Qabatiya

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Qabatiyah
Other transcription(s)
 • Arabic قباطية
Qabatiya general view (Eastern field)
Qabatiya general view (Eastern field)
Qabatiyah is located in the Palestinian territories
Qabatiyah
Qabatiyah
Location of Qabatiyah within the Palestinian territories
Coordinates: 32°24′34.39″N 35°16′51.17″E / 32.4095528°N 35.2808806°E / 32.4095528; 35.2808806Coordinates: 32°24′34.39″N 35°16′51.17″E / 32.4095528°N 35.2808806°E / 32.4095528; 35.2808806
Palestine grid 176/201
Governorate Jenin
Government
 • Type Municipality
 • Head of Municipality Mr. Ali Zakarneh
Area
 • Jurisdiction 50,547 dunams (50.55 km2 or 19.52 sq mi)
Population (2007)
 • Jurisdiction 19,197
Name meaning “The Copts´place”[1]

Qabatiya (Arabic: قباطية‎‎, also spelled Qabatia and Qabatiyah; Hebrew: קבטיה‎‎) is a Palestinian city located in the Jenin Governorate in the northern West Bank 6 km south of Jenin. According to the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics (PCBS) census, the town had a population of 19,197 in 2007.[2]

Its total land area consists of 50,547 dunams (50.5 km2; 19.5 sq mi) and it is situated approximately 256 metres (840 ft) above sea level.[3] Qabatiya is famous for its olive groves, modern agriculture, and limestone industry. It is a part of the Jenin Governorate.

History[edit]

Sherds have been found here from Persian, Hellenistic, early and late Roman, Byzantine, early Muslim and Medieval eras.[4] A Muslim traveller in the 12th century CE indicated "a village in the district of Jenin".[4]

Ottoman era[edit]

Qabatiya, like all of Palestine was incorporated into the Ottoman Empire in 1517. In the 1596 tax registers, it was part of the nahiya ("subdistrict") of Jabal Sami, part of the larger Sanjak of Nablus. It had a population of 89 households and 18 bachelors, all Muslims. The inhabitants paid a fixed tax rate of 33.3% on agricultural products, including wheat, barley, summer crops, olive trees, goats and beehives, in addition to occasional revenues; a total of 14,920 akçe. Half of the revenues went to the Tarabay Bey of Lajjun.[5] In 1105 AH (1693 CE) Abd al-Ghani al-Nabulsi mentioned a village on the road from Nablus to Jenin.[4]

in 1838 Edward Robinson found it to be a very large village, surrounded by very extensive and beautiful olive groves,[6] while in 1850, it was described as surrounded by gardens, built on the side of a wooden hill, covered with olive trees.[7]

In 1870 Victor Guérin found gardens around Koubatieh planted with fig, olive and pomegranate trees, with vegetables underneath. It was a large village, divided into several areas under the jurisdiction of many different sheikhs.[8] He further noted that “Kubataieh stands upon a rocky hill, whose sides are pierced by numerous cisterns of ancient origin, some of which are partly filled up and in bad repair ; others are still used by the people. The latter are closed at the mouth by great round stones in form of a mill-stone, pierced in the centre. This second opening is itself closed by another stone, which is taken away when the water is drawn. This system of closed wells and cisterns by means of a stone is of extreme antiquity.”[9]

In 1882, the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine described it as a “large stone village on a slope, east of a small plain which is full of olives. It has a sacred place on the south (Sheikh Theljy), and a good orange garden near the village.”[10]

British Mandate period[edit]

In the 1922 census of Palestine, conducted by the British Mandate authorities, Qabatiya had 1,803 inhabitants; 1,799 Muslims and 4 Christians,[11] where the Christians were all Orthodox.[12] This increased to 2,447 in the 1931 census; 2 Christians and the rest Muslims, in a total of 551 houses.[13]

In 1945 the population of Qabatiya, together with Kh. Tannin, was 3,670, all Muslims,[14] with 50,547 dunams of land, according to an official land and population survey.[15] 9,542 dunams were used for plantations and irrigable land, 21,464 dunams for cereals,[16] while 113 dunams were built-up (urban) land and 19,428 dunams were classified as "non-cultivable".[17]

1948–67[edit]

In the wake of the 1948 Arab–Israeli War, and after the 1949 Armistice Agreements, the whole Jenin-area came under Jordanian rule, together with the rest of the West Bank.[18]

Post-1967[edit]

After the Six-Day War in 1967, Qabatiya has been under Israeli occupation.[19][20]

Approximately ten Palestinians were killed between October 2015 and July 2016 while carrying out attacks against Israelis. In July 2016, clashes between Palestinians and Israeli armed forces occurred during a house demolition by Israel of a man accused of being involved in an attack in Jerusalem. The Israeli military reported that the military convoy that carried out the demolition was met by Molotov cocktails and fire from improvised guns. Palestinian officials reported six Palestinians wounded in the exchange, with the Israeli military confirming three Palestinians hit. Israel calls the demolition of homes of attackers as a deterrent to violence, while human rights groups and Palestinians condemn it as a form of collective punishment.[21]

Salah al-Din mosque in the town of Qabatiya
Teachers at the boys' high school, 1980

References[edit]

  1. ^ Palmer, 1881, p. 187
  2. ^ 2007 Locality Population Statistics. Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics
  3. ^ Qabatiya – قباطية
  4. ^ a b c Zertal, 2004, pp. 177-178
  5. ^ Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 127
  6. ^ Robinson and Smith, 1841, vol 3, p. 154
  7. ^ de Saulcy, 1854, vol 1, p. 86
  8. ^ Guérin, 1874, pp. 343-4
  9. ^ Guérin, 1874, pp. 343-4; as translated by Conder and Kitchener, 1882, SWP II, p. 156
  10. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1882, SWP II, p. 156
  11. ^ Barron, 1923, Table IX, Sub-district of Jenin, p. 29
  12. ^ Barron, 1923, Table XV, p. 47
  13. ^ Mills, 1932, p. 71
  14. ^ Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 16
  15. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 55
  16. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 99
  17. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 149
  18. ^ Bornstein, 2002, p. 48
  19. ^ Palestinians struggle to recover from Qabatiya blockade, 22 february 2016
  20. ^ Morris, 2011, p. x
  21. ^ "Clashes as Israel destroys Palestinian home over deadly attack". AFP News Agency. 18 July 2016. Retrieved 18 July 2016. 

Bibliography[edit]


External links[edit]