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|Highly urbanized city|
|Motto: Aim High Pasay!|
Location within Metro Manila
|Region||National Capital Region|
|Districts||Lone District of Pasay City|
|Incorporated||December 2, 1863 (town)|
|Incorporated||June 21, 1947 (city)|
|Highly Urbanized City||December 22, 1979|
|• Mayor||Antonino G. Calixto (Liberal)|
|• Vice Mayor||Noel Del Rosario (Liberal)|
|• Representative||Ma. Imelda G. Calixto-Rubiano (Liberal)|
|• Sangguniang Panlungsod|
|• Total||18.64 km2 (7.20 sq mi)|
|Population (2015 census)|
|• Density||22,000/km2 (58,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC+8)|
|Area code||+63 (0)2|
Pasay is one of the cities in Metro Manila, the National Capital Region of the Philippines. It is bordered to the north by the City of Manila, Makati to the northeast, Taguig to the east, and Parañaque to the south. Due to its location just south of the City of Manila, Pasay quickly became an urban town during the American Colonial Period.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Economy
- 5 Attractions and landmarks
- 6 Local government
- 7 Transportation
- 8 Unity Run
- 9 Festivals
- 10 Education
- 11 Notable people
- 12 Sister cities
- 13 References
- 14 External links
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Kingdom of Namayan
The Kingdom of Namayan was a confederation of barangays which reached its zenith c. 1175. From its royal capital in Sapa (today in Santa Ana, Manila), the state had territory stretching from Manila Bay to Laguna de Bay. Dayang-dayang Pasay is noted as having inherited the lands now comprising the territories of Culi-culi, Pasay, and Baclaran, marking the area as subordinate to the sovereign of Namayan.
The Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan arrived in what is now the Philippines on March 16, 1521. On May 19, 1571, Miguel López de Legaspi took formal possession of the Kingdom of Maynila and its surrounding polities in the name of the Spanish Crown. For 250 years, the Islands were governed by the Viceroy of Mexico, but in practise Catholic clergymen governed local politics.
Of the many religious orders that came, it was the Augustinian Order who would figure predominantly in the evangelisation of Pasay. The parish of Pasay was governed from the old Namayan capital, since renamed Sta. Ana de Sapa, which was under the jurisdiction of the Franciscans. The promise of space in Heaven prompted early native converts to donate their possessions to the Church, with folklore recounting how a baptised Pasay on her deathbed donated her vast estate to the Augustinians. Most of Pasay went to friar hands either via donation or by purchase; many natives were also forced to divest of their properties to cope with stringent colonial impositions. In 1727, the Augustinians formally took over Pasay and attached it to the Parish of Nuestra Señora de los Remedios in Malate. In that year, Pasay was renamed Pineda in honour of Don Cornelio Pineda, a Spanish horticulturist.
In 1862, a number of prominent citizens of Pasay sent a petition to the civil and ecclesiastical authorities asking that they be allowed to manage their own political and religious affairs. On December 2, 1863, Pasay became a pueblo upon the recommendation of the Archbishop of Manila, Gregorio Melitón Martínez Santa Cruz.
The opening of the Suez Canal in 1869 led many more Spaniards to this part of the world. The new arrivals carried with them ideas and ideals that led to the political and social reforms. Times were good and Filipinos were delighted but the Spaniards and friars considered the liberal learnings as seeds of heresy. Democratic reforms ended with the collapse of the liberal regime in Madrid, and there were mass executions and much innocent blood was spilled.
Revolution and the Spanish-American War
Pasay produced numerous heroes during the Philippines-Spanish War. The Katipunan, the organisation founded by Andrés Bonifacio that spearheaded the revolution, had a chapter in Pineda organized by Pascual Villanueva, Jacinto Ignacio, and Valentin Ignacio. Several women also fought for the cause of the Katipunan including Marcela Marcelo. The execution of José Rizal, who authored the novels Noli Me Tangere and El Filibusterismo (considered seditious by the colonial government) on December 30, 1896, fanned the flames of the Revolution.
On February 25, 1898, President of the United States William McKinley instructed Commodore George Dewey of the American Asiatic Squadron to make Hong Kong his base of operations from whence he could "proceed with offensive operations in the Philippines." War between the United States and Spain was declared on April 25, and Dewey steamed into Manila Bay on the night of April 30. With a few well-directed shots, the American squadron destroyed the Spanish flotilla without any deaths.
General Emilio Aguinaldo meanwhile declared the independence of the First Philippine Republic on June 12, 1898, and issued decrees providing political reorganization in the country. With this, Don Catalino became Pasay's first Presidente municipal (equivalent to today's Mayor).
