Nalanda University

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Nalanda University
Nalanda University Logo.gif
TypeCentral University
Established2014 (7 years ago) (2014)
ChancellorVijay P. Bhatkar[1]
Vice-ChancellorProf. Sunaina Singh[2]
Academic staff
30 (2016)[3]
Students130 (2016)[3]
Location, ,

Nalanda University (also known as Nalanda International University) is an international and research-intensive university located in the historical city of Rajgir in Bihar, India. It was established by an Act of Parliament to emulate the famous ancient university of Nalanda, which functioned between the 5th and 13th centuries. The idea to resurrect Nalanda University was endorsed in 2007 at the East Asia Summit, represented mostly by Asian countries including China, Singapore, Japan, Malaysia and Vietnam, apart from Australia and New Zealand, and as such, the university is seen as one of the flagship projects of the Government of India. It has been designated as an "International Institution of National Importance" by the Parliament, and began its first academic session on 1 September 2014. Initially set up with temporary facilities in Rajgir, a modern campus spanning over 160 hectares (400 acres) is expected to be finished by 2020. This campus, upon completion, will be the largest of its kind in India, and one of the largest in Asia.

The first Chancellor of the university was Nobel Laureate Amartya Sen, followed by former Singapore Minister for Foreign Affairs George Yeo. Nalanda is exclusively a graduate school, currently only offering Master's courses, with PhD programmes starting in gradual phases from 2020.

Formation and Construction[edit]

Nalanda University Bill[edit]

On 28 March 2006 the 11th President of India A. P. J. Abdul Kalam proposed the idea while addressing the Joint Session of the Bihar Vidhan Mandal for revival of Nalanda university. The Nalanda University Bill, 2010[4] was passed on 21 August 2010 in Rajya Sabha and 26 August 2010 in Lok Sabha. The bill received Presidential assent on 21 September 2010[5] thereby becoming an Act. The University came into existence on 25 November 2010, when the Act was implemented.

International funding[edit]

Despite the international dimension of the project being repeatedly stressed, the total amount received from the participating countries in the East Asia summit, including Australia, China, Thailand, Laos and Indonesia, is 124.5 million (US$1.7 million). However, out of this total, $1 million promised by the Chinese is earmarked for a Chinese style building on the campus. Surpassing the foreign government contributions, former Chancellor George Yeo's initiative to raise funds from private Singaporeans has led to a pledge of 10 million Singaporean dollars ( 488.9 million) for the library building. Japan promised to finance the construction but has not paid anything. Singapore may not pay for the library, now that Yeo has resigned.[6] Gopa Sabharwal has been appointed the first Vice-Chancellor of this university in February 2011.

It has been estimated that US$500m will be required to build the new facility, with a further US$500m needed to sufficiently improve the surrounding infrastructure. The group is looking for donations from governments, private individuals and religious groups.[7]

The State Government of Bihar handed over 179 hectares (443 acres) of land acquired from local people, to the University, where construction work has begun.[when?] It is a dream project of the Chief Minister of Bihar Nitish Kumar.[8]

Infrastructure and architecture[edit]

For best architectural design, a global competition was held for construction of an international state-of-the-art institution.[9][10] Pritzker Prize laureate BV Doshi's firm, Vastu Shilpa Consultants have been selected as the winner of the design competition with dbHMS providing the triple net-zero energy, water and waste strategic plan.[11]


The academic session of the University started on 1 September 2014 with 15 students in the School of Historical Studies and the School of Ecology and Environmental studies. A hotel operated by Bihar State Tourism Development Corporation in Rajgir would provide initial hostel accommodation.[12]

School of Languages / Humanities[edit]

The School commences its operations with one year Post-Graduate Diploma Programmes in Hindi, Japanese, Chinese and Sanskrit, but it will gradually expand to include other programmes in Indian and foreign languages..

