Robert Stuart, Duke of Kintyre and Lorne

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Robert lived at Dunfermline Palace, a converted monastery
Robert
Duke of Kintyre and Lorne
Robertkintyre1.jpg
Robert, Duke of Kintyre in a 1625 engraving by James Webster
Born18 January 1602
Dunfermline Palace, Fife, Scotland
Died(1602-05-27)27 May 1602 (aged 4 months 9 days)
Dunfermline Palace, Fife, Scotland
Burial
Full name
Robert Bruce Stuart
HouseStuart
FatherJames VI
MotherAnne of Denmark
Scottish and English Royalty
House of Stuart
Coat of Arms of England (1603-1649).svg
James VI and I
Children
Henry Frederick, Prince of Wales
Elizabeth, Queen of Bohemia and Electress Palatine
Princess Margaret
Charles I
Prince Robert, Duke of Kintyre
Princess Mary
Princess Sophia

Robert Bruce Stuart, Duke of Kintyre and Lorne (18 January 1602 – 27 May 1602) was the fifth child of James VI of Scots and Anne of Denmark. He was born at Dunfermline Palace, Fife. On 2 May 1602 he was created Duke of Kintyre and Lorne, Marquess of Wigton, Earl of Carrick and Lord of Annandale. He died at Dunfermline Palace on 27 May 1602 and was buried at Holyrood Abbey.[1]

His older siblings included Henry Frederick, Prince of Wales, Princess Elizabeth, and Prince Charles.

Robert's birth was attended by the physicians Martin Schöner and John Naysmyth and the midwife Janet Kinloch. James VI gave Anne of Denmark a gift of a pointed diamond. Robert's nurse Isobel Colt was dressed in black velvet. On 2 May 1602 Robert was carried from Dunfermline Palace into the Abbey by the Duke of Lennox on a large purple cushion for his baptism. His name and titles were proclaimed by trumpeters at the windows of the abbey, and the celebrations involved a tournament of "running at ring" which damaged a cornfield. The sum of £66-13s-4d Scots was thrown into the crowd as largesse. On the previous day an English Catholic, Humphry Dethick, either the son of a London baker or from Ashbourne, Derbyshire, killed one of the guests, claiming to be acting to fulfil a prophecy told to him in Spain, or driven by the devil.[2]

Margaret Stewart, Mistress of Ochiltree, the senior lady in waiting, was in charge of Robert's care.[3] Marion Hepburn was appointed to rock Robert's cradle.[4] Isobel Colt, the nurse, was the wife of Patrick Smith, an Edinburgh lawyer and writer to the signet. She was dismissed shortly before the death of Duke Robert, as it was thought a new nurse would improve his health. Isobel was given £200 Scots as a reward for her service by the English courtier Roger Aston on 25 May. The payment was witnessed by John Buchanan, who later married Margaret Hartsyde, a servant of the queen.[5]

When Robert was ill and Princess Elizabeth at Linlithgow Palace was sick with the measles, Anne of Denmark was "sorrowful and more than ever she was before", but she told James, "If it please God to take one of our children, He will send us another, for I feel myself with child."[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Weir, Alison, Britain's Royal Families: The Complete Genealogy (Pimlico: London, 1989): Calendar State Papers Scotland, vol. 13 (Edinburgh, 1969), p. 998.
  2. ^ Letters to King James the Sixth from the Queen, Prince Henry, Prince Charles etc (Edinburgh, 1835), p. lxxxi-lxxxii: Calendar State Papers Scotland, vol. 13 (Edinburgh, 1969), pp. 977-983.
  3. ^ Register of the Privy Council of Scotland: 1625-1657, 2nd series vol. 1 (Edinburgh, 1899), pp. 201-202.
  4. ^ Letters to King James the Sixth from the Queen, Prince Henry, Prince Charles etc (Edinburgh, 1835), p. lxxxii.
  5. ^ Calendar State Papers Scotland, vol. 13 (Edinburgh, 1969), p. 988: National Records of Scotland NRS E23/11.
  6. ^ Calendar State Papers Scotland, vol. 13 (Edinburgh, 1969), pp. 998, 996.