This is a list of those who have held the title Princess of the United Kingdom from the accession of George I in 1714. This article deals with both princesses of the blood royal and women who become princesses upon marriage.
The use of the title of Princess of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is entirely at the will of the sovereign as expressed in letters patent. Individuals holding the title of princess are styled "Her Royal Highness" (HRH). On 18 April 1917, the newest granddaughter of Wilhelm II, German Emperor was styled a British Princess from birth even though Germany and Britain were fighting in WWI. George V wrote Letters Patent on 30 November 1917, to restrict the automatic assignment of the title "Princess" and the use of the style "Royal Highness" to the following persons:
- the legitimate daughters of a British sovereign,
- the legitimate male line granddaughters of a British sovereign,
- the wife of a British prince.
On 31 December 2012, Elizabeth II issued letters patent enabling all children of the eldest son of the Prince of Wales to enjoy the princely title and style of Royal Highness, as opposed to only the eldest son.
Princesses of the blood royal and princesses by marriage
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Under the current practice, princesses of the blood royal are the legitimate daughters and the legitimate male line granddaughters of a British Sovereign. They are dynasts, that is potential successors to the throne. For these individuals, the title "Princess of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland" and the style "Her Royal Highness" is an entitlement for life. The title Princess and the style Royal Highness is prefixed to the Christian name, before another title of honour. From 1714 until 1917, the male-line great-granddaughters of the Sovereign were titled "Princess of Great Britain and Ireland" with the style "Highness". Since 1917, the male-line great-granddaughters of the Sovereign have held "the style and title enjoyed by the children of dukes". For example, the daughters of the current Duke of Gloucester, a male line grandson of George V, are styled The Lady Davina Windsor and The Lady Rose Gilman.
Princesses by marriage are the recognised wives of the Sovereign's sons and male-line grandsons. Generally, these women are entitled to the style "Royal Highness" by virtue of marriage, and retain the style if widowed. However, Queen Elizabeth II issued Letters Patent dated 21 August 1996 stating that any woman divorced from a Prince of the United Kingdom would no longer be entitled to the style "Royal Highness". This has so far applied to Diana, Princess of Wales, and Sarah, Duchess of York.
Since the passage of the Royal Marriages Act 1772, there have been several instances in which princes of the blood contracted marriages in contravention of that act, to women deemed unsuitable to be a royal wife. This meant they were not legally married, and would allow the Sovereign to withhold the style "Her Royal Highness" from the bride, as well as any title in the peerage held by the groom. For example, Prince George, Duke of Cambridge, a male-line grandson of George III, 'married' Sarah Louisa Fairbrother: the marriage was in contravention of the Royal Marriages Act, and therefore legally invalid. Accordingly, the duke's wife was never titled the Duchess of Cambridge or accorded the style "Her Royal Highness". Instead, she was known as "Mrs FitzGeorge". An exception to the rule was created for Edward VIII following his 1936 abdication. George VI issued Letters Patent dated 27 May 1937 that entitled The Duke of Windsor, as Edward was now entitled, "to hold and enjoy for himself only the title style or attribute of Royal Highness so however that his wife and descendants if any shall not hold the said title style or attribute".
The wife of a prince of the blood takes her husband's Christian name in her title as do all married royal women. For example, upon her marriage to Prince Michael of Kent in 1978, Baroness Marie-Christine von Reibnitz assumed the title and style of "Her Royal Highness Princess Michael of Kent". Similarly, upon her marriage to then Prince Richard of Gloucester, the former Birgitte van Deurs assumed the title and style of "Her Royal Highness Princess Richard of Gloucester".
The situation is slightly different when a woman is married to a prince who happens to be a peer or the Prince of Wales. Upon marriage, the wife of the Prince of Wales becomes "Her Royal Highness The Princess of Wales". Upon marriage, the wife of a royal duke (or earl) becomes "Her Royal Highness The Duchess (or Countess) of X". When Prince Richard of Gloucester succeeded to his father's dukedom in 1974, his wife became "Her Royal Highness The Duchess of Gloucester".
There is also the case when a princess of blood royal marries a British Prince. She also becomes a princess by marriage and will be addressed in the same way. An example of this situation was the late Princess Alexandra, Duchess of Fife, when she married her cousin Prince Arthur of Connaught and became "Princess Arthur of Connaught, Duchess of Fife."