Organisation and administration[edit]


The university's visitor is the President of India. The chancellor and chairperson of the governing board is Vijay Bhatkar. The vice-chancellor is Sunaina Singh. The governing board comprises the chancellor, vice-chancellor, five members from the countries with highest contribution (India, China, Australia, Laos and Thailand), a secretary, two representatives from the Government of Bihar, a representative from the Ministry of Human Resource Development, and three persons in the category of "Renowned Academician or Educationist", Arvind Sharma, Lokesh Chandra and Arvind Panagariya.[13]

Schools and departments[edit]

Currently four schools have been established:

  • School of Historical Studies
  • School of Ecology and Environmental Studies
  • School of Buddhist Studies, Philosophy and Comparative Religion
  • School of Management Studies, MBA in Sustainable Development & Management

The following schools will be started later, in a phased manner:

  • School of Languages and Literature
  • School of International Relations and Peace Studies
  • School of Information Sciences and Technology
  • School of Business Management (Public Policy and Development Studies)[14]


Xuanzang Memorial Hall in Nalanda, Bihar, India.
  • On 9 December 2006, the New York Times detailed a plan to spend $1 billion to revive Nalanda University near the ancient site. A consortium led by Singapore and including China, India, Japan and other nations will attempt to raise $500 million to build a new university and another $500 million to develop necessary infrastructure.[15] The holy relic of Xuanzang, consisting of the skull bone in a crystal casket, was to be moved from Patna Museum to Xuanzang Memorial Hall at Nalanda in a bulletproof case either in January-end or early February 2007.[16]
  • On 28 May 2007, Merinews reported that the revived university's enrolment will be 1,137 in its first year, and 4,530 by the fifth. In the second phase, enrolment will reach 5,812.[17]
  • On 12 June 2007, News Post India reported that the Japanese diplomat Noro Motoyasu said that "Japan will fund the setting up an international university in Nalanda in Bihar." The report goes on to say that "The proposed university will be fully residential, like the ancient seat of learning at Nalanda. In the first phase of the project, seven schools with 46 foreign faculty members and over 400 Indian academics would come up." ... "The university will impart courses in science, philosophy and spiritualism along with other subjects. A renowned international scholar will be its chancellor."[18][19]
  • On 15 August 2007, The Times of India reported that Dr A.P.J. Abdul Kalam had accepted an offer to join the revived Nalanda International University sometime in September 2007.[20][21] But he later dissociated himself from the project.[22][23]
The Prime Minister, Dr. Manmohan Singh with the members of Nalanda Mentor Group led by Prof. Amartya Sen. New Delhi, 2008
  • On 5 May 2008, NDTV reported that, according to Nobel Laureate Amartya Sen, the foundation of the university would likely be in the year 2009 and the first teaching class could begin in a few years from then. Sen, who heads the Nalanda Mentor Group, said the final report, in this regard, is expected to be presented to the East Asia Summit in December 2008.
  • On 11 May 2008, The Times of India reported that the host nation India and a consortium of East Asian countries met in New York to further discuss Nalanda plans. It was decided that Nalanda would largely be a post-graduate research university, with the following schools: Buddhist Studies, Philosophy, and Comparative Religion; Historical Studies; International Relations and Peace; Business Management and Development; Languages and Literature; and Ecology and Environmental Studies. The objective of the university was claimed to be "aimed at advancing the concept of an Asian community...and rediscovering old relationships."[24]
  • On 16 December 2010, Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao contributed US$1 million for the Nalanda University during his visit to India.[25]
  • In May 2011, George Yeo confirmed his support of the project to Nitish Kumar.[26] During May, Nitish Kumar also met SM Krishna to receive reassurance that the Central Government would allocate sufficient funds to the project.[27]
  • On 7 July 2011, iNewsOne reported that a global competition will be held to get the best architectural design for the Nalanda International University at the ancient seat of learning in Bihar, officials said. "For the sake of the best design for Nalanda university, a global competition will be held soon", said N.K. Singh, a member of the Nalanda Mentor Group (NMG) headed by Nobel laureate Amartya Sen.[28]
