Pilesgrove Township, New Jersey

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Pilesgrove Township, New Jersey
Township
Township of Pilesgrove
Municipal Building
Municipal Building
Pilesgrove Township highlighted in Salem County. Inset map: Salem County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Pilesgrove Township highlighted in Salem County. Inset map: Salem County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Pilesgrove Township, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Pilesgrove Township, New Jersey
Coordinates: 39°41′09″N 75°22′35″W / 39.685816°N 75.376425°W / 39.685816; -75.376425Coordinates: 39°41′09″N 75°22′35″W / 39.685816°N 75.376425°W / 39.685816; -75.376425[1][2]
Country  United States
State  New Jersey
County Salem
Earliest mention April 15, 1701
Incorporated February 21, 1798
Government[6]
 • Type Township
 • Body Township Committee
 • Mayor Kevin Eachus (R, term ends December 31, 2016)[3][4]
 • Administrator / Clerk Maureen R. Abdill[5]
Area[1]
 • Total 35.073 sq mi (90.840 km2)
 • Land 34.843 sq mi (90.243 km2)
 • Water 0.230 sq mi (0.596 km2)  0.66%
Area rank 69th of 566 in state
5th of 15 in county[1]
Elevation[7] 62 ft (19 m)
Population (2010 Census)[8][9][10]
 • Total 4,016
 • Estimate (2015)[11] 4,063
 • Rank 412th of 566 in state
6th of 15 in county[12]
 • Density 115.3/sq mi (44.5/km2)
 • Density rank 534th of 566 in state
8th of 15 in county[12]
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 08098[13]
Area code(s) 856 exchange: 769[14]
FIPS code 3403358530[1][15][16]
GNIS feature ID 0882132[1][17]
Website www.pilesgrovenj.org

Pilesgrove Township is a township in Salem County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 4,016,[8][9][10] reflecting an increase of 93 (+2.4%) from the 3,923 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 673 (+20.7%) from the 3,250 counted in the 1990 Census.[18]

Pile's Grove was first mentioned in a deed dated April 15, 1701, through the date of the township's original corporation is unknown. Pilesgrove was incorporated as one of New Jersey's original group of 104 townships that were established on February 21, 1798. Portions of the township were taken on December 6, 1769, to form Pittsgrove Township and on July 26, 1882, to create Woodstown.[19] The township was named for Thomas Pyle.[20][21]

In 1979, Pilesgrove Township enacted the state's first right-to-farm law, protecting farming as a "natural right hereby ordained to exist as a permitted use everywhere in the Township of Pilesgrove."[22]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 35.073 square miles (90.840 km2), including 34.843 square miles (90.243 km2) of land and 0.230 square miles (0.596 km2) of water (0.66%).[1][2] The Salem River flows through the township.[23]

The township borders the Salem County municipalities of Alloway Township, Carneys Point Township, Mannington Township, Oldmans Township and Upper Pittsgrove Township. Pilesgrove Township also borders Gloucester County. The Borough of Woodstown is an independent municipality completely surrounded by Pilesgrove Township, making it part of 21 pairs of "doughnut towns" in the state, where one municipality entirely surrounds another.[24] Woodstown serves as the more densely settled commercial core of the paired communities, while Pilesgrove is more agricultural.[25]

Unincorporated communities in the township include Avis Mills, Courees Landing, East Lake, Eldridges Hill, Fenwick, Friendship, Milltown, Paulding, Point Airy, Richmanville, Sharptown, Union Grove and Yorktown.[26]

The Pilesgrove Solar Farm is one of the largest in the state, covering 100 acres (40 ha) with 71,000 solar panels that generate 20 megawatts of electricity, enough to provide power for more than 5,000 homes.[27]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1810 1,756
1820 2,012 14.6%
1830 2,150 6.9%
1840 2,477 15.2%
1850 2,962 19.6%
1860 3,359 13.4%
1870 3,385 0.8%
1880 3,007 −11.2%
1890 1,796 * −40.3%
1900 1,744 −2.9%
1910 1,606 −7.9%
1920 1,770 10.2%
1930 1,815 2.5%
1940 1,614 −11.1%
1950 1,942 20.3%
1960 2,519 29.7%
1970 2,706 7.4%
1980 2,810 3.8%
1990 3,250 15.7%
2000 3,923 20.7%
2010 4,016 2.4%
Est. 2015 4,063 [11][28] 1.2%
Population sources: 1810-2000[29]
1810-1920[30] 1840[31] 1850-1870[32]
1850[33] 1870[34] 1880-1890[35]
1890-1910[36] 1910-1930[37]
1930-1990[38] 2000[39][40] 2010[8][9][10]
* = Lost territory in previous decade.[19]

