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Shades of green

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Green
Color icon green.svg
Spectral coordinates
Wavelength520–570 nm
Frequency~526–577 THz
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
HSV       (h, s, v)(120°, 100%, 50%)
sRGBB  (rgb)(0, 128, 0)
SourceW3C TR CSS3 Color Module[1]
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
Some tints and shades of green

Varieties of the color green may differ in hue, chroma (also called saturation or intensity) or lightness (or value, tone, or brightness), or in two or three of these qualities. Variations in value are also called tints and shades, a tint being a green or other hue mixed with white, a shade being mixed with black. A large selection of these various colors is shown below.

Wrapping the spectrum into a color wheel[edit]

In a color proximity sense, a primary color has a color range of 120° (60° on each side of the color's hue) and any color has to be within that range to be considered a variation of that color. Secondary colors have a color range of 60° (30°), tertiary colors have a color range of 30° (15°), quaternary colors have a color range of 15° (7.5°), quinary colors have a color range of 7.5° (3.75°), and so on. Because green is located at a hue angle of 120°, it has a tertiary color range of 105° and 135°, and any color out of this range is more related to chartreuse or spring green than green. If the visible spectrum is wrapped to form a color wheel, green appears midway between chartreuse and spring green, or cyan and yellow:

Linear visible spectrum.svg
Visible spectrum wrapped to join cyan and yellow in an additive mixture of green
Green as a tertiary color on the RGB color wheel
  cyan
  green
  yellow

Computer web color greens[edit]

Green[edit]

Green (X11, color wheel)
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#00FF00
HSV       (h, s, v)(120°, 100%, 100%)
sRGBB  (rgb)(0, 255, 0)
SourceX11 color names,[2] HTML/CSS[1]
ISCC–NBS descriptorVivid yellowish green
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

The color defined as green in the RGB color model, displayed on the right, is the brightest possible green that can be reproduced on a computer screen, and is the color named green in X11. It is one of the three primary colors used in the RGB color space along with red and blue. The three additive primaries in the RGB color system are the three colors of light chosen such as to provide the maximum range of colors that are capable of being represented on a computer or television set.

Red, green and blue lights, representing the three basic additive primary colors of the RGB color system, red, green, and blue.

This color is also called regular green. It is at precisely 120 degrees on the HSV color wheel, also known as the RGB color wheel (Image of RGB color wheel). Its complementary color is magenta.

HTML/CSS uses the name lime for this color, using green to refer to a darker shade, shown below. See the chart Color names that clash between X11 and HTML/CSS in the X11 color names article to see those colors which are different in HTML and X11.

Green takes up a large portion of the CIE chromaticity diagram because it is in the central area of human color perception.

Green (HTML/CSS color) [edit]

Green (HTML/CSS color)
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#008000
HSV       (h, s, v)(120°, 100%, 50%)
sRGBB  (rgb)(0, 128, 0)
SourceHTML/CSS[1]
ISCC–NBS descriptorDeep yellowish green
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

The color defined as green in HTML/CSS color standard is displayed at right. It is the color called green, low green, or medium green in many of the older eight-bit computer palettes.

Another name for this color is green W3C or office green.

Dark green (X11)[edit]

Dark green (X11)
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#006400
HSV       (h, s, v)(120°, 100%, 39.2%)
sRGBB  (rgb)(0, 100, 0)
SourceX11[1]
ISCC–NBS descriptorDeep yellowish green
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

This is the X11/HTML color dark green.

Light green[edit]

Light green
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#90EE90
HSV       (h, s, v)(120°, 39%, 93%)
sRGBB  (rgb)(144, 238, 144)
SourceX11[1]
ISCC–NBS descriptorBrilliant yellowish green
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Light green is a light tint of green.

Lime green[edit]

Lime Green
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#32CD32
HSV       (h, s, v)(120°, 76%, 80%)
sRGBB  (rgb)(50, 205, 50)
SourceX11[3]
ISCC–NBS descriptorVivid yellowish green
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

The web color "lime green" is displayed at right.

Pale green[edit]

Pale green
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#98FB98
HSV       (h, s, v)(120°, 39%, 98%)
sRGBB  (rgb)(152, 251, 152)
SourceX11[1]
ISCC–NBS descriptorVivid yellowish green
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

This is the X11/HTML color pale green.