  • On 16 September 2011, Zee News reported that former president APJ Abdul Kalam has dissociated himself from the upcoming Nalanda International University in Bihar.[22][29][30]
  • On 15 Nov 2011 the Economic Times announced that China's ambassador to India, Zhang Yan had handed over a cheque of US$1 million for the building of a Chinese-type library.[31]
  • On 1 May 2012, Zee News announced that architecture students from the National University of Singapore (NUS) had drawn up a master plan for the revival of the ancient Nalanda University. They wished to present this draft plan to the Nalanda University directors later this year and participate in the final competition for the Nalanda campus master plan, according to Ng Si Jia, the group leader of the architecture students from NUS.[32]
  • Times of India reported that the work for the construction of the University would begin by December 2013.[33] It would be a "Net Zero" campus and will use green technologies like DEVAP. Vastu Shilpa Consultants of Ahmedabad won the Architecture Design Contest for the university and will build the campus.
  • In May 2014, Times of India reported that Nalanda University will start classes from September 2014.[34]
  • 2 September 2014, The Telegraph reported on the first batch of students to study at the university.[35]
  • On 19 February 2015 Amartya Sen wrote an open letter to the Governing Board expressing regret that he had to leave the post of chancellor by June 2015 due to the Central Government's deliberate inaction over his term renewal decision. He lamented political interference in academic matters.[36][37]
  • On 6 July 2015, George Yeo, former Minister of Singapore took charge as the new Chancellor of Nalanda University.[38]
  • On 25 November 2016, George Yeo resigned as the chancellor of Nalanda University accusing the Indian government of failing to maintain the university's autonomy. This came following the sudden replacement of the governing board with a new one ending the long-standing associations of eminent persons like Amartya Sen with the university.[39][40]
  • Vijay Pandurang Bhatkar has been appointed the new Chancellor on 25 January 2017 by President Pranab Mukherjee, in his capacity as Visitor to Nalanda University[41]
  • 29 May 2017 Interim Vice Chancellor Pankaj Mohan resigned after student protests claiming he sheltered a student accused of multiple instances of sexual harassment.[42]
  • In September 2017 BJP general secretary Ram Madhav Tweeted "Stunned to hear dat Amartya Sen's Nalanda Univ regime had a course on 'Politics of Yoga' taught by a foreigner. Now course abolished".[43] The course was taught during Bhatkar's tenure as Chancellor. Subsequently, the university threatened the professor and refused to release her final pay.[44] In October 2017 Scroll reported that a Romanian student had been assaulted on campus.[45]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Man behind India's first supercomputer 'Param' to head Nalanda University - Times of India". Archived from the original on 13 June 2017. Retrieved 17 June 2017.
  2. ^ "Prof Sunaina Singh appointed Vice Chancellor of Nalanda University". Archived from the original on 20 September 2017. Retrieved 17 June 2017.
  3. ^ a b Devraj, Ranjit. "Political meddling causes Nalanda University turmoil". University World News. Retrieved 16 January 2017.
  4. ^ "Bill No. XLIX of 2011: THE NALANDA UNIVERSITY BILL, 2010" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 15 September 2011. Retrieved 4 November 2011.
  5. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 October 2011. Retrieved 25 November 2011.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  6. ^ "Nalanda International University: A Great Initiative". Archived from the original on 9 July 2008. Retrieved 18 August 2008.
  7. ^ Buncombe, Andrew (4 August 2010). "Oldest university on earth is reborn after 800 years". The Independent. London. Archived from the original on 25 June 2011. Retrieved 13 July 2011.
  8. ^ Sinha, Ashish (14 August 2008). "Nalanda University set to reopen in '10, Amartya on faculty?". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 23 December 2008. Retrieved 14 August 2008.
  9. ^ "Global competition for Nalanda university design". Archived from the original on 22 August 2011. Retrieved 13 July 2011.
  10. ^ "Global design competition for Nalanda university". Archived from the original on 26 February 2011. Retrieved 13 July 2011.
  11. ^ "Winner of Design Competition" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 12 June 2013. Retrieved 6 May 2013.
  12. ^ "Nalanda International University begins its first Session". Indo-Asian News Service. Archived from the original on 3 September 2014. Retrieved 1 September 2014.