Census 2010[edit]

The 2010 United States Census counted 4,016 people, 1,488 households, and 1,091 families residing in the township. The population density was 115.3 per square mile (44.5/km2). The township contained 1,594 housing units at an average density of 45.7 per square mile (17.6/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 90.81% (3,647) White, 5.93% (238) Black or African American, 0.12% (5) Native American, 0.92% (37) Asian, 0.12% (5) Pacific Islander, 0.72% (29) from other races, and 1.37% (55) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 2.59% (104) of the population.[8]

Out of a total of 1,488 households, 27.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.9% were married couples living together, 6.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.7% were non-families. 21.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 14.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.62 and the average family size was 3.08.[8]

In the township, 20.4% of the population were under the age of 18, 7.4% from 18 to 24, 18.8% from 25 to 44, 32.4% from 45 to 64, and 21.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 47.3 years. For every 100 females the census counted 93.7 males, but for 100 females at least 18 years old, it was 93.5 males.[8]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $87,083 (with a margin of error of +/- $12,552) and the median family income was $102,870 (+/- $13,121). Males had a median income of $63,352 (+/- $12,197) versus $59,700 (+/- $6,558) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $34,966 (+/- $3,754). About 0.8% of families and 4.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.5% of those under age 18 and 4.2% of those age 65 or over.[41]

Census 2000[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[15] there were 3,923 people, 1,216 households, and 994 families residing in the township. The population density was 112.4 people per square mile (43.4/km²). There were 1,261 housing units at an average density of 36.1 per square mile (13.9/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 84.63% White, 12.18% African American, 0.28% Native American, 0.92% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 1.07% from other races, and 0.87% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.98% of the population.[39][40]

There were 1,216 households out of which 35.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 71.1% were married couples living together, 7.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 18.2% were non-families. 14.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.91 and the average family size was 3.24.[39][40]

In the township the population was spread out with 23.8% under the age of 18, 8.4% from 18 to 24, 27.2% from 25 to 44, 26.2% from 45 to 64, and 14.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 107.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 107.9 males.[39][40]

The median income for a household in the township was $66,042, and the median income for a family was $71,629. Males had a median income of $50,833 versus $31,806 for females. The per capita income for the township was $27,400. About 2.3% of families and 3.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.8% of those under age 18 and 2.8% of those age 65 or over.[39][40]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

Pilesgrove is governed under the Township form of New Jersey municipal government. The Township Committee consists of three members elected at-large in partisan elections to serve three-year terms on a staggered basis, with one seat coming up for election each year as part of the November general election in a three-year cycle.[6][42] At an annual reorganization meeting, the council selects one of its members to serves as mayor and another as deputy mayor.

As of 2016, members of the Pilesgrove Township Committee are Mayor Kevin Eachus (R, term on committee ends December 31, 2018; term as mayor ends 2016), Deputy Mayor David R. Bonowski (R, term on committee ends in 2017; term as deputy mayor ends 2016) and Joseph Crevino (R, 2016; elected to serve an unexpired term).[3][43][44][45][46][47][48]

In August 2014, the Township Council selected Joseph Crevino to fill the vacant seat of Jessie B. Smith, who had resigned the previous month from a term expiring in December 2016.[49]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Pilesgrove Township is located in the 2nd Congressional District[50] and is part of New Jersey's 3rd state legislative district.[9][51][52]

New Jersey's Second Congressional District is represented by Frank LoBiondo (R, Ventnor City).[53] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark, term ends 2021)[54] and Bob Menendez (D, Paramus, 2019).[55][56]

For the 2016–2017 session (Senate, General Assembly), the 3rd Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Stephen M. Sweeney (D, West Deptford Township) and in the General Assembly by John J. Burzichelli (D, Paulsboro) and Adam Taliaferro (D, Woolwich Township).[57] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[58] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[59]