Typically a princess by marriage should not be called Princess followed by her first name. Diana, Princess of Wales, was consistently referred to as "Princess Diana" by fans and the media, but the use of this title is completely erroneous, as she was not the child of a monarch nor the child of a son of a monarch. However, this tradition was broken once in the past century with Queen Elizabeth's aunt, Princess Alice, Duchess of Gloucester, being referred to—with permission from the sovereign—in official sources as such following the death of her husband.
The use of the titles prince and princess and the styles of Highness and Royal Highness for members of the Royal Family is of fairly recent usage in the British Isles. Before 1714, there was no settled practice regarding the use of the titles prince and princess other than the heir apparent and his wife. From 1301 onward, the eldest sons of the Kings of England (and later Great Britain and the United Kingdom) have generally been created Prince of Wales and Earl of Chester. Their wives were titled Princess of Wales.
The title Princess Royal came into being in 1642 when Queen Henrietta Maria, the French-born wife of Charles I, wished to imitate the way the eldest daughter of the French King was styled (Madame Royale). However, there was no settled practice on the use of the title princess for the Sovereign's younger daughters or male-line granddaughters. For example, as late as the time of Charles II, the daughters of his brother James, Duke of York, both of whom became Queens regnant, were called simply "The Lady Mary" and "The Lady Anne". The future Queen Anne was styled princess in her marriage treaty to Prince George of Denmark and then styled "Princess Anne of Denmark" once married. However, in exile at Saint-Germain-en-Laye the deposed James II gave the title of Princess Royal to his last daughter, Louisa Maria (1692–1712).
After the accession of George I of Hanover, the princely titles were changed to follow the German practice. The children, grandchildren, and male line great-grandchildren of the British Sovereign were automatically titled "Prince or Princess of Great Britain and Ireland" and styled "Royal Highness" (in the case of children and grandchildren) or "Highness" (in the case of male line great-grandchildren). Queen Victoria confirmed this practice in Letters Patent dated 30 January 1864 (the first Act of the Prerogative dealing with the princely title in general terms).
On 31 December 2012, Elizabeth II issued letters patent enabling all children of the eldest son of the Prince of Wales to enjoy the princely title and style of Royal Highness, as opposed to only the eldest son.
Styling of princesses
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Princesses of the blood royal
- Daughter of a Sovereign: HRH The Princess N.
- Daughter of a son of a Sovereign: HRH Princess N of X, where X is the territorial designation of their father's senior peerage; e.g. HRH Princess Alexandra of Kent.
- From 31 December 2012, daughter of the eldest son of the Prince of Wales: HRH Princess N of X.
When a princess marries, she still takes on her husband's title. If the title is higher than (or equal to) the one she possesses, she will normally be styled using the female equivalent. If her husband has a lower title or style, her style as a princess remains in use, although it may then be combined with her style by marriage, e.g. HRH The Princess Louise, Duchess of Argyll or HRH Princess Alice, Countess of Athlone – if that princess had a territorial designation, she may cease its use. It has become customary, however, for a princess who has been granted the title of HRH The Princess Royal to not combine it with her style by marriage: Princess Anne remains HRH The Princess Royal rather than HRH The Princess Royal, Lady Laurence.
Princesses by marriage
A princess by marriage is addressed as "Princess Husband's name"; this is akin to a woman being referred to as "Mrs. John Smith". The only recent time this has broken tradition is with the sovereign's express consent. Namely, with Queen Elizabeth II's aunts Princess Alice, Duchess of Gloucester, and Princess Marina, Duchess of Kent. The former was not a princess by birth, while the latter was born a princess of Greece and Denmark. Both women asked the Queen to use their given names after their husbands' deaths.
- Wife of a prince who has a peerage: HRH The Duchess/Countess of X, or, prior to 1917, possibly HH
- Wife of a son of a Sovereign, who has no peerage: HRH The Princess Husband.
- Wife of another prince who has no peerage: HRH Princess Husband of X. (X usually taken from father's Dukedom)
- Prior to 1917, the wife of a prince in the third generation, who has no peerage: HH Princess Husband of X.
- There were only two historical princesses who would have been exceptions to the 1917 rule, but they died before Queen Victoria's marriage. The sisters Sophia Matilda and Caroline Augusta Maria born in 1773 and 1774 were male line great-granddaughters of George II. All of the other exceptions were still alive in 1917 and were no longer permitted to use the style of HRH and Princess.
There have been several exceptions in recent history to these rules, but all have come by order of the Sovereign, mostly through letters patent.
