Roxas Boulevard

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

AH26 (N120) sign.svg N61 (Philippines).svg

Roxas Boulevard

Roxas Boulevard
Map of Roxas Boulevard in Metro Manila
Roxas Boulevard along the Manila Bay
Route information
Auxiliary route of AH26
Maintained by Department of Public Works and Highways[1][2]
Length 7.6 km (4.7 mi)
Existed 1910s – present
Component
highways
  • R-1 R-1
  • AH26 / N120 (Padre Burgos Ave. to EDSA)
  • N61 (EDSA to NAIA Rd.)
Restrictions No trucks, trailers, and buses from Padre Burgos Avenue/Katigbak Parkway to Gil Puyat Avenue.
Major junctions
North end Padre Burgos Avenue in Ermita[3][4]
 
South end E3 (Manila–Cavite Expressway) and N194 (NAIA Road) in Parañaque
Location
Major cities Manila, Pasay, Parañaque
Highway system

Roads in the Philippines

Roxas Boulevard is a popular waterfront promenade in Manila in the Philippines. The boulevard, which runs along the shores of Manila Bay, is well known for its sunsets and stretch of coconut trees. The divided roadway has become a trademark of Philippine tourism, famed for its yacht club, hotels, restaurants, commercial buildings and parks. Originally called Cavite Boulevard,[5] it was renamed Dewey Boulevard in honor of the American Admiral George Dewey, whose forces defeated the Spanish navy in the Battle of Manila Bay in 1898. The boulevard was again renamed to "Heiwa Boulevard" in late 1941 during Japanese Home Rule and Roxas Boulevard in the 1960s to honor President Manuel Roxas, the fifth president of the Republic of Philippines.

The boulevard is also an eight-lane major arterial road in Metro Manila designated as Radial Road 1 that connects the center of the City of Manila with Pasay and Parañaque. It is also a primary national road designated as a component of N61 of the Philippine highway network. The arcing road runs in a north-south direction from Luneta in Manila and ends in Parañaque at the intersection of NAIA Road and the elevated NAIA Expressway.[6] Beyond its southern terminus, starts the Manila-Cavite Expressway, also known as the Coastal Road, or more recently, CAVITEX.

History[edit]

Daniel Burnham's plan of the sea boulevard from Manila to Cavite

City Beautiful movement[edit]

The Cavite Boulevard was part of Architect Daniel Burnham's plan for beautifying the city of Manila.[7] At the request of Commissioner William Cameron Forbes, Burnham visited the country in 1905 at the height of the City Beautiful movement, a trend in the early 1900s in America for making cities beautiful along scientific lines, for the future urban development of Manila and Baguio City.[8]

Original concept[edit]

Construction of Cavite Boulevard, 1912

According to Burnham's original concept of the Cavite Boulevard, the bayfront from the Luneta southward should be a continuous parkway, extending in the course of time all the way to the Cavite Navy Yard about 20 miles (32 km) away. This boulevard, about 250 ft (76 m) in width, with roadways, tramways, bridle path, rich plantations, and broad sidewalks, should be available for all classes of people in all sorts of conveyances, and so well shaded with coconut palms, bamboo, and mangoes as to furnish protection from the elements at all times.

In order to make the boulevard presentable and useful as soon as possible, a quick-growing tree like the acacia might be planted, alternating with the trees of slower growth, and be replaced after the latter attain their growth. The boulevard's seaward side should be planted so as to interrupt occasionally the view of the sea and, by thus adding somewhat of mystery, enhance the value of the stretch of ocean and sky. The boulevard would be on reclaimed land to about as far south as the Old Fort San Antonio Abad in Malate, beyond which it strikes the beach and follows the shore line to Cavite. The possible extension of the ocean boulevard along the north shore would naturally depend upon the development of the town in that direction and upon the question of additional harbor works north of the Pasig River.[8]

Route description[edit]

Roxas Boulevard starts at Rizal Park as a physical continuation of Bonifacio Drive. The road passes through many tall buildings, restaurants, banks, monuments, and other establishments. The United States Embassy office can also be seen on this area. On Malate area, the headquarters of Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas (BSP) and Philippine Navy are located on a district. After the BSP building, the boulevard enters Pasay, passing through the CCP Complex and Star City. It then intersects with Senator Gil Puyat Avenue, where it ascends through the Gil Puyat flyover. It now parallels the Diosdado Macapagal Boulevard. It ascends again to intersect EDSA through the flyover of the same name. A few meters after passing EDSA, it enters Paranaque, continues into a straight route until it ends on an intersection with NAIA Expressway, where the road continues south as Manila-Cavite Expressway (CAVITEX) which is also known as Coastal Road.

Landmarks[edit]

The historic Rizal Park marks the northern end of the boulevard
The Malate section of Roxas Boulevard is famous for Baywalk and Plaza Rajah Sulayman
Manila's Baywalk along Roxas Boulevard

Parks[edit]

CCP Complex[edit]

Convention and trade center[edit]

Government buildings[edit]

Foreign embassies[edit]

Museums[edit]

Hotels[edit]

Yacht club[edit]

Educational Institutions[edit]

Intersections[edit]

Roxas Boulevard facing south, showing the Manila Yacht Club and the Cultural Center of the Philippines Complex.
Roxas Boulevard facing north from Baclaran area, Pasay.


ProvinceCity/Municipalitykm[1][2]miDestinationsNotes
Pasay7.4444.625 N194 (NAIA Road) / Seaside Drive
6.5464.067Aseana Avenue
6.3483.944Airport Road
6.0993.790Bradco Avenue
5.8113.611Redemptorist Road
South end of EDSA Flyover
5.2563.266 N1 / AH26 (EDSA)
North end of EDSA Flyover
4.1912.604Arnaiz AvenueNorthbound access only. Southbound access via U-turn slot under EDSA Flyover
South end of Gil Puyat Flyover
4.4692.777 N190 (Gil Puyat Avenue)
North end of Gil Puyat Flyover
Manila2.5811.604Pablo Ocampo Street
2.1211.318 N140 (Quirino Avenue)
2.3491.460San Andres Street
Remedios Street
1.0620.660Pedro Gil Street
Padre Faura Street
N156 (United Nations Avenue)
N155 (T.M. Kalaw Street)
0.0000.000Kilometer Zero
0.2050.127 N150 (Padre Burgos Avenue)
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "South Manila". DPWH Road Atlas. Department of Public Works and Highways. Archived from the original on 2015-12-22. Retrieved 2015-12-12. 
  2. ^ a b "Metro Manila 2nd". DPWH Road Atlas. Department of Public Works and Highways. 
  3. ^ "Manila map". University of Texas at Austin Library. Retrieved on 2011-06-05.
  4. ^ "Rizal Park-Manila Map". Google Maps. Retrieved on 2011-06-05.
  5. ^ "United States Congressional serial set, Issue 5280 - Act no. 1745, Section 2a", pg. 417. Government Printing Office, Washington.
  6. ^ "Intersection of Roxas Blvd. and NAIA Rd". Google Maps. Retrieved on 2011-06-05.
  7. ^ (1910). "Report of the Philippine Commission to the Secretary of War", pg.68. Government Printing Office, Washington.
  8. ^ a b (1907-03). "Far Eastern Review - Details and Description of the Burnham Plans for the Reconstruction of Manila", pg.322. Google Books. Retrieved on 2012-04-13.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 14°34′05″N 120°59′00″E / 14.56806°N 120.98333°E / 14.56806; 120.98333