Comrat

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Comrat
Komrat
City
Skyline of Comrat
Flag of Comrat
Flag
Official seal of Comrat
Seal
Comrat is located in Moldova
Comrat
Comrat
Location of Comrat in Moldova
Coordinates: 46°19′N 28°40′E / 46.317°N 28.667°E / 46.317; 28.667Coordinates: 46°19′N 28°40′E / 46.317°N 28.667°E / 46.317; 28.667
CountryMoldova
Autonomous RegionGagauzia
Founded1789
Government
 • MayorSergey Anastasov[1]
Area
 • Total16,4 km2 (63 sq mi)
Population (2014)[2]
 • Total20,113
 • Density120/km2 (320/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
ClimateCfb
Websitehttp://comrat.md

Comrat (Romanian: Comrat, Romanian pronunciation: [komˈrat]; Gagauz: Komrat, Russian and Bulgarian: Комрат, translit. Komrat) is a city and municipality[3] in Moldova and the capital of the autonomous region of Gagauzia. It is located at 46°19′N 28°40′E / 46.317°N 28.667°E / 46.317; 28.667, in the south of the country, on the Ialpug River. In 2014, Comrat's population was 20,113, of which the vast majority are Gagauzians.[2]

History[edit]

The first seal of Comrat (1932—2005)

Comrat began to be settled in 1789, and received town privileges in 1957.[citation needed] During the time when the town was part of Moldavian SSR, Comrat's industry was geared toward the production of butter, wine, and rugs, the latter ornated with Moldavian motifs. The Comrat State University was established in 2002.

Population[edit]

  • 1989: 25,800 (official census)[4]
  • 1991: 27,500 (estimate)
  • 1996: 27,400 (estimate)
  • 2004: 23,429 (official census)
  • 2006: 22,369 (estimate)
  • 2011: 24,135 (estimate)
  • 2014: 20,113 (official census)[2]

Economy[edit]

Comrat is situated in the southern wine zone of Moldova. It is known for production of red wine and muscat. In Comrat and its suburbs there are about 10 wineries.

Food production is very developed in the city. Comrat is a home for food processing factories, alcohol production, and an oil processing plant (the first and only one in Moldova).

There is also such economic agents as a ferro-concrete factory, furniture productions, wood processing, production of plastic windows and doors, cattle butcheries, and transport companies.

Wineries[edit]

Comrat Wines - the oldest winery located in the south of Republic of Moldova.[citation needed]

Aur-Vin is a Moldovan wine producer from Comrat. This factory takes part of the Moldovan wine producer Dionis Club.

Sights[edit]

  • Cathedral of Saint John Baptist, built in 1820
  • Museum of local history
  • Museum of Gagauz culture, located in the suburb of Beşalma
  • Gagauzian art gallery
  • Turkish library by Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
  • Alley of Gagauzian Glory
  • Memorial dedicated to defenders of Comrat (sculptor: Dubinovskiy)
  • Monument Dedicated to troops suffered in Afghanistan (sculptor: Afanasiy Dmitrievich Karacoban)
  • Monument of Vladimir Lenin
  • Monument of military tank
  • Monument to victims of Stalinist repressions.

Notable people[edit]

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Comrat is twinned with:

Geography[edit]

Climate[edit]

Comrat has a humid continental climate (Dfb, bordering on Dfa), characterized by warm summers and cool, drier winters with snow. Winter lows are often below 0 °C (32 °F). In summer, the average maximum temperature is approximately 25 °C (77 °F). The average annual precipitation is relatively low.

Climate data for Comrat
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 0.7
(33.3)
2.2
(36)
7.6
(45.7)
15.8
(60.4)
21.8
(71.2)
25.2
(77.4)
27.1
(80.8)
26.9
(80.4)
22.7
(72.9)
16.0
(60.8)
8.6
(47.5)
3.4
(38.1)
14.8
(58.7)
Daily mean °C (°F) −2.5
(27.5)
−1.0
(30.2)
3.6
(38.5)
10.7
(51.3)
16.4
(61.5)
19.8
(67.6)
21.5
(70.7)
21.1
(70)
16.9
(62.4)
10.9
(51.6)
5.0
(41)
0.4
(32.7)
10.2
(50.4)
Average low °C (°F) −5.7
(21.7)
−4.1
(24.6)
−0.3
(31.5)
5.6
(42.1)
11.1
(52)
14.5
(58.1)
16.0
(60.8)
15.3
(59.5)
11.2
(52.2)
5.9
(42.6)
1.5
(34.7)
−2.5
(27.5)
5.7
(42.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 31
(1.22)
35
(1.38)
30
(1.18)
39
(1.54)
51
(2.01)
71
(2.8)
60
(2.36)
44
(1.73)
44
(1.73)
26
(1.02)
34
(1.34)
35
(1.38)
500
(19.69)
Source: Climate-data.org[6]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Açik TV. "Viktor Volkov will perform the duties of the mayor of Comrat"
  2. ^ a b c Results of Population and Housing Census in the Republic of Moldova in 2014: "Characteristics - Population (population by communes, religion, citizenship)" (XLS). National Bureau of Statistics of the Republic of Moldova. 2017. Retrieved 2017-05-01.
  3. ^ LEGE Nr. 248 din 03.11.2016 pentru modificarea și completarea Legii nr. 764-XV din 27 decembrie 2001 privind organizarea administrativ-teritorială a Republicii Moldova (in Romanian)
  4. ^ World Gazetteer. "Comrat". Accessed September 22, 2006.
  5. ^ http://comrat.md/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=29&Itemid=116
  6. ^ "Climate: Comrat". Climate-data.org.

External links[edit]