- In November 1905, Edward VII allowed the two daughters of Louise, Princess Royal to use a princely title and the style of Highness. They were not entitled to the style of Royal Highness. The 1917 letters patent which stripped great-grandchildren of a British sovereign of the style of Highness with a princely title was complicated as it did not technically overrule Edward VII's letters patent, as the former practice was mostly an unspoken courtesy as opposed to a written rule. The elder sister, Princess Alexandra, Duchess of Fife, was already married by that time, to Prince Arthur of Connaught: he was a male-line grandson of Queen Victoria, and so entitled to use the style of Royal Highness. Alexandra was therefore styled Her Royal Highness Princess Arthur of Connaught from her 1913 marriage for the rest of her life, and the 1917 letters patent did not change this. Her younger sister, Princess Maud, on the other hand, was unmarried in 1917. Until her 1923 marriage, she continued to use the title of "Princess" granted to her in 1905. Upon her marriage to Charles, Lord Carnegie, however, she chose to be known as Lady Maud Carnegie (or, from 1941, The Countess of Southesk), dropping her princely title.
- Anne, Princess Royal, had the style and title Her Royal Highness Princess Anne of Edinburgh from birth in 1950, even though she was a female-line grandchild of the Sovereign, being born to the future Elizabeth II, then Princess Elizabeth, Duchess of Edinburgh, during the reign of Elizabeth's father, George VI, who had no sons. George VI issued letters patent on 22 October 1948, granting the style to Elizabeth's children.
- In 1961, when her son married, the Duchess of Kent asked Queen Elizabeth II to extend the use of a princely title to precede her first name, in order to avoid confusion with her daughter-in-law, Katharine Worsley, the new Duchess of Kent. As she was born a princess of Greece and Denmark, this was not incredibly notable, although traditionally she would have been styled as Her Royal Highness The Dowager Duchess of Kent. After this she was styled as Her Royal Highness Princess Marina, Duchess of Kent.
- In 1974, the Duchess of Gloucester asked Queen Elizabeth II for the same title as her sister-in-law, then Princess Marina, Duchess of Kent, with a princely title preceding her first name. Unlike Princess Marina, Alice had never been a princess in her own right, thus this allowance was far more unusual. Instead of being referred to as Her Royal Highness The Dowager Duchess of Gloucester, as is customary, she became Her Royal Highness Princess Alice, Duchess of Gloucester.
- In 2003, upon the request of Queen Elizabeth's youngest son, Edward, the Queen retracted the style of Royal Highness and princely title from all children born to him. As male-line grandchildren of a British monarch, Lady Louise Windsor and James, Viscount Severn, would traditionally enjoy a princely title and style.
- In December 2012, Queen Elizabeth issued letters patent that stated that all children born to the eldest child of Charles, Prince of Wales, would enjoy a princely title and style, and not just the eldest son. Although in effect in 2012, it was not used in practice until the birth of Princess Charlotte of Cambridge in 2015.
List of princesses of the blood royal since 1714
|Princess of Great Britain from birth|
|Princess of the United Kingdom from birth|
|Created Princess of Great Britain by the sovereign|
|Created Princess of the United Kingdom by the sovereign|
|Title at birth||Birth||Death||Lineage||Comments|
|Sophia Dorothea||1687||1757||Only daughter of King George I||Gained title in 1714 upon accession of her father as King George I.|
Queen-consort of Prussia 1713–1740.
|Anne||1709||1759||1st daughter of King George II||Gained title in 1714 upon accession of her grandfather as King George I. Princess of Orange.|
|Amelia Sophia Eleanor||1711||1786||2nd daughter of King George II||Gained title in 1714 upon accession of her grandfather as King George I.|
|Caroline Elizabeth||1713||1757||3rd daughter of King George II||Gained title in 1714 upon accession of her grandfather as King George I.|
|Mary||1723||1772||4th daughter of King George II||Landgravine of Hesse-Kassel|
|Louise||1724||1751||5th daughter of King George II||Queen of Denmark 1746-1751.|
|Augusta Frederica||1737||1813||1st daughter of Frederick
& Granddaughter of King George II
|Duchess of Brunswick 1780–1806.|
|Elizabeth Caroline||1741||1759||2nd daughter of Frederick
& Granddaughter of King George II
|Louise Anne||1749||1768||3rd daughter of Frederick
& Granddaughter of King George II
|Caroline Matilda||1751||1775||4th daughter of Frederick
& Granddaughter of King George II
|Queen of Denmark and Norway 1767–1775.|
|Charlotte Augusta Matilda||1766||1828||1st daughter of King George III||Held the title 'The Princess Charlotte' from birth and formally styled Princess Royal in 1789. Queen of Württemberg 1806–1816.|
|Augusta Sophia||1768||1840||2nd daughter of King George III|
|Elizabeth||1770||1840||3rd daughter of King George III||Landgravine of Hesse-Homburg|
|Mary||1776||1857||4th daughter of King George III||Duchess of Gloucester and Edinburgh|
|Sophia Matilda||1777||1848||5th daughter of King George III|
|Amelia||1783||1810||6th daughter of King George III|
|Sophia Matilda||1773||1844||1st daughter of Prince William Henry
& Great-Granddaughter of King George II
|Granted style of Royal Highness in 1816.|
|Caroline Augusta Maria||1774||1775||2nd daughter of Prince William Henry
& Great-Granddaughter of King George II
|Charlotte Augusta||1796||1817||Only daughter of King George IV||Death in childbirth left Kingdom without direct line heir. Princess of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld.|
|Charlotte Augusta Louisa||1819||1819||1st daughter of King William IV|
|Elizabeth Georgiana Adelaide||1820||1821||2nd daughter of King William IV|
|Alexandrina Victoria||1819||1901||Only daughter of Prince Edward
& Granddaughter of King George III
|Succeeded as Queen Victoria, reigned 1837–1901.|
Title held until her accession in 1837 as Queen Victoria.
