Upper Pittsgrove Township, New Jersey

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Upper Pittsgrove Township, New Jersey
Township
Township of Upper Pittsgrove
Pittsgrove Presbyterian Church
Upper Pittsgrove Township highlighted in Salem County. Inset map: Salem County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Upper Pittsgrove Township highlighted in Salem County. Inset map: Salem County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Upper Pittsgrove Township, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Upper Pittsgrove Township, New Jersey
Coordinates: 39°36′45″N 75°12′34″W / 39.612375°N 75.209549°W / 39.612375; -75.209549Coordinates: 39°36′45″N 75°12′34″W / 39.612375°N 75.209549°W / 39.612375; -75.209549[1][2]
Country  United States
State  New Jersey
County Salem
Incorporated March 10, 1846
Government[6]
 • Type Township
 • Body Township Committee
 • Mayor Jack R. Cimprich (R, term ends December 31, 2016)[3][4]
 • Clerk Linda Buzby[5]
Area[1]
 • Total 40.486 sq mi (104.857 km2)
 • Land 40.328 sq mi (104.449 km2)
 • Water 0.158 sq mi (0.408 km2)  0.39%
Area rank 54th of 566 in state
3rd of 15 in county[1]
Elevation[7] 131 ft (40 m)
Population (2010 Census)[8][9][10]
 • Total 3,505
 • Estimate (2015)[11] 3,423
 • Rank 431st of 566 in state
7th of 15 in county[12]
 • Density 86.9/sq mi (33.6/km2)
 • Density rank 548th of 566 in state
12th of 15 in county[12]
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 08318 - Elmer[13]
Area code(s) 856[14]
FIPS code 3403375110[1][15][16]
GNIS feature ID 1723212[1][17]
Website www.upperpittsgrovenj.org

Upper Pittsgrove Township is a township in Salem County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 3,505,[8][9][10] reflecting an increase of 37 (+1.1%) from the 3,468 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 328 (+10.4%) from the 3,140 counted in the 1990 Census.[18]

Upper Pittsgrove Township was incorporated on March 10, 1846, from portions of Pittsgrove Township. Portions of the township were taken on January 28, 1893, to form Elmer.[19]

The township was named for Pittsgrove Township, which in turn was named for William Pitt, 1st Earl of Chatham, a supporter of the colonial cause.[20][21]

It is a dry town, where alcohol cannot be sold, as affirmed by a referendum passed in 1979, though alcohol is available at a winery in the township.[22][23]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 40.486 square miles (104.857 km2), including 40.328 square miles (104.449 km2) of land and 0.158 square miles (0.408 km2) of water (0.39%).[1][2] Upper Pittsgrove leads New Jersey in acres of active agriculture and preserved farmland.[24] The Salem River has its source in the township.[25]

Unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the township include Ballingers Mill, Daretown, Foxs Mill, Friendship Church, Monroeville, New Freedom, Newkirk, Pittsgrove, Pole Tavern, Shirley, Whig Lane and Woods Mills.[26]

The township borders Alloway Township, Elmer, Pilesgrove Township and Pittsgrove Township. Upper Pittsgrove Township also borders Cumberland County and Gloucester County.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 1,656
1860 2,082 25.7%
1870 2,087 0.2%
1880 2,073 −0.7%
1890 1,923 −7.2%
1900 1,725 * −10.3%
1910 1,754 1.7%
1920 1,724 −1.7%
1930 1,899 10.2%
1940 1,925 1.4%
1950 2,204 14.5%
1960 2,715 23.2%
1970 2,884 6.2%
1980 3,139 8.8%
1990 3,140 0.0%
2000 3,468 10.4%
2010 3,505 1.1%
Est. 2015 3,423 [11][27] −2.3%
Population sources: 1850-2000[28]
1850-1920[29] 1850-1870[30]
1850[31] 1870[32] 1880-1890[33]
1890-1910[34] 1910-1930[35]
1930-1990[36] 2000[37][38] 2010[8][9][10]
* = Lost territory in previous decade.[19]

Census 2010[edit]

The 2010 United States Census counted 3,505 people, 1,247 households, and 931.5 families residing in the township. The population density was 86.9 per square mile (33.6/km2). The township contained 1,310 housing units at an average density of 32.5 per square mile (12.5/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 94.89% (3,326) White, 2.17% (76) Black or African American, 0.43% (15) Native American, 0.23% (8) Asian, 0.00% (0) Pacific Islander, 0.91% (32) from other races, and 1.37% (48) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 3.02% (106) of the population.[8]

Out of a total of 1,247 households, 28.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.6% were married couples living together, 6.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.3% were non-families. 20.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.73 and the average family size was 3.17.[8]