Erin[edit]

Erin
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#00FF40
HSV       (h, s, v)(135°, 100%, 100%)
sRGBB  (rgb)(0, 255, 64)
SourceMaerz and Paul
ISCC–NBS descriptorVivid yellowish green
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

At the right is displayed the color erin. The first recorded use of erin as a color name was in 1922.

Harlequin[edit]

Harlequin
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#3FFF00
HSV       (h, s, v)(105°, 100%, 100%)
sRGBB  (rgb)(63, 255, 0)
SourceMaerz and Paul[4]
ISCC–NBS descriptorVivid yellowish green
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Harlequin is a color described as being located between green and yellow (closer to green than to yellow) on the color wheel. On color plate 17 in the 1930 book A Dictionary of Color (see reference below), the color harlequin is shown as being a highly saturated rich color at a position halfway between chartreuse and green. Thus in modern color terminology, harlequin is the color halfway between green and chartreuse green on the RGB color wheel.

The first recorded use of harlequin as a color name in English was in 1923.[5]

Harlequin is a pure spectral color at approximately 552 nanometers on the visible spectrum when plotted on the CIE chromaticity diagram.[citation needed]

Silver Patron tequila is sold in harlequin-colored boxes.

Harlequin is also an adjective used to describe something that is colored in a pattern, usually a diamond-shaped pattern,[6] as in the dress traditionally associated with harlequins. Similarly, it can mean anything multicolored or prismatic, such as opals or other precious gems which are highly variegated in color and hue. In the early 2000s, a harlequin color paint was invented for automobiles that appears different colors from different angles of view.

Neon green[edit]

Neon green
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#39FF14
HSV       (h, s, v)(111°, 92%, 100%)
sRGBB  (rgb)(57, 255, 20)
SourceLayout Sparks[7]
ISCC–NBS descriptorVivid yellowish green
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Neon green is a bright tone of green used in psychedelic art and in fashion.

Green in biological nature[edit]

Green is common in nature, especially in plants. Many plants are green mainly because of a complex chemical known as chlorophyll which is involved in photosynthesis.[8] Many shades of green have been named after plants or are related to plants. Due to varying ratios of chlorophylls (and different amounts as well as other plant pigments being present), the plant kingdom exhibits many shades of green in both hue (true color) and value (lightness/darkness). The chlorophylls in living plants have distinctive green colors, while dried or cooked portions of plants are different shades of green due to the chlorophyll molecules losing their inner magnesium ion.

Artichoke green (Pantone)[edit]

Artichoke green (Pantone)
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#4B6F44
HSV       (h, s, v)(110°, 39%, 44%)
sRGBB  (rgb)(75, 111, 68)
SourcePantone[9]
ISCC–NBS descriptorDark yellowish green
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

This is the color called artichoke green in Pantone. The source is Pantone 18-0125 TPX.[9]

Fern green[edit]

Fern green
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#4F7942
HSV       (h, s, v)(106°, 45%, 47%)
sRGBB  (rgb)(79, 121, 66)
SourceMaerz and Paul[10]
ISCC–NBS descriptorDark yellowish green
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)
Fern
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#71BC78
HSV       (h, s, v)(126°, 40%, 74%)
sRGBB  (rgb)(113, 188, 120)
SourceCrayola[citation needed]
ISCC–NBS descriptorBrilliant yellowish green
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Fern green is a color that resembles ferns. A Crayola crayon named fern was created in 1998, which is a lighter shade of the top color shown on the right.

Ferns at Muir Woods, California

The first recorded use of fern green as a color name in English was in 1902.[11]

Forest green[edit]

Forest green
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#228B22
HSV       (h, s, v)(120°, 76%, 55%)
sRGBB  (rgb)(34, 139, 34)
SourceX11
ISCC–NBS descriptorVivid yellowish green
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Forest green refers to a green color said to resemble the color of the trees and other plants in a forest.[12]

The first recorded use of forest green as the name of a color in the English language was in 1810.[13]

Honeydew[edit]

Honeydew
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#F0FFF0
HSV       (h, s, v)(120°, 6%, 100%)
sRGBB  (rgb)(240, 255, 240)
SourceX11
ISCC–NBS descriptorVery pale green
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Displayed at right is the web color honeydew, a pastel tint of spring green.

The color honeydew is a representation of the color of the interior flesh of a honeydew melon.

Jungle green[edit]

Jungle green
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#29AB87
HSV       (h, s, v)(120°, 80%, 70%)
sRGBB  (rgb)(41, 171, 135)
SourceCrayola[citation needed]
ISCC–NBS descriptorBrilliant green
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Displayed at right is the color jungle green. In 1990, Crayola named and formulated this specific tone of jungle green.