Pineda was made the command outpost of the Primera Zona de Manila under Gen. Mariano Noriel, but Gen. Merritt appealed that the Pineda outpost turned over to the Americans so that they could be closer to the Spanish lines. Thinking Americans were allies, Noriel left Pineda on July 29, allowing American General Greene to transfer. When Intramuros was finally captured, the Filipinos were denied entry to the walled city. Since then, tension simmered between Filipino and American troops, with both sides assigned respective zones but neither observed boundary lines. On the night of February 4, 1899, four Filipinos crossed the American line in Santa Mesa, Manila, and shots were exchanged, triggering the Philippine-American War.
On May 19, 1899, General Noriel was given command again of Pineda. In June, Noriel together with General Ricarte almost defeated the American forces had they exploited the exhaustion of the enemy in the Battle of Las Piñas. Instead their forces were attacked by American reinforcements and bombarded by warships. The assault forced them to abandon Pineda to occupation by American forces.
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The Philippine-American War ended officially on July 4, 1902, and to the surprise of the vanquished, the victors buckled down to bring to fruition McKinley's original version of training Filipinos to run their own government. On August 23, 1901 the United States Army transport Thomas docked at Manila Bay carrying six hundred American schoolteachers. As for public works, roads increased from 990 miles when the Americans first came to 13,000 miles of road half of which are first class and all-weather network.
On June 1, 1901, Pineda was incorporated into the Province of Rizal. Antonio Dancel was appointed provincial governor and Pascual Villanueva as municipal president. On August 4, 1901, a resolution was passed petitioning that the original name of Pasay be returned. Before the year ended the Philippine Commission approved the petition. Two years later, on October 12, 1903, the pueblo of Malibay was annexed to Pasay. With a population of 8,100 in 1903, Pasay was placed under fourth-class category together with 9 other municipalities. Friar lands were turned into subdivisions. Soon the Pasay Real Estate Company offered friar lands as residential lots for sale or for lease to foreign investors. Postal, telegraph, and telephone lines were installed and branches of Philippine Savings Bank were established. In 1907 a first-class road from Pasay to Camp Nichols was completed. Others were repaired including the old Avenida Mexico now called the Taft Avenue extension. Transportation services improved. Among the buses plying routes to Pasay were Pasay Transportation, Raymundo Transportation, Try-tran, and Halili Transit.
By 1908, tranvia (electric car) lines linked Pasay to Intramuros, Escolta, San Miguel, San Sebastian, and San Juan. Automobiles took to the streets, testing their maximum 20KPH speed on three new avenues (Rizal, Taft, and Ayala). Marvel after marvel continued to fascinate the Pasayeños. On April 11, 1914, Pasay entered the Aviation Age. Miss Cora Wong, a nurse at the Chinese General Hospital became the first woman in the Philippines to fly as a passenger on a flight with Tom Gunn in a Curtiss seaplane off Pasay Beach. Real estate was cheap. Much of the bayside area beyond Luneta was swamp but American ex-soldiers were quick to seize the opportunity to develop it for residential purposes. By 1918, Pasay had a population of 18,697 because of the exodus of prominent Filipino families and government officials to this seaside town including Manuel L. Quezon.
World War II came and on December 26, 1941, McArthur issued a proclamation declaring Manila and it suburbs (Caloocan, Quezon City, San Juan, Mandaluyong, Makati, and Pasay) an open city. On New Year's Day, 1942 Quezon, while in Corregidor, called his secretary Jorge Vargas and appointed him by executive order "the Mayor of Greater Manila" which included Pasay. The mayor of Pasay was then Rufino Mateo, governing a town of more than 55,161. During the WWII many Pasayeños joined in the fight against the Japanese. Jose P. Maibag, born and bred in Pasay, laid out underground networking. Carlos Mendoza, a resident of Barrio San Roque, together with 14 others, formed a mobile broadcasting station called "The Voice of Juan dela Cruz." Unfortunately on July 11, 1942 Japanese military police pounced the group. Carling Mendoza, alias Juan de la Cruz" and other members of the group were brought to the old Bilibid Prison and suffered the kind of torture they talked about on radio.
