Sammarinese Americans

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Sammarinese Americans
Total population
(538 (ancestry and ethnic origin; 2000 Census)[1]
2,910 (Sammarinese-born, 2014)[2])
Regions with significant populations
New York and Michigan (Detroit and Troy)
Languages
English, Italian, Romagnol
Religion
Christianity

Sammarinese Americans are Americans of Sammarinese descent.

The largest Sammarinese-American communities are in Michigan, mostly in the cities of Troy and Detroit.[3] Sammarinese immigrants in Troy established institutions such as the San Mariano Club and Re Monti Stentorian.[4][5]

History[edit]

Until the early twentieth century, few people of San Marino immigrated to the United States. However, the number of Sammarinese immigrants in the US increased significantly, with most emigrating to the United States to escape poverty, carrying with them expectations of social and economic improvement.

Most of the immigrants who arrived after the First World War emigrated because they had relatives there and found jobs through them. Between those years, the United States imposed several restrictive laws against immigration, such as the Quota Act (promulgated in 1921), which regulated the entry of immigrants by limiting their numbers by quota (the number of allowed immigrants from San Marino to US was at maximum 100). In the first Quota Act, Sammarinese migrants were counted in the Italian quota, however after 1924 San Marino was recognized as an independent European state.

The immigrants had to undergo medical examinations to verify physical and mental fitness. This set of obligations and limits together with the effects of the 1929 crash, reduced the number of Sammarinese emigrants. During these years, most Sammarinese emigrated to New York and Detroit, as well as, Sandusky, Ohio. Most Sammarinese then worked as dishwashers and tilers. In addition, Sammarinese women began to work out of their homes from the 50s and 60s as textile workers, working in both the factory and home.[6]

Press and associations[edit]

On September 3, 1929 the newspaper "San Marino" in New York, bringing news of that country, was first published. Several migrant associations of San Marino in the United States that aimed to help their compatriots in various aspects of their lives: the mortgage, illness, care among members and families, and maintaining traditions. Sammarinese associations include Club San Mariano Social, founded in 1938 in Troy, and the San Marino Community of New York.[6]

Notable People[edit]

Matt Cross, wrestler

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Table 1. First, Second, and Total Responses to the Ancestry Question by Detailed Ancestry" (XLS). U.S. Census Bureau. 2000. Retrieved April 28, 2016. 
  2. ^ Museum of the Emigrant
  3. ^ Eccardt, Thomas M. (2005). Secrets of the Seven Smallest States of Europe: Andorra, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Malta, Monaco, San Marino, and Vatican City. Hippocrene Books. p. 66. ISBN 978-0-7818-1032-6. Retrieved April 28, 2016. 
  4. ^ Delicato, Armando (2005). Italians in Detroit. Arcadia Publishing. p. 108. ISBN 978-0-7385-3985-0. Retrieved April 28, 2016. 
  5. ^ Small, Mel (April 30, 2008). "Tiny, tasty". Metro Times. Archived from the original on January 15, 2010. Retrieved July 4, 2013. 
  6. ^ a b "Sammarinese negli stati Uniti D'America" [Sammarinese in the United States Of America] (PDF). Museum of Emigration, Republic of San Marino (in Italian). Retrieved 28 April 2016.