Music Academy 2011, 1:12:32–1:12:50.
  25. ^ a b Alan White interview by Mike Tiano in Notes from the Edge #65, 28 April 1993
  26. ^ "Interviews – Trevor Horn". EOnMusic. 20 September 2016. Retrieved 30 May 2018.
  27. ^ Ruggiero, Bob (21 February 2014). "Ex-Yes Singer Jon Anderson: Fond Memories of Houston's "Space Dome"". Houston Press. Retrieved 10 October 2014.
  28. ^ "R.I.P. Storm Thorgerson, artist behind The Dark Side of the Moon cover". 18 April 2013. Retrieved 15 September 2015.
  29. ^ "Edwin 'Eddie' Jobson: Miscellaneous information". Retrieved 19 December 2009.
  30. ^ Kent, David (1993). Australian Chart Book 1970–1992 (illustrated ed.). St Ives, N.S.W.: Australian Chart Book. p. 345. ISBN 0-646-11917-6.
  31. ^ "Ultratop.be – Yes – Owner of a Lonely Heart" (in Dutch). Ultratop 50. Retrieved 11 September 2016.
  32. ^ "Le Détail par Artiste". InfoDisc (in French). Select "YES" from the artist drop-down menu. Retrieved 11 September 2016.
  33. ^ "The Irish Charts – Search Results – Owner of a Lonely Heart". Irish Singles Chart. Retrieved 11 September 2016.
  34. ^ "Dutchcharts.nl – Yes – Owner of a Lonely Heart" (in Dutch). Single Top 100. Retrieved 11 September 2016.
  35. ^ "Nederlandse Top 40 – week 50, 1983" (in Dutch). Dutch Top 40 Retrieved 11 September 2016.
  36. ^ "Lista Przebojów Programu 3". LP3. Retrieved 11 September 2016.
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  38. ^ "Austriancharts.at – Yes – Owner of a Lonely Heart" (in German). Ö3 Austria Top 40. Retrieved 11 September 2016.
  39. ^ "Radio 2 Top 30" (in Dutch). Top 30. Archived from the original on 28 March 2016. Retrieved 11 September 2016.
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  41. ^ "CHART NUMBER 1411 – Saturday, January 28, 1984". CHUM. Archived from the original on 7 November 2006. Retrieved 7 November 2006.
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  43. ^ "Hit Parade Italia". HitParadeItalia (in Italian). Retrieved 11 September 2016.
  44. ^ "Charts.nz – Yes – Owner of a Lonely Heart". Top 40 Singles. Retrieved 11 September 2016.
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  46. ^ "South African Rock Lists Website SA Charts 1965 – 1989 Acts Y". The South African Rock Encyclopedia. Retrieved 11 September 2016.
  47. ^ Salaverri, Fernando (September 2005). Sólo éxitos: año a año, 1959-2002 (1st ed.). Spain: Fundación Autor-SGAE. ISBN 84-8048-639-2.
  48. ^ "Swedishcharts.com – Yes – Owner of a Lonely Heart". Singles Top 100. Retrieved 11 September 2016.
  49. ^ "Swisscharts.com – Yes – Owner of a Lonely Heart". Swiss Singles Chart. Retrieved 11 September 2016.
  50. ^ "Billboard Jan 21, 1984" (PDF). Billboard. New York, NY, USA. 21 January 1984. p. 45. Retrieved 11 September 2016.
  51. ^ Billboard Adult Contemporary, March 3, 1984
  52. ^ "CASH BOX Top 100 Singles – Week ending JANUARY 21, 1984". Cash Box magazine. Archived from the original on 1 October 2012. Retrieved 11 September 2016.
  53. ^ "Dutch Charts Jaaroverzichten Single 1983". Single Top 100 (in Dutch). Retrieved 11 September 2016.
  54. ^ "Top 100-Jaaroverzicht van 1983". Dutch Top 40 (in Dutch). Retrieved 11 September 2016.
  55. ^ "Top RPM Singles: Issue 9638." RPM. Library and Archives Canada. Retrieved 11 September 2016.
  56. ^ "Top 100 Single-Jahrescharts 1984". GfK Entertainment Charts (in German). Retrieved 11 September 2016.
  57. ^ "Hit Parade Italia - I singoli più venduti del 1984". FIMI (in Italian). Retrieved 11 September 2016.
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  59. ^ "Australian-charts.com – Max Graham vs. Yes – Owner of a Lonely Heart". ARIA Top 50 Singles. Retrieved 11 September 2016.
  60. ^ "Austriancharts.at – Max Graham vs. Yes – Owner of a Lonely Heart" (in German). Ö3 Austria Top 40. Retrieved 11 September 2016.
  61. ^ "Ultratop.be – Max Graham vs. Yes – Owner of a Lonely Heart" (in Dutch). Ultratop 50. Retrieved 11 September 2016.
  62. ^ "Danishcharts.com – Max Graham vs. Yes – Owner of a Lonely Heart". Tracklisten. Retrieved 11 September 2016.
  63. ^ "Max Graham vs. Yes: Owner of a Lonely Heart" (in Finnish). Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland. Retrieved 11 September 2016.
  64. ^ "Offiziellecharts.de – Max Graham vs. Yes – Owner of a Lonely Heart". GfK Entertainment Charts. Retrieved 11 September 2016.
  65. ^ "Archívum – Slágerlisták – MAHASZ" (in Hungarian). Rádiós Top 40 játszási lista. Magyar Hanglemezkiadók Szövetsége. Retrieved 11 September 2016.
  66. ^ "Chart Track: Week 20, 2005". Irish Singles Chart. Retrieved 11 September 2016.
  67. ^ "Dutchcharts.nl – Max Graham vs. Yes – Owner of a Lonely Heart" (in Dutch). Single Top 100. Retrieved 11 September 2016.
  68. ^ "Nederlandse Top 40 – week 25, 2005" (in Dutch). Dutch Top 40 Retrieved 11 September 2016.
  69. ^ "Swedishcharts.com – Max Graham vs. Yes – Owner of a Lonely Heart". Singles Top 100. Retrieved 11 September 2016.
  70. ^ "Swisscharts.com – Max Graham vs. Yes – Owner of a Lonely Heart". Swiss Singles Chart. Retrieved 11 September 2016.

Sources

External links[edit]