Qatar National Library

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Qatar National Library building in Education City in 2016.

Qatar National Library (QNL) is a non-profit organization under the umbrella of the Qatar Foundation for Education, Science and Community Development.[1] The plans for the new national library were announced by Sheikha Moza bint Nasser, Chairperson of Qatar Foundation, on 19 November 2012, during a ceremony celebrating the 50th anniversary of the Dar Al Kutub Library, in Doha, Qatar, one of the first public libraries in the Persian Gulf region (founded on 29 December 1962), which had until then been regarded as the national library of Qatar.[2][3]

QNL aims to serve a three-fold function: as a national library, a research-level university library, and a central metropolitan public library equipped for the digital age.[1][2] In its capacity as a national library as defined by UNESCO, it collects and provides access to global knowledge, including heritage content and materials relevant to Qatar and the region; as a university and research library, it supports education and research at all levels; and as a modern central public library, it provides library services and resources to meet the reading interests and foster the information literacy of the general public. In addition, with the opening of the new building, it also serves as a community meeting place.[1][2]

Claudia Lux, a German scholar and library professional, was appointed by the Qatar Foundation to be the director of the library project in April 2012, and initially oversaw the launch of QNL as a digital library.[4][5] Meanwhile, construction began on a new building for the library in Education City, a district in Doha that was developed by Qatar Foundation as a center of higher education, and now includes branch campuses of six American universities, as well as other educational and research institutions.[6][7]

In October 2016, Dr. Sohair Wastawy was appointed as Executive Director of QNL, to which she brought 30 years of library managerial experience.[8]

Library Collections and Services[edit]

Any Qatari citizen or resident permit holder is eligible for free library registration.[9] QNL’s website offers registered library users free online access to a diverse collection of online resources, including international scholarly databases and top academic journals, as well as popular literature, magazines, children's resources, and music.[1][10]

The library offers a wide variety of books and e-books, in English, Arabic, and other languages, including fiction and non-fiction, bestsellers and classics, as well as magazines and journals, DVDs, CDs, and audiobooks.[11][12] In 2018, the library's collection consisted of more than 800,000 books on its shelves and more than 500,000 eBooks, periodicals and newspapers, and special collections.[1] In keeping with QNL's mission to help prepare Qatar residents for participation in the global knowledge economy, a broad range of educational and instructional programs and services have been planned that focus on information literacy, early literacy, research skills, and using digital resources.[13][14] Library educational programming includes book clubs, language-learning classes, musical events, and craft workshops, as well as events for children and their families, such as storytelling, crafts, and science exhibits.[15]

Heritage Library[edit]

In addition to the general-interest holdings (Main Collection) and academic online resources, the QNL houses the collections of the Heritage Library, which includes rare books, manuscripts, and other materials related to Arab-Islamic civilization.[16] Previously known as the Arab and Islamic Heritage Library, this collection was begun by His Excellency Sheikh Hassan bin Mohamed bin Ali Al Thani in 1979,[2][17] and was integrated into QNL in 2012.[16]

The Heritage Library provides an extensive range of historical sources about Qatar and the region, including writings by travelers and explorers who visited the Persian Gulf region over the centuries, Arabic manuscripts, historical maps and globes, as well as scientific instruments and early photographs.[16] It also features approximately 2,400 precious manuscripts, among them ‘Mushafs’ (Holy Qur'an) and Arabic literature, with a primary focus on sciences such as geography, astronomy, and mathematics. The collection also includes printed materials from when printing was first introduced in 15th century Europe, including Latin translations dating from 15th to 17th centuries of works such as the famous Canon of Medicine of Avicenna (Ibn Sina).[17]

The maps and manuscripts of the Heritage Collection have been digitized and are accessible to registered users through the library's online catalog.[2] Portions of the collection of particular international significance have also been made freely available to users worldwide through the World Digital Library (WDL), which the QNL financially supports.[18][5]

In August 2015, QNL was appointed as the Preservation and Conservation Centre (PAC) of the MENA region by the International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions. There were 13 other global PACs at the time of its appointment.[19][20]

Qatar Digital Library[edit]

A drawing of three coastal towns in Arabia by Thomas Elwon in the 1830s obtained from QDL.

Qatar Digital Library (QDL) is the culmination of a partnership between Qatar Foundation, Qatar National Library, and the British Library in 2012.[21][22] The partnership seeks to digitize a rich trove of heritage material documenting Arab and Islamic history and to make it freely accessible to the public through QDL, which was launched online in October 2014.[23][24] The digital library, with an English and Arabic bilingual interface, encompasses 1.5 million pages of items held by the British Library pertaining to the history of the Persian Gulf region. These include documents dating from mid-18th century to the 1950s from the India Office Records and Private Papers (including the archives of the East India Company and its successor institutions); and 25,000 pages are of medieval Arabic scientific manuscripts.[25][26] Phase 3 of the project aims at the digitization of another 900,000 pages and will initiate in January 2019.[27]

New Library Building[edit]