In the township, 22.4% of the population were under the age of 18, 7.7% from 18 to 24, 21.8% from 25 to 44, 32.5% from 45 to 64, and 15.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43.7 years. For every 100 females the census counted 102.6 males, but for 100 females at least 18 years old, it was 100.4 males.[8]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $80,957 (with a margin of error of +/- $12,476) and the median family income was $83,438 (+/- $13,632). Males had a median income of $55,246 (+/- $4,750) versus $36,316 (+/- $13,317) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $30,264 (+/- $3,595). About 2.4% of families and 5.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.2% of those under age 18 and 4.2% of those age 65 or over.[39]

Census 2000[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[15] there were 3,468 people, 1,207 households, and 959 families residing in the township. The population density was 85.9 people per square mile (33.2/km²). There were 1,250 housing units at an average density of 31.0 per square mile (11.9/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 94.84% White, 2.16% African American, 0.52% Native American, 0.32% Asian, 1.30% from other races, and 0.87% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.14% of the population.[37][38]

There were 1,207 households out of which 35.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 67.5% were married couples living together, 7.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 20.5% were non-families. 16.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.80 and the average family size was 3.13.[37][38]

In the township the population was spread out with 25.3% under the age of 18, 7.6% from 18 to 24, 27.5% from 25 to 44, 26.0% from 45 to 64, and 13.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 99.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.4 males.[37][38]

The median income for a household in the township was $53,813, and the median income for a family was $56,768. Males had a median income of $41,319 versus $27,976 for females. The per capita income for the township was $21,732. About 6.0% of families and 8.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.7% of those under age 18 and 5.6% of those age 65 or over.[37][38]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

Upper Pittsgrove Township is governed under the Township form of New Jersey municipal government. The five-member Township Committee is elected directly by the voters at-large in partisan elections to serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with either one or two seats coming up for election each year as part of the November general election in a three-year cycle.[6][40] At an annual reorganization meeting, the council selects one of its members to serves as mayor and another as deputy mayor.

As of 2016, members of the Upper Pittsgrove Township Council are Mayor Jack R. Cimprich (R, term on committee ends December 31, 2018; term as mayor ends December 31, 2016), Deputy Mayor Edward J. Meschi (R, term on committee ends 2017; term as deputy mayor ends 2016), Bruce W. Bishop (R, 2018), William W. Gantz Jr. (D, 2016) and David Zeck Sr. (R, 2017).[3][41][42][43][44][45][46][47]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Upper Pittsgrove Township is located in the 2nd Congressional District[48] and is part of New Jersey's 3rd state legislative district.[9][49][50]

New Jersey's Second Congressional District is represented by Frank LoBiondo (R, Ventnor City).[51] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark, term ends 2021)[52] and Bob Menendez (D, Paramus, 2019).[53][54]

For the 2016–2017 session (Senate, General Assembly), the 3rd Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Stephen M. Sweeney (D, West Deptford Township) and in the General Assembly by John J. Burzichelli (D, Paulsboro) and Adam Taliaferro (D, Woolwich Township).[55] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[56] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[57]

Salem County is governed by a seven-member Board of Chosen Freeholders who are elected at-large to serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with either two or three seats coming up for election each year. At an annual reorganization meeting held in the beginning of January, the board selects a Director and a Deputy Director from among its members. As of 2014, Salem County's Freeholders (with party, residence, term-end year and committee chairmanship listed in parentheses) are Director Julie A. Acton (R, Pennsville Township, 2016; Administration), Deputy Director Dale A. Cross (R, Pennsville Township, 2014; Public Safety), Bruce L. Bobbitt (D, Pilesgrove Township, 2014; Public Services), Ben Laury (R, Elmer, 2015; Public Works) Beth E. Timberman (D, Woodstown, 2015; Social Services), Robert J. Vanderslice (R, Pennsville Township, 2014; Health and Human Services) Lee R. Ware (D, Elsinboro Township, 2016; Transportation, Agriculture and Cultural Affairs).[58][59] Constitutional officers elected on a countywide basis are County Clerk Gilda T. Gill (2014),[60] Sheriff Charles M. Miller (2015)[61] and Surrogate Nicki A. Burke (2015).[62][63]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 2,370 registered voters in Upper Pittsgrove Township, of which 447 (18.9% vs. 30.6% countywide) were registered as Democrats, 688 (29.0% vs. 21.0%) were registered as Republicans and 1,235 (52.1% vs. 48.4%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were no voters registered to other parties.[64] Among the township's 2010 Census population, 67.6% (vs. 64.6% in Salem County) were registered to vote, including 87.1% of those ages 18 and over (vs. 84.4% countywide).[64][65]