The first recorded use of jungle green as a name of a color in the English language was in 1926.[14]

Kelly green[edit]

Kelly green
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#4CBB17
HSV       (h, s, v)(100.6°, 78.1%, 41.2%)
sRGBB  (rgb)(29.8, 73.3, 9)
Sourcecanva.com
ISCC–NBS descriptorBrilliant green
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Kelly green is an intense, pure green that between blue and yellow in the color wheel. It is named after the common Irish family name, Kelly. It evokes the lush green Irish landscape and is also commonly associated St. Patrick’s Day.

Mantis[edit]

Mantis
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#74C365
HSV       (h, s, v)(110°, 48%, 77%)
sRGBB  (rgb)(116, 195, 101)
SourceXona.com color list
ISCC–NBS descriptorBrilliant yellowish green
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Mantis is a color that is a representation of the color of a praying mantis.

The first use of mantis as a color name in English was when it was included as one of the colors on the Xona.com color list, promulgated in 2001.

Mint green[edit]

Mint green
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#98FB98
HSV       (h, s, v)(120°, 39%, 98%)
sRGBB  (rgb)(152, 251, 152)
SourceX11[1]
ISCC–NBS descriptorVivid yellowish green
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Mint green is a pale tint of green that resembles the color of mint green pigment, and was a popular color in the 1990s.

Tea green[edit]

Tea green
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#D0F0C0
HSV       (h, s, v)(100°, 20%, 94%)
sRGBB  (rgb)(208, 240, 192)
SourceEncycolorpedia[15]
ISCC–NBS descriptorVery light yellowish green
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Tea green is a light shade of green. It is a representation of the color of brewed green tea, i.e., the color of the hot green tea after the green tea leaves have been brewed in boiling water.[16]

The first recorded use of tea green as a color name in English was in 1858.[17]

Other notable green colors[edit]

Celadon[edit]

Celadon
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#ACE1AF
HSV       (h, s, v)(123°, 24%, 88%)
sRGBB  (rgb)(172, 225, 175)
SourceEncycolorpedia[18]
ISCC–NBS descriptorLight yellowish green
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Celadon /ˈsɛlədɒn/ is a pale greyish shade of green, or rather a range of such shades. Celadon originates as a term for a class of Chinese ceramics, copied by Korea and Japan. However, the name, which is European, may originate from the character Celadon in L'Astrée, a French pastoral novel of 1627, who wore a light green color.[19][20]

A celadon vase

Celadon glazes were very common, with the green color being reliably produced from about the 10th century onwards; this was appreciated in Asia for resembling jade, the most prestigious material of all. The glaze color comes from iron oxide's transformation from ferric to ferrous iron (Fe2O3 → FeO) during the firing process,[21] but is affected by a wide range of other factors and chemicals, making the precise color very difficult to control. As well as green, a wide range of browns, yellows, greys and sometimes blues all count as "celadon".[22][23]

Hunter green[edit]

Hunter green
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#355E3B
HSV       (h, s, v)(120°, 45%, 45%)
sRGBB  (rgb)(53, 94, 59)
SourceISCC-NBS #137[24]
ISCC–NBS descriptorDark yellowish green
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Hunter green is a color that is a representation of the color worn by hunters in the 19th century. Most hunters began wearing the color olive drab instead of hunter green about the beginning of the 20th century.[25] Some hunters still wear hunter green clothing or hunter green bandanas.

The first recorded use of hunter green as a color name in English was in 1892.[26]

Hunter green has been the official primary color of the Green Bay Packers since 1957, the New York Jets from 1998 to 2019, one of the two official colors of Ohio University and Oswego State, and one of the two official colors of the Phi Kappa Psi fraternity.

In the bandana code of the gay leather subculture, a hunter green bandana, if worn on the left, indicates that one is a leather daddy, whereas if a hunter green bandana is worn on the right, it indicates that one is looking for a leather daddy, i.e., looking for a daddy-boy relationship.[27][28][29] The color displayed at upper right matches the color that is used in the bandana code.

Prison uniforms issued by the New York State Department of Corrections and Community Supervision are colored hunter green.[30]

New York City uses hunter green on its construction site fences.[31]

India green[edit]

India green
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#138808
HSV       (h, s, v)(115°, 94%, 53%)
sRGBB  (rgb)(19, 136, 8)
SourceVexillological[32]
ISCC–NBS descriptorDeep yellowish green
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

India green, the color of the lower band of the National Flag of India, represents fertility and prosperity.

