Porsche Taycan

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Porsche Taycan
2020 Porsche Taycan 4S 79kWh Front.jpg
Overview
ManufacturerPorsche
Production2019–present
AssemblyGermany: Stuttgart
Designer
Body and chassis
ClassExecutive car (E)
Body style
LayoutRear-motor, rear-wheel drive (Taycan)
Dual-motor, all-wheel drive (Taycan 4S, Turbo & Turbo S)
PlatformJ1
RelatedAudi e-tron GT
Powertrain
EngineAC synchronous electric motors, front and rear axle powered by e-tron
Transmission
  • 1-speed direct-drive (front 8.05:1)
  • 2-speed automatic (rear; 16:1 and 8.05:1)[2]
Battery
  • 79.2 kWh (71.0 kWh usable) liquid-cooled lithium-ion
  • or 93.4 kWh (83.7 kWh usable) liquid-cooled lithium-ion "Performance Battery Plus"
Electric range206.9 to 287.7 mi (333 to 463 km) (WLTP combined), 201 mi (323.5 km) (EPA)
Plug-in charging
  • 270 kW (800 volt) DC
  • 150 kW (400 volt) DC using onboard step-up converter
  • 22 kW (400 volt 3 phase) AC using onboard rectifier
  • 19.2 kW (240 volt single phase) AC using onboard rectifier
Dimensions
Wheelbase2,900 mm (114.2 in)
Length4,963 mm (195.4 in)[3]
Width1,966 mm (77.4 in)
Height1,378–1,381 mm (54.3–54.4 in)
Kerb weight2,140–2,305 kg (4,717.9–5,081.7 lb)

The Porsche Taycan is a battery electric saloon and shooting brake produced by German automobile manufacturer Porsche. The concept version of the Taycan, named the Porsche Mission E, debuted at the 2015 Frankfurt Motor Show.[4] The Taycan was revealed fully production-ready at the 2019 Frankfurt Motor Show.[3] As Porsche's first series production electric car,[4] it is sold in several variants at different performance levels, and may spawn further derivatives in future models.[5] More than 20,000 Taycans were delivered in 2020, its debut sale year, representing 7.4% of the total Porsche volume.[6]

Nomenclature[edit]

The name "Taycan" roughly translates from Turkish as "lively young horse", in reference to the steed of the Stuttgart coat of arms on the Porsche crest.[7][8]

Porsche named the high performance models Turbo and Turbo S despite the absence of a turbocharger, following the tradition set by high performance Porsche derivatives with internal combustion engines.[9]

Design[edit]

The Taycan's interior features Porsche's first fully digital instrumentation, with up to four digital displays, including a curved, free-standing 16.8-inch configurable driver's display. A 280 mm (10.9 in) screen to the right of the instrument cluster is the car's infotainment center. An optional screen to the right of the infotainment screen allows the front passenger to customise the infotainment system. On the centre console, an 210 mm (8.4 in) portrait-oriented, touchpad-controlled screen shows the powertrain's status and advises the driver on using the car's power efficiently. In contrast with the all-digital layout, the dashboard features the classic Porsche clock at its top.

The exterior styling, by former Porsche Exterior Designer Mitja Borkert, is strongly influenced by the Mission E concept car, retaining most of its design elements except the "suicide doors" and B pillars. Design features of the Taycan include a retractable rear spoiler, retractable door handles, and an advanced regenerative braking system. Taking full advantage of its drivetrain layout, the Taycan combines the fundamental short-nosed front proportions of traditional Porsches with the stretched proportions of modern front-engine models towards the rear, providing clear design links to existing models. The front features four-point LED daytime running headlamps. At the rear, the car has a short notchback-style boot lid, housing a full-width light band serving as taillights and turn signals and providing access to one of two luggage compartments. The other compartment is under the bonnet, with a claimed capacity of nearly 100 litres. The Taycan Turbo and Turbo S models include carbon-fibre trim and 20-inch wheels.

Taycan Cross Turismo[edit]

The Taycan Cross Turismo is a lifted shooting brake/wagon version of the Taycan with additional body cladding, rugged black plastic trim, and other crossover-like features, including an off-road Design package and 'Gravel' drive mode.

