Roland Koch

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Roland Koch
RKoch.jpg
Roland Koch, 2008
Minister President of Hessen
In office
7 April 1999 – 31 August 2010
Preceded by Hans Eichel
Succeeded by Volker Bouffier
Personal details
Born (1958-03-24) 24 March 1958 (age 59)
Frankfurt am Main, West Germany
Nationality German
Political party CDU
Alma mater Goethe University Frankfurt
Occupation Jurist
Website www.roland-koch.de

Roland Koch (born 24 March 1958) is a German jurist and former conservative politician of the CDU. He was the 7th Minister President of Hesse from 7 April 1999, immediately becoming the 53rd President of the Bundesrat, completing the term begun by his predecessor as Minister President, Hans Eichel, until his resignation on 31 August 2010. During his time in office, Koch was widely regarded as one of Chancellor Angela Merkel's main rivals within the CDU.[1][2]

Early life and education[edit]

Koch was born in Frankfurt am Main. He studied law and graduated in 1985. In 1979, Koch became the youngest person to hold the office of chairman of the CDU in Main-Taunus district.

Political career[edit]

From 1983 until 1987 he was vice-chair of the federal youth organization of the CDU. In 1987 Koch was elected to the legislature of Hessen. From 1989 until 1997 he was also a member of the Main-Taunus district council and parliamentary leader of the local CDU group. In 1991 he became vice-chair of the CDU parliamentary group, and in 1993 its chair. Until then Koch had been a city council member in his hometown of Eschborn. From 1998 onward, he was chair of the Hessian CDU.[citation needed]

Minister-President of Hesse, 1999-2010[edit]

In the state elections in 1999, the CDU began collecting signatures to document the resistance in the population to plans of the federal government to make dual citizenship easier for foreigners to obtain. Because some people viewed this as "collecting signatures against foreigners", this campaign was portrayed as "xenophobic".[3] Koch won the election and displaced the incumbent, Hans Eichel. Under his leadership, the CDU achieved the best result for the party there in 60 years.[4]

In 2003, Koch and Peer Steinbrück, the Social Democrat premier of North Rhine Westphalia, together drew up a plan to reduce tax breaks and subsidies, including those on coal by 12 percent over several years. The subsidies were a particularly sensitive issue in North Rhine-Westphalia, where most of the coal mines are located.[5]

Under the leadership of party chairwoman Angela Merkel, Koch was elected vice-chairman of the CDU in November 2006, alongside Jürgen Rüttgers, Annette Schavan and Christian Wulff.[6] By 2007, he and Rüttgers, his counterpart from the state of North Rhine-Westphalia, agreed on approving a merger of their respective state-owned banks, WestLB and Landesbank Hessen-Thüringen (Helaba).[7] WestLB was eventually broken up in 2012 after years of losses and controversy.

Prior to the Hesse state election of 2008 Koch was once again accused of using xenophobic tactics by pledging to get tough on youth crime, which is concentrated among immigrant and minority groups. In the course of the election he lost his party's majority in the Hessian Parliament, but remained acting Minister President as his SPD challenger Andrea Ypsilanti was unable to form a government. Since none of the parties was able to build a majority coalition, they decided to give the voters another chance to produce a workable result.

In the January 2009 election the FDP made significant gains which allowed Koch to form a conservative-liberal coalition government, reelecting him as the Minister President of the State of Hesse. Ahead of the 2009 federal elections, he was tipped as a potential finance or economics minister in a coalition government of CDU/CSU and FDP.[8][9]

In his capacity as Minister-President, Koch held various other positions, including the following:

  • Fraport, Chairman of the Supervisory Board (1999-2003)
  • ZDF, Member of the Board of Directors (2002-2011)[10]
  • Hessische Kulturstiftung, Chairman of the Board of Trustees[11]

On 25 May 2010 Koch announced his withdrawal from the political scene. At the time, he said he had informed Merkel of his plan to leave politics more than a year before.[12] He resigned as Minister-President of Hesse on 31 August 2010.[13] He hinted that he was departing politics in order to become active in the business world.[14]

Political positions[edit]

Koch was seen as a rhetorically gifted politician; critics have accused him of populism.[15] A sometimes polarizing figure on his party's right, Koch proved to be one of the main defenders of business and financial interests within his party.[16] In 2010, Koch and Merkel clashed over budget cuts, as Koch proposed cutbacks in education and research that Merkel opposed. He also suggested that a law passed to provide a guaranteed child-care facilities for children under 3 would have to be reconsidered.[17] In his final years as Minister-President, he largely worked smoothly with Merkel.[18]

On foreign policy, Koch forged a friendship with the Dalai Lama and supported the self-determination of Tibet.[19]

Life after politics[edit]