Islamic green[edit]

Islamic green
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#009000
HSV       (h, s, v)(120°, 100%, 28%)
sRGBB  (rgb)(0, 144, 0)
SourceEncycolorpedia[33]
ISCC–NBS descriptorVivid yellowish green
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

The color green (Arabic: أخضر‎) has a number of traditional associations in Islam. In the Quran, it is associated with Islamic paradise. In the 12th century, green was chosen as dynastic color by the (Shiite) Fatimids,[citation needed] in contrast to the black used by the (Sunnite) Abbasids. After the Fatimid dynastic color, green remains particularly popular in Shi'ite iconography, but it is also widely used in by Sunni states. It is notably used in the flag of Saudi Arabia and flag of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation.

MSU green[edit]

MSU green
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#18453B
HSV       (h, s, v)(111°, 116%, 44%)
sRGBB  (rgb)(24, 69, 59)
SourceMSU Brand Guide[34]
ISCC–NBS descriptorVery dark green
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Green and white are the primary school colors representing Michigan State University. The university board of trustees officially standardized MSU green as part of a larger university branding effort, replacing a lighter green (PMS 341) used from 1997 to 2010. The official color was chosen based on the traditional darker Spartan green found on the original university varsity letter jackets and marching band jackets. The official green of Michigan State University is represented by Pantone Matching System ink color 567 (PMS 567).

NDHU green[edit]

NDHU green
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#088A17
HSV       (h, s, v)(127°, 94%, 54%)
sRGBB  (rgb)(8, 138, 23)
SourceNDHU Brand Guide[35]
ISCC–NBS descriptorDark green
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

NDHU green is the official color of National Dong Hwa University, adopted in 1994. The university officially set NDHU green as part of a larger university branding effort. It represents the books, forest of knowledge, and its campus with nature-based setting.

Persian green[edit]

Persian green
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#00A693
HSV       (h, s, v)(135°, 75%, 60%)
sRGBB  (rgb)(0, 166, 147)
SourceISCC-NBS[36]
ISCC–NBS descriptorBrilliant bluish green
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Persian green is a color used in Persian pottery and Persian carpets in Iran.

The first recorded use of Persian green as a color name in English was in 1892.[37][38]

Russian green[edit]

Russian green
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#679267
HSV       (h, s, v)(120°, 30%, 57%)
sRGBB  (rgb)(103, 146, 103)
SourceISCC-NBS[39][40]
ISCC–NBS descriptorModerate yellowish green
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

The color Russian green is displayed at right.

The first recorded use of Russian green as a color name in English was in the 1830s (exact year uncertain).[41] The term appears to refer to the medium shade of green worn by most regiments of the Imperial Russian Army from 1700 to 1914.

SGBUS green[edit]

SGBUS green
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#55DD33
HSV       (h, s, v)(108°, 76.9%, 86.7%)
sRGBB  (rgb)(85, 221, 51)
SourceHTML/CSS
ISCC–NBS descriptorVivid yellowish green
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

