Rummanah

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Rummanah
Other transcription(s)
 • Arabic رمّانه
 • Also spelled Rummaneh (official)
Rumana (unofficial)
Rummanah
Rummanah
Rummanah is located in the Palestinian territories
Rummanah
Rummanah
Location of Rummanah within Palestine
Coordinates: 32°31′26″N 35°12′18″E / 32.52389°N 35.20500°E / 32.52389; 35.20500Coordinates: 32°31′26″N 35°12′18″E / 32.52389°N 35.20500°E / 32.52389; 35.20500
Palestine grid 169/214
Governorate Jenin
Government
 • Type Village council
Population (2006)
 • Jurisdiction 3,372
Name meaning "Pomegranates" (Rimmon)[1]

Rummanah (Arabic: رمّانه‎) is a Palestinian village located 17 kilometers (11 mi) northwest of the city of Jenin in the northern West Bank. According to the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics (PCBS), the town had a population of 3,372 inhabitants in mid-year 2006.[2]

History[edit]

The SWP found cisterns cut in the rock and a well.[3] Dauphin described the place as being an ancient village on a hill slope, with traces of ancient remains, including cisterns and caves carved into rock.[4]

Ottoman era[edit]

Rumana, like the rest of Palestine, was incorporated into the Ottoman Empire in 1517, and in the census of 1596, the village was located in the nahiya of Sara in the liwa of Lajjun. It had a population of 12 households, all Muslim. The villagers paid a fixed tax-rate of 25% on agricultural products, including wheat, barley, summercrops, olive trees, goats and beehives, in addition to occasional revenues; a total of 9,000 akçe.[5]

The Dutch lieutenant van der Velde travelled in the area in 1851-2. He noted that Scottish missionaries in 1839 had found many old wells and other old remains in the area. He also described the village (called Rumuni) as being small, and identified it with ancient Hadad-Rimon (see Zacahriah xii, 11).[6] French explorer Victor Guérin visited the village in 1863 and 1870, and described it as being reduced to "twenty miserable dwellings". He did not notice any traces of antiquity, except for a few cisterns in the rock and a working well. Guérin agreed that the village was Hadad-Rimon, but disagreed with Jeromes assertion that Hadad-Rimon was identical with Maximianopolis.[7]

In the 1882 the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine (SWP), the village (called Rummaneh) was described as:

A small village of mud and stone, near the foot of the hills, with wells to the west and olives below. This village seems to mark the site of Maximianopolis, a town 20 Roman miles from Caesarea and 10 miles from Jezreel (Zer'in), the ancient name of Maximianopolis being, according to Jerome, "Hadad Rimmon".[8]

British Mandate era[edit]

In the 1922 census of Palestine conducted by the British Mandate authorities, Rumaneh had a population of 548, all Muslim,[9] increasing in the 1931 census to 644, still all Muslim, in 151 houses.[10]

In 1945 the population of Rummana (including Khirbat Salim) was 880 Muslims[11] while the total land area was 21,676 dunams, according to an official land and population survey.[12] Of this, 2,876 dunams were allocated for plantations and irrigable land, 10,507 for cereals,[13] while 27 dunams were classified as built-up areas.[14]

Jordanian era[edit]

In the wake of the 1948 Arab–Israeli War and the 1949 Armistice Agreements, Rummanah came under Jordanian rule.

The Jordanian census of 1961 found 1,214 inhabitants.[15]

post-1967[edit]

After the Six-Day War in 1967, Rummanah has been under Israeli occupation.

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Palmer, 1881, p. 152
  2. ^ Projected Mid -Year Population for Jenin Governorate by Locality 2004- 2006. Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics
  3. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1882, SWP II, p. 68
  4. ^ Dauphin, 1998, p. 743
  5. ^ Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 159
  6. ^ van der Velde, 1854, p. 355
  7. ^ Guérin, 1875, p. 228 ff
  8. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1882, SWP II, p. 45
  9. ^ Barron, 1923, Table IX, Sub-district of Jenin, p. 30
  10. ^ Mills, 1932, p. 70
  11. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 16
  12. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 55
  13. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 99
  14. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 149
  15. ^ Government of Jordan, Department of Statistics, 1964, p. 25

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]