Pasay had to redo the signs all over town. Tagalog was ordered to prevail over English. The national language became a core subject in the secondary school curriculum. Nippongo was taught in all levels. Pasay was to prepare for the Second Republic. On October 14, 1943, Japan proclaimed the Second Philippine Republic. Meantime, food had become so scarce that prices soared. Pasay folks began to move away from the city. In October 1944, word came that Gen. MacArthur had landed in Leyte. In the middle of February, Pasay was to witness the ultimate holocaust yet. Pasay and its neighbors Ermita, Malate, Paco, Pandacan, Singalong would hear day and night, the shelling at the mouth of the Manila Bay from across Pasig River. Pasay was both witness and victim. In the final days before they lost Greater Manila, the Japanese burned houses and sacked the town. And when the embers cooled, then, and only then, did the Filipinos realize, in shock, that their city was gone forever.
Third Republic and the conversion to city status
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On February 27, 1945, General MacArthur turned over the government to President Sergio Osmeña. One of Osmeña's first acts was to dissolve the Greater Manila Complex. Caloocan, San Juan, Mandaluyong, Makati, Pasay, and Paranaque were returned to their original province of Rizal. He then appointed Juan S. Salcedo, born in Pasay in 1904, as Director of Philippine Health, and then as executive officer of the Philippine Rehabilitation Administration in charge of national recovery from the devastation wrought by the Japanese occupation. The postwar reconstruction period was a very trying one for the Pasayeños as they began to pick up the pieces of their shattered lives. Osmeña appointed Adolfo Santos as prewar vice-mayor of Pasay, in place of incumbent Moises San Juan who died during the war. Ignacio Santos Diaz, congressman from the first district of Pasay, pushed for the conversion of the town into a city and it to be named after Rizal. The Diaz bill was signed into law by President Roxas on June 21, 1947. Rizal City with population of 88,738 was inaugurated with Mateo Rufino as Mayor. Rizal was off to a good start with revenues of P472,835 as of June, 1948. There was just one hitch; the residents could not get themselves to call their city by its new name. After two years, eight months, and twelve days of trying the force of habit continued to prevail. Pasay Congressman Eulogio Rodriguez, Jr. filed a bill returning the city to its original name. On May 3, 1950, President Elpidio Quirino, once a resident of Pasay himself, signed into law the bill approved by Congress.
It was also in the 1940s when houses of faith started rising in different parts of Pasay to help people heal their bruised souls. Among them were the Church of Our Lady of Sorrows, the Libreria de San Pablo Catholic Women's League, Caritas, the nutrition center, and the grotto of Our Lady of Lourdes. In 1951, two parishes were established -the Parish of San Isidro Labrador and the Parish of San Rafael. On June 14, 1955, Pasay City regained its power to choose its leader. Pablo Cuneta ran against one-time Mayor Adolfo Santos and became the city's first elected mayor. In 1959, he campaigned again and won against his former vice-mayor, Ruperto Galvez. On December 30, 1965, Ferdinand E. Marcos occupied Malacañang Palace as the new President of the Philippines, with Fernando Lopez, a resident of Pasay, as Vice-President. From that moment Imelda Romualdez Marcos became involved in national affairs. On the northern boundary of Pasay, she started filling the waterfront on Manila Bay to build the Cultural Center which was a world-class arts complex. She would add three more architectural showpieces on reclaimed land in Pasay: the Folk Arts, Film Center, and the Convention Center.
While the First Lady was busy changing Manila's skyline, President Marcos was using his new presidential powers to create a police state for eventual dictatorship. In 1967, Jovito Claudio won for the mayoralty race against Pablo Cuneta. In 1969, Marcos ran for reelection and claimed a margin of one million seven hundred votes over his opponent Sergio Osmeña, Jr. Marcos paid for his campaign in several ways: by printing more money and causing runaway inflation. So obvious was the election fraud that Marcos became the target of unprecedented contempt of students and the opposition. In the following year, an assassination attempt occurred in Pasay. A Crazed Bolivian surrealist painter lunged at Pope Paul VI with a knife grazing his chest. In 1971, Cuneta became mayor once more of the 206,283 Pasayeños. It was the time of crisis since the Maoist New People's Army was getting stronger in the countryside. The government bureaucracy was corrupt, nepotistic, and inept. Anarchy ruled the streets. The nation shuddered with fear in the face of its own implosion.
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On September 21, 1972 Marcos signed Proclamation No. 1081 placing the nation under martial law on the grounds of growing threat of Communism, natural clamities and rising violence which included a string of bombings and the staged assassination plot on his Defense Secretary, Juan Ponce Enrile. Mayors in Greater Manila, including Pablo Cuneta of Pasay were called to Malacañang and asked to join the government party, the Kilusang Bagong Lipunan and nobody dared to refuse the President.