SGBUS green is the color voted by the public and used by Singapore to color all its government-owned public buses.[42]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "W3C TR CSS3 Color Module, HTML4 color keywords". W3.org. Retrieved 13 June 2011.
  2. ^ "X11 rgb.txt". XFree86. Archived from the original on 7 November 2015. Retrieved 5 February 2008.
  3. ^ "W3C TR CSS3 Color Module, HTML4 color keywords". W3.org. Retrieved 8 June 2010.
  4. ^ The color displayed in the color box above matches the color called harlequin in the 1930 book by Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill; the color harlequin is displayed on page 57, Plate 17, Color Sample K11.
  5. ^ Maerz, Aloys John; Paul, Morris Rea (1930). "A Dictionary of Color" (1st ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill: 57 plate 17 color sample K11; p. 196. OCLC 1150631. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  6. ^ Paterson, Ian (2003). A Dictionary of Colour (1st paperback ed.). London: Thorogood Publishing (published 2004). p. 198. ISBN 1-85418-375-3. OCLC 60411025.
  7. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 11 November 2012. Retrieved 18 November 2012.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  8. ^ The New Encyclopædia Britannica. Chicago: Encyclopædia Britannica, 2002. ISBN 0-85229-787-4
  9. ^ a b "PANTONE 18-0125 TPX Artichoke Green". Pantone. Retrieved 27 February 2016.
  10. ^ The color displayed in the color box above matches the color called fern green in the 1930 book by Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill; the color fern green is displayed on page 65, Plate 21, Color Sample F5.
  11. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 195; color sample of Fern Green: Page 65 Plate 21 Color Sample F5
  12. ^ "SVG Color Keywords, CSS3 Color Module, W3C Candidate Recommendation 14 May 2003". W3C. Retrieved 6 January 2007.
  13. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 195; color sample of Jungle Green: Page 69 Plate 23 Color Sample L6
  14. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 201; color sample of Jungle Green: Page 87 Plate 32 Color Sample L12 Note: The Color Sample shown as Jungle Green in Maerz and Paul is the color shown in the article on "jungle green" as dark jungle green.
  15. ^ "Tea green / Caparol 28/11 / #d0f0c0 Hex Color Code". encycolorpedia.com.
  16. ^ I. Patterson, A Dictionary of Colour, Thorogood, 2003, ISBN 1-85418-247-1, page 381. "tea green – The greyish green of green tea."
  17. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 205; Color Sample of Tea Green: Page 65 Plate 21 Color Sample C2
  18. ^ "Celadon / #ace1af Hex Color Code". Encycolorpedia.
  19. ^ Gompertz, G.St.G.M., Chinese Celadon Wares, p. 21, 1980 (2nd edn.), Faber & Faber, ISBN 057118003521
  20. ^ St. Clair, Kassia (2016). The Secret Lives of Colour. London: John Murray. pp. 232–233. ISBN 9781473630819. OCLC 936144129.
  21. ^ Dewar, Richard. (2002). Stoneware. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press. ISBN 0-8122-1837-X, p. 42.
  22. ^ St. Clair, Kassia (2016). The Secret Lives of Colour. London: John Murray. pp. 220–221. ISBN 9781473630819. OCLC 936144129.
  23. ^ Vainker, S.J., Chinese Pottery and Porcelain, 1991, British Museum Press, 9780714114705, pp.53–55
  24. ^ "ISCC-NBS #137". Archived from the original on 22 November 2012.
  25. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 162—Discussion of color Hunter Green
  26. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 196; Color Sample of Hunter Green Page Plate 24 Color Sample C11—Hunter Green
  27. ^ Andrews, Vincent (2010), The Leatherboy Handbook, The Nazca Plains Corp., ISBN 978-1-61098-046-3
  28. ^ Hankycode on gaycitiusa.com Archived 2007-12-06 at the Wayback Machine access date 2012-03-30
  29. ^ Hankycode on leathernjonline.com access date 2010-03-30
  30. ^ Beam, Christopher (3 December 2010). "When did prisoners start dressing in orange?". Explainer (column). Slate. Retrieved 31 October 2017.
  31. ^ "Tribeca Citizen | Nosy Neighbor: Why Are Construction Fences Always Green?". Tribeca Citizen. Retrieved 27 October 2020.
  32. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 27 August 2016. Retrieved 1 June 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  33. ^ "Islamic green / Caparol 34/05 / #009000 Hex Color Code". Encycolorpedia.
  34. ^ "The MSU Brand – Design and Visual Identity". Michigan State University.
  35. ^ "The NDHU Brand Identity". National Dong Hwa University (in Chinese).
  36. ^ "ISCC-NBS". Archived from the original on 30 July 2017. Retrieved 6 March 2008.
  37. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 201; color sample of Persian green: Page 85 Plate 31 Color Sample H7
  38. ^ The source of this color is the ISCC-NBS Dictionary of Color Names (1955), a color dictionary used by stamp collectors to identify the colors of stamps, now on the Internet—see sample of the color Persian green (color sample #159) displayed on indicated web page: [1] Archived 30 July 2017 at the Wayback Machine.
  39. ^ "ISCC NBS". Archived from the original on 19 October 2017. Retrieved 22 November 2012.
  40. ^ The color displayed in the color box above (color sample #136 on the ISCC-NBS color list) matches the color called Russian green in the 1930 book by Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill; the color Russian green is displayed on page 83, Plate 30, Color Sample D7.
  41. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 203; Color Sample of Russian Green: Page 83 Plate 30 Color Sample D7
  42. ^ "'Lush Green' picked as colour for new Singapore buses". Channel NewsAsia. 11 March 2016. Archived from the original on 23 October 2017.