Pakke-Kessang district

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Pakke-Kessang district
Kameng River in Pakke Tiger Reserve
Pakke-Kessang district
Location in Arunachal Pradesh
Country India
StateArunachal Pradesh
 • Total1,932 km2 (746 sq mi)
 • Total15,358
 • Density7.9/km2 (21/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Websiteofficial website

Pakke-Kessang is a district located in the state of Arunachal Pradesh in the Northeast of India.[1][2] The district used to be a part of the neighboring district, East Kameng, and was created out of its five southernmost administrative units: Pijerang, Passa Valley, Pakke-Kessang, Dissing Passo and Seijosa. The district headquarters of Pakke-Kessang is located at Lemmi (near Boundary of Papum pare


Pakke-Kessang lies to the south of National Highway 13 (part of the Trans-Arunachal Highway), along the borders of Arunachal Pradesh and Assam. It borders West Kameng to the west, East Kameng to the northwest, Sonitpur and Biswanath to the south, Papum Pare to the southeast and Kra Daadi to the east. Most of the district is part of Nameri National Park[citation needed].

Administrative and political divisions[edit]

Pakke-Kessang is a constituency within the Arunachal Pradesh Legislative Assembly.[citation needed]

Tourist attractions[edit]

The district's numerous foothills are covered in lush greenery, with tourist attractions located in the Passa Valley and Pakke Valley areas. The Passa Valley covers the northern part of the district, from Pijerang to Lumdung and Rilloh, while the Pakke Valley covers the central and southern parts of the district.[citation needed]

Notable attractions in the Pakke-Kessang district include:[4]

Flora and fauna[edit]

A view of the Pakke Tiger Reserve

In 1977, the Pakhui Wildlife Sanctuary was founded Pakke-Kessang. It has an area of 862 km2 (332.8 sq mi).[5]


Seijosa Scenery

Seijosa is a small area within Pakke-Kessang along the Pakke river that is inhabited by the Nyishi, Galo and Puroik people. The Pakke Wildlife Sanctuary is located here. It is popular among tourists as a picnic location. Seijosa was heavily flooded in 2004, but has recovered since. Around the foothills of Seijosa, there are frequent sights of wild elephants, other wild animals, and varieties of birds, specially Hornbills from Pakke Tiger Reserve.[citation needed]


Nyishi People

Based on 2011 census data, the population at that time was 15,358. Scheduled Tribes are 13,646 which is 88.85% of the population.[6] The district is inhabited by various tribes of similar origin but with distinct cultures and beliefs, practicing the Donyi-Polo religion. The most populous of these, the Nyishi, are scattered throughout the entire district. Other tribes, especially the Gallo, Puroik are found in regions near the Pakke, Passa, Papu, Dissing and Passo river.

Since independence, much of the population has relocated to the district capital, Seppa. Festivals such as the Nyokum of the Nyishi, Gumkum-Gumpa of Puroik and Mopin of the Gallo are celebrated in full flair in Pakke Kessang Distt.[citation needed]

Christians were 9,158 which is 59.63% of the population. Other religions (mainly Donyi-Polo) were 3,358 which is 21.86% of the population. Hindus were 2,606 which is 16.97% of the population. Buddhists were 115 which is 0.74% of the population and Muslims are 96 which is 0.63% of the population.[7]


At the time of the 2011 census, 85.05% of the population spoke Nyishi, 2.94% Nepali, 2.53% Adi, 1.59% Bengali, 1.37% Hindi and 1.28% Assamese as their first language.[8]


The Koro is a Tibeto-Burman language spoken by approximately 800–1,200 people in the East Kameng district who live among the Aka (Hruso), but their language is distantly related, with distinct words for basic vocabulary.[9][10] Although it has resemblances to Tani further to the east, it appears to be a separate branch of Tibeto-Burman.[11] Koro is unlike any language in the various branches of the Tibeto-Burman family.[12] Researchers hypothesize it may have originated from a group of people enslaved and brought to the area.[13]

Koro was recognized as a separate language in 2010 by a linguistic team of David Harrison, Gregory Anderson, and Ganesh Murmu while documenting two Hruso languages (Aka and Miji) as part of National Geographic's "Enduring Voices" project.[9] It was noticed by earlier researchers.[14]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Arunachal Assembly Passes Bill For Creation Of 3 New Districts". Retrieved 30 August 2018.
  2. ^ "Arunachal Pradesh gets 25th district called Shi Yomi". Retrieved 16 February 2019.
  3. ^ Arunachal Assembly passes bill for creation of 3 new districts: List of Indian states that took birth post-independence, India Today, 30 Aug 2018.
  4. ^ Tourist places.
  5. ^ Indian Ministry of Forests and Environment. "Protected areas: Arunachal Pradesh". Archived from the original on 23 August 2011. Retrieved 25 September 2011.
  6. ^ District census 2011 - East Kameng
  7. ^ "C-16 Population By Religion - Arunachal Pradesh". Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India.
  8. ^ 2011 Census of India, Population By Mother Tongue
  9. ^ a b Morrison, Dan "'Hidden' Language Found in Remote Indian Tribe". National Geographic Daily News, 5 October 2010. Retrieved 5 October 2010
  10. ^ Schmid, Randolph E. "Researchers find previously undocumented language hidden in small villages in India" Archived 7 October 2010 at the Wayback Machine. Sync Retrieved on 5 October 2010
  11. ^ "In Search for 'Last Speakers', a Great Discovery". National Public Radio. 5 October 2010. Retrieved 6 October 2010.
  12. ^ Khan, Amina (6 October 2010). "Linguists uncover 'hidden' language in north India". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 6 October 2010.
  13. ^ Weise, Elizabeth (6 October 2010). "Linguists discover new language in India". USA Today. Retrieved 6 October 2010.
  14. ^ Ethnologue, "Hruso".[1] (Some sound files)

External links[edit]