On December 7, 1972, almost two months after martial law was declared, an assassin tried to kill Imelda Marcos. The event took place in Pasay, on live television. While Mrs. Marcos was distributing prizes to the winners of the National Beautification and Cleanliness contest. She suffered some wounds and broken nails but on the whole she emerged unscathed from that close encounter. On the second anniversary of martial law, Marcos issued Presidential Decree No. 557, returning to every barrio in the country the barangays. Not long after the decree had been put into effect, the Metropolitan Manila Commission and the Department of Local Government instructed Pasay to create its own barangays. Mayor Cuneta created 487 barangays. Upon the firm suggestion of Secretary Jose Roño of the Department of Local Government, the number of barangays was trimmed down to two hundred.
On November 7, 1975 Marcos appointed the First Lady as governor of Metro Manila, a new federation created by Presidential Decree No 824. The federation consolidated 13 towns and 4 cities including Pasay. By 1977 an air of stability seemed to settle on the cities and the countryside. The GNP posted an annual increase of 7%, unemployment dropped, foreign investment doubled, and a sense of law and order existed. But it would take time for people to realize the high prize they had to pay for the New Society policies. An estimated six thousand political prisoners had been silenced in jail, including Ninoy Aquino. Bodies disappeared without a trace. More importantly, Marcos's main justification for martial law - to curb Communist threat - had in fact had the opposite way. In 1983, Ninoy Aquino, a political nemesis of Marcos, was assassinated in the Manila International Airport upon his return from self-exile abroad. The event came within 2 years after the LRT Line 1, stretching along Taft Avenue along the city, opened its doors with 3 stations located in Pasay itself, with the southern terminus, Baclaran station, located near the Pasay-Parañaque border. One good note would come of those times with the Miss Universe 1974 pageant held in the reclamation area, bringing the city to the international spotlight.
The situation changed in the city in the immediate aftermath of the People Power Revolution. Cuneta left his post to be replaced by two acting mayors, Eduardo Calixto and Norman Urbina, only to be reelected in 1988 and serving for 3 more terms, before handling over to Jovito O. Claudio in 1998. Upon the end of his term he was the city's longest ever city mayor. Claudio, himself replaced by the then vice mayor Wenceslao "Peewee" Trinidad in 2000, saw the building of the Manila Metro Rail Transit System Line 3 southern terminus in the city, and the Pasay City General Hospital was opened.
Pasay City covers a total land area of 18.64 square kilometres (7.20 sq mi), making it the third smallest political subdivision in the National Capital Region and fourth in the whole country. It borders City of Manila to the north, Parañaque to the south, Makati and Taguig to the northeast, and Manila Bay to the west. The city can be divided in 3 distinct areas: the city's urban area with an area of 5.505 square kilometres (2.125 sq mi); the Civil Aeronautics Administration (CAA) complex, which include the Ninoy Aquino International Airport (NAIA) and the Villamor Airbase, with an area of 9.5 square kilometres (3.7 sq mi); and the reclaimed land from Manila Bay with an area of 4.00 square kilometres (1.54 sq mi).
Pasay is composed of seven (7) districts, subdivided into twenty (20) zones, with a total of 201 barangays. The barangays don't have names but are only designated with sequential numbers. The largest zone with an area of 5.10 square kilometres (1.97 sq mi) is Zone 19, which covers barangays 178 and 191. The smallest zone with an area of 10 hectares (25 acres) is Zone 1, covering Barangays 1 to 3 and 14 to 17.
Populated places/Barangays in Pasay:
- Apelo Cruz
- Bay City
- Don Carlos Village
- F.B Harisson
- Juan Sumulong
- Manila Bay Reclamation
- Marcela Marcelo
- M. Dela Cruz
- Newport City
- Padre Burgos
- Pasay Rotonda
- Philippine International Convention Center
- Pildera I
- Pildera II
- Rivera Village
- San Pablo
- San Isidro
- San Jose
- San Rafael
- San Roque
- Santa Clara
- Santo Niño
- Tripa de Gallina
- Villamor Air Base
|Climate data for Manila International Airport (1951-1985)|
|Average high °C (°F)||30.2
|Daily mean °C (°F)||25.5
|Average low °C (°F)||20.7
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||12.3
|Average rainy days (≥ 0.10 mm)||3||2||2||2||8||14||18||21||18||14||10||7||119|
|Average relative humidity (%)||75||70||67||65||70||78||81||82||83||81||80||78||75.8|
|Source: National Statistics Office|
Philippine Airlines is headquartered in the Philippine National Bank Financial Center beside the World Trade Center Manila in Pasay City. Spirit of Manila Airlines has its headquarters in Roxas Sea Front Garden in Pasay City. PAL Express, Cebu Pacific, Air Juan, Interisland Airlines have their headquarters on the grounds of Ninoy Aquino International Airport and in Pasay City. Oishi (Liwayway), a snack company, also has its headquarters in Pasay.