|Augusta Caroline Charlotte Elizabeth Mary Sophia Louise||1822||1916||Granddaughter of George III||Daughter of Prince Adolphus, Duke of Cambridge; Grand Duchess of Mecklenburg-Strelitz 1860–1904.|
|Mary Adelaide Wilhemina Elizabeth||1833||1897||Granddaughter of George III||Daughter of Prince Adolphus, Duke of Cambridge; mother of Queen Mary. Duchess of Teck|
|Victoria Adelaide Mary Louisa||1840||1901||Daughter of Queen Victoria||Held the title 'The Princess Victoria' from birth and styled 'The Princess Royal' in 1841.|
German Empress and Queen of Prussia 1888 and mother of William II, German Emperor and King of Prussia.
|Alice Maud Mary||1843||1878||Daughter of Queen Victoria||Grand Duchess of Hesse and by Rhine 1877–1878.|
|Helena Augusta Victoria||1846||1923||Daughter of Queen Victoria|
|Frederica Sophie Marie Henrietta Amelia Theresa||1848||1926||Great-granddaughter of George III||Title from birth until 30 November 1917, daughter of George V of Hanover.|
|Louise Caroline Alberta||1848||1939||Daughter of Queen Victoria|
|Marie Ernestine Josephine Adolphine Henrietta Theresa Elisabeth Alexandrina||1849||1904||Great-granddaughter of George III||Daughter of George V of Hanover.|
|Beatrice Mary Victoria Feodore||1857||1944||Daughter of Queen Victoria||Princess Henry of Battenberg|
|Louise Victoria Alexandra Dagmar||1867||1931||Daughter of Edward VII||Held the title 'Princess Louise of Wales' from birth, 'The Princess Louise' from her father's accession in 1901 and styled 'The Princess Royal' in 1905.|
|Victoria Alexandra Olga Mary||1868||1935||Daughter of Edward VII||Held the title 'Princess Victoria of Wales' from birth, 'The Princess Victoria' from her father's accession in 1901, held title until death.|
|Maud Charlotte Mary Victoria||1869||1938||Daughter of Edward VII||Queen of Norway 1905–1938.|
|Marie Alexandra Victoria||1875||1938||Granddaughter of Queen Victoria||Daughter of Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh; Queen of Romania 1914–1927.|
|Victoria Melita||1876||1936||Granddaughter of Queen Victoria||Daughter of Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh; Grand Duchess of Hesse and by Rhine 1894–1901; de jure Empress of All Russia 1924-1936.|
|Alexandra Louise Olga Victoria||1878||1942||Granddaughter of Queen Victoria||Daughter of Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh.|
|Marie Louise Victoria Caroline Amelia Alexandra Augusta Frederica||1879||1948||Great-great-granddaughter of George III||Title from birth until 30 November 1917, daughter of Crown Prince Ernest Augustus of Hanover.|
|Margaret Victoria Charlotte Augusta Norah||1882||1920||Granddaughter of Queen Victoria||Daughter of Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn; Crown Princess of Sweden 1907-1920.|
|Alexandra Marie Louise Olga Elizabeth Theresa Vera||1882||1963||Great-great-granddaughter of George III||Title from birth until 1917, daughter of Crown Prince Ernst Augustus of Hanover.|
|Alice Mary Victoria Augusta Pauline||1883||1981||Granddaughter of Queen Victoria||Daughter of Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany.|
|Beatrice Leopoldine Victoria||1884||1966||Granddaughter of Queen Victoria||Daughter of Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh.|
|Olga Adelaide Louise Marie Alexandrina Agnes||1884||1958||Great-great-granddaughter of George III||Title from birth until 30 November 1917, daughter of Crown Prince Ernst Augustus of Hanover.|
|Victoria Patricia Helena Elizabeth||1886||1974||Granddaughter of Queen Victoria||Title held from her birth until 1919 when she relinquished her title and style upon marriage, Daughter of Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn.|
|Alexandra Victoria Alberta Edwina Louise||1891||1959||Granddaughter in female line of Edward VII||Title granted by Letters Patent of 1905, Daughter of Princess Louise, Duchess of Fife.|
|Maud Alexandra Victoria Georgina Bertha||1893||1945||Granddaughter in female line of Edward VII||Title granted by Letters Patent of 1905, ceased use of title after her marriage in 1923 although it was never formally relinquished, daughter of Princess Louise, Duchess of Fife.|