Salem County is governed by a seven-member Board of Chosen Freeholders who are elected at-large to serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with either two or three seats coming up for election each year. At an annual reorganization meeting held in the beginning of January, the board selects a Director and a Deputy Director from among its members. As of 2014, Salem County's Freeholders (with party, residence, term-end year and committee chairmanship listed in parentheses) are Director Julie A. Acton (R, Pennsville Township, 2016; Administration), Deputy Director Dale A. Cross (R, Pennsville Township, 2014; Public Safety), Bruce L. Bobbitt (D, Pilesgrove Township, 2014; Public Services), Ben Laury (R, Elmer, 2015; Public Works) Beth E. Timberman (D, Woodstown, 2015; Social Services), Robert J. Vanderslice (R, Pennsville Township, 2014; Health and Human Services) Lee R. Ware (D, Elsinboro Township, 2016; Transportation, Agriculture and Cultural Affairs).[60][61] Constitutional officers elected on a countywide basis are County Clerk Gilda T. Gill (2014),[62] Sheriff Charles M. Miller (2015)[63] and Surrogate Nicki A. Burke (2015).[64][65]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 2,908 registered voters in Pilesgrove Township, of which 678 (23.3% vs. 30.6% countywide) were registered as Democrats, 873 (30.0% vs. 21.0%) were registered as Republicans and 1,354 (46.6% vs. 48.4%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 3 voters registered to other parties.[66] Among the township's 2010 Census population, 72.4% (vs. 64.6% in Salem County) were registered to vote, including 90.9% of those ages 18 and over (vs. 84.4% countywide).[66][67]

In the 2012 presidential election, Republican Mitt Romney received 56.5% of the vote (1,273 cast), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 42.1% (950 votes), and other candidates with 1.4% (31 votes), among the 2,278 ballots cast by the township's 2,990 registered voters (24 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 76.2%.[68][69] In the 2008 presidential election, Republican John McCain received 1,255 votes (53.2% vs. 46.6% countywide), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 1,051 votes (44.6% vs. 50.4%) and other candidates with 26 votes (1.1% vs. 1.6%), among the 2,358 ballots cast by the township's 2,911 registered voters, for a turnout of 81.0% (vs. 71.8% in Salem County).[70] In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 1,246 votes (58.8% vs. 52.5% countywide), ahead of Democrat John Kerry with 845 votes (39.9% vs. 45.9%) and other candidates with 22 votes (1.0% vs. 1.0%), among the 2,120 ballots cast by the township's 2,695 registered voters, for a turnout of 78.7% (vs. 71.0% in the whole county).[71]

In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 70.8% of the vote (1,035 cast), ahead of Democrat Barbara Buono with 26.7% (390 votes), and other candidates with 2.5% (36 votes), among the 1,478 ballots cast by the township's 3,003 registered voters (17 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 49.2%.[72][73] In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 869 votes (50.4% vs. 46.1% countywide), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 629 votes (36.5% vs. 39.9%), Independent Chris Daggett with 187 votes (10.8% vs. 9.7%) and other candidates with 18 votes (1.0% vs. 2.0%), among the 1,724 ballots cast by the township's 2,919 registered voters, yielding a 59.1% turnout (vs. 47.3% in the county).[74]

Education[edit]

The Woodstown-Pilesgrove Regional School District serves public school students in pre-kindergarten through twelfth grade from Woodstown and Pilesgrove Township. As of the 2011-12 school year, the district's three schools had an enrollment of 1,656 students and 135.5 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 12.22:1.[75] Schools in the district (with 2011-12 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[76]) are Early Childhood Learning Center[77] / Mary S. Shoemaker Elementary School[78] for grades PreK-4 (502 students), Woodstown Middle School[79] for grades 5-8 (451) and Woodstown High School[80] for grades 9-12 (753).[81][82] Students from neighboring Alloway Township, Oldmans Township and Upper Pittsgrove Township attend the high school as part of sending/receiving relationships.[83]

Transportation[edit]

Roads and highways[edit]

As of May 2010, the township had a total of 85.39 miles (137.42 km) of roadways, of which 43.86 miles (70.59 km) were maintained by the municipality, 29.94 miles (48.18 km) by Salem County, 10.79 miles (17.36 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation and 0.80 miles (1.29 km) by the New Jersey Turnpike Authority.[84]

U.S. Route 40 traverses the township roughly east to west[85] and Route 45 roughly south to north,[86] with the two roadways meeting in Woodstown, the donut at the center. The New Jersey Turnpike nicks the northwest corner of Pilesgrove Township[87] and County Route 581 cuts through the southeast corner.[88]

