The old sugar refinery in Roma
|• Total||1.26 km2 (0.49 sq mi)|
|Population (31 December 2014)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
Roma (also referred to as Romakloster) is a locality on the Swedish island of Gotland, with 936 inhabitants in 2014. Formerly a socken, on 1 January 2016, it was reconstituted into the administrative area Roma District.
Roma is the name of the socken, now district. It is also the name of the larger locality within the district and the small village surrounding the medieval Roma Church, sometimes referred to as Roma kyrkby. It is situated in the central part of Gotland.
In 1995 the locality known as Roma was divided by Statistics Sweden into a part with the tentative name of "Roma kyrkby" or "Lövsta" (pop. 277) and the remaining part that retained the name "Roma" (pop. 913), but is using "Romakloster" as the postal address. Some confusion is caused by the fact that Lövsta/Roma kyrkby has been referred to as "Roma" in the statistical figures since 2000.[a]
Roma got a railway connection to Visby in 1878 and was from 1902 the island's main railway hub as a junction for its two main railways Both lines used the Swedish three-foot narrow gauge (891 mm). The railways were closed in 1953 and 1960 respectively. In 2015, however, the heritage railway Gotlands Hesselby Jernväg was extended to Roma, which thus regained access to rail traffic. The railway is maintained by the Gotland Train Association.
- "Tätorternas landareal, folkmängd och invånare per km2 2005 och 2010" (in Swedish). Statistics Sweden. 14 December 2011. Archived from the original on 10 January 2012. Retrieved 10 January 2012.
- "Gotland i siffror 2015" [Gotland in numbers 2015]. www.gotland.se. Gotland Municipality. Retrieved 25 May 2016.
- The exact extent of the socken, now district, can be obtained by clicking on Kartinställningar and check the Socken box in the menu of this map from the Swedish National Heritage Board database.
- "Förordning om district" [Regulation of districts] (PDF). Ministry of Finance. 17 June 2015. Retrieved 24 May 2016.
- Lagerlöf, Erland; Svahnström, Gunnar (1973). Gotlands kyrkor [Gotland's Churces] (in Swedish). Stockholm: Rabén & Sjögren. pp. 221–223. ISBN 91-29-41035-5. LIBRIS 7232718.
- Lagerlöf, Erland; Svahnström, Gunnar (1973). Gotlands kyrkor [Gotland's Churces] (in Swedish). Stockholm: Rabén & Sjögren. pp. 223–224. ISBN 91-29-41035-5. LIBRIS 7232718.
- "Roma". www.ne.se. Nationalencyklopedin. Retrieved 31 May 2016.
- Tätorter 1995, p. 30 (population; see footnote for the tentative character of the names), 62 (list of new localities since 1990)
- "Tätorter 1995, Statistiska meddelanden" (PDF). Be. Stockholm: SCB, Programmet för regional planering och naturresurser, Beställningsnummer Be 16 SM 9601. 1996.
- "Tätorter 2000, Sveriges Officiella statistik. Statistiska meddelanden, MI 38 SM 0101" (PDF). MI. Stockholm: SCB. 2002.
- Svensson, Anders. "Slite- Roma 1902, 33 km". www.gotlandstaget.se. Gotland Train Association. Retrieved 26 May 2016.
- Molin, Maria. "En resa bakåt i tiden med Gotlandståget". www.gotland.net. Gotlands Media AB. Retrieved 26 May 2016.
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