|Victoria Alexandra Alice Mary||1897||1965||Daughter of George V||Held the title 'Princess Mary of York' from birth, 'The Princess Mary' on her father's accession in 1910, and styled 'The Princess Royal' in 1932.|
|Sibylla Calma Maria Alice Bathildis Feodora||1907||1972||Great-granddaughter of Victoria||Title from birth until 30 November 1917, daughter of Prince Charles Edward, Duke of Albany. Duchess of Västerbotten from 1932 to her death, mother of King Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden.|
|Caroline Matilda Helen Louise Augusta Beatrice||1912||1983||Great-granddaughter of Victoria||Title from birth until 30 November 1917, daughter of Prince Charles Edward, Duke of Albany.|
|Frederica Louisa Thyra Victoria Margareta Olga Cécilie Isabella Christa||1917||1981||Great-great-great-granddaughter of George III||Title from birth until 30 November 1917, daughter of Ernest Augustus, Prince of Hanover and Duke of Brunswick.|
|Elizabeth Alexandra Mary||1926||Daughter of George VI||Held the title 'Princess Elizabeth of York' from birth, 'The Princess Elizabeth' from her father's accession in 1936, until her succession in 1952 as Queen Elizabeth II.|
|Margaret Rose||1930||2002||Daughter of George VI||Held the title 'Princess Margaret of York' from birth, 'The Princess Margaret' from her father's accession in 1936, and 'The Princess Margaret, Countess of Snowdon' after her marriage, title held title until death.|
|Alexandra Helen Elizabeth Olga Christabel||1936||Granddaughter of George V||Daughter of Prince George, Duke of Kent.|
|Anne Elizabeth Alice Louise||1950||Daughter of Elizabeth II||Held the title 'Princess Anne of Edinburgh' from birth, 'The Princess Anne' from her mother's accession, and styled 'The Princess Royal' in 1987.|
|Beatrice Elizabeth Mary||1988||Granddaughter of Elizabeth II||Daughter of Prince Andrew, Duke of York. After wedding named Mrs Edoardo Mapelli Mozzi.|
|Eugenie Victoria Helena||1990||Granddaughter of Elizabeth II||Daughter of Prince Andrew, Duke of York. After wedding named Mrs Jack Brooksbank.|
|Louise Alice Elizabeth Mary||2003||Granddaughter of Elizabeth II||Daughter of Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex; styled as an earl's daughter per her parents' wishes and the will of the Queen. (see her titles and styles).|
|Charlotte Elizabeth Diana||2015||Great-granddaughter of Elizabeth II||Daughter of Prince William, Duke of Cambridge, holds the title 'Princess Charlotte of Cambridge'.|
List of princesses by marriage since 1714
|Title of Princess where spouses title was eliminated by Letters Patent issued 30 November 1917 or Order in Council in 1919|
|Princess Caroline of Brandenburg-Ansbach||1683||1737||1705||George, Prince of Wales||Gained title by accession of her father-in-law as George I in 1714 and held it until her husband's accession as George II in 1727.|
|Princess Augusta of Saxe-Gotha||1719||1772||1736||Frederick, Prince of Wales|
|Maria Walpole||1736||1807||1766||Prince William Henry, Duke of Gloucester and Edinburgh|
|Anne Horton||1742||1808||1771||Prince Henry, Duke of Cumberland and Strathearn||Gained title by her second marriage.|
|Princess Frederica Charlotte of Prussia||1767||1820||1791||Prince Frederick, Duke of York and Albany|
|Duchess Caroline of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel||1768||1821||1795||George, Prince of Wales||Held title until her husband's accession as George IV in 1820.|
|Duchess Frederica of Mecklenburg-Strelitz||1778||1841||1815||Prince Ernest Augustus, Duke of Cumberland and Teviotdale||Gained title by her third marriage and held title until her husband's accession as King Ernest Augustus of Hanover in 1837.|
|Princess Augusta of Hesse-Kassel||1797||1889||1818||Prince Adolphus, Duke of Cambridge|
|Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld||1786||1861||1818||Prince Edward, Duke of Kent and Strathearn||Gained title by her second marriage.|