National government offices found in Pasay include: Office of the Vice-President of the Philippines, Senate of the Philippines, Department of Foreign Affairs (DFA), Civil Aviation Authority of the Philippines, Civil Aeronautics Board, Manila International Airport Authority, the Philippine Department of Trade and Industry's export promotions agency – the Center for International Trade Expositions and Missions (CITEM) – located in the International Trade Complex's Golden Shell Pavilion, and the Overseas Workers Welfare Administration (OWWA). The main office of the Philippine National Bank is located in the City.
LBC Express headquarters located at the Star Cruises Centre in Newport Cybertourism Zone of Pasay City.
Attractions and landmarks
The City is known for its entertainment – business-restaurants, coffee shops, and clubs, particularly those located along Roxas Boulevard, facing Manila Bay. A large part of Metro Manila's "tourist belt" is located in the City.
Most of the attractions in the city are on the grounds of the CCP (Cultural Center of the Philippines) Complex, including Philippine International Convention Center (PICC), Tanghalang Francisco Balagtas (formerly Folk Arts Theater), Manila Film Center, Product Development and Design Center of the Philippines (PDDCP), Philippine Trade Training Center (PTTC), World Trade Center Metro Manila (WTCMM), Cuneta Astrodome, Aliw Theater, and theme parks Star City, Nayong Pilipino, and Boom na Boom.
Other attractions include:
- Entertainment, culture and fine arts:
- Cultural Center of the Philippines
- Coconut Palace
- Tanghalang Francisco Balagtas
- Resorts World Manila
- Newport Performing Arts Theater
- SM By the Bay
- One Esplanade
- Heilbronn Hall
- Amang Rodriguez's House
- Manila Film Center
- Santa Clara Parish
- Shrine of the Child Jesus
- Aliw Theater
- Boom Na Booom
- Spa at Wensha
- Davao Crocodile Farm
- Star City
- Parks and museums:
- Sport venues:
- Convention centers:
SM Mall of Asia
Elected officials (2016-2019):
- Mayor: Antonino G. Calixto
- Vice Mayor: Noel "Boyet" del Rosario
- Congresswoman: Imelda Calixto-Rubiano
List of former mayors
- 1811 Juan de Jesus
- 1812 Marcelo Celeridad
- 1813 Gavino Vergel
- 1814 Domingo Cifra
- 1815 Bernardo de Jesus
- 1816 Enrique Cuneta
- 1817 Gavino Vergel
- 1818 Marcelo Celeridad
- 1819 Froilan Fernando
- 1820 Miguel Tolentino
- 1821 Joaquin Protacio
- 1822 Marcos Cabrera
- 1823 Angel Isidro
- 1824 Miguel Tolentino
- 1825 Tomas Inocencio
- 1826 Andres Aragon
- 1827 Dionisio Fernando
- 1828 Damaso Sanchez
- 1829 Protocio de Jesus
- 1830 Idefonso Sanchez
- 1831 Juan Vergel
- 1832 Juan Antonio
- 1833 Joaquin Protacio
- 1834 Marcos Cabrera
- 1835 Dionisio Fernando
- 1836 Andres Aragon
- 1837 Flaviano Protacio
- 1838 Serapio Celeridad
- 1839 Santiago Raymundo
- 1840 Genaro Cabrera
- 1841 Juan Vergel Cruz
- 1842 Gregorio Manapat
- 1843 Santiago Raymundo
- 1844 Igmidio Cabrera
- 1845 Alejandro Ignacio
- 1846 Eutropio Manapat
- 1847 Eutropio Manapat
- 1848 Gregorio Vergel Cruz
- 1849 Juan Escobal
- 1850 Francisco del Rosario
- 1851 Flaviano Protacio
- 1852 Tomas Aragon
- 1853 Teofilo Protacio
- 1854 Faustino Celeridad
- 1855 Santiago Raymundo
- 1856 Tomas Aragon
- 1857 Fortunato Vergel Cruz
- 1858 Telesforo Apelo Cruz
- 1859 Fortunato Santos
- 1860 Rufino Cabrera
- 1861 Bendicto Decena
- 1862 Buenaventura Cabrera
- 1863 Manuel Fernando
- 1864–65 Pedro Vergel Cruz
- 1866–67 Faustino Celeridad
- 1868–69 Abito Vergel Cruz
- 1870–71 Hermogenes Vito Cruz
- 1872–73 Fortunato Vergel Cruz
