España Boulevard

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N170 (Philippines).svg

España Boulevard sign.svg

España Boulevard
España Boulevard during its usual afternoon rush hour traffic.
Route information
Length: 2.0 km (1.2 mi)
Component
highways:
Major junctions
West end: Junction of Lerma (R-7) and Nicanor B. Reyes (Morayta) Streets in Sampaloc, Manila
  Lacson Avenue (C-2),
Maceda Street, Blumentritt Road in Sampaloc
East end: Welcome Rotonda in E. Rodriguez Sr. Blvd., Quezon and Mayon Avenue in Quezon City
Location
Major cities: Manila, Quezon City
Highway system
Highways | Expressways

España Boulevard is an 8-lane major thoroughfare in Metro Manila named after the Spanish name of Spain, the Philippines' colonial power for 333 years. True to its name, several Spanish names abound the street. It starts at the Welcome Rotonda at the boundary of Quezon City and Manila and ends with a Y-intersection with Lerma and Nicanor B. Reyes Street in Manila.

History[edit]

Before becoming what it is today, the boulevard was a part of the Hacienda de Sulucan, one of the ten barrios which formed Sampaloc. In 1694, the hacienda was donated to the sisters of the Monasterio de Santa Clara. In 1905, it was turned over to the Sulucan Development Corporation. The road was constructed in 1913 as an access road to Sulucan, under the condition that it be named "España".[1]

Notable landmarks[edit]

The Welcome Rotonda, also called the Mabuhay Rotonda
España Boulevard near University of Santo Tomas

España is an east-west artery of Manila. It connects Lerma and Nicanor Reyes (formerly Morayta) streets of Sampaloc district at the west end to the Mabuhay (or Welcome) Rotonda, Quezon City at the east end. The entire street is straddled by a center island, which is only broken at major intersections and at the railroad crossing. Vehicles are allowed to make a left-turn only on two intersections: southward to Lacson Avenue and at the western terminus going to Nicanor Reyes Street. España is two kilometers long.

España's north side is its west-bound (Manila-bound) side, while the south side is its east-bound (Quezon City-bound) side. Buses, taxis, jeepneys and cabriolets serve the commuters.

Quezon City[edit]

At the eastern terminus is the Welcome Rotonda, also called the Mabuhay Rotonda, which connects España with Quezon Avenue, Eulogio Rodriguez, Sr. Avenue, and Mayon Avenue. Quezon Avenue leads to EDSA and ultimately to the Quezon Memorial Circle. E. Rodriguez, Sr. Avenue leads to Cubao district of Quezon City, a popular shopping place. Mayon Avenue leads to A. Bonifacio Avenue then North Luzon Expressway (formerly North Diversion Road).

Manila[edit]

The first major intersection is Blumentritt Road. The Philippine National Railways tracks crosses the boulevard between Antipolo and Algeciras streets. The España Railway Station is also located here. Between Lacson Avenue and Padre Noval Street is the main campus of the University of Santo Tomas.

España ends at the junction of Nicanor B. Reyes (formerly called Morayta) and Lerma Streets. Nicanor B. Reyes Street leads to Claro M. Recto Avenue while Lerma Street, on the other hand, leads to Quezon Boulevard.

Notable events and trivia[edit]

España is infamous for its floods during the rainy season. This is because it serves as a catch basin for runoff water from higher elevated Quezon City, as Sampaloc used to be a swamp-marsh area. It is common to find people wading in waist-deep floods especially when a typhoon passes through Manila, causing suspension of classes.[2]

Fernando Poe, Jr.'s funeral procession passed through España on its way to Manila North Cemetery from Sto. Domingo Church in Quezon City. As many 3 million people took a part in the procession.[3]

A new mass-transit line is planned to cross España, called MRT-4, also called by some as the Red Line.[4] The said MRT line will traverse the Boulevard until it reaches San Jose del Monte City, Bulacan. But this has been opposed by the City Council of Manila and goes against the conditions set forth by Spain for the donation of the land for Espana Boulevard.

The boulevard will also provide access to the northern extension of Metro Manila Skyway via España Exit. The said extension will traverse over PNR tracks until it reaches Grace Park, Caloocan City.

The house of the longest serving Mayor of Manila, Ramon Bagatsing, is in Kundiman Street, on the boulevard's north side. Many people used to flock to his residence as it was open to all his constituents, becoming the de facto public service assistance center for Manila's poor and underprivileged. Today, the Bagatsing compound extends all the way to the parallel street of Craig.

España is also frequently used by anti-government protesters as a gathering area due to its proximity to Mendiola, which ends at Malacañan Palace, the presidential residence.[5]

Intersections[edit]

España Boulevard and its side streets. Areas above the dashed line belongs to Manila, those below are to Quezon City's.

List of intersections from east to west. Bolded names are road crossings with traffic lights. Names in italics indicate former names, some of which are still in wide use. Designations in square brackets indicate official Metro Manila national roads.

References[edit]


Coordinates: 14°37′3″N 121°0′4″E / 14.61750°N 121.00111°E / 14.61750; 121.00111