Nadia district is mostly alluvial plains lying to the east of Hooghly River, locally known as Bhagirathi. The alluvial plains are cut across by such distributaries as Jalangi, Churni and Ichhamati. With these rivers getting silted up, floods are a recurring feature.
As of 2001[update] India census, Parbbatipur had a population of 7833. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Parbbatipur has an average literacy rate of 77%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 82%, and female literacy is 72%. In Parbbatipur, 9% of the population is under 6 years of age.