- 1874–75 Teodoro Aragon
- 1876–77 Macario Vergel
- 1878–79 Pedro Aragon
- 1880–81 Macario Vergel Cruz
- 1882–83 Marcelino Tolentino
- 1884–85 Lorenzo Protacio
- 1886–87 Isaac Tolentino
- 1888–89 Rufino Cabrera
- 1890 Leocadio Villa Real
- 1891–92 Catalino Taylo
- 1893 Maximo de Jesus
- 1894 Marcelino Tolentino
- 1895–97 Marino Reyes
- 1898–99 Catalino Taylo
- 1900–05 Pascual Villanueva
- 1906–08 Gregorio Villanueva
- 1908–10 Mauro Reyes
- 1910–12 Eugenio Villanueva
- 1912–19 Pascual Villanueva
- 1919–22 Miguel R. Cornejo
- 1931–34 Moises San Juan
- 1932–37 Moises San Juan
- 1937–40 Rufino Mateo
- 1940–42 Moises San Juan
- 1942 Aldolfo Santos
District Chief (appointed):
- 1942–45 Enrique Manaloto
- 1945 Alipio Pestañas
- 1945 Nocanor Santos
- 1945 Adolfo Santos
- 1946–50 Rufino Mate
- 1950–53 Pablo Cuneta (acting)
- 1953–55 Pablo Cuneta
Elected City Mayor:
- 1956–59 Pablo Cuneta
- 1960–63 Pablo Cuneta
- 1968–71 Jovito Claudio
- 1972–80 Pablo Cuneta
- 1981–86 Pablo Cuneta
- 1986–87 Eduardo Calixto (OIC)
- 1987–88 Norman Urbina (OIC)
- 1989–91 Pablo Cuneta
- 1992–95 Pablo Cuneta
- 1995–98 Pablo Cuneta
- 1998–April 2000 Jovito O. Claudio
- May 2000–August 2006 Wenceslao "Peewee" Trinidad
- Sep. 2006–June 30, 2007 Allan T. Panaligan (acting)
- July 2007–June 2010 Wenceslao "Peewee" Trinidad
- July 2010–present Antonino "Tony" G. Calixto
The city shares the location of the Ninoy Aquino International Airport with Parañaque City. Terminal 2 and Terminal 3, as well as the terminal of Manila Domestic Airport are located in Pasay City. Villamor Airbase of the Philippine Air Force is also located there.
Highways and main thoroughfares
Pasay City is served by several highways and major thoroughfares. Epifanio delos Santos Avenue( EDSA), Roxas Boulevard, Gil Puyat Avenue (Buendia Avenue) and Taft Avenue functions as the city's main thoroughfares. Secondary thoroughfares include Andrews Avenue, Antonio Arnaiz Avenue (formerly called Libertad on the Pasay segment), Diosdado Macapagal Boulevard, Ninoy Aquino Avenue , and NAIA Road (formerly called MIA Road)
Three expressways serve Pasay and other parts of Metro Manila and Calabarzon Metro Manila Skyway, an elevated expressway part of Radial Road 3 (R-3) and Asian Highway 26 (AH26), passes on the Pasay-Taguig boundary. South Luzon Expressway, commonly called as SLEX and also parts of Radial Road 3 and Asian Highway 26, follows a similar route with the Metro Manila Skyway, but rather runs directly on the ground. NAIA Expressway, an expressway under construction, will serve Terminals 2 and 3 of the Ninoy Aquino International Airport, once completed in 2017.
Jeepneys ply the city's arterial roads, and serves the city populated areas and nearby cities.
Buses provide city (commuter_ and provincial (intercity) operation on Pasay. Provincial bus terminals are mostly found near the Buendia LRT station, and a new terminal, the Southwest Provincial Bus Terminal, is found on Uniwide Coastal Mall, adjacent to the Manila–Cavite Expressway.
This city has 2 railway systems, which includes LRT Line 1 and MRT Line 3. LRT 1 has 4 stations, namely Gil Puyat (Buendia), Libertad, EDSA, Baclaran, and its depot is located along Airport Road. . MRT-3 has only one station, named Taft Avenue, which serves as an interchange with LRT-1.
Tricycles and pedicabs serves the barangays. Multicab services connects SM Mall of Asia with Baclaran (in Paranaque), Pasay Rotunda, and Cash N' Carry (in Makati). Vans also provide service in the city and other destinations in Metro Manila.