In the 2012 presidential election, Republican Mitt Romney received 65.3% of the vote (1,102 cast), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 33.1% (558 votes), and other candidates with 1.6% (27 votes), among the 1,699 ballots cast by the township's 2,395 registered voters (12 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 70.9%.[66][67] In the 2008 presidential election, Republican John McCain received 1,173 votes (64.8% vs. 46.6% countywide), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 595 votes (32.9% vs. 50.4%) and other candidates with 23 votes (1.3% vs. 1.6%), among the 1,810 ballots cast by the township's 2,449 registered voters, for a turnout of 73.9% (vs. 71.8% in Salem County).[68] In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 1,192 votes (64.4% vs. 52.5% countywide), ahead of Democrat John Kerry with 621 votes (33.6% vs. 45.9%) and other candidates with 29 votes (1.6% vs. 1.0%), among the 1,850 ballots cast by the township's 2,477 registered voters, for a turnout of 74.7% (vs. 71.0% in the whole county).[69]

In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 76.9% of the vote (896 cast), ahead of Democrat Barbara Buono with 20.1% (234 votes), and other candidates with 3.0% (35 votes), among the 1,172 ballots cast by the township's 2,372 registered voters (7 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 49.4%.[70][71] In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 814 votes (59.2% vs. 46.1% countywide), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 372 votes (27.0% vs. 39.9%), Independent Chris Daggett with 138 votes (10.0% vs. 9.7%) and other candidates with 32 votes (2.3% vs. 2.0%), among the 1,376 ballots cast by the township's 2,441 registered voters, yielding a 56.4% turnout (vs. 47.3% in the county).[72]

Education[edit]

The Upper Pittsgrove School District serves public school students in pre-kindergarten through eighth grade at Upper Pittsgrove School. As of the 2012-13 school year, the district's one school had an enrollment of 395 students.[73]

Students in public school for ninth through twelfth grades attend Woodstown High School in Woodstown, which serves students from Pilesgrove Township and Woodstown, along with students Alloway Township, Oldmans Township and Upper Pittsgrove Township who attend the high school as part of sending/receiving relationships with the Woodstown-Pilesgrove Regional School District.[74] As of the 2013-14 school year, the high school had an enrollment of 710 students and 60.6 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 11.7:1.[75]

Transportation[edit]

Roads and highways[edit]

As of May 2010, the township has a total of 111.44 miles (179.35 km) of roadways, of which 43.02 miles (69.23 km) were maintained by the municipality, 51.38 miles (82.69 km) by Salem County and 17.04 miles (27.42 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.[76]

State Route 77 runs through the center of the township for 7.6 miles (12.2 km) from Upper Deerfield Township in Cumberland County to Elk Township in Gloucester County to the north.[77] U.S. Route 40 (Harding Highway) runs across the township for about 10.0 miles (16.1 km), from Pilesgrove Township in the west, enters Elmer borough, re-enters the township and continues to Franklin Township in Gloucester County to the east.[78] County Route 553 (Buck Road) cuts across the eastern panhandle of the township, from Pittsgrove Township in the south to Franklin Township in the north. [79] County Route 581 (Commissioners Pike) enters on the western border from Pilesgrove Township and heads north for 3.5 miles (5.6 km) towards South Harrison Township.[80]

Pole Tavern Circle is a traffic circle at the intersection of U.S. Route 40, State Route 77, Monroeville Road (County Route 604), and Daretown Road (County Route 635). The Pole Tavern Circle, named for a liberty pole that stood at the site during the American Revolutionary War, is the location of a large historic cannon that was first placed there in 1913.[24]

Public transportation[edit]

NJ Transit provides service between Bridgeton and Philadelphia on the 410 route.[81][82]

Wineries[edit]

Notable people[edit]

