Rîbnița

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Rîbnița / Rybnitsa
Rîbnița's skyline as view from over the Dniester river
Rîbnița's skyline as view from over the Dniester river
Flag of Rîbnița / Rybnitsa
Flag
Official seal of Rîbnița / Rybnitsa
Seal
Rîbnița / Rybnitsa is located in Transnistria
Rîbnița / Rybnitsa
Rîbnița / Rybnitsa
Coordinates: 47°46′N 29°0′E / 47.767°N 29.000°E / 47.767; 29.000
Country Moldova
self-proclaimed state Transnistria[1]
Founded 1628
Government
 • Head of the State Administration of the Rybnitsa Raion and the Rybnitsa City Alla Demyanova[2]
Population (2014)
 • Total 47,949
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
Climate Dfb

Rîbnița or Rybnitsa (Romanian pronunciation: [ˈrɨbnit͡sa]; also spelled Râbnița; Moldovan Cyrillic and Russian: Ры́бница, Rybnica; Ukrainian: Ри́бниця, Rybnyća; Yiddish: ריבניץ‎, Ribnitz; Polish: Rybnica) is a city in Moldova, under the administration of the breakaway government of Transnistria. According to the 2004 Census in Transnistria, it has a population of 53,648. Rîbnița is situated in the northern half of Transnistria, on the left bank of the Dniester, and separated from the river by a concrete dam. The city is the seat of the Rîbnița District.

History[edit]

Rîbnița was founded in 1628 as a Ruthenian village Rybnytsia, its name meaning "fishery" (from рꙑба, "fish"). As early as 1657, Rîbnița was mentioned in documents as an important town, at the time part of the Kingdom of Poland.[citation needed] Strong Western European influences can be seen in this formerly Polish town. In 1793, Rîbnița passed from Poland to Russia. On March 17, 1944, during World War II, the Nazis executed almost 400 prisoners, Soviet citizens at Rîbnița.[citation needed]

Economy[edit]

Rîbnița is home to Transnistria's largest[3][4] company, a steel plant which produces more than $500 million worth of exports a year and traditionally has accounted for between 40% to 50% of Transnistria's GDP.[citation needed] Other industries are also present in Rîbnița, including the oldest sugar plant in Transnistria (founded in 1898), an alcohol distillery, and a cement factory. The city has a large railway station and a river port, as well as a supermarket, "Sheriff".

People and culture[edit]

Central Rîbnița has tall buildings and an active city life. There is a popular park near the town reservoir, and many historical and architectural monuments in the town and its surrounding areas. The main street in the town is Victory Street.

Rîbnița as seen from across the Dniester river

Demographics[edit]

In 1970, Rîbnița had a population of 32,400 people, in 1989 it had a population of 61,352. According to the 2004 Census in Transnistria, the city had 53,648 inhabitants,[5] including 11,263 Moldovans (Romanians), 24,898 Ukrainians, 11,738 Russians, 480 Poles, 328 Belarusians, 220 Bulgarians, 166 Jews, 106 Germans, 96 Gagauzians, 71 Armenians, 38 Roma, and 4245 others and non-declared.

Religion[edit]

Rîbnița has three places of worship located right next to each other: a Catholic church, an Orthodox church, and a synagogue.

Sport[edit]

FC Iskra-Stal Rîbnița is the city's professional football club, playing in the top Moldovan football league, the Divizia Naţională.

Notable people[edit]

A shopping mall in Rîbnița

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Rîbnița is twinned with:

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ Transnistria's status is disputed. It considers itself to be an independent state, but this is not recognised by any country. The Moldovan government and all the world's other states consider Transnistria de jure a part of Moldova territory.
  2. ^ Президент ПМР назначил главой государственной администрации города Рыбница и Рыбницкого района Аллу Демьянову
  3. ^ www.basa.md
  4. ^ www.unimedia.md
  5. ^ pridnestrovie.net

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 47°46′N 29°0′E / 47.767°N 29.000°E / 47.767; 29.000