Pardine genet

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Pardine genet
Pardine Genet at Wingham Wildlife Park
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Family: Viverridae
Genus: Genetta
Species: G. pardina
Binomial name
Genetta pardina
I. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1832
Pardine Genet area.png
Pardine genet range
Synonyms
  • amer Gray, 1843[2]
  • dubia Matschie, 1902
  • genettoides Temminck, 1853
  • pantherina Hamilton-Smith, 1842

The pardine genet (Genetta pardina), also known as the West African large spotted genet, is a small carnivoran living in West Africa. As it is widely distributed and common, it is listed as Least Concern on the IUCN Red List.[1]

Characteristics[edit]

The pardine genet's fur is yellowish grey with round black spots, which are bigger on the hind legs than on the shoulders. Its head is more reddish, and the muzzle brownish. It has white spots under each eye and below the chin. Its ears are grey. Its tail has six to seven narrow white and six to seven broader black rings. The tip of the tail is black.[3]

Measurements of adult males range from 410 to 553 cm (161 to 218 in) in head and body with a 390 to 490 cm (150 to 190 in) long tail. Adult females range from 410 to 530 cm (160 to 210 in) in head and body with a 420 to 450 cm (170 to 180 in) long tail.[4]

Distribution and habitat[edit]

Pardine genets are distributed from Senegal eastwards to Ghana, where the Volta River is possibly a barrier to dispersal. They live in rainforests, gallery forests, moist woodlands, but also in plantations. They also venture into suburbs.[1]

Ecology and behavior[edit]

Pardine genets are solitary, and active at night. They are very adept at climbing trees.[5]

Threats[edit]

Major threats to pardine genets are not known.[1] Heads and skins of pardine genets have been recorded in local markets in Benin, where they are used as fetish.[5]

In captivity[edit]

Captive pardine genets are currently kept only in the Wingham Wildlife Park in the UK.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Gaubert, P. & Dunham, A. (2008). "Genetta pardina". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. 
  2. ^ Wozencraft, W.C. (2005). "Genetta pardina". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 554–557. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494. 
  3. ^ Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, I. (1832). Genette. Genetta. Cuv. Études Zoologiques. Lequien Fils, Paris.
  4. ^ Gaubert, P. and Dunham, A. E. (2013). Genetta pardina Pardine Genet (West African Large-spotted Genet). In: J. Kingdon and M. Hoffmann (eds.) The Mammals of Africa. V. Carnivores, Pangolins, Equids and Rhinoceroses, pp. 237–238. Bloomsbury, London, UK.
  5. ^ a b Djagoun, C. A. M. S., & Gaubert, P. (2009). Small carnivorans from southern Benin: a preliminary assessment of diversity and hunting pressure. Small Carnivore Conservation 40: 1–10.
  6. ^ "Wingham Wildlife Park Animal A - Z Pardine Genet". Wingham Wildlife Park. 2014. Retrieved 2014-09-07.