|Princess Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen||1792||1849||1818||Prince William, Duke of Clarence and St Andrews||Held title until her husband's accession as William IV in 1830.|
|Princess Marie of Saxe-Altenburg||1818||1907||1843||George, Crown Prince of Hanover||Held title until her husband's accession as George V of Hanover in 1851.|
|Princess Alexandra of Denmark||1844||1925||1863||Albert Edward, Prince of Wales||Held title until her husband's accession as Edward VII in 1901.|
|Grand Duchess Maria Alexandrovna of Russia||1853||1920||1874||Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh||Held title until her husband's accession as Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha in 1893.|
|Princess Thyra of Denmark||1853||1933||1878||Ernest Augustus, Crown Prince of Hanover||Husband lost British title of Prince in 1917.|
|Princess Louise Margaret of Prussia||1860||1917||1879||Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn|
|Princess Helena of Waldeck and Pyrmont||1861||1922||1882||Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany|
|Princess Mary of Teck||1867||1953||1893||Prince George, Duke of York||Held title until her husband's accession as George V in 1910.|
|Princess Victoria Adelaide of Schleswig-Holstein||1885||1970||1905||Prince Charles Edward, Duke of Albany||Husband lost British title of Prince in 1919.|
|Princess Viktoria Luise of Prussia||1892||1980||1913||Ernest Augustus, Duke of Brunswick||Husband lost British title of Prince in 1917. Princess Viktoria Luise was born Princess of Prussia being the only daughter of the German Kaiser Wilhelm II.|
|Lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon||1900||2002||1923||Prince Albert, Duke of York||Held title until her husband's accession as George VI in 1936.|
|Princess Marina of Greece and Denmark||1906||1968||1934||Prince George, Duke of Kent||Princess of Greece and Denmark by birth. However, when she was widowed she reverted her title to Princess Marina, Duchess of Kent, styling herself as a princess suo jure in the UK.|
|Lady Alice Montagu-Douglas-Scott||1901||2004||1935||Prince Henry, Duke of Gloucester||When she was widowed in 1974 she was granted special permission to style herself as a princess suo jure.|
|Katharine Worsley||1933||1961||Prince Edward, Duke of Kent|
|Birgitte van Deurs||1946||1972||Prince Richard, Duke of Gloucester|
|Baroness Marie Christine von Reibnitz||1945||1978||Prince Michael of Kent||Gained title by her second marriage.|
|Lady Diana Spencer||1961||1997||1981||Charles, Prince of Wales||On marriage she became: Her Royal Highness The Princess of Wales. She lost style of Her Royal Highness upon divorce, and was restyled as "Diana, Princess of Wales". She was also a "Lady" (as a daughter of an earl) in her own right prior to marriage.|
|Sarah Ferguson||1959||1986||Prince Andrew, Duke of York||On marriage she became: Her Royal Highness The Duchess of York. She lost style of Her Royal Highness and her position as a Princess upon divorce, and was restyled as "Sarah, Duchess of York".|
|Sophie Rhys-Jones||1965||1999||Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex||On marriage she became: Her Royal Highness The Countess of Wessex and Viscountess Severn.|
|Camilla Parker Bowles||1947||2005||Charles, Prince of Wales||By her second marriage she became: Her Royal Highness the Duchess of Cornwall, Duchess of Rothesay, Countess of Chester. She also holds the title of Princess of Wales but does not use it.|
|Catherine Middleton||1982||2011||Prince William, Duke of Cambridge||On marriage she became: Her Royal Highness The Duchess of Cambridge, Countess of Strathearn and Lady Carrickfergus.|
|Meghan Markle||1981||2018||Prince Harry, Duke of Sussex||By her second marriage she became: Her Royal Highness The Duchess of Sussex, Countess of Dumbarton and Lady Kilkeel. She has elected not to use the style of Her Royal Highness.|
- Maria Anne Fitzherbert, married George, Prince of Wales in 1785
- Lady Augusta Murray, married Prince Augustus Frederick, Duke of Sussex in 1793
- Lady Cecilia Buggin, married Prince Augustus Frederick, Duke of Sussex. She was later created Duchess of Inverness.
