4 Ursae Majoris
Epoch J2000.0 Equinox J2000.0
|Right ascension||08h 40m 12.81767s|
|Declination||+64° 19′ 40.5700″|
|Apparent magnitude (V)||+4.620|
|Spectral type||K2 III|
|U−B color index||+1.193|
|B−V color index||+1.159|
|Radial velocity (Rv)||+14.62 km/s|
|Proper motion (μ)|| RA: –60.05 mas/yr |
Dec.: +26.40 mas/yr
|Parallax (π)||12.74 ± 0.26 mas|
|Distance||256 ± 5 ly |
(78 ± 2 pc)
|Absolute magnitude (MV)||0.150|
|Mass||1.234 ± 0.15 M☉|
|Surface gravity (log g)||1.8 ± 0.15 cgs|
|Metallicity [Fe/H]||-0.25 ± 0.04 dex|
|Rotational velocity (v sin i)||8 km/s|
|Age||4.18 ± 1.95 Gyr|
4 Ursae Majoris (sometimes abbreviated 4 Uma) is the Flamsteed designation of a star in the northern circumpolar constellation of Ursa Major. It also bears the Bayer designation of Pi² Ursae Majoris (Pi² UMa, π² Ursae Majoris, π² UMa) and is traditionally named Muscida. With an apparent visual magnitude of +4.6, this star is visible from suburban or darker skies based upon the Bortle Dark-Sky Scale. From parallax measurements made during the Hipparcos mission, this star is at a distance of 256 light-years (78 parsecs) from Earth. As of 2011[update], one extrasolar planet has been confirmed to be orbiting the star.
This star has a stellar classification of K2 III, indicating that, at an estimated age of around four billion years, it is an evolved star that has reached the giant stage. It has a mass about 1.2 times larger than the Sun, but has expanded to 18 times the Sun's girth. The effective temperature of the star's outer atmosphere is 4,415 K. This heat gives it the cool, orange-hued glow of a K-type star.
Pi² Ursae Majoris is a member of the Milky Way galaxy's thin disk population. It is following an orbit through the galaxy with an eccentricity of 0.10, which carries it as close to the Galactic Center as 27.7 kly (8.5 kpc) and as far as 34.1 kly (10.5 kpc). The inclination of this orbit lies close to the galactic plane, so it departs this plane by no more than 260 light-years (80 parsecs).
Based upon observed radial velocity changes in the star, in 2007 the presence of a planetary companion was announced. The planet, designated 4 Ursae Majoris b, is at least seven times more massive than Jupiter. Its orbit is eccentric, orbiting 4 Ursae Majoris at 87% the distance from Sun to Earth. Compared to the Sun, this star has a lower abundance of elements other than hydrogen and helium, what astronomers term the star's metallicity. This is curious, because most main sequence stars with planets tend to have a higher abundance of metals.
(in order from star)
|b||>7.1 ± 1.6 MJ||0.87 ± 0.04||269.3 ± 1.96||0.432 ± 0.024||—||—|
Naming and etymology
With π1, σ1, σ2, ρ, A and d, it composed the Arabic asterism Al Ṭhibā᾽, the Gazelle. According to the catalogue of stars in the Technical Memorandum 33-507 - A Reduced Star Catalog Containing 537 Named Stars, Al Ṭhibā were the title for seven stars : A as Althiba I, π1 as Althiba II, this star (π2) as Althiba III, ρ as Althiba IV, σ1 as Althiba V, σ2 as Althiba VI, and d as Althiba VII.
- van Leeuwen, F. (November 2007), "Validation of the new Hipparcos reduction", Astronomy and Astrophysics, 474 (2): 653–664, arXiv:0708.1752, Bibcode:2007A&A...474..653V, doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20078357
- Jennens, P. A.; Helfer, H. L. (September 1975), "A new photometric metal abundance and luminosity calibration for field G and K giants.", Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 172 (3): 667–679, Bibcode:1975MNRAS.172..667J, doi:10.1093/mnras/172.3.667
- Soubiran, C.; et al. (2008), "Vertical distribution of Galactic disk stars. IV. AMR and AVR from clump giants", Astronomy and Astrophysics, 480 (1): 91–101, arXiv:0712.1370, Bibcode:2008A&A...480...91S, doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20078788
- Famaey, B.; et al. (January 2005), "Local kinematics of K and M giants from CORAVEL/Hipparcos/Tycho-2 data. Revisiting the concept of superclusters", Astronomy and Astrophysics, 430: 165–186, arXiv:astro-ph/0409579, Bibcode:2005A&A...430..165F, doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20041272
- Döllinger, M. P.; et al. (2007), "Discovery of a planet around the K giant star 4 Ursae Majoris", Astronomy and Astrophysics (abstract), 472 (2): 649–652, arXiv:astro-ph/0703672, Bibcode:2007A&A...472..649D, doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20066987
- Baines, Ellyn K.; et al. (2010). "Angular Diameters and Effective Temperatures of 25 K Giant Stars from the CHARA Array". Astrophysical Journal. 710 (2): 1365–1374. arXiv:0912.5491. Bibcode:2010ApJ...710.1365B. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/710/2/1365.
- Bernacca, P. L.; Perinotto, M. (1970), "A catalogue of stellar rotational velocities", Contributi Osservatorio Astronomico di Padova in Asiago, 239 (1): 1, Bibcode:1970CoAsi.239....1B
- "The Colour of Stars", Australia Telescope, Outreach and Education, Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation, December 21, 2004, archived from the original on February 22, 2012, retrieved 2012-01-16
- Allen, Richard Hinckley (1899), Star-Names and Their Meanings, New York: G. E. Stechert, p. 444
- Rhoads, Jack W. (November 15, 1971), Technical Memorandum 33-507-A Reduced Star Catalog Containing 537 Named Stars (PDF), Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology.
- Jean Schneider (2011). "Notes for star 4 Uma". Extrasolar Planets Encyclopaedia. Retrieved 3 October 2011.