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Upper Pittsgrove include:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f 2010 Census Gazetteer Files: New Jersey County Subdivisions, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 21, 2015.
  2. ^ a b US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  3. ^ a b Township Committee, Upper Pittsgrove Township. Accessed July 31, 2016.
  4. ^ 2016 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed June 14, 2016.
  5. ^ Municipal Clerk & Registrar, Upper Pittsgrove Township. Accessed July 31, 2016.
  6. ^ a b 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 19.
  7. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Township of Upper Pittsgrove, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 14, 2013.
  8. ^ a b c d e f DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Upper Pittsgrove township, Salem County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed February 8, 2013.
  9. ^ a b c d Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 3. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  10. ^ a b c Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Upper Pittsgrove township, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed February 8, 2013.
  11. ^ a b PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015 - 2015 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 22, 2016.
  12. ^ a b GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed February 8, 2013.
  13. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Elmer, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed February 8, 2013.
  14. ^ Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for Elmer, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed October 7, 2014.
  15. ^ a b American FactFinder, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  16. ^ A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed October 31, 2012.
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  18. ^ Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed February 8, 2013.
  19. ^ a b Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 218. Accessed October 25, 2012.
  20. ^ Hutchinson, Viola L. The Origin of New Jersey Place Names, New Jersey Public Library Commission, May 1945. Accessed October 16, 2015.
  21. ^ Town and County Names, Visit Salem County. Accessed October 16, 2015. "Set off from Piles Grove and named in honor of Sir William Pitt the famous English statesman and orator, before he accepted the Earldom of Chatham."
  22. ^ New Jersey Division of Alcoholic Beverage Control. New Jersey ABC list of dry towns (May 1, 2013)
  23. ^ Giordano, Rita. "More towns catching liquor-license buzz; Moorestown considers ending its dry spell", The Philadelphia Inquirer, June 24, 2007. Accessed February 16, 2014.
  24. ^ a b Upper Pittsgrove Township, DiscoverSalemCounty.com. Accessed May 30, 2011.
  25. ^ DeLorme (2005). New Jersey Atlas & Gazetteer. Yarmouth, Maine: DeLorme. ISBN 0-89933-324-9.
  26. ^ Locality Search, State of New Jersey. Accessed May 21, 2015.
  27. ^ Census Estimates for New Jersey April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015, United States Census Bureau. Accessed December 29, 2016.
  28. ^ Barnett, Bob. Population Data for Salem County Municipalities, 1800 - 2000, WestJersey.org, January 6, 2011. Accessed February 8, 2013.
  29. ^ Compendium of censuses 1726-1905: together with the tabulated returns of 1905, New Jersey Department of State, 1906. Accessed November 9, 2013.
  30. ^ Raum, John O. The History of New Jersey: From Its Earliest Settlement to the Present Time, Volume 1, p. 256, J. E. Potter and company, 1877. Accessed February 8, 2013. "Upper Pittsgrove township contained in 1850 1,656 inhabitants; in 1860, 2,082; in 1870, 2,087."
  31. ^ Debow, James Dunwoody Brownson. The Seventh Census of the United States: 1850, p. 141. R. Armstrong, 1853. Accessed February 8, 2013.
  32. ^ Staff. A compendium of the ninth census, 1870, p. 260. United States Census Bureau, 1872. Accessed February 8, 2013.
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  38. ^ a b c d e DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Upper Pittsgrove township, Salem County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed February 8, 2013.
  39. ^ DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Upper Pittsgrove township, Salem County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed February 7, 2013.
  40. ^ "Forms of Municipal Government in New Jersey", p. 7. Rutgers University Center for Government Studies. Accessed June 3, 2015.
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  42. ^ 2016 Municipal User Friendly Budget for Upper Pittsgrove Township, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed July 31, 2016.
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  52. ^ About Cory Booker, United States Senate. Accessed January 26, 2015. "He now owns a home and lives in Newark's Central Ward community."
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  73. ^ District information for Upper Pittsgrove Township School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed March 10, 2015.
  74. ^ Woodstown-Pilesgrove Regional School District 2015 Report Card Narrative, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed June 5, 2016. "It is my pleasure to present to you the 2014-2015 New Jersey School Report Card for the Woodstown-Pilesgrove Regional School District. This School Report Card provides the school district's constituents with information concerning the district's programs, including test scores, attendance data of students and staff, financial details, and other specifics which together form a comprehensive review of our school district's offerings to the Woodstown-Pilesgrove community as well as the high school sending districts of Alloway, Oldmans, and Upper Pittsgrove."
  75. ^ School Data for Woodstown High School, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed June 5, 2016.
  76. ^ Salem County Mileage by Municipality and Jurisdiction, New Jersey Department of Transportation, May 2010. Accessed November 9, 2013.
  77. ^ Route 77 Straight Line Diagram, New Jersey Department of Transportation, January 2009. Accessed November 9, 2013.
  78. ^ U.S. Route 40 Straight Line Diagram, New Jersey Department of Transportation, May 2009. Accessed November 9, 2013.
  79. ^ County Route 553 Straight Line Diagram, New Jersey Department of Transportation, September 2007. Accessed November 9, 2013.
  80. ^ County Route 581 Straight Line Diagram, New Jersey Department of Transportation, May 2009. Accessed November 9, 2013.
  81. ^ Salem County Bus / Rail Connections, NJ Transit, backed up by the Internet Archive as of January 28, 2010. Accessed February 8, 2013.
  82. ^ South Jersey Transit Guide, Cross County Connection, as of April 1, 2010. Accessed October 7, 2014.
  83. ^ Roscoe Lockwood, Sports-Reference. Accessed October 16, 2015.

External links[edit]