On 29 October 2010, Koch was announced as designated chief executive officer of Bilfinger Berger, Germany’s second-largest builder.[20] In the following years, he orchestrated a reshuffle at the company away from civil engineering and construction in favor of higher-margin industrial services.[21] During his tenure, Bilfinger Berger also agreed with the United States Department of Justice in 2013 to pay $32 million to resolve U.S. criminal charges that it bribed Nigerian officials to obtain contracts on a gas project in the African nation.[22] In August 2014, he stepped down from the position on mutually agreed terms after he took responsibility for two profit warnings.[23]

In 2015, Koch opened a law firm in Frankfurt.[24] In addition, he has been holding a variety of paid and unpaid positions since leaving active politics, including:

Koch was a CDU delegate to the Federal Convention for the purpose of electing the President of Germany in 2017.[32]

Personal life[edit]

His father Karl-Heinz Koch was a politician in Hessen. Koch and his wife Anke have two sons. He is a Roman Catholic.[33][dead link]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Patrick McGroarty (May 26, 2010), Party Ally—and Potential Rival—of Germany's Merkel Plans to Resign Wall Street Journal.
  2. ^ Roland Koch Calls It Quits: Merkel Loses an Adversary and an Ally Spiegel Online, May 25, 2010.
  3. ^ staatsbuergerschaft Rhein Zeitung online, 5 January 1999
  4. ^ Christopher Rhoads (February 3, 2003), German Voters Place Focus On Economy Instead of Iraq Wall Street Journal.
  5. ^ Judy Dempsey (13 October 2005), New German Finance Minister Likely to Help Merkel's Agenda New York Times.
  6. ^ CDU-Stellvertreter: Merkels bunte Truppe n-tv, November 27, 2006.
  7. ^ Beat Balzli, Wolfgang Reuter and Steffen Winter (November 20, 2007), Trouble Ahead For State-Owned Banks in Germany Bloomberg News.
  8. ^ Bertrand Benoit (January 18, 2009), Hesse win gives Merkel an electoral edge Financial Times.
  9. ^ Roland Koch Calls It Quits: Merkel Loses an Adversary and an Ally Spiegel Online, May 25, 2010.
  10. ^ Thomas Zorn (December 10, 2010), Roland Koch verlässt ZDF-Verwaltungsrat Focus.
  11. ^ Board of Trustees Hessische Kulturstiftung, Wiesbaden.
  12. ^ Roland Koch Calls It Quits: Merkel Loses an Adversary and an Ally Spiegel Online, May 25, 2010.
  13. ^ Liveticker: Die Pressekonferenz zum Koch-Rückzug from fr-online.de, 25 May 2010 (downloaded on 25 May 2010)
  14. ^ Koch tritt zum 31. August als Ministerpräsident zurück (Live-Ticker) from ft.de, 25 May 2010
  15. ^ Sueddeutsche Zeitung online [1] "Most brutal populism" - Hesse Prime Minister Roland Koch faces a spate of criticism on his statements about foreign teenage criminals
  16. ^ Quentin Peel and James Wilson (July 19, 2010), Koch reassures on German regulation Financial Times.
  17. ^ Judy Dempsey (May 11, 2010), German Lawmakers Warn of Budget Cuts International Herald Tribune.
  18. ^ Patrick McGroarty (May 26, 2010), Party Ally—and Potential Rival—of Germany's Merkel Plans to Resign Wall Street Journal.
  19. ^ Judy Dempsey (September 23, 2007), Despite censure from Beijing, Merkel meets with Dalai Lama in Berlin New York Times.
  20. ^ Donahue, Patrick (October 29, 2010). "Bilfinger Names Koch CEO After the Merkel Ally Quits Politics". BusinessWeek. 
  21. ^ Georgina Prodhan (September 3, 2014), Bilfinger warns on profit again after CEO exit Reuters.
  22. ^ Bilfinger to pay $32 mln over U.S. corruption charges Reuters, December 9, 2013.
  23. ^ Ludwig Burger (August 4, 2014), Bilfinger CEO quits after second profit warning since June Reuters.
  24. ^ Enrico Sauda (November 14, 2015), Roland Koch eröffnet Kanzlei Frankfurter Neue Presse.
  25. ^ Board of Trustees Konrad Adenauer Foundation.
  26. ^ Alfons Frese (January 27, 2017), Dussmann: Zoff an der Spitze Der Tagesspiegel.
  27. ^ Members of the Supervisory Board Vodafone Germany.
  28. ^ Roland Koch wird Aufsichtsrat der UBS Deutschland Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung, November 9, 2010.
  29. ^ Patrons German Tuberous Sclerosis Association.
  30. ^ Board of Trustees Rheingau Musik Festival.
  31. ^ Board of Trustees Senckenberg Nature Research Society.
  32. ^ Ralf Euler (November 23, 2016), 45 Hessen wählen mit Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung.
  33. ^ Bundesrat Roland Koch Bundesrat de

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Hans Eichel (SPD)
Minister-President of Hesse
1999–2010
Succeeded by
Volker Bouffier (CDU)