Public transportation[edit]

NJ Transit provides bus service between Salem and Philadelphia on the 401 route.[89][90]

The 18.6-mile (29.9 km) southern portion of the freight rail Salem Branch, operated under contract by Southern Railroad of New Jersey, runs through the township.[91]

Wineries[edit]

Notable people[edit]

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Pilesgrove Township include:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f 2010 Census Gazetteer Files: New Jersey County Subdivisions, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 21, 2015.
  2. ^ a b US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  3. ^ a b Township Committee, Pilesgrove Township. Accessed July 30, 2016.
  4. ^ 2016 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed June 14, 2016.
  5. ^ Township Clerk's Office, Pilesgrove Township. Accessed July 30, 2016.
  6. ^ a b 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 19.
  7. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Township of Pilesgrove, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 11, 2013.
  8. ^ a b c d e f DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Pilesgrove township, Salem County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed January 18, 2013.
  9. ^ a b c d Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 2. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  10. ^ a b c Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Pilesgrove township, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed January 18, 2013.
  11. ^ a b PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015 - 2015 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 22, 2016.
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  13. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Pilesgrove, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed January 18, 2013.
  14. ^ Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for Pilesgrove, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed October 31, 2013.
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  21. ^ Town and County Names, Visit Salem County. Accessed September 17, 2015. "Pilesgrove: In one record it is written that the name came from Thomas Pile (or Pyle) another James Pile who purchased 10,000 acres in 1682."
  22. ^ DePalma, Anthony. "Right-to-Farm Gains Backing", The New York Times, November 16, 1980. Accessed October 31, 2016. "Last April, the Pilesgrove Township Council passed New Jersey's first right-to-farm ordinance. It recognizes the farmers' right to go about their daily business as a 'natural right hereby ordained to exist as a permitted use everywhere in the Township of Pilesgrove.'"
  23. ^ DeLorme (2005). New Jersey Atlas & Gazetteer. Yarmouth, Maine: DeLorme. ISBN 0-89933-324-9.
  24. ^ DeMarco, Megan. "Voters to decide whether to merge two Princetons into one", The Star-Ledger, November 3, 2011. Accessed January 8, 2017. "There are 22 sets of 'doughnut towns' in New Jersey, those where one town wraps around the other town". Note that following voter approval of the Princeton merger, 21 pairs of "doughnut towns" remain.
  25. ^ Environmental Resource Inventory for the Borough of Woodstown and the Township of Pilesgrove, Salem County, New Jersey, Delaware Valley Regional Planning Commission, September 2005. Accessed November 8, 2015. "Woodstown is representative of a 19th century commercial center, which supported its agricultural hinterlands and linked to other commercial centers of varying size from Salem City in the south to Camden City in the north.... Since Woodstown is surrounded by Pilesgrove and is considerably denser, the borough's population has remained stable over the last decade."
  26. ^ Locality Search, State of New Jersey. Accessed November 26, 2014.
  27. ^ Dunn, Phil. "Ground broken in Pilesgrove for what may be largest solar farm in the Northeast", Today's Sunbeam, October 20, 2010. Accessed June 3, 2015. "A groundbreaking ceremony was held here near Robbins Road Wednesday morning to mark the beginning construction phase of the largest solar farm in the Northeast.The 20-megawatt solar electric generating station is expected to house 71,000 panels and produce enough electricity to power 5,100 homes with clean, renewable energy."
  28. ^ Census Estimates for New Jersey April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015, United States Census Bureau. Accessed December 29, 2016.
  29. ^ Barnett, Bob. Population Data for Salem County Municipalities, 1810 - 2000, WestJersey.org, January 6, 2011. Accessed January 18, 2013.
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  32. ^ Raum, John O. The History of New Jersey: From Its Earliest Settlement to the Present Time, Volume 1, p. 255, J. E. Potter and company, 1877. Accessed January 18, 2013. "Pilesgrove township was named from James Piles who was in early settlement a large landholder there... The population of the township in 1850 was 2,962; in 1860, 2,024; in 1870, 3,385."
  33. ^ Debow, James Dunwoody Brownson. The Seventh Census of the United States: 1850, p. 140. R. Armstrong, 1853. Accessed January 18, 2013.