On the List of largest running events in the world is based on the number of participants a record of 209,000 registered running enthusiasts participated Sunday’s 2012 Kahit Isang Araw Lang : Unity Run which started and ended at the SM Mall of Asia grounds in Pasay City.
The second edition of the race surpassed the Guinness World record of 116,086 participants posted in the Run for Pasig River on Oct 10, 2010.
- Sto. Niño Festival (18th to 31 January)
- A yearly celebration in honor of the Sto. Niño marked by the opening of an exhibit featuring various Sto. Niño images. Highlighting the event is a grand procession of the exhibited images.
- Feast Day of Sta. Clara (2nd Sunday of February)
- Childless couples, businessmen, politicians and grateful parents walk and dance along the streets as a thanksgiving for all the blessings they have previously received and to ask for other favor as well.
- Serenata (2nd week of February)
- A series of rondalla and brass band concerts. The Serenata is also a revival of open-air musical performances held at the Sta. Clara Church patio in celebration of the Saint Claire's feast day.
- Tiburin Race (2nd week of February)
- One of the highlights of the Sta. Clara feast day is the Tiburin Race, a horse race at Cementina and Libertad streets. About 100 horses have been trained solely for this event.
- Malibay Cenakulo (Holy Week)
- theatrical presentation depicting the life and passion of Jesus Christ usually held at Malibay Plaza during the season of Lent. Aside from the cenakulo, observance of Lent includes Visita Iglesia as well as a procession of centuries-old images borne by their decorative carrozas as an expression of faith.
- Pasko ng Pagkabuhay (Easter Sunday)
- An Easter celebration staged at the town plaza at 4:00 in the morning highlighted by the re-enactment of the meeting of Mary and the Risen Christ.
- Aliwan Fiesta (3rd Week of April)
- Aliwan Fiesta harnesses the power of Philippine festivals to showcase how religion, culture, and tradition are woven into the fiber of our existence. Traditional fiestas, which are held annually to commemorate the foundation of a town or province, or honoring its patron saint, are brought together en masse to highlight the Pinoy’s indomitable and ebullient spirit, together with his mien for creativity and innovation. With most major fiestas rooted in the pre-colonial period, there is understandably a festival sector that celebrates Nature’s bounty. Our Filipino forebears worshipped pagan gods who, to them, were responsible for bountiful harvests on land and sea.
- Flores de Mayo (1st Sunday of May)
- May time activity held in honor of the Virgin Mary highlighted by the Pag-aalay and procession of beautiful sagalas mostly celebrities, models and beauty queens.
- Talulot Festival (October 6)
- in honor of St. Therese of the Child Jesus in Newport, Pasay
- Araw Ng Pasay (December 2)
- The Foundation Day and Special Holiday in Pasay every December 2. Each barangays celebrate by having parlor games, beauty pageants, quiz bees in schools, etc.
- Metro Manila Film Festival (3rd week of December)
- Grand parade of floats along Roxas Boulevard of different movie entries to the yearly Metro Manila Film Festival.
- World Pyro Olympics/The Philippine International Pyromusical Competition (no fixed date)
- An annual international pyrotechnic competition amongst fireworks manufacturers, the largest of its kind in the world. It runs for five days for World Pyro Olympics and 6 weeks for The Philippine International Pyromusical Competition. This event showcases ten (10) participating countries, with nine displays from the competing countries and an exhibition display from the Host Country. Display shall be for the duration of twenty minutes and the pyrotechnics shall be launched from a barge situated in the waters of Manila Bay.
- The host of the event does not participate in the competition but performs a fireworks display on the last night. Awards, such as the People’s Choice, are given out after the exhibition. The crowning of the World Pyro Olympics / Philippine International Pyromusical Competition's Winners ends the event.
- On January 1, 2016, Pasay became the City of Angels of the Philippines, and "Plastic Ban" was implemented.
The following are the different schools in Pasay under the Department of Education (DepEd) – Division of Pasay:
- Elementary/primary schools
Pasay North District:
Pasay East District:
Pasay West District:
Pasay South District:
- Secondary schools
- Pasay City North High School
- Tramo Campus
- M. Dela Cruz Campus
- Pasay City East High School
- Pasay City West High School
- Pasay City South High School
- Pasay City Science High School
- Kalayaan National High School
- Corazon Aquino National High School (Under Construction)
- Special schools
- Philippine School for the Deaf
- Phil. National School for the Blind
- Pasay City SPED Center
- ALS Community Learning Center
- Elementary/primary and secondary schools
- St. Mary's Academy – Pasay
- Sta. Clara Parish School
- San Isidro Catholic School
- Blessed Elena Academy
- Community of Praise Integrated School, Inc.