Specifications[edit]

The Taycan's J1 platform

The Taycan's body is mainly steel and aluminium joined by different bonding techniques. The body's B pillars, side roof frame and seat cross member are made from hot-formed steel, while the bulkhead cross member is made from boron steel to improve safety. The shock absorber mounts, axle mounts and rear side members are forged aluminum; and all body panels, except the front and rear bumpers, are also made from aluminum to reduce weight. 37% of the car is made of aluminium.[10]

The Taycan uses a new battery-electric all-wheel-drive drivetrain with a permanent-magnet synchronous motor on each axle. At the front, power is sent to the wheels through a single-speed gearbox (8.05:1 gear ratio); and at the rear, through a two-speed transmission and a limited slip differential. The gearbox has a short planetary first gear (15.5:1) providing maximum acceleration, and a long-ratio second gear (8.05:1) delivering top speed and efficiency.[2] Power comes from a 93 kWh 630 kg (1,389 lb) lithium-ion battery pack that doubles as a structural chassis component and keeps the center of gravity low.[2] To increase rear-seat legroom, recesses called "foot garages" have been incorporated in the battery pack. The 723-volt pack (835 volt full, 610 volt empty) has 33 modules with 12 LG Chem pouch cells each, for 396 cells in total.[2][11]

The EPA lists the Taycan 4S' range at 203 miles with a consumption of 49 kWh/100 miles.[12] However, the car's range depends on how it is driven and what driving mode is selected. There are five driving modes: Sport, Sport Plus, Normal, Range, and Individual. The Range mode maximizes range with lowest power consumption; and Individual lets the driver customise various settings.[13] Regenerative braking provides up to 265 kW,[14] yielding an acceleration of 0.39 G/-3.83 m/s^2.[2]

Porsche has developed an 800-volt charging system specifically for the Taycan. According to manufacturer estimates, the battery pack can be charged from 5% to 80% in 22.5 minutes in ideal situations, using an 800-volt DC fast charger with 270 kW of power. The Taycan is also backward compatible with existing 400-volt stations up to 150 kW using an onboard step-up converter that converts the 400-volt system to the car's 800-volt system. Charge times depend on weather conditions and infrastructure. When purchasing a Taycan, owners receive three years free access to the speed-charging infrastructure of IONITY in Europe or Electrify America in the United States, Porsche's joint venture partners.[15]

Unlike other electric vehicles, the Taycan has charging ports on both the driver's and passenger's sides. They cannot both be used simultaneously. For the European, American and other markets which use CCS, AC sources can be connected to either side and DC sources can only be connected to the passenger's side. For the Japanese and Chinese markets which use completely different AC and DC connectors, the driver's side contains the AC charging port and the passenger's side contains the DC charging port. To reduce charge times at both hot and cold temperatures, the battery can be thermally preconditioned using a charging planner. Owners set a departure time in the planner, and the car automatically warms or cools the battery for optimal charging times. A charging dock and mobile charger, supplied with the car for home charging, utilize a 9.6-kW connector that charges the car in 11 hours. An energy manager, which can also be installed in a home's circuit panel, can manage the house's power flow; provide cost-optimising charging using solar power; and provide blackout protection by reducing the charge to the car if household appliances such as fridges or dryers turn on and exceed the panel's power threshold.[16]

The Taycan Turbo has a drag coefficient of Cd=0.22, which the manufacturer claims is the lowest of any current Porsche model. The Turbo S model has a slightly higher drag coefficient of Cd=0.25.[17][16] The frontal area is 2.33 m², with a resulting drag area of 0.513 m² and 0.583 m² for the Turbo and Turbo S, respectively.[18][19][20]

Car and Driver did 15 consecutive quarter-mile runs in both the Taycan Turbo S and the 2020 Tesla Model S Performance to evaluate Porsche's claim that their car's performance holds up even as the battery discharges. Porsche's results during the test did not deteriorate significantly, while the Tesla's got considerably worse.[21]

Models[edit]