  13. ^ "Governance at Nalanda University". Archived from the original on 18 August 2017. Retrieved 18 August 2017.
  14. ^ "The Seven schools of Nalanda University". Archived from the original on 31 January 2012. Retrieved 28 October 2012.
  15. ^ "Really Old School," Garten, Jeffrey E. The New York Times, 9 December 2006.
  16. ^ " is temporarily unavailable". Archived from the original on 6 November 2015. Retrieved 7 August 2015.
  17. ^ "Nalanda Int’l University: A commendable initiative Archived 27 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine", K.jha, Ashok, Merinews, 28 May 2007.
  18. ^ "Japan Eager To Invest in Nalanda University," News Post India, 12 June 2007.
  19. ^ "Press release (PR) distribution / newswire service from India PRwire". 16 May 2013. Archived from the original on 9 February 2012. Retrieved 20 May 2013.
  20. ^ "Kalam to join Nalanda University soon," The Times of India, 15 August 2007.
  21. ^ "Kalam to join Nalanda Univ soon". Hindustan Times. 15 August 2007. Archived from the original on 12 July 2009. Retrieved 20 May 2013.
  22. ^ a b "APJ Kalam dissociates himself from Nalanda Univ". 16 September 2011. Archived from the original on 19 October 2013. Retrieved 20 May 2013.
  23. ^ "Kalam not ready to reconsider decision on Nalanda: Nitish, IBN Live News". 19 September 2011. Archived from the original on 5 December 2011. Retrieved 20 May 2013.
  24. ^ "Nalanda to move from ruins to riches Archived 25 December 2008 at the Wayback Machine", 11 May 2008.
  25. ^ "China contributes USD 1 million for Nalanda University [ News # 106258]". 16 December 2010. Archived from the original on 19 October 2013. Retrieved 20 May 2013.
  26. ^ "The Straits Times". Archived from the original on 5 May 2012. Retrieved 20 May 2013.
  27. ^ "CM seeks funds for Nalanda university". The Times of India. 19 May 2011. Archived from the original on 19 October 2013. Retrieved 20 May 2013.
  28. ^ [1] Archived 22 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine
  29. ^ "Kalam opts out of Nalanda University revival project". Hindustan Times. 18 September 2011. Archived from the original on 24 October 2011. Retrieved 20 May 2013.
  30. ^ "APJ Abdul Kalam dissociates himself from Rs 2000 crore Nalanda University project". The Times of India. 16 September 2011.
  31. ^ "China donates one million $ for Nalanda University revival". The Times of India. 15 November 2011. Archived from the original on 10 January 2017.
  32. ^ "Singapore students' master plan for Nalanda Univ". 1 May 2012. Archived from the original on 3 October 2013. Retrieved 20 May 2013.
  33. ^ "Nalanda University campus work to begin this December". The Times of India. 13 June 2013. Archived from the original on 24 January 2016.
  34. ^ "Nalanda University to start classes in September: Amartya Sen". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 24 January 2016. Retrieved 7 August 2015.
  35. ^ "Nalanda 2.0, 800 years on". The Telegraph. Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 7 August 2015.
  36. ^ "Modi govt does not want me to continue as Nalanda University chancellor: Amartya Sen". The Times of India. Press Trust of India. 20 February 2015. Archived from the original on 20 February 2015.
  37. ^ "Dr. Amartya Sen's letter to Board members of Nalanda University". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 20 February 2015. Retrieved 7 August 2015.
  38. ^ "The Nalanda University". Archived from the original on 12 July 2015. Retrieved 7 August 2015.
  39. ^ "Singapore's former foreign minister George Yeo resigns as chancellor of India's Nalanda University". The Straits Times. Archived from the original on 25 November 2016. Retrieved 25 November 2016.
  40. ^ "Nalanda University's 'autonomy hit', chancellor George Yeo quits". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 26 November 2016. Retrieved 26 November 2016.
  41. ^ "Founder of Indian supercomputing Dr Bhatkar appointed new VC Nalanda University". The Indian Express. Archived from the original on 28 January 2017. Retrieved 30 January 2017.
  42. ^ "Nalanda university VC quits over 'sex assault' by students". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 30 March 2017. Retrieved 30 March 2017.
  43. ^ Madhav, Ram (8 September 2017). "Stunned to hear dat Amartya Sen's Nalanda Univ regime had a course on 'Politics of Yoga' taught by a foreigner. Now course abolished". @rammadhavbjp. Retrieved 30 December 2019.[non-primary source needed]
  44. ^ "Nalanda threat to ex-teacher". The Telegraph. Kolkota. Retrieved 30 December 2019.
  45. ^ Chowdhury, Shreya Roy. "'It is a closed place': Why students are quitting Nalanda University". Retrieved 30 December 2019.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 25°04′48″N 85°16′12″E / 25.08000°N 85.27000°E / 25.08000; 85.27000