Patna University

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Patna University
Patna University.jpg
Latin: Universitas Patna
Type Public
Established 1917
Chancellor D. Y. Patil
Vice-Chancellor Yedla C Simhadri[1]
Location Patna, Bihar, India
25°36′28.77″N 85°10′03.06″E / 25.6079917°N 85.1675167°E / 25.6079917; 85.1675167
Campus Urban
Colours Red and white         
Sports Cricket, Hockey, curling
Nickname PU
Affiliations UGC,

Patna University, the first university in Bihar, was established in 1917 during the British Raj, and is the seventh oldest university of the Indian subcontinent. At that time, the jurisdiction of the university extended to Bihar, Odisha, and the Kingdom of Nepal. The university oversaw examinations for educational institutions ranging from school finals to the postgraduate levels. This continued almost for four decades, until the establishment of the Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, and the Utkal University, Bhubaneshwar.[2]


The university has colleges and institutions that cover areas of study including law, teacher training, science, arts, commerce, medicine and engineering. Since 1974, the university has a Directorate of Distance Education.

Some scholars who contributed to the growth of the University include the Rashtrakavi Ramdhari Singh 'Dinkar', Mahamahopadhyaya Pandit Ram Avatar Sharma, Pandit Nalin Vilochan Sharma, Pandit Devendranath Sharma, Dr. R. K. Sinha and Sir Chandeshwar Prasad Narayan Singh.

Patna College[edit]

Main article: Patna College

Patna College was founded on 9 January 1863.[3] From 1863 to 1917 the college was affiliated to the University of Calcutta. It then became affiliated to the newly founded University of Patna.[4]

After the partition of Bengal in 1905, the first constituent assembly was held in a seminar hall of this college.[5][6]

Patna Science College[edit]

Patna Science College is an institute of higher education in science which began in 1927 as the science department of Patna College. It was formally opened on 15 November 1928 by the then Viceroy, Lord Irwin.[7] As of 2010, the college has five laboratories, in separate buildings, and offers courses in physics, chemistry, botany, zoology, geology, mathematics, statistics and management, as well as vocational courses. Dr Kaveri Ghosh, an alumnus of this college, was Young Scientist Awardee in Life Science in 1992.

It provides three-year B.Sc. (Honours) courses in aforementioned subjects along with M.Sc. course. Earlier, 10+2 courses were available, but these have been discontinued.

It has an in-campus hostel named Newton which was started with college. Other hostels are Faraday, Cavendish, Raman near the college in PU campus. Bhabha is near Rajendra Nagar Stadium. The Girls Hostel is shared with other PU colleges and it is next to college. Students take up residence in nearby private lodges also.

For sports facilities, there is a sports building and three fields.

Each department has its own library as well as its own building. Students have access to the PU library.

The college is between PU main library and NIT, Patna on Ashok Rajpath. Access is by auto, bus and rickshaw from the city.

Bihar College of Engineering[edit]

A survey training school was established in 1886 and this became Bihar School of Engineering in 1900. A graduate level curriculum was introduced in 1924. It was renamed as Bihar College of Engineering in 1932. In 2004 it became known as the National Institute of Technology, Patna as a consequence of a government policy to develop centres of excellence in technical education. At this time it ceased to be affiliated to the university as it gained full autonomy.[8]

College of Arts and Crafts[edit]

The College of Arts and Crafts is an institute for advanced training in visual arts. It was established on 25 January 1939 at Govind Mitra Road, Patna by Radha Mohanjee, with Rajendra Prasad (the first President of India) as one of the original members of its management committee. The state government of Bihar took control of the college in 1949. In 1957 the school moved to a new location at Vidyapati Marg, Patna. In 1972 it was renamed as the College of Arts and Crafts and on 12 April 1977 it became a part of Patna University, at which time its diploma course was converted into degree course.

Bihar National College[edit]

Bihar National College was established in 1889. As of 2010 it is near the Gandhi Maidan. It caters for about 3,500 students following multi-disciplinary courses in science, arts and commerce.[9]

Patna Women's College[edit]

Main article: Patna Women's College

Patna Women's College was founded on 14 September 1940 by Bishop B.J. Sullivan and Mother M. Josephine, the superior general of the Apostolic Carmel. It was the first college for women in the state of Bihar. Originally operating from Sullivan's residence, it relocated to premises at Bailey Road which were given to it by Sir Thomas George Rutherford, governor of Bihar, in 1945. The relocation did not take place until 1948 due to the desire to construct buildings which were in keeping with the High Court which is opposite to the college.[10]

The college is run by the Sisters of the Apostolic Carmel. It was allowed initially to teach up to intermediate level in arts, but in 1941 was accredited to offer degree courses. It became a part of Patna University in 1952. The college has been offering science courses since 1988.