The Taycan is currently offered as a 4-door saloon model and a 4-door estate model, the Taycan Cross Turismo. Other planned variants include a two-door coupe and convertible models, which will enter production based on market demand. Models introduced at launch include the high-performance AWD Turbo and Turbo S.[13] The Taycan 4S, a mid-range AWD model with two battery sizes, was added in October 2019.[22] The base RWD model was first announced in July 2020 for China,[23] and then for Europe and US in January 2021.[24] The GTS variants were announced in November 2021 [25]

4-door saloon

Model Years Power Torque Weight (DIN) 0–60 mph (97 km/h) 0–100 km/h (62 mph) Top speed WLTP Range[26] EPA Range[26]
Taycan (79 kWh)[24] 2020– 300 kW (408 PS; 402 hp) 344 N⋅m (254 lb⋅ft) 2,050 kg (4,519 lb) 5.1 seconds 5.4 seconds 230 km/h (143 mph) 431 km (268 mi) TBA
Taycan (performance battery plus)
(93 kWh)[24]
2020– 350 kW (476 PS; 469 hp) 357 N⋅m (263 lb⋅ft) 2,130 kg (4,696 lb) 5.1 seconds 5.4 seconds 230 km/h (143 mph) 484 km (301 mi) TBA
Taycan 4S (79 kWh)[27] 2020– 390 kW (530 PS; 523 hp) 640 N⋅m (472 lb⋅ft) 2,140 kg (4,718 lb) 3.8 seconds 4.0 seconds 250 km/h (155 mph) 408 km (254 mi) 199 mi (320 km)
Taycan 4S (performance battery plus) (93 kWh)[27] 2020– 420 kW (571 PS; 563 hp) 650 N⋅m (479 lb⋅ft) 2,220 kg (4,894 lb) 3.8 seconds 4.0 seconds 250 km/h (155 mph) 464 km (288 mi) 227 mi (365 km)
Taycan GTS (93 kWh)[25] 2022– 440 kW (598 PS; 590 hp) 850 N⋅m (627 lb⋅ft) 2,295 kg (5,060 lb) 3.5 seconds 250 km/h (155 mph) TBC TBC
Taycan Turbo (93 kWh)[28][29] 2020– 500 kW (680 PS; 671 hp) 850 N⋅m (627 lb⋅ft) 2,305 kg (5,082 lb) 3.0 seconds 3.2 seconds 260 km/h (162 mph) 452 km (281 mi) 212 mi (341 km)
Taycan Turbo S (93 kWh)[28][29] 2020– 560 kW (761 PS; 751 hp) 1,050 N⋅m (774 lb⋅ft) 2,295 kg (5,060 lb) 2.6 seconds 2.8 seconds 260 km/h (162 mph) 416 km (258 mi) 201 mi (323 km)

4-door estate (Cross Turismo)

Model Years Power Torque Weight (DIN) 0–60 mph (97 km/h) 0–100 km/h (62 mph) Top speed WLTP Range[26] EPA Range[26]
Taycan 4 Cross Turismo
(93 kWh)
2020– 350 kW (476 PS; 469 hp) 500 N⋅m (369 lb⋅ft) 2,245 kg (4,949 lb) 4.8 seconds 5.1 seconds 220 km/h (137 mph) 215 mi (346 km)
Taycan 4S Cross Turismo
(93 kWh)
2020– 420 kW (571 PS; 563 hp) 650 N⋅m (479 lb⋅ft) 2,245 kg (4,949 lb) 3.9 seconds 4.1 seconds 240 km/h (149 mph) 215 mi (346 km)
Taycan GTS Sport Turismo (93 kWh)[25] 2022– 440 kW (598 PS; 590 hp) 850 N⋅m (627 lb⋅ft) 2,310 kg (5,093 lb) 3.5 seconds 250 km/h (155 mph) TBC TBC
Taycan Turbo Cross Turismo (93 kWh) 2020– 500 kW (680 PS; 671 hp) 850 N⋅m (627 lb⋅ft) 2,320 kg (5,115 lb) 3.1 seconds 3.3 seconds 250 km/h (155 mph) 204 mi (328 km)
Taycan Turbo S Cross Turismo (93 kWh) 2020– 560 kW (761 PS; 751 hp) 1,050 N⋅m (774 lb⋅ft) 2,320 kg (5,115 lb) 2.7 seconds 2.9 seconds 250 km/h (155 mph) 202 mi (325 km)