- Sarah Louisa Fairbrother, married Prince George, Duke of Cambridge in 1847
Although Wallis Simpson married the Duke of Windsor in 1937, and he was a British prince with the style His Royal Highness, having been confirmed as such by letters patent 27 May 1937 from his brother, George VI, Wallis and her descendants from the marriage were expressly denied the style of "Royal Highness" by the same letters patent before she married him. As a duke's wife, she was always styled Her Grace The Duchess of Windsor. Her husband, the Duke of Windsor, insisted that staff and friends should refer to her as Her Royal Highness.
There have been two instances where a British princess married a British prince: first The Princess Mary, daughter of George III, who married her first cousin Prince William Frederick, Duke of Gloucester and Edinburgh; secondly Princess Alexandra, Duchess of Fife, granddaughter of Edward VII, who married her first cousin once removed Prince Arthur of Connaught. In the first instance Princess Mary was of higher rank and the Duke of Gloucester and his sister were elevated from the style His/Her Highness to His/Her Royal Highness. In the second instance Princess Alexandra had been granted the style Her Highness by her grandfather the King; as the wife of a Prince she received the style Her Royal Highness.
There is also the curious case of Princess Victoria Eugénie of Battenberg, later Queen Victoria Eugenia of Spain (the daughter of Princess Beatrice and Prince Henry of Battenberg). Prior to her marriage to Alfonso XIII of Spain in May 1906, she was styled Her Highness Princess Victoria Eugénie of Battenberg. On 3 April 1906 Edward VII, in order to elevate her standing prior to her wedding, raised her status to Royal Highness per royal declaration which read: "Whitehall April 3, 1906. The KING has been graciously pleased to declare and ordain that His Majesty's niece, Her Highness Princess Victoria Eugenie Julia Ena, daughter of Her Royal Highness the Princess Beatrice Mary Victoria Feodore (Princess Henry of Battenberg), shall henceforth be styled and called "Her Royal Highness"; And to command that the said Royal concession and declaration be registered in His Majesty's College of Arms." Edward VII concurrently issued a Royal Warrant on the elevation which read: "Our Will and Pleasure is and we do hereby declare and ordain that from and after the date of this Warrant our most Dear Niece Princess Victoria Eugénie Julia Ena, only daughter of Our most Dear Sister Beatrice Mary Victoria Feodore (Princess Henry of Battenberg) shall be styled entitled and called "Her Royal Highness" before her name and such Titles and Appellations which to her belong in all Deeds Records Instruments or Documents whatsoever wherein she may at any time hereafter be named or described. And We do hereby authorize and empower Our said most Dear Niece henceforth at all times to assume and use and to be called and named by the Style, Title and Appellation of "Her Royal Highness" accordingly. Given at Our Court of Saint James's, the Third day of April 1906: in the Sixth Year of Our Reign. By His Majesty's Command. M Gladstone" Whether this made her a British Royal Princess is the subject of debate.
The former Lady Diana Spencer lost the prefix of Her Royal Highness upon her divorce in August 1996, and was restyled as "Diana, Princess of Wales". Buckingham Palace issued a press release on the day the decree absolute of divorce was issued, announcing Diana's change of title, but made it clear that Diana continued to be a member of the British Royal Family. This was confirmed by the deputy coroner of the Queen's Household, Baroness Butler-Sloss, after a pre-hearing on 8 January 2007: "I am satisfied that at her death, Diana, Princess of Wales continued to be a member of the Royal Household." This appears to have been confirmed in the High Court judicial review matter of Al Fayed & Ors v Butler-Sloss. In that case, three High Court judges accepted submissions that the "very name 'Coroner to the Queen's Household' gave the appearance of partiality in the context of inquests into the deaths of two people, one of whom was a member of the Family and the other was not."
Of the above named princesses, there are a great number of shared names:
- Mary, or similar (like Marie and Maria, usually ultimately after Mary, mother of Jesus), occurs thirty-one times – Queen Mary; her daughter, Mary, Princess Royal; Queen Alexandra; Queen Victoria's daughter, Victoria, Princess Royal and her mother, Princess Victoria, Duchess of Kent; and, currently, The Queen; Princess Beatrice of York; Lady Louise Windsor; The Duchess of Kent and Princess Michael of Kent among them.