QNL’s new building, designed by renowned Dutch architect Rem Koolhaas, was completed and opened to the public in a soft opening in November 2017.[28][29] The state-of-the-art library facilities include a variety of collaborative and individual learning spaces, a children’s library, a teen and young adult collection, computer labs, digital media production facilities, performance spaces, a restaurant and a café, an assistive technology area, and a writing center.[30]

On 16 April 2018, the QNL held its official inauguration ceremony. It comprised a grand ceremony in which His Highness the Emir Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad al-Thani placed the one-millionth book on the shelves of QNL.[31] The library's one million books collection includes 137,000 children books and 35,000 books for teenagers.[32]

The library issued a competition in which members of Qatar Foundation could name the upcoming cafe. Three separate winners picked the winning name "Safahat," which means pages in Arabic.[33] The cafe opened and began serving the public in late September 2018. Membership of the library is free for anyone holding a Qatar ID.[34]

Events and exhibitions[edit]

The library features various exhibitions that take place in various spots around the building.[35]

The Qatar Philharmonic Orchestra performs monthly for the public for free. More than 80 other free events are held at the library every month, including a knitting group activity, where women come every Thursday and sit for four hours.[32]


  1. ^ a b c d e Qatar National Library. "About the library." Retrieved 2014-12-14.
  2. ^ a b c d e Lux, Claudia (2014). "Qatar National Library – Architecture as innovation in the Arab world." International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions Journal, 40(3), 174-181; here: 176. Retrieved 2014-12-13 from
  3. ^ "Dar al-Kutub al-Qatariyya -- Qatar". Retrieved 2018-04-28.
  4. ^ "Qatar residents gain access to Springer's e-books and online journals" (2013 November 5). Information World Review, 7.
  5. ^ a b Lux, Claudia (2014). 178.
  6. ^ Hamilton, Reeve (2012 May 24). "Class of 2012 in Qatar savors the College Station connection." New York Times.
  7. ^ "Education,City". Retrieved 2018-04-28.
  8. ^ "Qatar National Library Announces New Executive Director | Qatar National Library". Retrieved 2018-04-28.
  9. ^ "Become a Member | Qatar National Library". Retrieved 2018-04-28.
  10. ^ Qatar National Library. "Online Resources." Retrieved 2014-12-14.
  11. ^ Qatar National Library. "Main Collection." Retrieved 2014-12-14.
  12. ^ "Other Languages | Qatar National Library". Retrieved 2018-04-28.
  13. ^ Lux, Claudia (2014). 176-177.
  14. ^ "Courses and Activities | Qatar National Library". Retrieved 2018-04-28.
  15. ^ "Explore the Children's Library | Qatar National Library". Retrieved 2018-04-28.
  16. ^ a b c "Heritage Library | Qatar National Library". Retrieved 2018-04-28.
  17. ^ a b "Qatar National Library's Brand Launch Heralds New Age of Knowledge Sharing | Qatar National Library". Retrieved 2018-04-28.
  18. ^ "World Digital Library supporters" (2014 July/August). Library of Congress Magazine', 3(4), 27'.
  19. ^ "Library selected as regional centre to preserve heritage". The Peninsula Qatar. 21 August 2015. Retrieved 17 September 2015.
  20. ^ "Conservation and Preservation Services | Qatar National Library". Retrieved 2018-04-28.
  21. ^ site-admin (2014-07-30). "About the Qatar Digital Library | Qatar Digital Library". Retrieved 2018-04-28.
  22. ^ "One million rare, historical documents to go online". 19 January 2015. Retrieved 15 February 2015.
  23. ^ British Library (2014). The British Library Qatar Foundation Partnership Programme. Retrieved 2014-12-18.
  24. ^ "Qatar Digital Library". Cogapp. Retrieved 2018-04-28.
  25. ^ El-Sayed, Nadine. (2014 November 11). "Digitizing 1,000 years of Gulf history: The Qatar Digital Library opens up the rich history of the Gulf region to the public." Nature Middle East. Retrieved 2014-12-14.
  26. ^ Teller, Matthew (2014, October 21). "Tales from the India Office." BBC News Magazine. Retrieved 2014-12-15.
  27. ^ "QNL Extends Partnership with British Library | Qatar National Library". Retrieved 2018-04-28.
  28. ^ "Qatar National Library Building to Open in November | Qatar National Library". Retrieved 2018-04-28.
  29. ^ "Qatar National Library opens for public from Tuesday - The Peninsula Qatar". Retrieved 2018-04-28.
  30. ^ "The Library Building | Qatar National Library". Retrieved 2018-04-28.
  31. ^ "Emir opens Qatar National Library". Gulf-Times (in Arabic). 2018-04-17. Retrieved 2018-04-28.
  32. ^ a b "Where Libraries are the Tourist Attractions". The New York Times. Retrieved 10 August 2019.
  33. ^
  34. ^ "QNL Membership & Circulation Policies".
  35. ^

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 25°16′57″N 51°32′25″E / 25.28250°N 51.54028°E / 25.28250; 51.54028