Notes: These power, torque and acceleration values were achieved with Overboost Power with Launch Control mode. Otherwise, the maximum power is 240 kW (326 PS; 322 hp) for the base model, 280 kW (381 PS; 375 hp) for the base with 93 kWh Performance Battery Plus, 320 kW (435 PS; 429 hp) for the 4S, 360 kW (489 PS; 483 hp) for the 4S 93 kWh Performance Battery Plus, and 460 kW (625 PS; 617 hp) for the Turbo and Turbo S models.[29]

The Sport Turismo differs from the Cross Turismo as follows; "with the rear spoiler painted to match the body color and no cladding on the wheel arches. The Sport Turismo has the same silhouette as the Cross Turismo wagon and storage space. But it has the lower ride height of the Taycan sedan, giving it a racier, performance-minded look — and feel."[25], and as such is treated as a new body type.

Awards[edit]

In January 2021, the Taycan 4S was named Performance Car of the Year by What Car? magazine.[30] What Car? awarded the Taycan five stars out of five in its review of the car.[31]

Concept models[edit]

Porsche Mission E[edit]

The concept car which previewed the Taycan was the Porsche Mission E, unveiled at the 2015 Frankfurt Motor Show. It is powered by two PSM permanently excited synchronous electric motors, one on each axle, with all four wheels individually controlled by the Porsche Torque Vectoring system. The motors were projected to be rated at more than 440 kW (598 PS; 590 hp);[32] and the car had projected performance figures of 0–100 km/h in under 3.5 seconds, 0–200 km/h in under 12 seconds, and a top speed of over 250 km/h (155 mph). Porsche's range goal for the Mission E was over 500 km (311 mi).[33]

The car's system voltage is 800 V DC.[34] The batteries can be charged by an inductive plate or with a conventional charging system. Porsche claimed that with the Porsche Turbo Charging system, the battery could be charged at up to 350 kW, to 80% in just 15 minutes.[33]

Porsche Mission E Cross Turismo[edit]

