President of Syria

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President of the
Syrian Arab Republic
Standard of the President of Syria.svg
Bashar al Assad.jpg
Bashar al-Assad

since 17 July 2000
Residence People's Palace & Tishreen Palace, Damascus
Term length Seven years, renewable once
Inaugural holder Shukri al-Quwatli
Formation 17 April 1946
Coat of arms of Syria.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of

The President of Syria is the head of state of the Syrian Arab Republic. He is vested with sweeping powers that may be delegated, at his sole discretion, to his Vice Presidents. He appoints and dismisses the Prime Minister and other members of the Council of Ministers (the cabinet) and military officers.[1]

Term of office[edit]

The Constitution of Syria allows the President to run for a 7-year term, which can be renewed once.[2]

Eligibility criterias[edit]

According to articles 84 and 85 of the Syrian constitution, the candidate for the office of President of the Republic must:

  1. Acquire the support of at least 35 members of the People's Assembly
  2. Be above the age of 40
  3. Have lived continuously in Syria for 10 years before the election
  4. Be Syrian by birth, of parents who are Syrians by birth
  5. Not be married to a non-Syrian spouse

Also, the Constitution is stating that "The President has to be part of the Muslim faith".[3]


Apart from executive authority relating to a wide range of governmental functions including foreign affairs, the president has the right to dissolve the People's Council, in which case a new council must be elected within ninety days from the date of dissolution.

List of Presidents[edit]

Latest election[edit]

Candidate Party Votes %
Bashar al-Assad Ba'ath Party 10,319,723 88.7
Hassan al-Nouri NIACS 500,279 4.3
Maher Hajjar Independent 372,301 3.2
Invalid/blank votes 442,108 3.8
Total 11,634,412 100
Registered votes/turnout 15,845,575 73.42
Source: SANA, SANA


  1. ^ "The President and the Cabinet"
  2. ^ Article 88 of the Syrian Constitution
  3. ^ Article 3 of the Syrian Constitution

External links[edit]