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  39. ^ a b c d e Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for Pilesgrove township, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed October 31, 2016.
  40. ^ a b c d e DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Pilesgrove township, Salem County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed January 18, 2013.
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  49. ^ Kent, Spencer. "Pilesgrove fills vacant seat on committee; appoints deputy mayor", South Jersey Times, August 14, 2014. Accessed August 17, 2015. "Republican Joseph Crevino was sworn in to fill the vacant township committee seat of former committeeman Jesse Smith, who resigned late last month.... Just seven months into his term, Smith, who served as the township's deputy mayor, resigned from office on July 31 saying that due to health and personal reasons, he would be unable to continue his position."
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  55. ^ Biography of Bob Menendez, United States Senate, January 26, 2015. "He currently lives in Paramus and has two children, Alicia and Robert."
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  75. ^ District information for Woodstown-Pilesgrove Regional School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed September 21, 2014.
  76. ^ School Data for the Woodstown-Pilesgrove Regional School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed September 21, 2014.
  77. ^ Early Childhood Learning Center, Woodstown-Pilesgrove Regional School District. Accessed October 31, 2013.
  78. ^ Mary S. Shoemaker Elementary School, Woodstown-Pilesgrove Regional School District. Accessed October 31, 2013.
  79. ^ Woodstown Middle School, Woodstown-Pilesgrove Regional School District. Accessed October 31, 2013.
  80. ^ Woodstown High School, Woodstown-Pilesgrove Regional School District. Accessed October 31, 2013.
  81. ^ About the District, Woodstown-Pilesgrove Regional School District. Accessed October 31, 2013. "Located in Salem County, the Woodstown-Pilesgrove Regional School District consists of four schools: Early Childhood Learning Center (grades pre-kindergarten and Kindergarten), Mary S. Shoemaker Elementary School (grades 1 through 5), Woodstown Middle School (grades 6 through 8), and Woodstown High School (grades 9 through 12). All four schools serve the residents of the Borough of Woodstown and Township of Pilesgrove. In addition, the high school receives students from Alloway and Upper Pittsgrove Townships as well as a portion of Oldmans Township."
  82. ^ New Jersey School Directory for the Woodstown-Pilesgrove Regional School District, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed December 29, 2016.
  83. ^ Woodstown-Pilesgrove Regional School District 2015 Report Card Narrative, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed May 23, 2016. "This School Report Card provides the school district's constituents with information concerning the district's programs, including test scores, attendance data of students and staff, financial details, and other specifics which together form a comprehensive review of our school district's offerings to the Woodstown-Pilesgrove community as well as the high school sending districts of Alloway, Oldmans, and Upper Pittsgrove."
  84. ^ Salem County Mileage by Municipality and Jurisdiction, New Jersey Department of Transportation, May 2010. Accessed October 31, 2013.
  85. ^ U.S. Route 40 Straight Line Diagram, New Jersey Department of Transportation, May 2009. Accessed October 31, 2013.
  86. ^ Route 45 Straight Line Diagram, New Jersey Department of Transportation, January 2010. Accessed October 31, 2013.
  87. ^ New Jersey Turnpike Straight Line Diagram, New Jersey Department of Transportation, January 1997. Accessed October 31, 2013.
  88. ^ County Route 581 Straight Line Diagram, New Jersey Department of Transportation, October 2006. Accessed October 31, 2013.
  89. ^ Salem County Bus / Rail Connections, NJ Transit, backed up by the Internet Archive as of January 28, 2010. Accessed January 16, 2013.
  90. ^ South Jersey Transit Guide, Cross County Connection, as of April 1, 2010. Accessed September 21, 2014.
  91. ^ Young, Alex. "Salem County awards contract to replace Oldman's Trestle railroad bridge", NJ.com, April 3, 2015. Accessed October 31, 2016. "The work is all part of the long-term plan to upgrade the Salem County short line railroad in order to bring the dated track back up to standard and benefit local industry. The rail line starts at the port of Salem and travels north through Mannington, Woodstown and Pilesgrove before crossing the Gloucester County line and going on to Swedesboro."
  92. ^ Cook Jr., Jim. "How I won an election by only using Facebook", South Jersey Times, November 22, 2012. Accessed April 8, 2016. "When the count came in that night to our editorial desk, 261 write-in votes were reported in Pilesgrove Township for the vacant seat."
  93. ^ Nathan Taylor Stratton. Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed August 25, 2007.

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