Patna Medical College and Hospital[edit]

Patna Medical College was established in 1925 as the Prince of Wales Medical College. It is on Ashok Rajpath. The college saw a decline in its stature from 1988 to 1998 during the period roughly coinciding with the government of Lalu Prasad Yadav but has recovered since.[citation needed] The hospital has 1,700 beds.[citation needed]

Patna Dental College[edit]

Patna Dental College is an institute for dental science which was established by Dr R. P. Lall on 9 September 1960 in the premises of Patna Medical College and Hospital.

Magadh Mahila College[edit]

Main article: Magadh Mahila College

Magadh Mahila College is one of the best college of East India. It is NAAC Accredited 'A' Grade college of Patna University.

Other institutions[edit]

Patna Training College, Patna Law College, Vanijya Mahavidyala, the Bihar College of Physiotherapy and Occupational Therapy, and the Women’s Training College also form part of the University of Patna.

Notable faculty[edit]

Notable alumni[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^
  2. ^ Mishra, B. K. (17 November 2008). "Other Side Of The Coin". The Times of India. Retrieved 2009-03-28. 
  3. ^ Chaudhary, Uday Narayan (8 January 2012). "Patna College turns 150". The Times of India (Patna). Retrieved 2012-01-29. 
  4. ^ "Patna College". Patna College. Retrieved 2008-01-02. 
  5. ^ Surendra Gopal (1982). Patna in the 19th century: a socio-cultural profile. Naya Prokash. p. 30. Retrieved 24 June 2015. 
  6. ^ Times of India (Firm) (1961). The Times of India directory and year book including who's who. Bennett, Coleman & Co. pp. 1092, 1179, 1197. Retrieved 24 June 2015. 
  7. ^ "Science College’s 85th Foundation Day on Nov 15". The Times of India, Patna. Nov 10, 2011. Retrieved 28 February 2012. 
  8. ^ "About NITP". National Institute of Technology, Patna. Retrieved 2011-02-26. 
  9. ^ "About Us". Bihar National College. 
  10. ^ "College history". Patna Women's College. Retrieved 2011-02-26. 
  11. ^ "India's Ancient Past". Oxford University Press. Retrieved 2011-08-16. 
  12. ^ Jaiswal, Suvira (23 September 2011). "Secular historian". Frontline. Retrieved 2012-02-17. 
  13. ^ Tiwary, K. M. (Autumn 1978). "Tuneful Weeping: A Mode of Communication". Frontiers: A Journal of Women Studies 3 (3): 24–27. JSTOR 3346324. 
  14. ^ Srivastava, Amitabh (24 December 2010). "The new Bihari". India Today. Retrieved 2011-08-16. says Hetukar Jha, former hod of Sociology, Patna University 
  15. ^ Chaudhary, Pranava K.; Jha, Abhay Mohan (3 December 2006). "Historian Papiya Ghosh murder shocks Patna". The Times of India. Retrieved 2011-08-16. 
  16. ^ Sinha, Radha Krishna (2005). An Epitome of English Literature ; A Commemorative Volume in Honour of Dr. R.K. Sinha (A Festschrift). Srishti Publishers & Distributors. p. 18. ISBN 978-81-88575-58-9. 
  17. ^ "Kamat Research Database - Anugrah Narayan Sinha". Retrieved 12 August 2011. 
  18. ^ "Former Speakers". Retrieved 27 April 2012.  External link in |work= (help)
  19. ^ "Welcome to the official website of Rajbhavan, Gangtok, Sikkim". Retrieved 25 August 2011. 
  20. ^
  21. ^ "Bihar: About the Chief Minister". Retrieved 28 August 2011.  External link in |work= (help)
  22. ^ chaudhary, vijay. "wrd minister". Retrieved 12 June 2014. 
  23. ^ "8th Lok Sabha Members Bioprofile". Retrieved 23 April 2012. 
  24. ^ "Lt. Governor:Tejendra Khanna". Govt of National Territory of Delhi. Retrieved 27 December 2012. 

External links[edit]