- Louise (or Louisa) is borne by twenty-six – including Queen Louise of Denmark; Queen Victoria's daughters, Princess Louise, Duchess of Argyll and Victoria, Princess Royal, and her mother, Princess Victoria, Duchess of Kent; Louise, Princess Royal; Princess Louise, Duchess of Connaught; Queens Mary, Alexandra and Adelaide; and, currently, Lady Louise Windsor and Anne, Princess Royal.
- Victoria is the name of twenty-five princesses, nineteen of whom are named for Queen Victoria – among these being her four daughters (including "Vicky", Princess Royal); her granddaughter, The Princess Victoria; Mary, Princess Royal; and, currently, Princess Eugenie. Among those not named for the queen are her mother, Princess Victoria, Duchess of Kent and Queen Mary.
- Others include Charlotte; Alexandra (and Alexandrina); Augusta; Elizabeth; Caroline; Sophie (and Sophia); Matilda (or Maud); Alice; Frederica; Helena; Beatrice; Olga; Feodora; Alberta; Adelaide and Diana.
- Velde, François (9 April 2012). "Royal Styles and Titles – 1917 Letters Patent". Heraldica. Retrieved 6 February 2017.
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- Countess of Wessex official page Archived 27 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine
- Mulligan, Hugh (25 August 2017). "AP Was There: Prince Charles and Princess Diana's wedding". Chicago Tribune. Associated Press. Archived from the original on 12 May 2018. Retrieved 12 May 2018.
- "Princess Alice, Duchess of Gloucester – Marriage and family". The British Monarchy. Archived from the original on 19 May 2018. Retrieved 18 May 2015.CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
- Royal Styles and Titles – 1864 Letters Patent.
- "No. 60384". The London Gazette. 8 January 2013. p. 213.
- "Royal baby girl 'would be princess'". BBC News. 9 January 2013. Retrieved 6 July 2013.
- The Royal Family. "Style and Title of the Princess Royal". Archived from the original on 27 July 2008. Retrieved 10 February 2017.
- Genealogisches Handbuch des Adels, Fürstliche Häuser Band III. "Fife". C.A. Starke Verlag, 1955, pp. 336–337. (German).
- "THE NEXT ROYAL MARRIAGE: PRINCESS MAUD AND LORD CARNEGIE". 6 November 1923. p. 7 – via Trove.
- Statement issued by the Press Secretary to the Queen: Announcement of the christening of Lady Louise Windsor - The official website of The British Monarchy
- Royal Styles and Titles – 1816 Letters Patent.
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- Royal Styles and Titles – 1905 Letters Patent.
- British Monarchy (2009). "Diana, Princess of Wales — Marriage and family". Archived from the original on 12 May 2012. Retrieved 15 February 2017.
- "The Royal Family" (PDF). royal.gov.uk. Archived from the original (PDF) on 17 June 2012. Retrieved 8 July 2012.
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- House of Commons Hansard (4 April 2005). "Royal Marriage". Retrieved 10 February 2017.
- "Styles and titles – The Duchess of Cambridge". The Royal Household. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 1 August 2013.
Miss Catherine Middleton became Her Royal Highness The Duchess of Cambridge, Countess of Strathearn and Lady Carrickfergus.
- Rayner, Gordon (2 August 2013). "Royal baby: Duke and Duchess of Cambridge register birth of Prince George". The Telegraph.
The Duchess is entitled to use the title Princess William of Wales, but has never described herself as such because the couple decided to be known as the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge after the titles were conferred on them by the Queen on their wedding day.
- Rayner, Gordon (2 August 2013). "Duchess Kate: Princess of the United Kingdom (but you can call me mummy)". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on 20 August 2013.
Although she has never used the name, the Duchess is entitled to refer to herself as Princess William of Wales, as well as being Countess of Strathearn and Lady Carrickfergus.
- "Harry and Meghan drop royal duties and HRH titles". BBC News. 19 January 2020. Retrieved 24 June 2020.
- Royal Styles and Titles – 1937 Letters Patent.
- François Velde (9 April 2012). "Victoria Eugénie of Battenberg". Heraldica. Retrieved 15 February 2017.
- H M Coroner (8 January 2007). "Inquests into the deaths of Diana, Princess of Wales and Mr Dodi Al Fayed: Decisions of 8 January 2007". Archived from the original on 30 October 2007. Retrieved 15 February 2017.
- "High Court Judgment Template" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 June 2008. Retrieved 13 October 2008.