- Domini Angelicus Integrated School
- Gideon Academy
- Golden Treasure Baptist Academy of Pasay
- Great Beginnings Preschool
- Pasay Adventist Church Elementary School
- Pasay City Academy
- Philippine Pasay Chung Hua Academy
- San Jose Kindergarten School
- St. Gabriel Academy of Paranaque
- The Pear Tree Academy
- Betty's Vermillion Academy
- Brussels Learning Center
- Guardian Angel Uriel School
- Pasay Alliance Christian School
- Young Achievers Learning Center
- Capt. Wilijado P. Abuid Foundation
- Grace Christian Community School
- Pasay Pre-Schoolers Tutorial and Learning Center (Malibay)
- Pasay Pre-Schoolers Tutorial and Learning Center (Revilla)
- San Juan Nepomuceno School
- Scoula Madonna Della Scala
- Southeastern College
- The Treehouse Child Development & Learning Center
- Infant King Learning Center
- Integrated Montessori Center
- MFP Academy
- R and O Academy Inc.
- St. Therese of the Child Jesus of the Holy Face School
- Villamor Air Base Christian School, Inc.
Colleges and universities
- Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Pasay (City University of Pasay)
- Manila Tytana Colleges
- Asian Institute of Maritime Studies
- Lacson College
- Wesleyan College of Manila, Inc.
- Arellano University School of Law - Mabini Campus
- Arellano University Jose Abad Santos Campus (Pasay City Campus)
- Philippine State College of Aeronautics
- Air Link International Aviation College
- Manila Adventist Medical Center and Colleges
- Southeastern College
- STI Pasay
- San Juan De Dios College
- Datamex Institute of Computer Technology Pasay
- International Electronics and Technical Institute Pasay
- Nina Girado, pop/R&B singer, occasional songwriter, record producer, TV and radio personality at ABS-CBN.
- Pablo Cuneta, former Pasay City Mayor; father of Sharon Cuneta.
- Sharon Cuneta, Filipino singer, actress and television host.
- Anita Linda, Filipino film actress.
- Maricel Laxa, Filipino comedian and actress.
- Fernando Lopez, former 2-term Vice President of the Philippines.
- Francisco Coching, Filipino comic book illustrator and writer.
- Lisa Macuja-Elizalde, Filipino prima ballerina. In 1984, she became the first Filipino and the first foreign soloist to ever join the Kirov Ballet.
- Union City, California, United States
- Sacramento, California, United States
- Las Piñas, Metro Manila, Philippines
- Parañaque, Metro Manila, Philippines
- Sorsogon City, Sorsogon
- Jecheon, Chungcheongbuk-do, South Korea
- Tainan, Taiwan
- "Cities". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 30 November 2012.
- "An Update on the Earthquake Hazards and Risk Assessment of Greater Metropolitan Manila Area" (PDF). Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology. November 14, 2013. Retrieved May 16, 2016.
- "Enhancing Risk Analysis Capacities for Flood, Tropical Cyclone Severe Wind and Earthquake for the Greater Metro Manila Area Component 5 – Earthquake Risk Analysis" (PDF). Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology and Geoscience Australia. Retrieved May 16, 2016.
- "NATIONAL CAPITAL REGION (NCR)". Census of Population (2015): Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay (Report). PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
- "City Profile". asay City Government. Retrieved 5 December 2012.
- "Climatological Normals of the Philippines (1951-1985) (PAGASA 1987)" (PDF). PAGASA. Retrieved 18 April 2015.
- "Population and Annual Growth Rates for The Philippines and Its Regions, Provinces, and Highly Urbanized Cities" (PDF). 2010 Census and Housing Population. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 2012-12-05.
- "About PAL." Philippine Airlines. Retrieved May 19, 2009.
- "Contact Us." Spirit of Manila Airlines. Retrieved September 13, 2010.
- "Call Center / Guest Services / Product Ideas." Cebu Pacific. Retrieved March 31, 2010.
- "Contact Information." Interisland Airlines. Retrieved August 11, 2010.
- Calapre, Frank (23 January 2012). "Unity Run sets record participants". Manila Times. Retrieved 6 June 2012.
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Pasay.|
Media related to Pasay at Wikimedia Commons
- Official Website of Pasay City
- Geographic data related to Pasay at OpenStreetMap
- Pasay beach, Manila, by Fabian de la Rosa.