Phitsanulok Province

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Flag of Phitsanulok
Official seal of Phitsanulok
Map of Thailand highlighting Phitsanulok Province
Map of Thailand highlighting Phitsanulok Province
 • GovernorPiphat Akphaphan (since 2019)
 • Total10,816 km2 (4,176 sq mi)
Area rankRanked 16th
 • Total865,368[1]
 • Rank Ranked 28th
 • Density rankRanked 61st
Human Achievement Index[2]
 • HAI (2014)0.6171  "somewhat low"
ranked 48th
Time zoneUTC+7 (ICT)
Postal code
Calling code055
Vehicle registrationพิษณุโลก
Founded11th century

Phitsanulok (Thai: พิษณุโลก, pronounced [pʰít.sā.nú.lôːk]), one of Thailand's seventy-six provinces, lies in upper central Thailand. It borders Sukhothai and Uttaradit on the north, Loei and Phetchabun to the east, and Phichit and Kamphaeng Phet to the south. In the northeast it borders Laos.

Its name means 'Vishnu's heaven'. The first element, Phitsanu (Thai: พิษณุ), is a cognate of "Vishnu", a Hindu god. The second element lok (Thai: โลก) means 'globe' or 'world'.

The capital is Phitsanulok.


Phitsanulok History

This box contains links to selected
articles with information related
to the history of Phitsanulok Province.

Prehistoric Era

Early Nan River Civilizations · Tai

Khmer Empire

Song Khwae

Singhanavati City-State

Chaiyasiri · Nakhon Thai

Sukhothai Period

Wat Chula Manee · Wat Aranyik
Wat Chedi Yod Thong
Wat Phra Si Rattana Mahathat

Ayutthaya Period

Wat Ratchaburana · Wat Nang Phaya
Borommaracha III · Naresuan

Modern Siam / Thailand

19th Century · 20th Century · Recent Events

The lands of present-day Phitsanulok Province were inhabited since the stone age, although the neolithic inhabitants of the region are not likely to have been the ancestors of the modern Thai people who reside there today. The earliest historical records relating to the area indicate that at a time prior to or during the 11th century, the present-day city of Phitsanulok was a small strategic Khmer outpost known as Song Khwae. During the next century, in 1188, Nakhon Thai, near the center of the present Phitsanulok Province, was established as the capital city of the Singhanavati Kingdom, an early city-state of Thailand. Later, during Thailand's Sukhothai Period, the city of Phitsanulok emerged as a major city in the east of the Sukhothai Kingdom, and the great temples of Wat Chula Manee, Wat Aranyik and Wat Chedi Yod Thong were constructed. In 1357, the renowned Wat Phra Sri Rattana Mahathat was erected, and the Ayutthaya Period witnessed the construction of several of the province's other chief temples. Phitsanulok served for 25 years as the capital city of the Ayutthaya Kingdom. In 1555, King Naresuan the Great was born in Phitsanulok. Naresuan played a significant role in the history of Thailand, as he expanded the kingdom (then called Siam) to its greatest territorial extent by conquering sizable portions of modern-day Burma and Cambodia. In recent times, Phitsanulok Province has become an important agricultural center, part of the "bread basket of Thailand", providing rice and other crops to consumers in Thailand and throughout the world. Extensive agricultural development over the last hundred years or so has spawned a modern infrastructure in the urban areas of the province, bringing with it an array of modern roads, universities, hospitals and other conveniences. Over the years, the Nan River and its tributaries have played a substantial role in the history and development of the region by providing a route for transportation, fertile soil for agriculture, and water for irrigation. The river waters have also served as a route for enemy invaders, and have been the source of periodic widespread flooding throughout the province.

Administrative divisions[edit]

Phitsanulok Province districts

The province is divided into nine districts (amphoes). These are further subdivided into 93 sub-districts (tambons) and 1032 villages (mubans).

  1. Mueang Phitsanulok
  2. Nakhon Thai
  3. Chat Trakan
  4. Bang Rakam
  5. Bang Krathum
  6. Phrom Phiram
  7. Wat Bot
  8. Wang Thong
  9. Noen Maprang


Phra Phuttha Chinnarat
  • The provincial seal depicts Phra Buddha Chinnarat, considered one of the most beautiful Buddha figures in Thailand.
  • The provincial flag is purple with the provincial seal in the middle of the flag.
  • The provincial tree is the tree jasmine, Thai dok phip ดอกปีบ or kasalong กาสะลอง.
  • The provincial flower is the yellow flame tree, Thai dok nonthri ดอกนนทรี.
  • The provincial animal is the Thai Bangkaew Dog, in Thai sunakh bangkaew สุนัขบางแก้ว.
  • The provincial mascot is the yellow white tail fighting cock, Thai kai lueng hang khao ไก่เหลืองหางขาว.
  • The provincial motto is, "Phitsanulok, a town of the excellent Phra Buddha Chinnarat, the birthplace of King Naresuan the Great, a raft community, with delicious dried bananas as well as fantastic caves and waterfalls".[citation needed]


Phra Phuttha Chinnarat

As of 2010 the population of Phitsanulok was 95 percent Buddhist.

Human achievement index 2014[edit]

Since 2003, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in Thailand has tracked progress on human development at sub national level using the Human achievement index (HAI), a composite index covering all the eight key areas of human development.[2]
Phitsanulok province, with a HAI value of 0.6171, takes 48th place in the rankings. This is "somewhat low" between the values of 0.5214 and 0.6067.

Index for the province Phitsanulok[2]
HAI indices Indicators Rank list
Health 7 60th
Education 4 14th
Employment 4 50th
Income 4 57th
Housing and living environment 5 11th
Family and community life 6 62nd
Transport and communication 6 26th
Participation 4 60th


Phitsanulok Station


Phitsanulok is served by Phitsanulok Airport.


Phitsanulok's main station is Phitsanulok Railway Station.


Phitsanulok's main hospital is Buddhachinaraj Phitsanulok Hospital, operated by the Ministry of Public Health.

National parks[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Population in Thailand as of 31 December 2017" (PDF). Government Gazette. Ratchakitcha Society. 135: 22–25. 2018-02-28. Retrieved 2018-09-30.
  2. ^ a b c Advancing Human Development through the ASEAN Community (Report). United Nations Development Programme. pp. 93–166. ISBN 978-974-680-368-7. Retrieved 17 January 2016.

External links[edit]