The Porsche Mission E Cross Turismo previewed the Taycan Cross Turismo, and was presented at the 2018 Geneva Motor Show. The design language of the Mission E Cross Turismo more closely resembles the Taycan than the Mission E. It combined the fully electric Mission E J1-platform with a 5-door estate body similar to the Panamera Sport Turismo, raised suspension, and off-road tyres and cladding to form a crossover utility vehicle. Porsche Chief designer Michael Mauer said the concept "shows possibilities of the future lineup."[35] On October 18, 2018, the Supervisory Board of Porsche AG approved series production of the production-ready Porsche Taycan Cross Turismo.[36]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Mission E: Porsche design of the future". newsroom.porsche.com. Porsche.
  2. ^ a b c d e Tracy, David (6 September 2019). "An Extremely Detailed Look At The Porsche Taycan's Engineering Designed To Take On Tesla". Jalopnik. Archived from the original on 30 December 2019.
  3. ^ a b Vanderwerp, Dave (4 September 2019). "2020 Porsche Taycan Electric Sports Saloon Is the First Real Threat to Tesla". Car and Driver. Retrieved 4 September 2019.
  4. ^ a b "Tribute to tomorrow. Porsche Concept Study Mission E. - Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche AG".
  5. ^ "Porsche Mission E due with Level 4 autonomy and 15min fast-charging". autocar.co.uk. Retrieved 28 March 2018.
  6. ^ Taycan, Porsche. "Porsche Taycan Sales Exceed 20,000 In 2020". InsideEVs.
  7. ^ Valdes-Dapena, Peter. "Porsche's first electric car will be called the Taycan". CNNMoney. Retrieved 2018-06-11.
  8. ^ "Mission E becomes Taycan". newsroom.porsche.com. Retrieved 2018-06-08.
  9. ^ "#AskPorsche - The name Turbo". youtube.com. Retrieved 2020-09-07.
  10. ^ "The body: Intelligent mix of materials for maximum strength". Porsche Newsroom.
  11. ^ "The battery: Sophisticated thermal management, 800-volt system voltage". Porsche Newsroom.
  12. ^ "2020 Porsche Taycan Prices, Reviews, and Pictures | Edmunds". Edmunds.com. June 1, 2020.
  13. ^ a b Valdes-Dapena, Peter (4 September 2019). "Porsche's first electric car has almost no switches, knobs or gauges. Here's what it does have". CNN. Retrieved 5 September 2019.
  14. ^ Dow, Jameson (26 December 2019). "See what's underneath and inside the Porsche Taycan". Electrek.
  15. ^ "Porsche Charging options for on the road. - Porsche AG". Porsche AG - Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche AG. Retrieved 8 December 2019.
  16. ^ a b Wong, Jon (4 September 2019). "2020 Porsche Taycan arrives with up to 750 hp, $150,900 base price". Road Show. Retrieved 5 September 2019.
  17. ^ "Electric Porsche Taycan will be crucial to UK range, says boss". autocar.co.uk. Retrieved 21 March 2019.
  18. ^ "World premiere of the Porsche Taycan". newsroom.porsche.com. Porsche. Retrieved 10 September 2019.
  19. ^ "Taycan Turbo Technical Data" (PDF). newsroom.porsche.com. Porsche. p. 4. Retrieved 11 September 2019.
  20. ^ "Taycan Turbo S Technical Data" (PDF). newsroom.porsche.com. Porsche. p. 4. Retrieved 11 September 2019.
  21. ^ Porsche Taycan Turbo S vs. Tesla Model S Performance: Electric Flattery, Car and Driver, 7 February 2020
  22. ^ Porter, Jon (14 October 2019). "Porsche prices its 'entry-level' Taycan EV at just over $100,000". The Verge. Retrieved 22 October 2019.
  23. ^ Weintraub, Seth (2020-06-29). "Porsche Taycan RWD makes China debut w/489km of NEDC range, uncertain if coming to US market". Electrek. Retrieved 2020-07-06.
  24. ^ a b c "Porsche Announces Entry-Level Taycan Variant". InsideEVs. Retrieved 2021-01-21.
  25. ^ a b c d "Porsche takes the GTS electric with the Taycan sedan and sporty wagon". TechCrunch. Retrieved 2021-11-17.
  26. ^ a b c d "2021 Porsche Taycan Comparison Reveals New Boosted EPA Range Estimates". InsideEVs. Retrieved 2021-01-21.
  27. ^ a b "Porsche Taycan 4S revealed with two power levels and a cheaper starting price". CNET.
  28. ^ a b "Porsche Taycan By The Numbers: Specs, Range, Performance & More". Insideevs.
  29. ^ a b c "Porsche Taycan Turbo - Porsche USA". Porsche HOME - Porsche USA. Retrieved 12 September 2019.
  30. ^ "Car of the Year Awards 2021: Performance Car of the Year". www.whatcar.com. Retrieved 2021-12-06.
  31. ^ "Porsche Taycan Review 2021". www.whatcar.com. Retrieved 2021-12-06.
  32. ^ "Tribute to tomorrow. Porsche Concept Study Mission E. - Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche AG". Technology.
  33. ^ a b Lambert, Fred (2016-12-26). "10 electric cars coming in the next 3 years : 4 – Audi Q6 e-tron quattro SUV". Electrek. Retrieved 2017-03-17.
  34. ^ Lambert, Fred (2019-07-29). "Porsche has 30,000 Taycan electric car reservations". Electrek.
  35. ^ "Porsche reveals its Mission E Cross Turismo concept". topgear.com. 6 March 2018. Retrieved 28 March 2018.
  36. ^ "Concept study Mission E Cross Turismo goes into series production - 300 new jobs". newsroom.porsche.com. Retrieved 2019-03-07.

External links[edit]